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CHAPTER V.

APPROACH OF THE AGE OF REASON IN EUROPE.

IT IS PRECEDED BY MARITIME DISCOVERY.

Consideration of the definite Epochs of Social Life.

Experimental Philosophy emerging in the Age of Faith.

The Age of Reason ushered in by Maritime Discovery and the rise of

European Criticism.

MARITIME DISCOVERY.-The three great Voyages.

COLUMBUS discovers America.- DE Gama doubles the Cape and reaches

India.—MAGELLAN circumnavigates the Earth.The Material and

intellectual Results of each of these Voyages.

DIGRESSION ON THE SOCIAL CONDITION OF AMERICA.—In isolated human

Societies the process of Thought and of Civilization is always the

same.Man passes through a determinate succession of Ideas and

embodies them in determinate Institutions.The state of Mexico and

Peru proves the influence of Law in the development of Man. 151

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