Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors][merged small]
[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

PROFESSOR IN THE UNIVERSITY OF NEw York; AUTHoR or A “TREATISE on
HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY, ETC., ETC.

IN TWO WOLUMES.—Wol. I.

IRE VISED EDITION.

LONDON: GEORGE BELL AND SONS, YORK STREET,
COVENT GARDEN.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][graphic]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]

At the meeting of the British Association for the Advance-
ment of Science, held at Oxford in 1860, Iread an abstract
of the physiological argument contained in this work
respecting the mental progress of Europe, reserving the
historical evidence for subsequent publication.
This work contains that evidence. It is intended as the
completion of my treatise on Human Physiology, in which
man was considered as an individual. In this he is
considered in his social relation.
But the reader will also find, I think, that it is a
history of the progress of ideas and opinions from a point
of view heretofore almost entirely neglected. There are
two methods of dealing with philosophical questions—the
literary and the scientific. Many things which in a
purely literary treatment of the subject remain in the
background, spontaneously assume a more striking position
when their scientific relations are considered. It is the
latter method that I have used.
Social advancement is as completely under the control of
natural law as is bodily growth. The life of an individual
is a miniature of the life of a nation. These propositions
it is the special object of this book to demonstrate.
No one, I believe, has hitherto undertaken the labour of
arranging the evidence offered by the intellectual history
of Europe in accordance with physiological principles,
a 2

[ocr errors]

so as to illustrate the orderly progress of civilization, or collected the facts furnished by other branches of science with a view of enabling us to recognize clearly the conditions under which that progress takes place. This philosophical deficiency I have endeavoured in the following pages to supply.

Seen thus through the medium of physiology, history presents a new aspect to us. We gain a more just and thorough appreciation of the thoughts and motives of men in successive ages of the world.

In the Preface to the second edition of my Physiology, published in 1858, it was mentioned that this work was at that time written. The changes that have been since made in it have been chiefly with a view of condensing it. The discussion of several scientific questions, such as that of the origin of species, which have recently attracted public attention so strongly, has, however, remained untouched, the principles offered being the same as presented in the former work in 1856.

New York, 1861.

PREFACE TO THE REVISED EDITION.

MANY reprints of this work having been issued, and translations published in various foreign languages, French, German, Russian, Polish, Servian, &c., I have been induced to revise it carefully, and to make additions wherever they seemed to be desirable. I therefore hope that it will commend itself to the continued approval of the public.

November, 1875.

« AnteriorContinuar »