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Gilles Germain, of Guernsey.-See the extract from the marriage register of the French Church in Threadneedle Street, Notes and Queries, p. 403, vol. xii. 2nd series.
Of the daughters of this Gilles Germain, a French refugee living in the island, one (Judith) married James de Beauvoir, and became mother of Peter de Beauvoir, Bailiff under Cromwell, and aunt of Thomas Simon; one daughter (Anne), as just remarked, married Peter Simon; and another daughter (Mary) married M. Carey, becoming mother of Peter Carey, Lieutenant-Bailiff in 1648.
The mother of Simon and the mother of Peter de Beauvoir having been both daughters of Gilles Germain,19 Thomas Simon was thus the cousin of the Bailiff of Guernsey, Peter de Beauvoir de Granges, who was approved in that office by the Protector on the 22nd January, 1655-6. De Beauvoir may perhaps, as asserted in the complaint quoted at the commencement of this paper, have been partially indebted to his cousin's influence with Cromwell in obtaining the Protector's Letters Patent.
The present Bailiff of Guernsey, Sir P. Stafford Carey, has kindly favoured me with much of the above information, as well as with an impression from a ring which he possesses, bearing a portrait of the Lieutenant-Bailiff Peter Carey, of whom he is the representative. The portrait on this ring was engraved by Thomas Simon, in the year 1645, when the Lieutenant-Bailiff made a short visit to London, sent to seek assistance from the Parliament, the island being then threatened by the Royalists.
HENRY W. HENFREY.
19 See letter from Mr. MacCulloch to Notes and Queries,
p. 115, vol. ii., 2nd series.
THE COPPER COINAGE OF 1672-73.
BY CAPTAIN EDWARD HOARE, OF CORK.
I possess an interesting numismatic document, now exactly two centuries old, a copy of which I have much pleasure in laying before the Numismatic Society. It is the account and balance-sheet of James Hoare, of his Majesty's Mint, for nine months of the years 1672 and 1673, in connection with the coinage of the copper farthings and halfpence struck at that time, which were, as is well known, the earliest copper moneys coined for circulation in England. According to Ruding's "Annals of the Coinage," James Hoare was Surveyor of the Meltings and Clerk of the Irons in 1641, Comptroller of the Mint in 1661, and Warden of the Mint from 1679 to 1682; so that he held several appointments in the Mint during the reigns of Charles I. and Charles II. In the following document he is mentioned as James Hoare the elder, as he had a son then alive, a barrister-at-law, who was called to the bar of the Middle Temple, June 1st, 1663, and is thus described in the books of that institution"James Hore, son and heir apparent of James Hore, exTurre (of the Tower), London, Esquire." We must not mind the manner of spelling surnames constantly made use of, in various ways, in these times.
This document is interesting in many points, as it gives
not only the amounts, values, and weights of the copper blanks coined into currency for these years, but also the names of the engravers of the dies, and the amounts paid to each for such engraving; also the names of several of the officers of the Mint and the amounts of their yearly salaries, with several other minor but interesting particulars. When this document first came into my possession it was in a most precarious condition indeed. I repaired it with much care, however, and it is now in a state of better preservation, and more fit for inspection. In one portion time and damp has destroyed a small part, but it is in the least interesting portion of the manuscript. This same James Hoare was the founder of Hoare's bank somewhere about the year 1640-and is thus mentioned, in the little London directory for the year 1677, among the list of "goldsmiths who keep running cashes," as "James Hore, at the sign of the Golden Bottle, in Cheapside;" the same golden bottle which is now over the doorway of Hoare's bank in Fleet Street, removed there a little previous to the year 1700 by Henry and Richard Hoare, the cousins, and previous partners and successors in the bank of James Hoare. I value this document highly, as James Hoare was the brother of my own immediate ancestor. I possess other papers relating to him; but they are of a private and family character. James Hoare died at Edmonton, county Middlesex, in 1694. EDWARD HOARE.
"The Accompt of James Hoare the Elder, Esq. ffor the moneys by him received, and had by way of Imprest and upon Account to be employed by him in the paying for Copper Blanks and such other charges as shal be necessary about the importing making and coining the said Copper Blanks into ffarthings. By vertue of his Majts Letters under his privy Seal
The Tenour whereof Ensueth viz. Charles the second by the Grace of God King of England Scotland ffrance and Ireland Defender of the ffaith &c. To the Commissioners of our Treasury now being and To the Treasurer Under-Treasurer and Commissioners of our Treasury for the time being Greeting. Our will and pleasure is that you forthwith pay or cause to be paid out of any of Our Treasury now and here after being in the Receipt of our Exchecq. unto our Trustie and well beloved James Hoare the Elder Esq. the Summ of ffifteen Thousand pounds by way of Imprest and Account to be by him employed in the paying for Copper Blanks and such other charges as shall be necessary about the importing making and coining the said Copper Blanks into ffarthings according to such directions as the said James Hoare shall from time give and receive from you concerning the same. And those our
Letters shal be your sufficient warrant and discharge in this behalf. Given under our privy Seal at our palace of Westminster the ffourth day of July in the ffour and twentieth year of our Raigne.
This account being for 9 moneths from 20th July 1672 to 20th Aprill 1673,
5500 00 00
Arrears none this being the ffirst Account ffor this service. But this Accomptant is charged by money impressed to him By vertue of the aforesaid privy Seal and by him received out of the Exchecqo in 1672 To Copper Blanks coined into ffarthings and halfpence from the 10th of Aug. 1672 unto the 25th of January following Being by weight 147637 lbs. 10 oz. amounting by Tale to
To Copper Blanks coined from the 10th of ffebruary 1672 unto the 12th of Aprill 1673 being by weight 19000 lbs. amounting by Tale unto
Total of this Charge is
Against which this Accomptant is allowed
ffor 149,100 weight of Copper Blanks at 144d. p. pound is
ffor 19000 weight of said Blanks at 17d. pound
ffor money paid Abraham Cranstsome ffor his loss upon the first parcell .
10928 14 11
1654 08 7%.
18083 03 7
9008 02 06
1345 16 08
800 00 00
To Peter Jansons Smith ffor making Punchons and Deys and looping the presses in repairing at one ffarthing P. pound of Coined Copper being 166637 lb. 10 oz. weight is
To Mess. Joseph and Phillip Roettiers ffor en-
To 1 Robert Gascoigne Robert Apps and
To this Accomptant his Salary at 300£ P. ann.
To Charles Hoare and William Le Blank Clavis
To Samuel Wemboss henry Davis William
Carried to the other side.
Brought from the other side.
To John Collins for uttering the ffarthings at 100£ P. ann. for 9 moneths is
To Thomas Cullum and others for Rent of houses for uttering ffarthings
To Richard Cawthorne Stationer for paper and
To Isaac Gardner for boxes to put the farthings in
To Anthony Ivat Joiner for fitting up the ffarthing office in ffenchurch street.
To William Evans Ironmonger for sundry
The writing and paper has here perished.-E.H.