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“ Drugs,

cataplasms, and “Meet the incipient stages of disease whisky are stupid substitutes with such powerful eloquence as a for the dignity and potency passage of an inhuman law” (ibid.)

legislator would employ to defeat the of divine mind and its power to heal” (p. 51). If a prescription The next time we feel a cold appears to have one effect upon coming on, we shall certainly one man and another upon an- employ the most powerful arguother, the reason is to be found ments at our command against in the different mental states of it; but we shall reserve to the patients (p. 42).

ourselves the right to have

recourse to the old - fashioned “ Chills and heat are often the form in which fever manifests itself. remedy of a little hot whiskyChange the mental state, and chills toddy at bedtime, the last few and fever disappear” (p. 374). “If tumblers to be drunk in bed. the body is material, it cannot, for It makes no difference whether that very reason, suffer with a fever.

a disease be functional or orBecause the body is mental, and

Christian Science will governed by mortal mind” (which is ganic. elsewhere, by - the - bye, defined as cure every single one. “Let “only a false sense of matter”), “it 'em all come”—all, that is to manifests only what that mind im- say, excepting one; for we are presses upon it. Therefore the efficient remedy is to destroy the assured on the authority of an patient's unfortunate belief, by both enthusiastic devotee that Chrissilently and audibly arguing the op- tian Science has hitherto totally posite facts in regard to harmonious failed to relieve corns ! being-representing man as healthful

The directions given for the instead of diseased, and showing that it is impossible for matter to suffer, application of mind -science to to feel pain or heat, to be thirsty or particular cases are significant sick” (p. 375). "If your patient if vague. That the perusal of believes in taking cold, mentally con- Mrs Eddy's publications frevince him that matter cannot take cold, and that thought governs this quently heals sickness (p. 443) liability” (ibid.)

we are prepared to hear. If

they fail, you are instructed to We have known people who “treat sickness mentally just believed that they could not as you would sin, except that get intoxicated on champagne, you must not tell the patient but we never found that the he is sick, or give names to thought governed this liability. diseases; for such a course in“When the first symptoms of

creases fear, the foundation of disease appear, dispute the testimony disease, and impresses more of the senses by divine science. Let deeply the wrong mind-picture your higher sense of justice destroy (p. 450). This is analogous to the false process of mortal belief, the course which the hunted which you name law; and then you ostrich has proverbially followed will not be confined to a sick-room, or laid upon a bed of suffering, in time out of mind with but payment of the last farthing, the last indifferent success.

You are penalty demanded by belief. . . Suffer no belief of sin or sickness to disease by name mentally and

allowed, however, to call the grow upon the thought. Dismiss it with an abiding conviction that its silently; for then, as a general claims are illegitimate” (p. 389). rule, “the body will respond more quickly” (p. 409). This the result is controlled by the brings us into touch with Mum- majority of opinions outside, bo-Jumbo. It would be bad not by the infinitesimal minenough if a man's health de- ority of opinions in the sickpended upon his own belief. chamber” (p. 70). This is the But it is a great deal worse “tyranny of the majority ” with that it should depend upon a vengeance. It is, then, no the belief of several millions of mere idle fancy that a man can people besides.

Children, for satiate his vengeance by merely example, are apparently wholly wishing evil to his enemy. Was at the mercy of their parents there ever superstition so childand guardians. If you give ish, so enervating, so despicable? children niedicine, and are on The wretched crones who used the alert for their becoming to earn a livelihood by sticking ill, you will “convey mental pins into wax dolls, in order to images to children's bodies, and gratify the spite of their clients often stamp them there” (p. against enemies or rivals, were 411). It is thus that so-called much less ridiculous than your hereditary disease is transmitted Christian Scientist. from father to son; it is thus Such-omitting, as we have that infection is spread. The indicated, much gross blasgeneral opinion of mankind is phemy, and a vast deal of jarbound to overrule the correct gon about discord being the view taken by the patient him- nothingness of error, and harself. Drugs, as we have already mony the somethingness of seen, derive their efficacy from truth—such is the system put the faith of the person who forward for regenerating manprovides or administers them. kind, and the one atom of fact And so it is with poisons. “If on which the whole of this elaa dose of poison is swallowed borate superstructure is raised through mistake and the patient seems to be the familiar enough dies, even though physician and phenomenon that on the denpatient are expecting favour- tist's doorstep the toothache is able results, does belief, you apt to disappear! We owe an ask, cause this death? Even apology to our readers for even so, and as directly as if the affecting to treat such a tissue poison had been intentionally of nonsense seriously. Our extaken. In such cases

a few

cuse must be that human folly, persons believe the potion swal- in its most egregious lowed by the patient to be forms, may be instructive by harmless; but the vast majority way of warning, and that this of mankind, though they know precious creed has not only a nothing of this particular ca considerable following in the and this special person, be- United States, but has begun lieve the arsenic, strychnine, or to make converts in “smart ” whatever the drug used, to be society in this country. Ladies poisonous, for it has been set of fashion, whose time hangs down as a poison by mortal heavy on their hands, and to mind. The consequence is that whom the sublime truths of


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Christianity are mere foolish- precedence to the behests of ness, apparently find something Mrs Mary Baker G. Eddy and to satisfy and to console in the her satellites. But there is crude and transparent scheme little fear, we think, of the of imposture which we have en- sphere of its influence enlarging. deavoured to expose. Nor, so It is essentially a creed for the long as their purses can stand idle, the half-educated, and the the strain, are they likely to be vain. It is not a religion that neglected by those who “run will stand wear and tear. It is the Christian Science business meant for fair weather, not for for their own livelihood. There foul. The first blast of sickness, are few more lucrative occupa- calamity, or affliction, will tear tions, we take it, for women its sophistries to tatters. On than that of a “metaphysical this point, at all events, we are healer.” The fees are good, quite prepared to “trust the and there are no bad debts, people.” This is not the sort of for prepayment is imperative. “dampnabil opunyeon,” as the Money, to be sure, has no real Scots Acts have it, that one existence, and what money can is likely to turn to one's own buy is an illusion induced by personal use. It may be very the physical senses. Yet the easy and very edifying to try to apostles of that high - toned persuade one's neighbour that doctrine seem to hug the dear pain is a delusion, or that he error with astonishing fidelity, can move his arm rather better remembering, doubtless, that in without muscles than with order to qualify for their office them. But we shall be surthe fees paid to the high- prised if the first bout of toothpriestess were not of the lowest. ache, or earache, or stomach

Christian Science, like all ache in his own person does not other systems of quackery, will send the neophyte post-haste to produce much misery within the a qualified practitioner. Withsphere which it influences. It out intending to boast, we bewill raise false hopes in the lieve we could make a Christian breasts of those who have been Scientist squeak, and the first visited by Providence with in- squeak gives his whole case curable disease.

It will cause


He was a shrewd and dissension and bitter strife in sagacious dental surgeon who families, as it has already done; remarked the other day, “Find for the dictates of conjugal or the Christian Scientist's filial duty and the inclinations tooth, and I'll find you the of pious affection must yield Christian Scientist's nerve!”





IF you

leave Vienna some fine stalls of more or less invitingmorning, having provided your- looking wares,—bread in little self with a ticket for the station twists, or huge round loaves in East Galicia whose

like black cheeses; strings of seems, on the whole, the least onions; long boots, black or unpronounceable in the time- yellow ; bright tin samovars; table, you will find yourself in and, ranged on the ground, the corridor of the train, about pottery of shapes and colours twenty-four hours later, breath- and prices that make one yearn lessly ready to alight.

to fill the carriage with it, The reason of the breathless- we begin to mount up, up, up, ness is that the halt lasts only until the blossoming plain lies one minute, and while the Brit- below us, rolling far away into ish traveller, with a distrust the blue distance, like the sea. born of sad experience at home, It is all new and fresh and is rushing to look for the lug- wonderful. The fields of springgage which abroad never fails ing maize; the peasant women punctually to keep its appoint- who, with garments well tucked ment, the smoke of the train up above shapely brown legs, is already melting into the are washing in a wayside pool, distance.

they and the men and the chilAcross Poland, so far, the dren all in white linen and country has been flat. Great soft weathered yellows and plains covered with pastureland tomato

reds; their kindly and fields and woods stretch “Slavas!" as we pass; the little away as

far the eye can reach; homesteads, thatched in intrimixed companies of geese, cows, cate devices, enclosed in basketand donkeys dot the green- work fences and bowered in sward; the ditches are golden blossoming

fruit - trees ; the with irises; and here and there Greek churches of bronzed a stilted, long-billed stork has wood, crowned with little copcome alive out of Hans Ander- per-tipped minarets, glistening sen, and is looking for babies in in the sun; the wayside crosses, the marsh, or standing on one and, at last, closing in the leg beside his nest on a thatched horizon above us, the forestroof, talking to his wife and clad Carpathians. reproving his family for being For three hours the road led greedy. But

when we

onwards, and when, grown very have driven along a straight narrow and very rough, it had road bordered by poplars and forded two rivers, and led us up acacias, and through a little a hill so steep that the horses square market - place full of seemed to climb it their chaffering Jews, presiding over hands and knees, it brought us VOL. CLXV.-NO. MII.

2 x



at last to our goal at the back forest, which covered the counof beyond, amid the deep and try, far and wide. Oak and shrill-mouthed welcome of half birch were the prevailing trees, a score of dogs. From the ver- but they never stood too densely andah of the long, low, white to allow the ground beneath to wooden dwelling, half country- be softly carpeted with mossy house, half farm, one looked grass, and for the sunbeams to away over the gently descend- insinuate themselves between ing plain to where a dark line the branches. And ferns withof trees cut across the distant out end grew there,—the vivid horizon. Not quite across, in- oak-fern, and the royal fern, deed, for at one side was still and another kind of which each a suggestion of the infinite be- leaf formed a section of a deep yond, which allowed that outlet ring, into whose heart one to the imagination, the absence could look as into a cool green of which makes any enclosed chalice. Lily of the valley hid view, however beautiful, weigh under its own leaves in favoured ultimately upon the spirits. spots, slender Solomon's seals Behind, until it reached the am- tinkled fairy bells, wild strawphitheatre of mountains, spread berries and wood - sorrel gave the toloka, a vast, gently un- one familiar greeting, while new dulating stretch of short, crisp friends introduced themselves at grass, where many cows—rather every footstep. Sometimes the small, wiry cows—were always forest opened into glades: great feeding, attended by bands of stretches of short grass, with a bare-footed, dark-eyed boys and group of oaks in the centre, or girls with an Arcadian habit of a lonely birch-tree shaking out crowning their tawny locks with its green tresses to the breeze; flowers. When one wanted to spots where the temptation to go anywhere to which no road rest was irresistible, for surely directly led, one could drive nowhere else could the mossstraight over the toloka, up hill cushions be quite so deep, nor and down dale. It was prudent the scent of the birches quite so to hold on at the bumpiest bits, sweet. Sometimes a deer would and the sensation was one of dash across, shaking the beepleasurable excitement,-some- orchids as he passed out of sight thing between hunting and go- down an arched aisle of treesing to sea. Above, a great, an aisle so long that either end generous sweep of sky, where was lost in the distance, and one the summer sunsets seemed to only knew which was the west glow more goldenly and the because the sunset gleamed and thunderstorms to rush more shimmered through the dancing swiftly and swarthily along, be- leaves as through some precause, for miles and miles, there cious stained - glass window of was nothing to interrupt the the “solemn fifteenth century.” eye.

There was never a soul to meet At a few hundred yards from but the woodland creatures ; the house, on either hand, the green and gilt lizards, with inforest began,-a Government teresting, brittle tails; tiny,

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