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instead of engaging my attention to what the Doctor said, Second Spira, The Post Boy robbed of his Mail, A I suffered both my mind and my eyes to run at random, Voyage round the World, The New Quevedo, Pastor's (and it is very rare but Satan can throw in a temptation, | Legacy, Heavenly Pastime, The Hue and Cry after when the sinner lies open for it) I soon singled out a Conscience." All these he heartily wished he had never young lady that almost charmed me dead, but having made seen, and advised all who had them to burn them. my inquiries, I found to my sorrow she was pre-engaged. Dunton was accused of printing nothing but “trash.' However my friends to keep up the humour I was in,
| He consoled himself by observing, “If anthors have advised me to make an experiment upon her elder sister
trash in their heads, the world must endure the penance (they both being the daughters of the Reverend Doctor Annesley."')
to have it in their houses and hands." The Second Spira The • languishing Philaret,' as he styles himself, pro
made a sensation when first published. Dunton says ceeds to entertain his readers with a history of the court
it was the composition of Sanlt himself, “ whose despair ship, a sketch of his own personal appearance, a recital
vital and melancholy made him look like some walking ghost; of their love-letters, and a short abstract of the sermon
| and I heard several such broken speeches as these fall preparatory to the wedding, preached by the reverend
from him, I am damned, I am damned !" father of the lovely Iris.' This was in 1682. He took | In 1692 Dunton succeeded to some property by the a large house, The Black Raven,' at the corner of dea
of death of a cousin, and made a considerable figure in the Princes Street, near the Royal Exchange. His wife company of
reHis wife Company of Stationers. The world smiled upon the was a prudent person, who “ managed all his affairs for
thriving man of business. He proceeds to give a sketch him, and left him entirely to his own rambling and scrib
of all the characters with whom he was at this period bling humours.” “ These were golden days, he adds, acqu
acquainted. “Bishop Barlow's very soul was wrapt up the world was always smiling upon us." In 1683 he
in books." Barlow, Rector of Chalgrave, is described published, and, perhaps, wrote “ The Informer's Doorn,
as “a man in some sense of very great worth, but has à letter from Utopia to the man in the Moon, presented
got a strange habit of borrowing money, and d. ferring to the consideration of all the Tantivy Lails and Lasses
the payment." Jay, Rector of Chinnor, delivered his in Europe, by a true son of the Church, with threescore
sermons without any dependence upon his notes." cuts." This was followed in 1685 by “ Maggots, or
Turner, Rector of Walbleton, and author of The HisPoems on several subjects never before handled." It
tory of Remarkable Providences,' and The History of was written at the age of nineteen by Samuel Wesley,
all Religions,' “ was very generous, and would not Dunton's brother-in-law, and the father of the celebrated
receive a farthing for his copy till his success was founder of Methodism. An account of the volume will
known.” Stephens, lecturer of Cripplegate, “sheweil be found in Granger. About this period the defeat of
me his own coffin which he kept in readiness some years the Duke of Monmouth in the West cast a universal
before he died as a memento of his own mortality." Of damp upon trade, and having five hundred pounds owing
Wooly, author of the Complete Library, we are told to hiin in New England, he resolved, after some re
“ his style was gentle and natural, as his mien and his flection, to make a trip to that country, and open a
action without force or foppery. He thunders not along warehouse for the sale of books. Dunton gives an
in a torrent of epithets, nor stuns the audience with an amusing account of the voyage.
equipage of words : but insinuates by easy and agreeable "In the autumn of 1686 he returned to London,
measures, and carries the day by persuasion rather than and expected nothing but a golden life for the future,
assault. Some of our parsons are but a sacred sort of though all his bright prospects soon withered, for being
| drummers at the best ; they beat violently upon the ear, deeply entangled in pecuniary engagements for a sister
8 and speak as if they were at the head of an army." in-law, he was not suffered to step over the threshold
Mr. Doolittle was “a man of considerable learning, who for ten months." While hiding from his creditors, he
endeavours to do good in a plain way.” Slater was “a one Lord's day went to hear Dr. Annesley preach, P
plain practical preacher very popular in the city.” Sam disguised in woman's clothes. He was discovered, a
| Wesley " wrote too fast to write well." Baxter's humour mob gave chace; our hero took to the alleys, and came
is described as something morose and sour which may, off with flying colours. “Wearied with this confine
perhaps, be imputed to the many bodily afflictions he
laboured under, as well as to the troubles and disment, he determined to take a trip to Holland, Flanders, and Germany," and having gratified his rambling pro
turbances he met with in the world.” We have not pensities, returned to England in 1688. “On the day
room for the characters of “ Bates, Owen, Horneck, the Prince of Orange came to London, he again opened
Hickeringill, Howe, Shower, Silvester, or Burgess." shop at the Black Raven, opposite the Poultry Compter,
Mr. Keach mounted upon some apocalyptical beast much where he traded ten years with a variety of success and
admired among the Anabaptists, and to do him right,
his thoughts are easy, just, and pertinent. He is a popular disappointments." Amongst the productions of his
preacher, and, as appears by his awakening sermons, under. press may be enumerated The Tigurine Liturgy,
stands the humour and necessity of his audience. His Droony Assizes, shower s Mourner scompanion, Madame practical books have met with a kind reception, and I Singer's Poems, Baxter's Life, Coke's Detection, and believe his War with the Devil, and Travels of True God. the History of the Edict of Nantes. Of six hundred liness, (of which I printed ten thousand) will sell to the end works he printed, he only repented of seven.- The of time."
Dunton was a shrewd observer of character. Of Tom, melted down the best of our English histories into Brown we are told he knew how to translate Latin or twelvepenny books, which are filled with wonders, rariFrench incomparably well, but “his morals were ties, and curiosities; for you must know his title pages wretchedly out of order." Ben Bridgewater “was in are a little swelling." Of Keble, who printed religious part author of the Religio Bibliopolæ." Dr. Shirley's books, we are told, “ while others wrangle about religion “talent lies at collection. He is as true as steel to his he endeavours to practise it." Benjamin Harris “sold word, and would slave off his feet to oblige a bookseller. a Protestant petition in King Charles' reign, for which He wrote Lord Jeffrey's Life for me, of which six they fined him five hundred pounds, and set him in the thousand were sold." Philips “ will write you a design pillory; but his wife stood by him to defend her husband off in a very little time if the gout or claret do not stop against the mob.” Mr. Knapton “is a very accoinhim. He translates the · Present State of Europe, or plished person ; not that thin sort of animal that flutters the Monthly Mercury,'incomparably well. It is one of from tavern to playhouse and back again ; all his life the finest journals of the kind the world has ever seen. made up with wig and cravat, without one dram of I was once concerned in it, but had the misfortune to thought in his composition, but a person made up with drop it." Bradshaw was the best accomplished hack solid worth." We have not space for the country or author I have met with; he wrote the Parable of the Irish booksellers, or Eliphal Dobson, with his “creaking Magpies' for me, and many thousands of them sold." wooden leg;" Dunton suins up the whole by observing, According to Dunton's shrewd suspicion, he was employed" he knew not one knave or blockhead amongst them by Dr. Midgeley to write the Turkish Spy. Pitts was all." a surgeon in Monmouth's army, and in part author of To the booksellers succeed the auctioneers. Of Milthe Bloody Assizes. Robert Carr, “a sinall Poetical lington, the • Robins' of his day, we learn that he had Insect like Bays in everything but writing well; an odd a quick wit and wonderful fluency of speech. There was inixture of lead and mercury, as heavy and dull as an usually as much comedy in his once, twice, thrice,' as old usurer, and yet as unfixt and maggoty as Parson can be met with in a modern play. Where,' said Grub." Ames was "originally a coatseller, and has Millington, is your generous flame for learning? Who written almost as many pretty little pleasant poems as but a sot or a blockhead would have money in his pocket Taylor the Water poet. He died in a hospital, but I and starve his brains ? Dr. Cave once bidding too hope he was truly penitent; for a little before his decease leisurely for a book, says M. · Is this your Primitive he said to me, with a great deal of concern, “Ah! Mr. Christianity?' alluding to a book the honest Doctor had Dunton, with what another face does the world appear, published under that title." now I have Death in view !" Ridpath, a Scotsman, of the bookbinders, Baker and Steele appear to have " was very fortunate in engaging in the History of the been the • Riviere,' and Mackenzie of the eighteenth Works of the Learned, which was originally my own century. thought, and the first I published under the title of the
(To be continued.) Athenian Supplement, and the next under that of the Complete Library." He was the author of the • Flying DID BURTON COMMIT SUICIDE ?-In answer to Mr. Post, and “invented the Polygraphic, or Writing En- Miller's inquiry concerning the death of Robert Burton, gine.” The Complete Library, alluded to by Dunton, the author of the “ Anatomy of Melancholy," that was the first Review published in this country. Having inexhaustible storehouse of wit, learning, and satire, I exhausted the characters of his authors, Dunton proceeds | beg to inform him that he will find somewhat to his to the booksellers. Of Lee of Lombard, we are told " such purpose in Wood's Athenæ Oxoniensis. It is the first a pirate, such a cormorant was never before. Copies, biographical notice of him with which I am acquainted, books, men, shops, all was one : he held no property, and is probably the most authentic. Concerning his right or wrong, good or bad, till at last he began to be death, Wood hath thus written :-"He, the said R. known, and the booksellers, not enduring so ill a man Burton, paid his last debt to pature, in his chamber in among them to disgrace them, spewed him out; and off Christ Church, at or very near that time, which he had he marched for Ireland, where he acted as feionious some years before foretold from the calculation of his Lee, as he did in London. And as Lee lived a thief, owo nativity, which being exact, several of the students so he died a hypocrite; for being asked on his deathbed did not forbear to whisper among themselves, that rather if he would forgive Mr. C- that had formerly wronged than there should be a mistake in the calculation, he him, Yes, said Lee, if I die I forgive him, but if I sent up his soul to heaven through a slip about his neck." happen to live, I am resolved to be revenged on him." | If there were no other reason--and there seems to have Hodgson the bookseller “calls a spade a spade, his word been none-for the students' whispers, it had been far is his parchment, and his yea his oath, which he will better to have forborne to slander the memory of one not violate for fear or gain.” Samuel Crouch “has a whose wit few of them were scholars enough to appreswinging soul of his own; would part with all he has to ciate, and whose learning they envied because they had serve a friend.” Nathaniel Crouch. “I think I have no hope to equal. But Burton had not cared for what given you the very soul of his character when I have is called popularity; he was far too plain spoken, too told you that his talent lies at collection. He has honest and keen a satirist of the vice, ignorance, and
pedantry of his time, ever to find favour when alive, or arrows or similar prizes frequently shot for by the neighto meet with respect or even silence when his earthly bouring gentlemen. There is one preserved at Selkirk, pilgrimage was ended. Those who feared him while another, I believe, at Peebles, and others in other places; living found it easy to pour contempt and slander on but the exercise is now out of fashion. The principal him when his wit was no longer to be feared.
society or company is that of the Royal Archers in EDWARD Peacock, Jun. Edinburgh, amongst whom Jacobitism long found a Bottesford Moors, Kirton-in-Lindsey.
refuge. Their procession in the beginning of the last century is reported by tradition to have been the most
brilliant possible. They were headed by the Duke of PROQ299229920002001 Hamilton (killed by Mohun), and the Tory nobles; their
bonnets decorated with their wives' jewels. In my time they marched with maimed rites, and did not make a great show, though including some respectable individuals. I remember, particularly, Sinclair of Roslin, however, whose long gray hair, tall stature, well formed limbs, and handsome countenance, were absolutely Fingallian. The company still subsists, and no less a person than Sir Peter Walker (ask your brother about him) is to give their annals to the world. He is (to use the orthography of old Logan) a fowl, which he explained by saying it was the civilest way of caa'ing a man a guse. The Highlanders, and particularly the Isles-men, long used a very peculiar kind of bow, greatly inferior to the long-bow of England. It was short, comparative, with a loose string, and discharged arrows with a long, slender, iron head, and two barbs. I have one of these arrow-heads, found in paving the streets of Perth, Bows and arrows were used by the Highlanders in Montrose's wars, and so late as 1707, when the Earl of Orkney raised a Highland regiunent, the grenadiers had bows and arrows, rather as a part of national dress, I suppose, than for use at that period. Archery was much in fashion about 1790-1, but the raising of the volunteer force interfered with the exercise, and it is only now
practised by a few amateurs. They have, of late, howLindley Hall, Leicestershire, the birth-place of Robert
ever, made progresses to Peebles, to shoot for the arrow
there, and I remember, at the request of said Sir Peter, Burton.
applying to the magistrates of Selkirk for permission for
them to shoot for the Selkirk arrow, which had not been LETTER FROM Sir WALTER Scott TO JAMES
the object of competition for a hundred years. But I BOSWELL, Esq.
rather think the match was laid aside. To these scraps My dear Boswell, - Your letter, like all that can re- of information I can only add that I have half a dozen mind me of you,was most kindly welcome; I am sorry that pieces of execrable doggrel poetry, written by the at present I can only throw together a few general aud | Teviotdale and Selkirkshire lairds, on a silver arrow unauthenticated remarks about Scottish Archery, for I being won by the Laird of Gluck. I found them at am living here in the midst of work people, and the few Mertoun, among the papers of old Sir William Scott, books I have at this place are packed into trunks to keep of Harden, and the present laird gave me leave to keep them out of the way.
them. If you have any curiosity, I will have them Scotland, as you full well do know, was very inferior transcribed for your friend when I go to Edinburgh on to England in Archery-in fact she had no yeomen, the 12th May. They contain a satirical encounter of properly so called, who were the flower of the English wit, in which both parties seem to have fought with common people-yet in ancient times the Sagittarii of blunt weapons. Should these general hints require Selkirkshire are celebrated even by the English his- / any elucidation or amplification I will be happy to afford torians, who described their fighting and falling around it when I go to Edinburgh. their Lord the Stewart at Falkirk. The Scottish Kings The whole superiority of the English in their wars made many Acts of Parliament for encouraging the both with the French and Scotch turned on the longpractice of Archery, and there are Butts, usually ele- bow. Bruce dispersed their archers at Bannockburn vated mounds of earth, for this purpose, near many with a body of light horse stationed for the purpose, an towns and castles. The burghs had most of them silver example which no subsequent Scottish general had sense to imitate ; though I could point out two or three inter- spur of this kind was dug up at Mountsorrel in Leicesesting historical incidents where it was earnestly recom- tershire of cast copper gilt, and having a pointed knob. mended by experienced Scottish warriors.
As the castle was taken and rased to the ground in I was in very poor health for about a twelvemonth, 1217, it was probably some warrior's, who, during the with spasmodic attacks in the stomach, but am now siege, was buried here, according to custom, in his boots beginning to feel like myself again. I have little hope and spurs. See Gent.'s Mag. for 1787, where it is of being in London for many a long day, so your best engraved. From this kind of spur was evidently derived way will be to come down and see me here, where I the old English expression of prycking, which may be have been doing much, and still have much to do. I found in the Percy Ballads, and in Spenser's Faerie Queen, am delighted to hear your Shakespeare is to go to press. “A gentle knight came pricking o'er the plain.' I have not seen the epistles. I love Moore's genius, The rouelle or wheel spur was the next improvement; and detest his politics too much to care whether I ever
and I should be glad of any information as to the earliest do or no. I never read the Twopenny Post-bag. Kind
instance of its introduction. Perhaps the most beautiful love to Heber, Sotheby, your brother, and all friends
specimen in existence is preserved in the Liverpool . Ever yours, Walter Scott. Abbotsford, Melrose, 25th April.
Ancient SPURS. --According to Grose, the period when spurs were first invented seems unknown. "Common sense points out that they must be nearly coeval with the art of riding on horseback. A man kicking a dull or tired horse would soon discover he stood in need of a more powerful stimulus than his heels; and it does not seem to require any extraordinary effort of genius Museum. It is evidently of foreign manufacture; and to invent and fix to the feet some kind of spur or goad. its interest is considerably enhanced by the fact of its That the Romans had spurs at least as early as the being a relic of Bosworth Field. In the time of Edward Augustan age is proved by the concurrent testimony of IV. the long spiked rowel was in vogue. It was of iron, diverse writers, though for some reason not easy to and had six formidable spikes, nearly three inches in discover among the many equestrian figures that have length. See Fig. 2.
WILL O' THE WYND. survived, none of the riders are represented with spurs."
I ODD NUMBERS.-“ Rusticus," in your last, asks, Virgil speaks of a heel shod with iron,
" What is the origin of the belief in the luck of odd Quadrupedemque citum ferratâ calce fatigat.'
numbers ?" I have heard it before commented upon, So also Livy, Cicero, and Plautus.
and the only origin assigned, that the belief in the value The Saxon spur used in England during the eighth, of
1 of numbers is as old as creation ; and of the remarkable ninth, and tenth centuries, was of the spear kind, and
recurrence of some numbers in the Bible, there is no bore an exact resemblance to the subjoined specimen of
doubt; though I do not say they are all odd numbers. a Frankish spur, which was dug in France, and is of
Some, however, are : thus, seven days was the world iron much corroded. The pryck spur was the next in
| in creation (and the Rabbis say that as it was seven days in creation, so will it endure seven thousand years, which idea coincides with the inference drawn by our own divines from the prophecies); there are seven notes in music, and seven prismatic colours; seven times were the walls of Jericho encompassed; three days was Jonah in the belly of the whale, typical of our Saviour's descent for three days into the grave; man, made in the image of God, consists of three parts, body, soul, and mind; the Sacred Trinity consists of three persons. Of the even numbers in the Bible which are favoured, forty and twelve are remarkable; forty days was Moses in the mount, forty days the Saviour in his temptations ; twelve was the number of the tribes; and twelve the number of the Apostles. Doubtless many more such coincidences might be adduced; not only the sacred writings, but history affords the proof that the belief in the lucky influence of some numbers more than others
has not been confined to the vulgar only. Should this fashion, and of this, interesting examples may be seen seem to afford any answer
seem to afford any answer to the wishes of your Correson the Earl of Cornwall's monument in Westminster pondent for information on the subject, I should feel Abbey, and on the cross legged effigies of knights. A happy that I have thrown any light upon it. S.
OLD ENGLISH GAMES.-In a rare tract by John Coins.-I must crave a brief space once more in Northbrooke, a preacher at Bristol, entitled “A Treatise your “ Current Notes,” because I perceive that in your wherein Dicing, Dauncing, Vaine Plays or Enterluds, last Number a correspondent (A. S.) has asserted that with other idle Pastimes, &c. commonly used on the Granger's note “is not erroneous," whereas I have disSabbath day, are reproved,” occurs the following sin tinctly stated that it is. A reference to Granger gular passage :
(Article Simon) will determine which statement is cor“What is a man now-a-dayes if he know not fashions, rect. But as it is not every one (country readers partiand how to weare his apparel after the best fashion ? to kepecularly) to whom Granger's work is accessible, permit company, and to become Mummers and Diceplayers, and me to add that he distincly specifies the Coins of Cromto play their twenty, forty, or 100 li. at Cards, Dice, &c., well, “ the dies for whose Crown, &c. were exquisitely Post, Cente, Gleke, or such other games."
cut by him (Simon)," and thereupon adds this note, Again, in Dr. Rainoldes' “ Overthrow of Stage Plays," "''his piece (the Crown) which has about the edge 1559:
la motto from Terence, Has nisi periturus mihi " Time of recreation is necessary,' grant, for schollers, | adiniat nemo,' is scarce. It sold, credite posteri !! yet in my opinion it were not fit for them to play at Stoole
at the late Mr. West's sale for £68." ball, among wenches, nor at Mumchance or Maw with idle,
Now, Sir, there is no mistaking the piece alluded to loose companions, nor at trunkes in Guile-halls, nor to
in this note; for no other coin than the Crown of Oliver dance about Maypoles, nor to rufle in Alehouses, nor to steale deere nor rob orchards."
bears such a motto. Granger, therefore, in asserting I wish some “dust-raking Commentator," to borrow
that Oliver's Crown produced £68 is (I repeat it) in an expression of Collier's, would kindly give me some
error. Moreover Mr. West possessed no“ Petition Rusticus.
Crown," nor does Granger say that he did. explanation of the games alluded to.
highest price that any coin produced in Mr. W.'s sale COLEBROOK'S MEMOIRS.-In Horace Walpole's “Me- was £32. Consequently I am at a loss to conceive on moirs of the Reign of George the Third," there is a note what information A. S. grounds his statement. B. N. from the MS. Memoirs of Sir George Colebrook. Have these Memoirs been ever published, and if not, where
MICHAEL WOHLGEMUTI.-In answer to the inquiry, are they? That gentleman, who was a banker, failed
5 are there any known pictures of this master in existwith Alexarder Fordyce and the Bank of Ayr, in 1772.* Sir George was director of the East India Company, and
ence? I beg to say that his best picture, and the one
which all the judges allow to be genuine, is in the Imvery conspicuous in defending its privileges. He was
perial Gallery at Vienna, in the upper rooms; it is an also said to be a patron of the arts, an amateur in
altar-piece, with four doors, representing figures of Chinese monsters, and very fond of pomp and show.
saints. In Stanley's edition of " Bryan's Dictionary,' Of this gentleman's career I am desirous to learn as
it is said to have been painted in 1511, and to represent much as possible, and shall be indebted to any one who
St. Jerome seated on a throne, with the donors, a man will indicate, through the medium of Mr. Willis's
and a woman, kneeling at his side. “ Notes," some source of information concerning him.
F. Sr. Joan.
In the same apartments are some by his great pupil,
of extraordinary merit, and which deserve to be more * See Francis's “ Chronicles and Characters of the Stock
| known than they are. Exchange," second edition.
In the Berlin Gallery are two also by Wohlgemuth,
one is a Virgin and Child and John the Baptist preachEDMUND Curll.-I should be glad if any of your ling the
your ing; the other, I am not certain as to the subject; and Correspondents could give me, or refer me to, an account
there is a mistake in Waagen's Catalogue of the Berlin of Curll the bookseller's deeds and misdeeds. I have
Gallery, which makes me more doubtful. merely seen his name mentioned, and that sometimes
| There is also one in the Louvre said to be by him, in not very creditable company. Also, “from gay to
and there are five in the Munich Gallery attributed to grave, from lively to severe," I am anxious to know of a
his hand; but they may all be classed doubtful. The work on the bibliography of Scottish song." Is there
one at Vienna is undoubted, and proves him to have been such a one? Perhaps some of your friends can answer. Lan artist of great merit
JAMES B. MURDOCH. Glasgow, 162, Hope Street.
INQUIRY.-Can any of your readers translate the JOSEPII SPENCE. I observe, in the number of following inscription, which is engraved in a silver gilt “ Current Notes" for February, an inquiry as to the ring in my possession, on which are the arms of Poland birthplace of Spence. Mr. Singer, in the edition of and Lithuania, impaled, and surmounted by a regal Spence's Anecdotes which he published some years back, crown ? gives a good deal of entertaining matter in a biographi
WOLNOSE CALOSE NUPODLEGLOSE cal sketch prefixed to the main work. Spence, according
D. 29. LISLOP 1830. ROKU.
S. I. T.