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deadly weapons, their arms poised in the direction of the addressed a communication to the above mentioned authocrew, and the officers, with swords in hand, all apparently rity, under cover of note from this consulate, protesting much excited. The seamen were at this time quiescent, against the detention of said seamen, and demanding their under the charge of Mr. Renshaw, who had reached the liberation, but which was disregarded by the aforesaid aumole some minutes previous to my arrival, and to whom it thority. is just to say, that his officer-like conduct, on this occa- Captain Mervine, not being able to obtain the reloase sion, reflects on him the highest credit, and to whose of the boat's crew of the ship under his command, unlaw. authority the seamen at once yielded, but on whom I was fully detained by the authorities of this place, left for apprehensive that the soldiery would have fired, and which | Pensacola, via Tampico, on the 10th of this month. there is reason to believe was meditated, and would have I have to inform you that the seamen still remain in been tacitly sanctioned by the officer of the guard, had prison, and whose fate and final destiny must depend on Don Manuel Rodriguez, the captain of the port, at this the Government of the United States, or such measures as awful juncture, not interposed his authority; who, being may be adopted by the representative of the United States moved by feelings of humanity, not less than of jus- at the city of Mexico for their liberation. tice, in behalf of the already half-murdered crew, averted I have the honor to inform you that the facts, as detailed, the bloody deed.

have been submitted officially to the notice of the chargé It may not be amiss, perhaps, in this place, to state, d'affaires of the United States at the capital of this repubthat I am informed the above-named officer entertains the lic, and who has been pleased to say that he will do all in opinion, in common with many of his countrymen, not his power to procure the release of the American seamen influenced by prejudice, admitting the military tribunal to held in confinement by the arbitrary acts of the authorities be ex officio empowered to take cognizance of the affair in of Vera Cruz. question—a point which he is unwilling to concede. No I deem it proper to state, that all communication with charges of a magnitude worthy the notice of the Mexican the said mariners has been precluded me. Three several Government can, or ought, in anywise, to rest against notes, addressed to the highest functionary of the local Gov. the boat's crew of the Natchez.

ernment, requesting permission to visit them, and to minisReturning to the more pertinent points of our subject : ter to their comfort, have been written ; all which has been it being conceived by Mr. Renshaw, and justly so, that denied me : thus contravening my official immunities to the the seamen were incapacitated for duty, being maimed and prejudice of citizens of the United States shut up within otherwise disabled, and that it would be jeopardizing the the walls of a damp and loathsome prison, and who are enJives of all to embark for the ship, the weather being boist- during all the pains, privations, and sufferings of mind and erous, and a heavy sea running, he appealed to me, asking body, incident to a state of incertitude and inquisitorial how, or in what manner, he should dispose of his men? discipline. Apprehending the consequences of any renewal of hostili- With the assurance of my high respect, I have the honor tics, and as a measure of necessity, for the personal se. to be, sir, your obedient servant. curity of the said boat's crew against further violence, I

M. BURROUGH. recommended their being, for the present, placed in charge The Hon. Joux Forsyth, of the captain of the port, and to whose care, at the re

Department of State, Washington. quest of Mr. Renshaw, they were accordingly intrusted for safe-keeping, subject to the order of Mr. R.; and all of whom, with the exception of two, were put in temporary Mr. Burrough to Mr. Forsyth.-Extract. confinement. These, being badly wounded, were sent to

CONSULATE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, the hospital for the benefit of surgical aid. At an early hour next morning, an officer arrived from

Vera Cruz, December 1, 1836. the ship Natchez, and who was the bearer of a letter from Sin: My respects to the Department, No. 51, will have the commander

, addressed to the commandant of marine apprized you of a recent outrage committed on the persons at this place, expressive of his regret at the occurrence of of citizens of the United States at this place. the previous day, and in which he assured the command- The sufferers on the occasion were James Huver, Henry ant of marine “chat, on an investigation of the affair, if Hebert, Richard Freeman, Daniel Groves, John Williams, it should appear that the boat's crew of the ship Natchez, Samuel Long, John Davis, and Samuel Mollen, of and under his command, were the aggressors in the case, they belonging to the United States sloop of war Natchez, and should receive condign punishment."

who have beer detained and imprisoned by the authorities This letter being presented, was read and returned to of this Governinent, to the prejudice of the public service the commander of the Natchez, with a verbal message of the United States, without any just cause for the arbifrom General Vasquez, the then military commandant of trary measures pursued. the State, and to whom it had been submitted by the au. I have now the gratification to state that the above men. thority of the Marine Department.

tioned seamen were released from confinement on the 25th An application being made to the captain of the port for ultimo, and delivered to the charge of this consulate, and the release of the seamen, I received for answer, that “an who are retained at the expense of the United States, suborder having been issued from superior authority to detain ject to the order of Commodore Dallas. them, he regretted not having it in his power to comply I regret to add, that the health of the aforementioned with my request. I now waited on the military com- mariners is much impaired, not only from the wounds remandant general in regard to the men, who informed me ceived from the Mexican soldiery on the morning of the 2d that the “ mariners, my countrymen,” “ whose liberation November, but from their subsequent confinement in a was asked, had outraged the laws of the Mexican repub- humid and loathsome prison, (appropriated to convicts,) lic; had assaulted the military guard at the mole; and for for the period of twenty-three days, on a short allowance which offence, the penalty, by the criminal code of Mexi- of food. co, was a sentence to at least six years' hard labor in the public streets, and to which they would be condemned and I have the honor to be, sir, most respectfully, your obemade to suffer, should the charges be substantiated ;" and dient servant. who accordingly refused to order the liberation of the said


The Hon. Joax Forseti, The commander of the United States ship Natchez now

Department of State, Washington.

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Mr. Ellis to Mr. Forsyth.--Extract.

since his note of the 3d instant, addressed to me in reply

to mine of the 26th ultimo. LIGATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Mexico, September 7, 1836.

I have the honor to be, with great respect, your obedient servant.


Hon. John Fonsyti,

Secretary of State, Washington city. After a strong opposition on the part of the foreign merchants residents in this capital, the forced loan authorized by an act of Congress of the 16th of June last has been

Mr. Burrough to Mr. Ellis. ultimately enforced. In general, they permitted their

CoxsULATE OF THE U. STATES OF AMERICA, stores to be embargoed, and their goods to be seized, to an

Vera Cruz, October 8, 1836. extent sufficient to cover the amount of the loan apportioned to cach, and the expenses of the embargo; at the same

Six : I have to inform you that outrages of a serious time, citizens of the United States, by my instructions, character have this day been committed by the Government formally protesting against the right of this Government to

authorities of Vera Cruz, on the flag of the United States. Jevy such contributions on them. As it is contemplated by Shubael G. Rogers is master, was this morning taken for

The American brig Fourth-of-July, of Baltimore, whereof the American merchants who have suffered by this measure to enter a claim for satistaction against the Mexican Gov- cible possession of by officers of this Government; the ernment, I shall be pleased to receive from you, at your

master placed under guard, and finally, with his officers earliest loisure, instructions as to the course I ought to

and crew, driven on shore. The Mexican flag was hoistel,

under the fire of a gun, at 1 P. M. pursue.

The master, I tako occasion to state, has not signed, es I have the honor to be, with every respect, sir, your yet, any bill of sale or other document of conveyance; the olledient servant,

POWHATAN ELLIS. consignee and agent of this Government for the purchase of To the Hon. John Forsyth,

the said vessel, being unprepared to comply with all the Secretary of State, Washington city.

requisitions indicated in the letter of instructions which the
master bears, as vendor, from the owner, Mr. Edmund

Didier, of the city of Baltimore.
Mr. Forsyth to Mr. Ellis.

The said master has entered protest before me against

the proceedings had by the Mexican authorities; and how

the case will terminate, is yet doubtful. Fortunately, the Washington December 20, 1836.

United States ship Boston is still in port, and, at my re81r. With regard to the forced loan authorized ly 'an quest, will remain a day or two longer. I shall confer act of the Mexican Congress of the 16th Juue last, I am with the coinmander of the Boston in this case, and furdirected to instruct you that, if the exaction which that nish bim with copies of the depositions of Captain Rogers Government made by it were a mere tax or contribution and his officers; and may have it in my power to give you levied upon the inhabitants generally, our citizens resident further information on the subject in my next. in Mexico would have no right to complain, as they are I have the honor to be, sir, most respectfully your obedisulijected to such charges by the treaty. If, however, in

ent servant,

M. BURROUGH. its exocution, (as from No. 18 appears to have been the Hon. Powhatan Ellis, case,) the law should be construed to authorize a loan or

Chargé d'Affuires United States at Mexico. contract, really compulsory, you will persist, in conformity with the instructions heretofore given you, in demanding claimed for payment of seamen, as required by the act of

P. S. Captain Rogers has put into my hands the amount redress. Where practicable, this might be afforded by a return of the property taken, in kind; and where not, by discharge of seamen in a foreign port; but who has, agree

Congress of the 28th of February, 1803, in relation to the payment of the value in money, with full indemnity, ably to the ship's roll and shipping articles of the brig un citber case, for the damages sustained.

Fourth-of-July, violated the requisitions of the first section I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,

of the above act referred to in your official communication JOHN FORSYTH. of the 1st instant.

M. B.
PowhatAX Ellis, Esq.,
Chargé d'Affurcs of the United States, Mexico.

Mr. Ellis to Mr. Monasterio.
Mr. Ellis to Mr. Forsyth.


Mexico, October 14, 1836. LXGATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Mexico, October 15, 1836.

The undersigned, chargé d'affaires of the United States

of America, begs leave to represent to your excellency that SIR: I have the honor herewith to transmit to you a he is advised by the consul of the United States at Vera copy of my note to his excellency Jose Maria Ortiz Mon

Cruz, that, on the 8th instant, certain Mexican officers asterio, acting Minister of Foreign Affairs, in relation to boarded the American brig Fourth-of-July, of Baltimore, an outrage recently committed on the flag of the United | 8. C. Rogers, master, then lying at anchor in the port States by the Mexican authorities in Vera Cruz. The ac. Vera Cruz: forcibly look possession of her, placed the companying copy of a letter from Marmaduke Burrough, captain under guard, and finally compelled him and his Esq., our consul at that place, contains the information

crew to go on shore ; at the same time supplanting the flag upon which I acted.

of the United States and huisting that of this nation, under These renewed and aggravated instances of insult and the firing of artillery. az sression on the flag of a friendly Power, I trust will re. The undersigned will refrain from making any comment ceive the marked reprehension of the President of United on this extraordinary and unexpected outrage committed States, So long as they are suffered to pass by without on the flag of his country, under a full conviction that the notice, so long will they be continued by a people who have heretoforo shown but little respect io the rights of of this Government. He will, however, remark, that your

acts were perpetrated without the knowledge or authority others.

excellency must at once see the enormity of the offence, I have not beard from the Minister of Forcign Affairs as well as the measure of redress expected under such cir


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cumstances. He, therefore, in noticing this case, feels it The President of the Mexican Republic to the President to be his duty to demand of the Mexican Government the

of the United States. immediate restoration of the vessel in question, with

[Translation.) damages for her detention; the prompt and exemplary

COLUMBIA, (in Texas,) July 4, 1836. punishment of the author of such lawless proceedings, and MUCH ESTEEMED SIR: In fulfilment of the duties which due satisfaction for the indignity offered to the United patriotism and honor impose upon a public man, I came States in the forcible and arbitrary seizure of one of her to this country at the head of six thousand Mexicans. The vessels, without any just excuse whatever.

chances of war, maile inevitable by circumstances, reduced The undersigned profits of this occasion to offer to Mr. ine to the condition of a prisoner, in which I still remain, Monasterio the assurance of his personal esteem and very as you may have already learned. The disposition evinced distinguished consideration. POWHATAN ELLIS. by General Samuel Houston, the commander-in-chief of To his Excellency

the Texian army, and ly his successor, General Thomas Jose Maria Ortiz MONASTERIO,

J. Rusk, for the ternination of the war, the decision of Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs, the President and Cabinet of Texas in favor of a proper

compromise between the contending parties, and my own Mr. Forsyth to Mr. Ellis. -Extract.

conviction, produced the conventions of which I send you

copies enclosed, and the orders given by me to General DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Filisoia, my second in command, to retire from the river
Washington, December 9, 1836,

Brasos, where he was posted, to the other side of the river
Bravo del Norte.

As there was no doubt that General Filisola would reWith regard to the affair brought w the notice of the ligiously comply, as far as concerned himself, the PresiDepartment in your No. 29, I have to state that the Navy dent and cabinet agreed that I should set off for Mexico, Department is in possession of information that the own- in order to fulfil the other engagements; and, with that ers of the brig Fourth-of-July are content. You will con- intent, I embarked on board the schooner Invincible, which sequently desist from claiming her, or damages for her de

was to carry me to the port of Vera Cruz. Unfortunately, tention, as American property. The circumstances, how- however, some indiscreet persons raised a mob, which ever, under which ths vessel is represented to have been obliged the authorities to have me landed by force and seized by the Mexican authorities, afford such strong pre- brought back into strict captivity. This incident has presumptive proof of a design on their part to insult the flag vented me from going to Mexico, where I should otherwise of the United States, that you will, on that point, press have arrived early in last month; and, in consequence of for proper satisfaction. Acts of that character, proceeding it, the Government of that country, doubtless ignorant of from whatever motive, cannot be overlooked by this Gov- what has occurred, has withdrawn the cominand of the ernment.

army from General Filisola, and has ordered his successor, I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant, General Urrea, to continue its operations : in obedience to


which order, that general is, according to the latest acChargé d'Affaires of the United States, Mexico.

counts, already at the river Nueces. In vain have some reflecting and worthy men endeavored to demonstrate the

necessity of moderation, and of my going to Mexico acMr. Ellis to Mr. Forsyth.

cording to the convention; but the excitement of the pub. UNITED STATES SHIP Bostos,

lic mind has increased with the return of the Mexican Balize, January 12. 1837. army to Texas. Such is the state of things here at preSin: I avail myself of an opportunity which presents

The continuation of the war, and of its disasters, itself at this moinent, to advise you that I took iny slepart is, therefore, inevitable, unless the voice of reason be heard ure from the Mexican capital on the 28th ultimo, and in proper time from the mouth of some powerful individshall use every exertion to reach Washington city, with ual. It appears to me that you, sir, have it in your powthe archives of the legation, by the 1st of February.

er to perform this good office, by interfering in favor of the I have the honor to be, with great respect, your most

esecution of the said convention, which shall be strictly obedient servant,

When I offered to treat with this POWHATAN ELLIS.

fulfilled on my part. Hon. Joux Forseti,

Government, I was convinced that it was useless for Mexi.

co to continue the war. I have acquired exact informaSecretary of State, Washington City.

tion respecting this country, which I did not possess four months ago.

I have too much zeal for the interests of my PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF MEXICO. country, to wish for any thing which is not compatible

with them. Being always ready to sacrifice myself for its Message from the President of the United States, trans. glory and advantage, I never would have hesitated to sub

mitling his correspondence with General Santa Anna, ject myself to torments or death, rather than consent to President of the Republic of Mexico, in compliance any compromise, if Mexico could thereby have obtained with a resolution of the Senate of the 16th instant.

the slightest benefit. I am firmly convinced that it is January 1, 1837, read, and ordered to be printed proper to terminate this question by political negotiation.

That conviction alone determined me sincerely to agree to To the Senate of the United States :

what has been stipulated ; and, in the same spirit, I make In compliance with the resolution of the Senate, dated to you this frank declaration. Be pleased, sir, tu favor the 16th instant, I transmit a copy and a translation of a me by a like confidence on your part; afford me the satisletter addressed to me on the 4th of July last, by the Presi- faction of avoiding approaching evils, and of contributing dent of the Mexican Republie, and a copy of my reply to to that good which my heart advises. Let us enter into the samne, on the 4th of September. No other communi- negotiations, by which the friendship between your nation cation upon the subject of the resolution referred to has and the Mexican may be strengthened, both being amicabeen made to the Executive by any other foreign Govern- bly engaged in giving being and stability to a people who ment, or by any person clainting to act in behalf of Mexi- are desirous of appearing in the political world, and who,

ANDREW JACKSON. under the protection of the two nations, will attaiu its obWASHINGTON, January 18, 1837.


ject within a few years. VOL. XIV.-A 3%


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The Mexicans are magnanimous when treated with the 1st of October. In the mean time, I hope Mexico and consideration. I will clearly set before them the proper Texas, feeling that war is the greatest of calamities, will and humane reasons which require noble and frank con- pause before another campaign is undertaken, and can add duct on their part, and I doubt not that they will act thus to the number of those scenes of bloodshed which have ale as soon as they have been convinced.

ready marked the progress of their contest, and have given By what I have here submitted, you will see the senti- so much pain to their Christian friends tbroughout the menis which animate me, and with which I remain your world. most humble and obedient servant,

This is sent under cover to General Houston, who will ANTONIO LOPEZ DE SANTA ANNA. give it a safe conveyance to you. To his Excellency General ANDREW Jackson,


am, very respectfully, your obedient fervant, President of the United States of America.


To General ANTONIO LOPEZ DE SANTA AXNA. The President of the United States to the President of the Mexican Republic.

BRIGS ENCOMIUM AND EXTERPRISE. HERMITAGE, September 4, 1836. Sır: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of Message from the President of the United States, in com. your letter of the 4th of July last, which has been forward- pliance with a resolution of the Senate, will copi . of ed to me by Cieneral Saipuel Houston, under cover of one correspondence in relation to the seizure of slaves on from him, transmitted by an express from General Guines, board the brigs Encomium" and "Enterprise.Februi. whu is in command of the United States forces on the

ary 14, 1837.

Read and ordered to be printed. Texian frontier. The great object of these communications appears to be to put an end to the disasters which

To the Senate of the United States : necessarily attend the civil war now raging in Texas, and

I herewith transmit to the Senate a report from the Sec. asking the interposition of the United States in furthering retary of State, with accompanying papers, embracing : so huinane and desirable a purpose. That ony well-in- copy of the correspondence requested by their resolution of tended effort of yours in aid of this object should have the 7th instant, and such arditional documents as were been deleated, is calculated to excite the regret of all who deemed necessary to a correct understanding of the whole justly appreciate the blessings of peace, and who take an subject. interest in the causes which contribute to the prosperity of

ANDREW JACKSON. Mexico in her domestic as well as her foreign relations. WASHINGTON, February 13, 1857.

The Government of the United States is ever cultivate peace and friendship with all nations, but it proceeds on the principle that all nations have the right to

DEPARTMENT OF STATE, alter, amend, or change their own Government as the

Washington February, 13, 1837. sovereign power (the people) may direct. In this respect, The Secretary of State, to whom has been referred the it never interferes with the policy of other Powers, nor resolution of the Senate, dated the 7th instant, requesting can it permit any on the part of others with its internal the President to communicate to that body, "if not inconpolicy. Consistently with ibis principle, whatever we can sistent with the public interest, a copy of the correspond. do to restore peace between contending nations, or remove ence with the Government of Great Britain, in relation to the causes of misunderstanding, is cheerfully at the service the outrage committed on our flag and the rights of our of those who are willing to rely upon our good offices as a citizens, by the authorities of Bermuda and New Provi. friend or mediator.

dence, in seizing the slaves on board of the brigs .EnIn reference, however, to the agreement which you, as comium' and Enterprise,' engaged in the coasting trade, the representative of Mexico, have made with Texas, and but which were forced by shipwreck and stress of weather which invites the interposition of the United States, you into the ports of those islands," has the honor to submit to will at once see that we are forbidden by the character of the

President according to his directions, the accompanying the communications made to us through the Mexican min. papers, being copies of the instructions from this Departister, from considering it. That Government has notified ment to our diplomatic representatives in England, of comus that, as long as you are a prisoner, no act of yours will munications from our diplomatic representatives to the be regarded as binding by the Mexican authorities. Un British Government, and of the answers of his Britannic der these circumstances, it will be manifest to you that Majesty's ministers, and copies of other letters from the dipgood faith to Mexico, as well as the general principle to lomatic representatives of the United States to the Departwhich I have adverted as forming the basis of our inter. ment, relative to the seizures from the vessels " Encomium" course with all foreign Powers, make it impossible for me and “Enterprise,” and to the reclamation for another to take any step like that you have anticipated. If, how. previous seizure of a like character. ever, Mexico should signify her willingness to avail her.

JOHN FORSYTH. self of our good offices in bringing about the desirable re To the PRESIDENT of the United States. sult you have described, nothing could give me more pleasure than to devote my best services lo it To be in

LIST OF ACCOMPANYING PAPERS strumental in terminating the evils of civil war, and in substituting in their stead the blessings of peace, is a divine Instructions from the Department of State to diplomatie privilege. Every Government and the people of all coun. representutives of the United States at London. tries should feel it their highest happiness to enjoy an op: Mr. Livingston to Mr. Van Buren, dated December 5, portunity of thus manifesting their love of each other, ad 1831.-Extracts. their interest in the general principles which apply to them Chief Clerk to Mr. Vail, dated September 28, 1832.-Exall as members of the common family of man.

Your letter, au.d that of General Houston, commander. Mr. Livingston to same, dated February 26, 1833.-Esiu-chief of the Texjau army, will be made the basis of an enrly interview with the Mexican minister at Washington. They will hasten my return to Washington, to which

Mr. Forsyth to same, dated August 2, 1834.--Copy.

Sa::e to same, dated March 28, 1835.-Copy. place I will set out in a few days, expecting to reach it by Same to Mr. Stevenson, Jated May 19, 1836.—Extract.



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Communications from diplomatic representatives of the to a general emancipation. The English, then, ac

United States at London to the Department of State of knowledge that slaves are property--they go further, they the United States.

acknowledge the right to hold such property in their coloMr. Van Buren to Mr. Livingston, (with enclosure,) dated

nies. Here, then, is property legally held by the citizens of February 28, 18:32.-Extract.

a friendly country-of a species allowed to be held by their Mr. Vail to same, datel July 15, 1832.-Extracts.

own subjects-which is forcibly taken, because the calamity Same to same, dated November 14, 1832.-Extracts.

of shipwreck has cast it on their shores--not on the shores

which they have boasted that no slave could tread without Same to same, (with enclosures,) dated March 30, 1833.Extract.

being free, but in a colony where slavery is acknowledged, Mr. Vail to Mr. Livingston, (with enclosures,) daled April and where the master's right is protected by severe laws. 6, 1833.-Extract.

If the English statute had declared that property of this Same to saine, (with enclosure,) dated April 29, 1833.

kind, when saved from a wreck, should be lost to the proExtract.

prietor, we should, indeed, have been astonished at this rcSame to Mr. McLane, dated September 28, 1833.—Ex

turn to the barbarous practice of ancient times, which

cruelly took that which the tempest had spared. Wo Same to same, (with enclosure,) dated January 14, 1834.

should bave in vain tried to reconcile it to the just and Extracts,

humane policy of modern nations, but we should, in that Mr. Vail to Mr. Forsyth, (with enclosure,) Jated August case, have been on our guard. When our vessels bilged on h, 1834.-Extract.

such inhospitable shores, we should, at greater risk, have Same to same, dated August 14, 1834.--Extract.

endeavored to convey the cargo to some other place of reSamo to same, dated September 13, 1834.-Extract.

fuge. Our underwriters would have calculated the inSame to samo, (with enclosures,) dated September 22, creased danger of the cargo being forced into an English 1834.-Extract.

port. But the law which is made the authority for these Same to same, dated January 14, 1835.--Extract.

proceedings is silent on the subject; the courts of the island Same to same, dated January 22, 1835.-Extract.

have given it no such construction; and it is only the exSame to same, dated March 14, 1835.- Extract.

ecutive comment upon it that authorizes, as is said, the Same to same, (with enclosure,) dated May 14, 1835. procedure. Extract.

But you may further urge that, admitting it to have been Same to same, dated November 6, 1835.-Extract.

the intent of the act of Parliament that every slave cast by Same to same, (with enclosure,) dated November 14, by design, should be made free, it would be too great a re

shipwreck on their islands, as well as those brought there 1835.- Extract. Mr. Stevenson to same, dated July 14, 1836.--Extract.

flection on the justice of the nation to suppose that they inSame to same, dated July 29, 1836.-Extracts.

tended this scheme of philanthropy should be executed at Same to same, (with enclosure,) dated August 6, 1836.-

the expense of the unfortunate citizen of a friendly nation. Extract.

If the humanity of the British nation will not be satistied Same to same, dated August 22, 1836.-Extract.

unless the slaves who are cast on the coasts of their coloSame lo same, dated October 5, 1836.-Extract.

nies should become free, their justice will require that the Baine to same, dated November 19, 1836.-Extract.

property of the shipwrecked stranger shall not be taken to Same to same, (with enclosure,) dated December 14, satisfy the demands of humanity without due compensation ; 1836.-Extract.

and in this case our citizens will not require that any in

plied faith pledged to the slaves, by the act of the Governor, Extract of a despałch from Mr. Livingsto?, Secretary of

, valuation.

shall be violated ; they will be content with a moderate State, to Mr. Van Buren, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Great Britain, dated De- should take every proper opportunity of urging the right of

On the whole, it is the President's desire that you cember 5, 1831.

the claimants to indemnity. The magnitude of the sum Bir: I havo the honor to transmit to you papers which makes it a matter of importance to the parties interested, will give you all the requisite information in relation to a and the principle involved is one of considerable delicacy, proceeding of the Governor of the Bahama islands, which in relation to the species of property in question. you are instructed to lay before the British ministry, with a strong expression of confidence that it will be disavowed Extract of a despatch from the Chief Clerk of the Departby its Government.

ment of Staie to Mr. Vail, chargé d'affaires of the A vessel going from one of our ports to another, with

United Stutes at Londm, dated September 28, 1832. slaves, the property of American citizens, was wrecked on tho Bahana hanks. The slaves were, very fortunately,

The parties interested in the property of the slaves wrecked savail, and carried into New Providence, where they were

upon the Bahama banks, and liberated by the Governor of libellod, as being forfeited under the British acts probibiting the island of Providence, are exceedingly anxious to prothe slave trade. The libel was dismissed by the court;

cure a decision of their claim upon the British Government, but the Ciovernor, of his own authority, declared them to

which they cannot Joubt will be a favorable one. Accordbe free, and refused to permit the owners to take them from ing to a late communication from you on this sulject, tho the island,

matter had been referred to the law officers of the Crown This proceeding, so injurious to the rights of our citi

for their opinion upon it. zens, is attempted to be justified under instructions given by the Government to the Executive of the island.

Ezíract of a despatch from Mr. Livingston to Mr. Vail, The argumenis to show not only the injustice of this un

dated February 26, 1833. friendly proceeding, but its inconsistency with the acts of The case of the slaves wrecked on Abaco is an occurthe Government in relation to this species of property, will rence that most probably would not have happened had tho naturally suggest themselves to you.

application of this Government, ten years ago, [relative to No statesman in England, zealous as some of them have the establishment of lights in the Bahama channel,) been been for the suppression of the African slave trade, has attended to-a case which apparently gives as much trouble ventured to propose that other nations, by tho laws of to the British Government as to ours--but which, however which slavery was permitted, should be forced to consent disagreeable the discussion may be to both, must be brought

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