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lishing during the whole of this period, still never neglecting to amass every species of information that might be made available. On going over such an extent of ground much has been culled that would either never have been known to me, or, if known, would have been forgotten, had the book been more hastily got up; and all those subjects, a knowledge of which, at first, may appear irrelevant or useless, will in practice be found highly necessary, there having been no dictionary or book of reference kept in the printing offices to which the workmen could apply. Should the work prove less useful than I could wish it, the fault is in myself, and not in the subject; but if on its perusal the young be instructed, the knowledge of the more mature workman be refreshed and confirmed, and the general reader find its utility as a book of reference, then have I nothing to regret, but much to be grateful for. Lord Bacon says, “ Every man is a debtor to his profession, from the which, as men do of course seek to receive countenance and profit, so ought they of duty to endeavour themselves by way of amends to be a help thereunto."
ART OF PRINTING.
A. “ABBREVIATIONS are characters, or else marks on letters, to signify either a word or syllable. & is the character for and, ye is the abbreviated, ye is that abbreviated ; and several other such. Straight strokes over any of the vowels abbreviate m or n. They have been much used by printers in old times, to shorten or get in matter; but now are wholly left off as obsolete."- Moxon. In reprints of old books, where the original is closely followed, we occasionally meet with q as an abbreviation of que: this mark of contraction for ue was attached to the q, and was originally used solely for that purpose ; for the convenience of using the q without it, the abbreviation was afterwards cast separate, and by degrees it was adopted as a point or stop to divide a sentence, becoming the semicolon, the next in order to the comma.
Some few authors yet retain the ; after a q, for the termination ue, which appears to be the proper mark.
Abbreviations “ occur very frequently, and are often the occasion of perplexity to readers less familiarly acquainted with them, in the earlyprinted books. These also originated from the idea which the first Printers entertained of making their books as much as possible resemble manuscripts. That they should perpetually occur in manuscripts is natural enough; for the librarii, or writers of manuscripts, necessarily had recourse to them to shorten their labours. These abbreviations, in the infancy of Printing, were perhaps to be excused; but it seems they multiplied to so preposterous an extent that it was found necessary to publish a book, both in the Gothic and Roman character, to explain their meaning.” — Beloe's Anecdotes of Literature, &c. See Domesday Book. RECORDS. SIGLA. A.- Aulus.
Adm. Co. - Admiralty Court. A.B. - Artium Baccalaureus. Bachelor Adm".
:} - Administrators
. of Arts.
Admor. Abp.- Archbishop.
A. H. — The Year of the Hegira. A. C. Ante Christum. Before the Birth A.M. - Artium Magister. Master of Arts. of Christ.
A. M. Anno Mundi, In the Year of the A.C. - Arch-Chancellor.
World. A.D. - Anno Domini. In the Year of A. M. .- Ante Meridiem. Before Noon. our Lord.
An. A. C.- Anno ante Christum. In the A. D. - Ante Diem.
Year before Christ. A.D.- Arch-Duke.
Ana. – Of each a like Quantity. Adm.- Admiralty.
Anon. - Anonymous.
C.R. — Custos Rotulorum. Keeper of the
Rolls. C. R. - Civis Romanus. Cr. -Creditor. C.S. — Custos Sigilli. Keeper of the Seal.
A.P.G. - Professor of Astronomy in
Gresham College. A. R. — Anno Regni. In the Year of the
Reign. A. R. R. — Anno Regni Regis. In the
Year of the Reign of the King. Ast. P. G.– Astronomy Professor in Gre
sham College. A.T. - Arch-Treasurer. A. U. C. — Ab Urbe condita. From the
building of the City. Aug. - Augustus.
B. B. et L. D. - Duke of Brunswick and
Lüneburg B.A. - Artium Baccalaureus. Bachelor
of Arts. Bart.- Baronet. B. C.- Before Christ. B.C.L. - Bachelor of Civil Law. B.D. - Baccalaureus Divinitatis. Bachelor
of Divinity. B.M. - Baccalaureus Medicinæ. Bachelor
of Medicine, Bp. - Bishop. B. R. - Banco Regis. The King's Bench. Brit. Mus. - British Museum. Bt. — Baronet. B. V. - Blessed Virgin. B.V. - Bene Vale. Farewell.
D. D. — Decimus. D. B.; Domesd. B. Domesday Book. D.C. - Dean of Christ Church. 10ber. - December. D. C.L. - Doctor of Civil Law, D.D. - Divinitatis Doctor. Doctor in
Divinity. D.D.- Dono dedit. Gave as a Present. D. D. D. — Dat, Dicat, Dedicat. He gives,
he devotes, he makes sure, or, consecrates. D.F. Dean of Faculty (Scotland). D. G.– Deo gratias. Thanks to God. D. G.– Dei gratiâ. By the Grace of God. Dict. - Dictator. D. M. S. Diis Manibus Sacrum, Sacred
to the Gods of the dead. Dn. — Dominus. Do. -Ditto.
God the best, the greatest.
E. E. - East. Eccl. — Ecclesiastes. Ecclus. — Ecclesiasticus. e. g. – Exempli gratiâ. As for example, e. g. - Ex grege. Among the rest (literally
from the Flock).
The first Day of the
Patentium. Calendar of the Patent
- Companion of the Bath,
Capias ad satisfaciendum. cf.-Confer. Compare. Chart. Max. — Large Paper. Cic. - Cicero. Civ. Civitas. C. J. C.Caius Julius Cæsar. Cl. Clarus. The celebrated. Cl. Claudius. Cl. Dom. Com. Clerk of the House of
Commons. Clk. — Clerk, a Clergyman. Cn. Cneius, Coh. -Cohors. Col. — Collega, Collegium. C. O. S. S. - Consulibus. To the Consuls,
or, From the Consuls, or, By the Consuls.
Being Consuls, or, During the Consulate, C.P. - Common Pleas. C.P.S. - Custos Privati Sigilli. Keeper
of the Privy Seal.
- Fraternitatis Antiquariorum F.S.A.
Socius. Fellow of the Society
of Antiquaries. F.D. - Fidei Defensor. Defender of the
Faith. F.E.S. - Fellow of the Entomological
H. h. e. – Hoc est. That is, or, this is. Heb. -Hebrews. Hel. - Helvetia. Hhd. - Hogshead. Hier. - Hierusalem. Jerusalem. H. J. S. — Hic jacet sepultus. Here lies
buried. H. M. - His or Her Majesty. H. M. P. - Hoc Monumentum posuit.
Erected this Monument. H.M.S. - His or Her Majesty's Ship. H. R. I. P.- Hîc requiescit in Pace. Here
rests in Peace. H.S. - Sestertius. Two-pence.
K. K. Aug.
Kalendæ Augusti. K. A.N. - Knight of Alexander Newski,
Russia. K. B. — Knight of the Bath. K. B. — King's Bench. K. B. E. — Knight of the Black Eagle of
Prussia. K.C. — Knight of the Crescent of Turkey. K.C. - King's Counsel. K.C. B. — Knight Commander of the
Bath, K.C.H. - Knight Commander of the
Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order. K.C. S. — Knight of Charles II I. of Spain. K. G. - Knight of the Garter. K.G.F.- Knight of the Golden Fleece,
of Spain, or of Austria. K.G.H. - Knight of Guelph of Hanover. K.G.V. - Knight of Gustavus Vasa of
Sweden. K.H.— Knight of the Royal Hanoverian
Guelphic Order, K.L.A. – Knight of Leopold of Austria. K.L.H. - Knight of the Legion of
Honour. K.M. -- Knight of Malta. K. Mess. — King's Messenger. K.M.T. - Knight of Maria Theresa of
Austria. K.N.S. — Knight of the Royal North
Star of Sweden. Knt,- Knight, K.P. - Knight of Saint Patrick. K. R. E. — Knight of the Red Eagle of
Prussia, K. S. — Knight of the Sword of Sweden. K.S.A. — Knight of St. Anne of Russia. K.S. E. — Knight of St. Esprit (or Holy
Ghost) of France. K.S.F. – Knight of St. Fernando of
Spain. K. S.F.M. - Knight of St. Ferdinand and
Merit of Naples. K. S. G. - Knight of St. George of Russia. K. S. H.— Knight of St. Hubert of Ba.
varia. K.S.J. - Knight of St. Januarius of
Naples. K.S.L. - Knight of the Sun and Lion of
Persia. K.S. M. & S.G. - Knight of St. Michael
and St. George of the Ionian Islands. K.S.P. - Knight of St. Stanislaus of Po.
land. K. S.S.— Knight of the Southern Star of
the Brazils. K. S. W.-- Knight of St. Wladimir of
Russia, K.T. - Knight of the Thistle, K. T.S. - Knight of the Tower and Sword
of Portugal. K.W.- Knight of William of the Nether.
1. - Ibidem. In the same Place. Id. - Idem. The same. Id. E. - Idem est. i.e. - Id est. That is. Ig.- Igitur. I. H. S. — Jesus Hominum Salvator. Jesus
the Saviour of Man, Imp. — Imperator. Emperor. Impp. - Imperatores, viz. de duobus. Imppp. - Imperatores, viz. de tribus. Incog. - Incognito. Unknown. Inq. p. m. - Inquisitio post Mortem. I. N. R. I.-Jesus Nazarenus, Rex Ju.
dæorum. Jesus of Nazareth, King of
the Jews. Ins. - Instant of this Month.
J. J.C. - Juris consultus. J. C. — Julius Cæsar. J.D.-Jurum Doctor. Doctor of Laws. Jul. — Julius. Jun.-Junius. J.V.D. — Juris utriusque Doctor. Doctor
of Canon and Civil Law.
L. L.-Lucius. lb. -Libra. A Pound. Ldp. - Lordship. Leg. -Legatus. Lieutenant- General. Leg. - Legio. Legion. Lev.—Leviticus. Lib. - Liber. Book. Lieut. - Lieutenant. LL.B. — Legum Baccalaureus. Bachelor
of Laws. LL.D. — Legum Doctor. Doctor of the
Canon and Civil Law. LL.S. -Sestertius. Two-pence. L N. E. S. - Ladies Negro Education
Society. L. P.-Large Paper. Lp. - Lordship. Lre. — (French) Lettre. Letter. L.S. - Loco Sigilli. Place of the Seal. L. s. d. - [French] Livres, Sous, Deniers.
Pounds, Shillings, Pence.
Obiit. He or she died. Ob. - Obolus. Three Half-pence. Oct. - October. 8vo. Octavo. O.S. - Old Style. 0. T. - Old Testament. OZ. - - Ounce.
M. M.- Manipulus. An Handful. M.- Marcus. M.- Monsieur. M.A. - Master of Arts. M. B. - Medicinæ Baccalaureus. Bachelor
in Medicine. M.B. — Musicæ Baccalaureus. Bachelor
of Music. M.D. — Medicinæ Doctor. Doctor of
Medicine, Mens. -Mensis. Month. Mess". - Messieurs. (French, the plural
of Monsieur.] Gentlemen ; Sirs, Mil. - Miles. A Soldier. Mil. Mille. A Thousand. M.M.S. - Moravian Missionary Society. Mons". - Monsieur. M.P. - Member of Parliament. Mr. _Mister. M.R. A.S. - Member of the Royal Asiatic
Society. M. R.J. - Member of the Royal Insti
tution of Great Britain. M. R. I, A. - Member of the Royal Irish
Academy. Mrs. - Mistress. M.R.S.L. - Member of the Royal Society
of Literature. MS. — Manuscript. M. S. - Memoriæ Sacrum. Sacred to the
- Marcus Tullius Cicero.
P. P.-Publius. p. — Page. p. — Pugil.
What may be taken up, in compounding Medicine, between the two
Fingers and Thumb. Pag. - Pagina. A Page of a Book. P. C. - Patres Conscripti. Conscript Fa
thers ; Senators. Pent. - Pentecost. Per Cent. Per Centum. By the Hun
dred, Philom. — Philomathes. A Lover of
Learning. Philomath.-Philomathematicus, A Lover
of the Mathematics. P. M. - Post Meridiem. Afternoon. P.M.G. - Professor of Music at Gresham
College. Pon. M. - Pontifex Maximus. P. P.-Pater Patriæ, The Father of his
Country. P. P. C. - [French] Pour prendre congé.
To take Leave. P. R. — Populus Romanus, The Roman
People. Prof. – Professor. P.R.S. - President of the Royal Society. P.S. - Postscript. After written. P.S. — Privy Seal. P. Th. G. - Professor of Divinity at Gre
sham College. Pub. - Publicus.
N. - North. n.