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Literary and scientific Obitrari.
AMERICAN FREE LIBRARIES.—The Boston papers WHITEHALL RELIQUES.— It is well known for a long give particulars of a most princely donation recently time after the Restoration objects from Whitehall were made towards establishing a public library in that city. preserved among the old cavalier families with the most Mr. Joshua Bates, of the London house of Baring and religious veneration. The clock which, I believe, stood Co. has written a letter to the Board of Aldermen, in in the ante-chamber, and regulated the time of the which he munificently offers to contribute a sum of Royal Martyr's execution, was in the possession of Mrs. 50,000 dollars, £10,000 sterling. The immense call Forrester, of Great Brickhill, Bucks, about the year for books which now exists in the various popular insti- | 1798. tutions of New England argnies well for the literary cul- Can any of your readers inform me where this inture of the American people. It appears, from a report teresting curiosity is now ?
W. B. now before us, that the number of volumes taken ont by the members of the Boston Mercantile Library was
TO CORRESPONDENTS. about six times greater than the whole number of books belonging to the Society. Thus, with a library of 12,000
G. Willis begs to express his acknowledgments for the
numerous interesting communications which have been forbooks, upwards of 70,000 volumes were charged to the
warded to him, and will feel obliged by the receipt of any members on the librarian's ledger. This is putting a
original articles on subjects, either of a literary or an antilibrary to its legitimate and practical uses. We hope quarian nature. Woodcuts, illustrative of subjects requirto see the noble example of the New England States ing them, will be executed at his expense. extensively followed in the South.
All coinmunications intended for insertion in the “ Cur
rent Notes," must be accompanied by the Writer's real SALE OF ROBERT BURNS'S MSS. AND OTHER VALU- name and address, which are merely required as a guarantee ABLE LITERARY PROPERTY, AT EDINBURGH. of his good faith, and not for publication, except at his
desire. The very interesting series of letters which Burns addressed to the late George Thomson, were sold by Mr. Nisbet, at the close of the sale just completed of the library of the late Mr. C. B. Tait. The volume was put Angelo, Henry. Author of Pic Nic Papers ; Reminiup at 200 guineas, and, after a keen competition, was scences of his father, &c. ; Superintendent of Sword knocked down for 260 guineas. The purchaser is an Exercise to the Army. Brighton, October 14th. English nobleman, whose name has not yet transpired;
Aged 72. but we are able to communicate what our readers, we | BAYARD, Dr. Medical Writer. Paris. Lately. are assured, will rejoice to learn, that there is every
Berry, Miss Editor of Horace Walpole's Works, &c. probability that the volume will remain in Scotland. Á
Curzon St. Nov. 20. Aged 89. set of the Bannatyne Club Books, sold on the same day,
CLARK, W. Tierney. Engineer of the Hammersmith
Suspension Bridge, Shoreham Suspension Bridge, was bought for the Earl of Northesk, at the price
Suspension Bridge of Buda-Pesth, &c. Hammersmith, of £141. 158. The books were generally well chosen,
September 22. and in fine bindings. The following is a note of some Coleridge, Sara, widow of Henry Nelson Coleridge, and of the more interesting lots :--Musée Français, 4 vols.
only daughter of Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Miscel£64. ls; the Dresden Gallery, £38. 178; the Florence laneous Writer. Chester Place, Regent's Park, Gallery, £35. 14s ; the original edition of Lodge's Por. May 3. Aged 49. traits of Illustrious Personages, 4 vols. £35. 14s; the Gibson, John. Artist. Accidentally. Edinburgh. Oct. 8. smaller edition of the same work, in 12 vols. £29. 8s; GIBERTI, Signor. Religious and Political Writer. Rome. Pickering's Fac-simile Reprints of the Six Books of Lately. Common Prayer, £16. Jos ; Rymer's Federa, 20 vols. | ManteLI, Gideon Algernon. Geological Writer. Author £22. 108; Tillotson's Works, 14 vols. £13. 13v; Pope's of Wonders of Geology; Medals of Creation; and Works, 20 vols. £15, 158 ; Le Brun, Galerie des Pein
numerous other valuable works. His Collection of tres Flamands, £12. 12s; Montfaucon, L'Antiquité
Fossils was purchased for the British Museum for Expliquée, 15 vols. £17.6s 6d; Visconti, Il Museo Cle
£5,000. Chester Square, November 10. Aged 63.
i Morton, Saville. Paris Correspondent of the “ Daily mentino, 9 vols. a gift from the Pope to Cardinal
News.” By the hand of his friend, Mr. Bower. Wiseman, £26. 58 6d; Etruria Pittrice, 2 vols.
Paris, October 1. £12. 16d; Bacon's Works, 4 vols. £9.; Claude, REYNOLDS, John Hamilton. Brother-in-Law to Thomas Liber Veritatis, 3 vols. £21,; a curious collection of Hood. Contributor to Periodicals Kay's Portraits, 5 vols. £21.; Galerie du Musée Napo- Salvin, Rev. Hugh. Vicar of Alston, Cumberland, léon, 11 vols. £16. 16s; the Bible, printed by Barker Miscellaneous Writer. September 28. Aged 80. in 1616, £12. 12s.
SHREWSBURY, Earl of Religious Controversial Writer.
Naples, Nov. 9. Aged 63. SPUNGING-HOUSE. -Unde derivatur? for certainly a
Webster, Daniel Secretary of State, U. S. Oct. 24.
Aged 70. spunging-house is the very last place to spunge in? Willson, Isaac. Mechanist. Paragon Buildings, Bath.
SEEDY WHITECROSS. I Lately.
FOR THE MONTH.
“I will make a prief of it in my Note-Book."-SAAKSPERE.
BOOKSELLERS IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY.
o'er again in tracts on war, encampments, gunpowder,
mining, battles and sieges. Government might even AMONG the collection of pamphlets in the British be tempted with old Acts of Parliament, Proclamations Museum, is one entitled :
and Orders of Councils : and antiquaries ponder over a "The Proposal of William Laycock, of the Inner Tem- goodly row of topographical and county histories. Surple, Gent. for raising a Fund for buying up a stock of scarce geons, “ those fleaing rascals," as Gay calls them in the stitcht Books and Pamphlets ; amongst which all bookish | Beggar's Opera, might here study treatises on the Gentlemen well know are to be found abundance of excel- | falling sickness, on fevers, agues, and the King's evil, lent Tracts and Discourses."
| besides becoming initiated in all the mysteries of aurum Laycock married the daughter of Miller, a London potabile, and transmutation of metals. General readers stationer, and in 1693 compiled a catalogue of his stock, I too were not forgotten; their appetite for literature which consisted of above two thousand reams of loose might be duly regaled on tracts of all kinds, from Poetry papers and pamphlets. He subsequ ntly published the to the Popish Plot. The pamphlet closes with the names above notable plan of a Subscription Library, to consist of certain booksellers who had agreed to receive subof a complete collection of tracts on every variety of sub- scriptions, namely, ject. The money subscribed was to be vested in the
Mr. Crouch, in Cornhill, hands of certain booksellers as trustees. Some idea of
Mr. Sprint, in Little Britain, its extent may be formed from the tempting list of wares
Mr. Hillyard of York, &c. &c. which he submitted to his readers,- sufficient to have and a list of the guineas already subscribed for the furdelighted the heart of a modern Bibliomaniac. For therance of “ so good a design." reverend divines he had pamphlets on every shade of Another pamphlet is as follows :—“ Proposals most doctrine and discipline, pro and con, Presbyterians, In-humbly offered to all poblemen and gentlemen who are dependents, Anabaptists, Brownists, Familists and Cal- curious in books.” vinists. To the worthy citizens of London were offered, Acts of the Common Council, Orders made by the Lord proper correspondent in Paris would be of great service to
“ It having been observed,” says the author, “that a Mayor to redress certain grievances as to excess in the learned for procuring not only new books, but also any. Wearing Apparel, Tippling on Sundays, about Water- thing curious in any branch of literature, as MSS. &c. &c. men and Carmen, Disbursements for St. Paul's Church, ) as well as sending early advice of all sales and auctions of and Proposal for Insurance from Fire. There were books, and catalogues, or for transacting any other affairs tracts on Law, Mathematics, and Trade, besides a tole- | in the learned and curious way :' rable sprinkling of Parliamentary Speeches. “To such
wherefore, stimulated by all these praiseworthy reasons persons who are so curious as to dive into the private intrigues of State," were subrnitted civil and military
doubtless, we find the author, George Richmond, a pertracts from Henry VIII. to William III. Gentlemen
son duly qualified, as he tells us, modestly offering the who delighted in husbandry might have a first-rate col
aid of his valuable and efficient services, to reside in lection on planting, timber trees, gardening, silkworms,
Paris, and execute commissions for his subscribers at bees, vineyards, drainage and turnip seed, besides al
S; the annual charge of two guineas. All books, we are
told, were to be supplied at prime cost. goodly array of books on angling, fowling, hawking, horsemanship, and hop gardens. For such as desired
81 Some curious facts are recorded in a tract, called, as desired “The Case of the Booksellers trading beyond sea, hum
The them, there was a choice collection of Travels, ancient
1 bly offered to the Honorable House of Commons.” It and modern, while astrologers and lovers of the marvellous might revel in the possession of a splendid variety
appears that in a bill then pending a clause was inserted
for laying an additional duty on all books imported from of prodigies, visions, prophecies, prognostics, apparitions,
abroad (besides the duty to which they were already witches, ghosts, and demons. Gentlemen might have a dainty treat with ceremonies of coronations, entertain
subjected). Accordingly the booksellers suggested its
removal, as it " would not raise any thing considerable ments, funeral processions, London triumphs and pageantries. Lovers of news might feast to their hearts'
to the King, considering that by the best computation content on all the newspapers published during the Great
that can be made, the value of foreign books imported Civil War - the Parliament Scout, the Scotch Dove, the
these late years doth not amount to above £3000. per Diurnal, Moderate Intelligencer, Mercurius Rusticus,
annum, the major part of which is imported by French Pragmaticus, London Gazettes, London Mercuries, Eng-|
Protestant refugees for their poor livelihood." Speaklish Courants, and Pacquets of Advice from England, 133
poging of the great risks to which booksellers were subject, Ireland and Rome. Soldiers might fight their battles
: they declare that “ generally more than half the books they import lie upon their hands for seven years, and at I would have given, if they had license to print them. last become waste paper."
Dr. Hammond, Poole, and many other “reverend and “Reasons humbly offered, &c. for Freedom of Trade learned authors" were thus fleeced for using the text of in lawful Books."
the Bible to comment upon. Others who quoted Virgil, At the present moment, when “the Association" is Ovid and Terence, were compelled to share the same fate. defunct, and Free Trade has shed its golden light over
"If,” exclaims the author of the pamphlet, “ the manuthe dim regions of the “Row," the pamphlet I have facture of printing were left free as other trades, it would quoted will afford some interesting particulars of the employ above double the number of printers that are in book monopolies of the seventeenth century. “The England. Freedom of printing here would soon produce a trade of printing," says the author, who was quite a manufacture to export, as well to our plantations as to those Cobdenite in his ideas, "hath been an ancient manu- very countries who now furnish us and them; whereby the facture of this kingdom, and as such fit to be encouraged King's customs would be advanced, the merchant enriched, for the public good;" yet it seems that by the monopoly and the printer and bookbinder employed—which by these of the Stationers' Company, the price of books was en monopolies have been hitherto frustrated." hanced, and booksellers impoverished. It is well known The author next exposes the abuses of the licensing that King James granted the Stationers' Company a system, and flatly accuses Sir Roger L'Estrange, licenser license to print and sell all Primers, Psalters, Psalms, of the press, of having caused multitudes of books to be Almanacs, &c. to the exclusion of all others. By these seized as seditious, and afterwards “underhand sold means they pocketed about twelve per cent, besides again by cartloads." Things went so far that even bills 6 other frequent and more private dividends." Our own for stage coaches and play-bills were forbidden to be printers being thus restrained, the greater part of the printed without a license. One house paid £8. or £10. printing trade was carried hence into Holland, where a year for this. English Bibles, Prayer Books, and a host of others, 6 There is no authorized licenser," sarcastically exflooded the market of all our foreign plantations, Ireland, plains our freetrader, “for talking, preaching, writing, Scotland, &c. for the gain of above cent per cent to the but men may speak, preach and write at their peril; traders therein. We may form some idea of the extent and why should they not print and publish at their to which this was carried, when we find that one mer- peril too ?" chant imported nearly twenty thousand Bibles yearly, and It would appear, that although the Stationers' Comthat a Jew named Athias, since 1662, printed more books pany numbered nearly a thousand members, yet about of this kind than any four ofthe trade in England. Vast twenty only enjoyed the monopoly-the rest were exquantities of these books were seized by the patentees, cluded from any share in the spoil. and the persons in whose hands they were found rigorously prosecuted. The penalty being 6s 8d per copy, i
Dublin, December 3, 1852. exorbitant sums of money were easily extorted. They FRANKING LETTERS. — Your Correspondent “K" do not appear to have been over-scrupulous in the trans- (Current Notes, September 1852, p. 74), will find some action, for we are told, that when they had amassed a information respecting the privilege of franking letters sufficient number of these Holland-printed books, they in Ireland prior to the Union, by consulting the “Gestopped their own presses, and threw them again into neral Index of the House of Commons of Ireland," the market. Having accomplished this worthy proceed- sub voce “ Franking Letters."
A. S. ing, they pounced on the books they had themselves dis- 1 P. S. Is not the signature, p. 75, F. P. Strong. tributed, fined the owners a second time, and so managed to reap a somewhat more profitable than honest harvest.
CORONATION BY A POPE. “They joined together," says our freetrader, “and
December 14, 1852. bought three horses, and sent their own clerk and beadle, “A few years before A.D. 1211, Pope Innocent III.* and a secretarye messenger, to ride all England over to seize had crowned Peter II. King of Arragon at Rome, not on the books in their patents."
with a golden crown, but with a crown made of unWrits were then issued against the offending parties, I leavened bread. The reason of it was, that the Pope who were forced to pay exorbitant compositions. " Mr. had a design to put the crown upon his head with his John Jekil stood trial for about twenty-five bibles before feet, which Peter would not suffer, whereupon to comJudge Hales, and paid 6s 8d per book for the Bible to one promise the matter, this expedient was found out, that patentee, and 6s 8d per book for the Psalms to the other the Pope should appear to perform the ceremony with patentees,” – though, but one book, yet, thus divided, two his hands, out of regard to the bread only." (Rimius' penalties were enforced. It cost Mr. Jekil about £50. ; ' Memoirs of the House of Brunswick, p. 99.) and the noise of this trial so frightened the poor country
To the Editor of Current Notes. booksellers, that they came up to town, or sent to their London agents to compound with their prosecutors at any
Sir,- The above anecdote, apropos of the probable rate.
?, Imperial coronation next Spring, may be interesting. Authors also had to pay a premium for commenting!
Y. S. N. on any portion of their text, or were forced to sell their * The same who afterwards excommunicated, and decopyrights to them for one-fourth of the price others prived King John.
THE BATTLE OF WATERLOO.
circumstances, but trusted to his memory in transcribYOUR Correspondent L. M. would be glad to know ing them, which has occasioned several errors; and the how it was that a rumour of the defeat of Napoleon at story of the old book is one, which the writer believes Waterloo was heard in London on the day before that to be altogether a mistake of W. H.'s. Notwithstandon which it was officially announced to the ministers. ing this his account is substantially true. Within a I am happily able to satisfy him on this point.-In few years several cases similar to that at Willington February, 1822, His Royal Highness the late Duke of have occured in various parts of England which have York, the Duke of Wellington, and several other per- been some of them published in local newspapers, no sons of rank and distinction, among whom were some reasonable solution of them has been afforded, except military officers who had served under the Duke, had by allowing the intervention of “Spirits.” In the a day's pheasant shooting at Maresfield Park, the “ British Banner" of the 3rd and 10th ultimo, a case seat of the late amiable Sir John Shelley, I had of noises in a small and recently built house at Hull is the honour of being of the party at dinner the same circumstantially narrated, which attracted crowds of evening. The conversation happening to turn upon people, and which baffled the vigilance of the police all the difficulty often experienced of getting intelli- around the house and in every room assisted by a Comgence conveyed to and from a country which is the seat mittee of “eight scientific gentlemen' to discover. of war, it was remarked that Jews were often found to The writer desires to express his conviction that the be quick dexterous messengers. The Duke of York ob- day is not distant when such subjects will receive a served that he understood that one of that race had more candid and philosophic examination than is now brought to England the earliest intelligence of the generally bestowed on them.
J. PROCTER. victory at Waterloo, and asked the Duke of Wellington
12th November, 1852. if he knew whether it were so, and how it came to pass. The Duke of Wellington replied, that at the conclusion
Camp Ville, North Shields. of the battle, he felt that courtesy required him to send
THE KING OF PAMUNKIE.-I enclose you an accuintelligence of the event immediately to the King of
rate drawing twoFrance, who was then at Ghent. All his aides-de-camp
thirds of the actual being either wounded or terribly fatigued after their
size of a silver exertions in the field, he thought of M. Pozzo di Borgo,
plate or badge, who was at hand, and commissioned him to carry the
which came into welcome tidings, who setting out immediately arrived
my possession some at Ghent in the morning when King Louis was at
time since with a breakfast, a crowd of people being in the street, as usual
number of medals. before the windows of his hotel. A Jew among the
It is but a trilling multitude having his curiosity excited by seeing the
affair, but should royal party embracing each other, and exhibiting un
you think it worthy usual signs of joy, made his way into the house, and
a place in your inheard from the domestics the news of the great victory.
teresting “Current Upon this he speedily posted away to Ostend, and getting
Notes," perhaps on board a vessel ready to sail for England, arrived in
some of your nuLondon, where he went first to 'Change Alley, and made
merous readers his bargains there; after which he carried the news to
may be able to Lord Liverpool some hours before Captain Percy ar.
throw some light rived from Brussels with the official dispatche s.
as to the whereYour obedient servant, J. Mn.
abouts of the doHolbeach, Dec. 9, 1852.
minions of so auHAUNTED HOUSE AT WILLINGTON.
gust a personage
as “ Ye King of The attention of the writer having been called to the
Pamunkie.” From enquiries of a Correspondent in “ Willis's Current
the engraving beNotes” for the past month, respecting the haunted house at Willington, with the Editor's permission he
ing apparently of
the time of Queen will briefly answer them. The house remains, and is
Anne, I have occupied by the foreman of the mill and by a clerk,
though it probable with their families. The noises, &c. have ceased for
that it may have some years, (J. P. himself lived there six years before
been worn by the the annoyances commenced, and was afterwards a wit
President or Chairness of them for seven years, with occasional intermis
man of one of the sion). As to illusion or imposture, there is testimony
numerous coffee enough to establish facts wholly inconsistent with either
C. R. TAYLOR. supposition. J. Procter never saw William Howitt who house clubs of that period. derived his report from other parties cognizant of the 2, Tavistock Street.
RARE OLD BALLADS.
Your white lawn sleeves that were the wings “ A PROGNOSTICATION upon W. Laud, late Archbishop
Whereon you soared to lofty things, of Canterbury, written A.D. 1641, which accordingly
Must be your fins to swim ; is come to pass.- Sold at the Black Bull in Cornhill,
Th' archbishop's sea by Thames must go near the Royal Exchange."
With him unto the Tower below, (With a curious sketch of Laud's body stretched on
There to be rack't like him. the scaffold, and his bleeding head held vp by the
Your oath cuts deep, your lies hurt sore, executioner.)
Your canons made Scots cannons roar,
But now I hope you'll find
That there are cannons in the Tower,
Will quickly batter down your power,
And sink your haughty mind.
The Commonalty have made a vow,
No oath, no canons to allow,
No bishops' common prayer ;
No lazy prelates that shall spend
Such great revenues to no end
But virtue to impaire.
Dumb dogs that wallow in such store,
That would suffice above a score
Pastors of upright will.
Now they'll make all the bishops teach,
And you must in the pulpit preach,
That stands on Tower Hill.
When the young lads to you did come,
You knew their meaning by the drum,
You had better yielded then ;
Your head and body then might have
One death, one burial, and one grave
By boys, but two by men.
But you that by your judgments clear,
Will make five quarters in a year,
And hang them on the gates ;
That head shall stand upon the bridge,
When your's shall under traitors trudge,
And smile on your missed fates.
The little wren that soared so high,
Thought on his wings away to fly,
Like finch, I know not whither ;
But now the subtle whirlywind,
Debauck, hath left the bird behind,
You two must flock together.
A bishop's head, a deputy's breast,
A Finch's tongue, a wren from's nest,
Will set the devil on foot ;
He's like to have a dainty dish,
At once both flesh, and fowl, and fish,
And Duck and Lamb to boot.
But this I say : though your lewd life
Did fill both Church and State with strife,
And trample on the crown;
Like a blessed martyr you will die
For Church's good; she riseth high
When such as you fall down.
G. Willis begs to thank his Correspondent for the
trouble he has taken in transcribing the above rare Poor people that have felt your rod Yield Laud to the devil, praise to God,
Ballad, which the latter belicves has not been reFor freeing them from thrall :
printed since its first publication. G. W. takes the Your little “Grace," for want of grace, I present opportunity of remarking that he will at all Must lose your patriarchal place,
| times feel grateful for the transmission of any curious And have no grace at all.
| MS. articles of a similar character.