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Bishopsgate, August 30th, 1852.

ECCLESIASTICAL MURAL PAINTINGS. ENQUIRY. Sır,—Can any of your readers tell me of or about “ Francois," “ Archiduc d'Autriche d’Este," Sir,- In the last number (XX.) of your Current Modena, 1820 ?

Notes, the sporting season being at hand, you have Mr. Willis.

Yours, C. allowed by way of practice a brace of Archæologists to

pop like a double-barrelled gun at my observations NURSERY RHYME.

upon Mural Paintings. Off they go at me bang-bang. PERHAPS some of the Correspondents whose amusing

But neither one nor the other of your fulminating barand ingenious communications to you I find prefixed to

rels have produced much effect in bringing me down at

their feet. And so C. M. J. discharges his single shot at your monthly catalogue, under the title of “ Current Notes," could tell me if they ever remember to have

me in the London Weekly Paper of 28th August,

(p. 252.) heard or met with the following nursery rhyme ?

"An ARCHÆOLOGIST,"No. 1, appears to be as ignorant “ Three Fish and three Lions

of the meaning of fresco, as No. 2 supposes me to be. The Set the King at defiance.”

mistake is so common an expression, that it can scarcely

be called by the former name, and rests with whoever Your constant reader and customer, headed my communication to you, not with myself. If Mr. Willis.

AMELIA L No. 1 desires to see sacred subjects caricatured, and

moreover, feels obliged to you for inserting such speciRIYMING LEGENDS.

mens of barbarity in your Notes; go on and do so, and

I will assist you with the means of obtaining from him May not the Inscription around the Antique Gem,

a further expression of his thanks-at however, I think figured in the July Number of your “Current Notes,"

what your readers will consider to be the demolition of p. 63, read

his taste or your judgment. No. 2's drawing which you CREDITE: SIG (illo): EI

had the goodness to send me, and I return to you hereSIMO (nis ipsius : SPĖi.?

with, I admit to be very beautiful and artistic, but it Mr. Willis.


is quite evident that he has not been looking at home at

the Mural Paintings of St. Mary's, Guildford, or St. BERMONDSEY TOKENS.

John's, Winchester; in preference to seeking after

Borough, 17th August. abroad and studying the works of Michael Angelo and MR. Willis, Your Correspondent B. N. may per

Raphael. Compare the haps be able to give me some information respecting

feeling and beauty of his Tokens which were issued in this locality-particularly

delineation of the Alby a person named Keyse, who was the proprietor of

mighty Creator with this certain tea gardens called the Bermondsey Spa, and

representation, and you where a Scenic representation of the Siege of Gibraltar

will have Archæological was produced more than half a century ago.

cant and quackery at R. T. S.

once placed in its true light before you, con

trasted with true artistic ARCHITECTURAL TERMS.

dignity and power. It Sir,— Your “Senior Churchwarden" Correspondent

is exactly in the same (see Current Notes for August, p. 70), in asking for the

spirit of cant that Ardefinitions of what he is pleased to term “ Architectural

chæologists cry up the Slang," as also the difference between “the pieces of

log-house of an AmeriSaxon and Norman Architecture,” shows such a want

can savage, discovered in of knowledge of the subject he so unhappily endeavours

the back woods, or the to criticize, that in answer I would suggest to him, that

Bog House of Drumkethe most effectual solution for the complained of

lin (see Archæologia, grievances would be to consult your “ Price Current,"

Vol. xxvi. p. 361), as a and from its notice of professional works purchase and

work of art worthy of carefully peruse such as may tend to enlighten him in

preservation with the matters of which he is now very ignorant; by these

Pantheon. Is either of means he may also be able to serve a double purpose, in

your Correspondents an the further shape of being able to understand, and Architect? I will admit from his drawing No. 2 to be perchance appreciate the language and professional an artist, and his defence of such monstrosities as are advice of “the Architect who has come down to alter | suffered to disgrace a few of our English Churches, I our Church.”

confess, surprises me. He is a dreamer-a very clever Mr. Willis.

ONE OF THE PROFESSION. dreamer, I admit. Surely, the sooner such a composi


tion as this, depicting the death of a sinner, before an | seriousness. Never was any letter that you have ad

mitted into your columns so illogical, as the one from No. 1. What can public libraries by any possibility have to do with churches, unless we are to have one in the vestry-room of each, or require a new translation of the Sacred Scriptures ? Let me tell him that the Protestant Religion does not require “the explanation of some ancient ceremony or superstition still extant." No, Sir. I denounce such cant-such Puseyitism-such hypocrisy-such humbug; and although professing a proper respect for my Church and the faith in which I was educated, I am not as your Correspondent pleases to consider me, “ one of the Righteous over much.'” No. 1 again says—there is no “call for such declamation at the present period.” But have not gangs of Fellows, to some of which, no doubt your Correspondents belong, made the call ? Have they not been now for some years going the round of the country, swarming in begging troops-offensively poking their noses with prying spectacles and greedy stomachs beneath them,

into the houses of respectable, good-natured, foolish executionist, backed by the recording angel, passes away

people, to see if they can victimise them for a breakfast from the popular recollection the better, or its correspond

-a dinner-a supper- and a guinea ? ing design, in which two priests are engaged in praying a It is high time that such objectionable proceedings soul out of Purgatory? I repeat, that these and similar

as those carried on by Archæological Societies should representations are disgusting and unfeeling represen

be exposed and exhibited in their true light to soberminded and thinking people as neither more nor less than “ mountebankexhibitions (as the “ Athenæum," however severely criticised by your Correspondents for a mere printer's error, termed such meetings.) They are worse even than those which occur in, and so frequently disgrace, our senate.

Looking at us from his quiet smoke-dried studio, a German friend of mine writes thus to me: “ What have those Archeological Congresses done? Nothing. At every meeting there is a sky-rocket display of vanity and dress — profoundest ignorance and vulgarity of manner-unrivalled personal folly. At them the professed students meet not to measure their reading, their thoughts or their conclusions with facts, local circumstances, and proofs, but to gratify their bodily, not mental, appetite for food and drink — their personal vanity by the hereafter boast of having dined at Duke of this, or Lord of that's table (although it may have even amounted only to breaking bread in the servants' hall),

and in driving about with inflated noddles from one tations, and I moreover, will insist against a host of place to another—the longest purse leading the way to Archæologists, that the sooner pure whitewash does its the exclusion of the real student, who is always shoved “ sacrilegious work," as they would call it, in concealing aside ; such has been my experience of Archæological them from view, the better it will be for public morals Congresses in England, although among them may be and for public taste.

as Herr Willis says in preface to his Notes, Vol. I., This, Sir, is my opinion, notwithstanding your Correspondent, No. 1, is pleased to say that if I do not “Truthful and thoughtful students of the past agree with Archæologists, I should “hold my tongue Who whirl along-not with the whirling blast." and not thrust my impertinence on the world.” Why may I not retort in the same terms? and warn him to

I am, Sir, AN ARCHITECT. be silent and not resemble George Colman's Doctor Panglos, by writing himself down an ASS. as I observe P.S. If your brace of Archæologists like to have one of your Correspondents (p. 72) has done in sober another shot at me, I am still on the wing.

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1 In this last may be seen all the contrivances and

Hornsey, Sept. 1. 1852. mode of concealment of the living player within the SIR.-I have the following lines written and signed | chest. In the Illustrated London News, Dec. 20, 1845. by Thomas Campbell, but without a date : can you, or

| p. 389, may be seen a very good account of the whole. any of your readers give me a clue to them ? and oblige

H. T. E.
A. K.

" The ordeal's fatal trumpet sounded,

The Weekly Times Newspaper of 29th August, p.
And sad pale Adelgitha came;

554, gives an extract “From a volume of pamphlets, When forth a valiant champion bounded,

lettered Miscellaneous Sheets,' presented by King And slew the sland'rer of her fame.

| George III. to the British Museum," adding, “ The date

is 1816."
“ She wept, deliver'd from her danger :
But when he knelt to claim her glove,

* Seek not,' she cried, “oh gallant stranger,
For hapless Adelgitha's love.

FRENCI REVOLUTIONARY Dates. ".For he is in a foreign far land,

August 26, 1852. Whose arm should now have set me free,

SIR,-Would you or some of your readers kindly And I must wear the willow garland,

inform me how the days of the week, months, &c. were For him that's dead, or false to me!'

called during the period of the French Revolution (at “ Nay say not that his faith is tainted !

the end of the last century), in other words, how they He raised his vizor-at the sight

computed time, changing the names with all else during She fell into his arms and fainted ;

that era. It was indeed her own true knight.”

I am unfortunately far away now from books of reT. CAMPBELL. ference, which will, I hope, plead some excuse for one

who is completely LINES IN AN ALBUM by Sir MARTIN SAEE. Mr. G, Willis.

Q IN A CORNER. Red Lion Square, August 26, 1852. SIR,-Several specimens of a similar kind having

JOSEPI ASHBURY. appeared in your interesting publication, I think the

Lincoln's- Inn-Fields. following lines may be acceptable to you, which were | Sir,-Can any of your Correspondents favour me written for me.

with any particulars relative to Joseph Ashbury, an old E. F.

veteran on the stage, who was Master of the Revels to “ Fair ladies their albums delight in,

five monarchs, namely, Charles II., James II., King And your autograph ask with a smile

William, Queen Anne, and George I. ?
So bewitching, you cannot but write in

I am, Sir, yours, &c.
Their books in your very best style.

Mr. Willis.

A THEATRICAL AMATEUR, “ But the curious when turning their pages,

With wonder will certainly stare,
To think 'mongst wits, poets, and sages,

How my humble name should be there.

28th August, 1852. “ Martin ARCHER SHEE. I

SIR, – It would have afforded me sincere gratification “Jan. 30th, 1840."

to have found in your pages some reply to the letter of

“ Orientalis” in your June number (page 53) with reAUTOMATON Chess PLAYER.

ference to the late Sir Charles Wilkins and his biograIN 1784 was published in 8vo. Inanimate Reason, or phy. Having enjoyed his acquaintance and friendship a circumstantial Account of that astonishing Piece of for some years, and I may add in a slight degree Mechanism. M. de Kempelen's Chess Plaver, now ex-derived so much benefit from his truly cheerful converhibiting at No. 8. Savill Row, Burlington Gardens, sation and richly stored mind, I can testify how truly illustrated with three Copper Plates, exhibiting this interesting a more minute history of his life would be, celebrated Automaton in different points of view.

considering the variety and extent of his great talents, In 1821 Mr. Booth published, 8vo. An Attempt to

as well as the great characters he was for so many years Analyse the Automaton Chess Player of Mr. de Kem-holding frequent intercourse with ; such names as pelen, with an easy Method of imitating the Movements Warren Hastings and Sir William Jones are sufficient of that celebrated Figure, illustrated with Drawings.* to contrast it with the scanty memoirs that are daily

published. I still hope his daughters will yet furnish * This little work was by Professor Willis. G. W. such a memorial, as there must be ample materials in

their possession ; and is it not due to one who has so, with Shame, Sorrow or Remorse ; being laudable and
truly distinguished himself in Eastern literature, and profitable, they will be recollected with pleasure and
must ever be considered an honour to his country? thankfulness.
Yours very obediently,


Mr. Willis, Formerly of Hailey bury College.

Vice President of the Temperance Institute.


December 19th, 1845.
Southwark, London, August 16th.
SIR,-May I ask of you to be so obliging as to inform
me if the accounts of the Subscriptions for Shakspere's

House have been audited ? If not, to whom can you

Vicarage, Southwick, Sept. 2, 1852. refer me for information on the subject ?

SIR,- In your Current Notes for March 1852, p. 18, I am, Sir, yours respectfully,

you obligingly inserted my paper on the “ Arms of the | Isle of Man." At that time I supposed the three legs

to belong solely to that island; but since, I have disALDERMAN DOWDEN AND HIS BOTANY OF THE covered that the Panormite Sicilians also claim them as BOHEREENS.

a part of their arms. After proposing a drawing of the SIR,- I can readily understand from your Corres-coin as seen in Spanhemii Numismata, c. l. “ De Capondent's statement at p. 70 of your Current Notes for pricorno in Nummis," I will attempt an explanation August, the mistake into which you have fallen in thereof, confirming more strongly my former conclucataloguing this work under the name of Richard and sions, viz. that there were only three chiefs of the not Dowden. But where is Bohereens? I suppose it

Bohereens? I suppose it. | Magi (but accompanied with, probably, many others of must be some peculiar district in the neighbourhood of that sect) who worshipped at the birth-place of our Cork. The Alderman is a clever but strange creature,

blessed Saviour; and that these coins were struck, I hear; in proof of which I send you his manifesto when some considerable time after the probable persecution Mayor of Cork, against the boyish custom of killing of the Magi by Herod, to commemorate the event of wrens and other small birds at Christmas.

the birth of the Messiah.


Yours truly,,,

Mr. Willis.





WHEREAS, Complaints having been made that the

Public are greatly annoyed on


Tertius vero nummus a Panormitanis Siculis sigI hereby request the intelligent and humane Citizens of natus est, et quidem, sicut in eo inscribitur D D ProCork, to discourage the unmanly, absurd, and probably cos, Decreto Proconsulis, cum addito consueto Siciliæ Superstitious practice of

typo, et radiato prætera Augusti capite.” Killing Wrens at Christmas,

We are here reminded of our school days and the By resolutely refusing the demands for money made by Latin Grammar, when repeating the well-known rule, those turbulent BIRD BUTCHERS who annually disgrace“ Imperante Augusto natus est Christus.” Whatever our streets, and which money is for the most part mis- | the shield-like appearance between the thighs may spent in DRUNKENNESS and GAMBLING.

mean, it is evident that the corn-like procedures are Benevolent feeling need not be restrained at this each put for the Spica Virginis (originally a stem of Season, because it resists the importunities of the in-trefoil), and these are equivalent to the Cornucopia considerate and vicious; it has scope enough in en borne by the woman called EYOHNIAE. Above this is couraging Virtuous Festivity and Social Happiness. Capricorn to denote the month in which the Messiah

Let the people where they can enjoy all Moral, was born. In the coin preceding the present one, TIE Rational and Healthful Amusements, Excursions with star is placed above the Capricorn, and underneath is Temperance-Bands, Temperance Tea Parties, and such written ArOYSTANQN. We find this to be the subgratifications may be indulged in with advantage to ject of prophecy in the Babylonian cuneiforms. mind and body; being innocent, they will not be tainted To complete the series, I shall, at some future period,

request you to indulge me by inserting one more coin, to have been of Derbyshire origin. Can any of your which I have seen in Mona, on this subject.

correspondents give any information as to the family, I am, Sir, yours very truly,

and particularly as to the cause of a demi St. Catherine T. R. Brown.

being assigned to it for a crest ? To F. W. W. P.S. In your communication last month, p. 68, 69,

TO CORRESPONDENTS. you give a very interesting picture of a seal in your AN AMERICAN SUBSCRIBER to Halliwell's Gigantic possession. If it is engraven on a precious stone, it Shakespeare (New York, 22nd August) suggests that the probably refers to a subject connected with religion ; number of copies printed should be 250, instead of 150, and in my opinion the writing is Chinese. Look again and that he should call for a year's subscription in advance. -if there are, or have been, three dots under the hori- One copy instead of two of G. W.'s Price Current shall zontal line it will read thus: “ Reccive under cover in future be sent. For the desired figures G. W. will place the perfection" (of Religion, viz. the Christian). If the letters FREE, which, he hopes, will give no offence. my conjecture be right, the gem probably belonged to C. E. would feel much obliged for any communication one of the first preachers of Christianity in China, in

respecting Mr. Canning's poetry. the first century. Whatever the reading may be, the dots must be

Literary and Srientific Obituary. accounted for. Mr. Willis.

T. R. Brown. ALLEN, Joseph W. Landscape Painter, Lower Mall,

Hammersmith. 26th August. Aged 49. Leaving a RHYMING TOKENS.

widow and eight children.

ARNOLD, Samuel James. Dramatist. Walton on Thames. SIR,-Your correspondent H. J. R. is very probably 16th August. Aged 78. correct in his interpretation of the word " Strike,” for I CHAPMAN, John Kemble. Proprietor and Manager Sun. am informed that in the “Glossographia Anglicana day Times. 2nd September. Nova" is to be found “strikle, a stick to strike off corn

DUKE, Rev. Edward. Antiquary. Lake House, near in measuring;" and in our common Dictionaries “Strike" | Amesbury. 28th August. Aged 73. is designated “a Bushel." But I must protest against | GRAINGER, Thomas (C.E.) President of the Royal Scothis giving to the word “light” the signification of

tish Society of Arts, Stockton-on-Tees. By railway "justly," which, I think, is a sense it can in nowise

accident. 25th July. Aged 57. bear.

MacGILLIVRAY, W. (Dr.) Professor of Natural History,

Marischal College, Aberdeen. Science and Biography. I am not, however, yet convinced that my own sup-||

Aberdeen, 5th September position is altogether groundless. “ Strike” has a

Mayo, Herbert (M.D.) Medical Writer. Formerly variety of meanings; to “ strike work” is to cease or

Senior Surgeon, Middlesex Hospital, and Professor of leave off work; to “ strike a loaf” is to withdraw it

Physiology, King's College. Bad-Weilbach, near from the oven! Now if the loaf be light or slack

Mayence on the Rhine. 15th August. baked, it will retain more moisture than if hard baked, | MURRAY, Edward (Rev.) Theology and Science. 1st July. and consequently more likely to “ weigh right” than if Aged 54. rendered less heavy by too much evaporation; hence it Parry, John (Rev.) Theology. Bayswater. 5th August. seems a matter of self-interest to any “master of the Aged 49. rolls" to have his bread struck light. I am sure your

PORTER, George Richardson, (Secretary Board of Trade.) worthy Correspondent will be sensible that there is no

Political Economist. Tunbridge Wells. 3rd Sepother object in this discussion than to elicit truth.

tember. B. N.

PUGIN (A. W.) Architect and Architectural Writer. St.

Augustine's, Ramsgate. September. Aged 40.

Smith, John. Architect. Aberdeen. August. Aged 72. Booth Family

WAECHTER (Professor) M. E. de. Painter. Conservator

of the Royal Cabinet of Engravings. Stutgard. Aged William Booth, 58th Bishop of Lichfield, 1447, and 90. 51st Archbishop of York, 1452; Lawrence Booth, 51st Bishop of Durham, 1457, and 53rd Archbishop of York, WELLINGTON, DUKE OP, (F.M. Arthur Wel1486; John Booth, 24th Bishop of Exeter, 1466, whose lesley), K.G., Commander-in-Chief. Walmer Castle, monumental brass exists in the village church of East

Kent. 14th September. Aged 84. Dispatches Horsley, in Com. Surrey; and Ralph Booth, Arch

during his various Campaigns in India, Denmark, deacon of York, 1478, have all monuments in the church

Portugal, Spain, the Low Countries, and France, of Sawley, in Com. Derby. The connection of Sawley

from 1799 to 1818. “For his character as a States.

man," said Lord Brougham, “ let every one read his Church with the see of Lichfield, might account for the

wonderful Dispatches, which found a fame far loftier monument therein to the Lichfield Bishop; but the

even than the triumphs of the warrior." monuments to the rest seem to indicate these Booths

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