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extreme tortures.


Apocrypha. 21 Yea, she exhorted every one of them a cause, nor puffed up with uncertain in her own language, filled with courageous hopes, lifting up thy hand against the serspirits ; and stirring up her womanish vants of God: thoughts with a manly stomach, she said un- 35 For thou hast not yet escaped the to them,

judgment of Almighty God, who seeth all 22 I cannot tell how ye came into my things. womb: for I neither gave you breath nor 36 For our brethren, who have now suflife, neither was it I that formed the mem- fered a short pain, are dead under God's covbers of every one of you ;

enant of everlasting life : but thou, through 23 But doubtless the Creator of the the judgment of God, shalt receive just punworld, who formed the generation of man, ishment for thy pride. and found out the beginning of all things, 37 But I, as my brethren, offer up my will also of his own mercy give you breath body and life for the laws of our fathers, and life again, as ye now regard not your beseeching God that he would speedily be own selves for his laws' sake.

merciful unto our nation; and that thou by 24 Now Antiochus, thinking himself de- torments and plagues mayest confess, that spised, and suspecting it to be a reproachful || he alone is God; speech, whilst the youngest was yet alive, 38 And that in me and my brethren the did not only exhort him by words, but also wrath of the Almighty, which is justly assured him with oaths, that he would make brought upon all our nation, may cease. him both a rich and a happy man, if he 39 Then the king, being in a rage, hanwould turn from the laws of his fathers; and dled him worse than all the rest, and took that also he would take him for his friend, it grievously that he was mocked. and trust him with affairs.

40 So this man died undefiled, and put 25 But when the young man would in his whole trust in the Lord. no case hearken unto him, the king called 41 Last of all after the sons the mother his mother, and exhorted her that she would died. counsel the young man to save his life. 42 Let this be enough now to have spoken

26 And when he had exhorted her with concerning the idolatrous feasts, and the many words, she promised him that she would counsel her son.

CHAP. VIII. 27 But she bowing herself toward him, 1 Judas gathereth an bost: 9 Nicanor is sent alaughing the cruel tyrant to scorn, spake in gainst bim: 16 Judas putteth bim to fight, 28 her country language on this manner; 0 and divideth the spoils : 35 Nicanor fleetb my son, have pity upon me that bare thee with grief to Antioch. nine months in my womb, and gave thee "HEN Judas Maccabeus, and they that suck three years, and nourished thee, and brought thee up unto this age, and endured towns, and called their kinsfolk together, the troubles of education.

and took unto them all such as continued 28 I beseech thee, my son, look upon the in the Jews religion, and assembled about heaven and the earth, and all that is therein, six thousand men. and consider that God made them of things 2 And they called upon the Lord, that that were not; and so was mankind made he would look upon the people that was likewise.

trodden down of all; and also pity the tem29 Fear not this tormentor, but, being ple profaned of ungodly men; worthy of thy brethren, take thy death, that 3 And that he would have compassion I may receive thee again in mercy with thiy upon the city, sore defaced, and ready to be brethren.

made even with the ground; and hear the 30 While she was yet speaking these blood that cried unto him, words, the young man said, Whom wait


4 And remember the wicked slaughter of for? I will not obey the king's command harmless infants, and the blasphemies comment : but I will obey the commandment of mitted against his name ; and that he would the law that was given unto our fathers by shew his hatred against the wicked. Moses.

5 Now when Maccabeus had his compa31 And thou, that hast been the author ny about him, he could not be withstood by of all mischief against the Hebrews, shalt the heathen : for the wrath of the Lord was not escape the hands of God.

turned into mercy. 32 For we suffer because of our sins.

6 Therefore he came at unawares, and 33 And though the living Lord be angry burnt up towns and cities, and got into his with us a little while for our chastening and hands the most commodious places, and overcorrection, yet shall he be at one again with came and put to flight no small number of his servants.

his enemies. 34 But thou, O godless man, and of all 7 But specially took he advantage of the other most wicked, be not lifted up without | night for such privy attempts, insomuch that ery where.

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Apocrypta. the bruit of his manliness was spread ev- they had in Babylon with the Galatians, how

they came but eight thousand in all to the 8 So when Philip saw that this man in business, with four thousand Macedonians, creased by little and little, and that things and that the Macedonians being perplexed, prospered with him still more and more, he the eight thousand destroyed an hundred and wrote unto Ptolemeus, the governor of Ce-twenty thousand, because of the trelp that losyria and Phenice, to yield more aid to they had from heaven, and so received a the king's affairs.

great booty 9 Then forthwith choosing Nicanor the 21 Thus when he had made them bold son of Patroclus, one of his special friends, I with these words, and ready to die for the he sent him with no fewer than twenty thou- laws and the country, he divided his army sand of all nations under him, to root out into four parts ; the whole generation of the Jews; and with 22 And joined with himself his him he joined also Gorgias a captain, who brethren, leaders of each band, to wit, Simon, in matters of war had great experience. and Joseph, and Jonathan, giving each one

10 So Nicanor undertook to make so fifteen hundred men. much money of the captive Jews, as should 23 Also be appointed Eleazar to read the defray the tribute of two thousand talents, holy book : and when he had given them which the king was to pay to the Romans. this watch word, The help of God; himself

11 Wherefore immediately he sent to the leading the first band, he joined battle with cities upon the sea coast, proclaiming a sale Nicanor. of the captive Jews, and promising that they 24 And by the help of the Almighty they should have four score and ten bodies for slew above nine thousand of their enemies, one talent, not expecting the vengeance that and wounded and maimed the most part of was to follow upon him from the Almighty Nicanor's host, and so put all to flight; God.

25 And took their money that came to 12 Now when word was brought unto buy them, and pursued them far : but lackJudas of Nicanor's coming, and he had im- ing time they returned : parted unto those that were with him that 26 For it was the day before the sabbath, the army was at hand,

and therefore they would no longer pursue 13 They that were fearful, and distrusted them. the justice of God, fed, and conveyed them- 27 So when they had gathered their ar

mour together, and spoiled their enemies, 14 Others sold all that they had left, and they occupied themselves about the sabbath, withal besought the Lord to deliver them, yielding exceeding praise and thanks to the being sold by the wicked Nicanor before Lord, who had preserved them unto that they met together :

day, which was the beginning of mercy dis15 And if not for their own sakes, yet tilling upon them. for the covenants he had made with their 28 ( And after the sabbath, when they fathers, and for his holy and glorious name's had given part of the spoils to the maimed, sake, by which they were called.

and the widows, and orphans, the residue 16 ( So Maccabeus called his men to- they divided among themselves and their sergether unto the number of six thousand, and exhorted them not to be stricken with terror 29 When this was done, and they had of the enemy, por to fear the great multia made a common supplication, they besought tude of the heathen, who came wrongfully the merciful Lord to be reconciled with his against them; but to fight manfully,

servants for ever. 17 And to set before their eyes the injury 30 Moreover, of those that were with that they had unjustly done to the holy Timotheus and Bacchides, who fought against place, and the cruel handling of the city, them, they slew above twenty thousand, and whereof they made a mockery, and also the very easily got high and strong holds, and taking away of the government of their divided among themselves mariy spoils more, forefathers :

and made the maimed, orphans, widows, yea, 18 For they, said he, trust in their weap- and the aged also, equal in spoils with themons and boldness; but our confidence is in selves. the Almighty God, who at a beck can cast 31 And when they had gathered their ardown both them that come against us, and mour together, they laid them up all carealso all the world.

fully in convenient places, and the remnant 19 Moreover, he recounted unto them of the spoils they brought to Jerusalem. what helps their forefathers had found, and 92 They slew also Philarches that wicked how they were delivered, when under Senna- | person, who was with Timotheus, and had cherib an hundred four score and five thou- | annoyed the Jews many ways. sand perished.

33 Furthermore, at such time as they kept 20 And he told them of the battle that the feast for the victory in their country,

selves away.



Apocrypsa. they burnt Calisthenes, that had set fire upon 8 And thus he that a little afore thought the holy gates, who had fled into a little house; || he might command the waves of the sea, (so and so he received a reward meet for his proud was he beyond the condition of man) wickedness.

and weigh the high mountains in a balance, 34 As for that most ungracious Nicanor, was now cast on the ground, and carried in an who had brought a thousand merchants to horse-litter, shewing forth unto all the manibuy the Jews,

fest power of God. 55 ( He was through the help of the 9 So that the worms rose up out of the Lord brought down by them, of whom he body of this wicked man, and while he lived made least account ; and putting off his in sorrow and pain, his flesh fell away, and glorious apparel, and discharging his com- the filthiness of his smell was noisome to all pany, he came like a fugitive servant through his army. the midland unto Antioch, having very 10 And the man, that thought a little afore great dishoncur, for that his host was de- he could reach to the stars of heaven, no man stroyed

could endure to carry for his intolerable 36 Thus he, that took upon him to make stink. good to the Romans their tribute by means 11 Here therefore being plagued, he beof the captives in Jerusalem, told abroad, I gan to leave off his great pride, and to come that the Jews had God to fight for them, to the knowledge of binnself by the scourge of and therefore they could not be hurt, be- God, his pain increasing every moment. cause they followed the laws that he gave 12 And when he himself could not abide them.

his own smell,' he said these words, It is meet CHAP. IX.

to be subject unto God, and that a man that 2 Antiochus is chased from Persepolis : 28 be is mortal should not proudly think of himself, dieth miserably.

as if he were God. BOUT that time came Antiochus with 13 This wicked person vowed also unto

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2 For he had entered the city called Per- cy upon him,) saying thus, sepolis, and went about to rob the temple, 14 That the holy city (to the which he and to hold the city ; whereupon the multi- was going in haste to lay it even with the sude running to defend themselves with their ground, and to make it a common burying weapons put them to flight ; and so it hap- place) he would set at liberty: pened, that Antiochus being put to flight of 15 And as touching the Jews, whom he the inhabitants returned with shame.

had judged not worthy to be so much as bu3 Now when he came to Ecbatane, news ried, but to be cast out with their children to was brought him what had happened unto be devoured of the fowls and wild beasts, he Nicanor and Timotheus.

would make them all equals with the citizens 4 Then swelling with anger, he thought of Athens : to avenge upon the Jews the disgrace done 16 And the holy temple, which before he unto him by those that made him flee. had spoiled, he would garnish with goodly Therefore commanded he his chariot-man to gifts, and restore all the holy vessels with drive without ceasing, and to dispatch the many more, and out of his own revenue dejourney, the judgment of God now follow- | fray the charges belonging to the sacrifices : ing him.

For he had spoken proudly in 17 Yea, and that also he would become this sort, That he would come to Jerusalem, a Jew himself, and go through all the world and make it a common burying place of the that was inhabited, and declare the power of Jews.

God. 5 But the Lord Almighty, the God of Is- 18 But for all this his pains would noe rael, smote him with an incurable and invisi- cease : for the just judgment of God was come ble plague : for as soon as he had spoken upon him : therefore despairing of his health, these words, a pain of the bowels that was he wrote unto the Jews the letters underwritsemediless came upon him, and sore torments ten, containing the form of a supplication, of the inner parts;

after this manner : 6 And that most justly : for he had tor- 19 Antiochus, king and governor, to the mented other men's bowels with many and good Jews his citizens, wisheth much joy, strange torments.

health, and prosperity: 7 Howbeit, he nothing at all ceased from 20 If ye and your children fare well, and his bragging, but still was filled with pride, your affairs be to your contentment, 1 give breathing out fire in his rage against the Jews, very great thanks to God, having my hope in and commanding to haste the journey : but heaven. it came to pass that he fell down from his 21 As for me, I was weak, or else I would chariot, carried violently ; so that having a have remembered kindly your honour and sore fall, all the members of luis body were good will. Returning out of Persia, and much pained,

being taken with a grievous disease, I thought


Apocrypha. .

Apocrypbe. it necessary to care for the common safety ness, as in the feast of the tabernacles, re. of all :

membering that not long afore they had held 22 Not distrusting mine health, but hav- the feast of the tabernacles, when as they ing great hope to escape this sickness. wandered in the mountains and dens like

23 But considering that even my father, beasts. at what time he led an army into the high 7 Therefore they bare branches, and fair countries, appointed a successor,

boughs, and palms also, and sang psalms up24 To the end that, if any thing fell out to him that had given them good success in contrary to expectation, or if any tidings cleansing his place. were brought that were grievous, they of 8 They ordained also by a common starthe land, knowing to whom the state was ute and decree, That every year those days left, might not be troubled :

should be kept of the whole nation of the 25 Again, considering how that the Jews. princes, that are borderers and neighbours 9 And this was the end of Antiochus, callunto my kingdom wait for opportunities, ed Epiphanes. and expect what shall be the event, I have 10 Now will we declare the acts of Antiappointed my son Antiochus king, whom I ochus Eupator, who was the son of this wickoften committed and commended unto many ed man, gathering briefly the calamities of of you, when I went up into the high prov- is the wars. inces; to whom I have written as followeth : 11 So when he was come to the crown,

26 Therefore I pray and request you to he set one Lysias over the affairs of his remember the benefits that I have done un- realm, and appointed him chief governor of to you generally, and in special, and that Celosyria and Phenice. every man will be still faithful to me and my 12' For Ptolemeus, that was called Mac.

ron, choosing rather to do justice unto the 27 For I am persuaded that he, under- | Jews for the wrong that had been done unstanding my mind, will favourably and gra- to them, endeavoured to continue peace ciously yield to your desires.

with them. 28 9 Thus the murderer and blasphemer 13 Whereupon being accused of tbe king's having suffered most grievously, as he en- | friends before Eupator, and called traitor treated other men, so died he a miserable at every word, because he had left Cyprus, death in a strange country in the mountains. hat Philometor had committed unto him,

29 And Philip, that was brought up with and departed unto Antiochus Epiphanes, him, carried away his body, who also fearing and seeing that he was in no honourable the son of Antiochus went into Egypt to place, he was so discouraged, that he poisonPtolemeus Philometor.

ed himself and died. CHAP. X.

14 But when Gorgias was governor of the 1 Judas recovereth the city, and purifierb the holds, he hired soldiers, and nourished war

temple ; 35 Gasara is taken, and Timotheus continually with the Jews : slain.

15 And therewithal the Idumeans, having N2 Maccabeus and his company, the rotten into their bands the most

commodious Lord guiding them,

holds, kept the Jews occupied, and receiving ple and the city :

those that were banished from Jerusalem, 2 But the altars which the heathen had they went about to nourish war. built in the open street, and also the chapels, 16 Then they that were with Maccabeus they pulled down.

made supplication, and besought God that 3 And having cleansed the temple, they | he would be their belper; and so they ran made another altar, and striking stones they with violence upon the strong holds of the took fire out of them, and offered a sacrifice after two years, and set forth incense, and 17 And assaulting them strongly, they Lights, and shewbread.

won the holds, and kept off all that fought 4 When that was done, they fell flat upon the wall, and slew all that fell into down, and besought the Lord that they might their hands, and killed no fewer than twencome no more into such troubles ; but if they ty thousand. sinned any more against him, that he himself 18 And because certain, who were no less would chasten them with mercy, and that than nine thousand, were fled together into they might not be delivered unto the blas- two very strong castles, having all manner phemous and barbarous nations.

of things convenient to sustain the siege, 5 Now upon the same day that the stran- 19 Maccabeus left Simon and Joseph, and gers profaned the temple, on the very same Zaccheus also, and them that were with him, day it was cleansed again, even the five and who were enough to besiege them, and detwentieth day of the same month, which is parted himself unto those places which more Casleu.

needed his help. 6 And they kept eight days with glad- 20 Now they that were with Simon, be



Apocrypba. ing led with covetousness, were persuaded | mies, assaulted the wall manly, and with a for money through certain of those that fierce courage killed all that they met withal. were in the castle, and took seventy thou- 36 Others likewise ascending after them, sand drachms, and let some of them escape. while they were busied with them that were

21 But when it was told Maccabeus what within, burnt the towers, and kindling fires, was done, he called the governors of the peo- | burnt the blasphemers alive ; and others ple together, and accused those men that broke open the gates, and having received they had sold their brethren for money, and in the rest of the army, took the city, set their enemies free to fight against them. 37 And killed Timotheus, that was hid

22 So he slew those that were found trai- | in a certain pit, and Chereas his brother, tors, and immediately took the two casties. with Apollophanes.

23 And having good success with his 38 When this was done, they praised the weapons in all things he took in hand, he Lord with psalms and thanksgiving, who slew in the two holds more than twenty had done so great things for Israel, and giv. thousand.

en them the victory. 24 Now Timotheus, whom the Jews had

CHAP. XI. overcome before, when he had gathered a 1 Lysias, thinking to get Ferusalem, 8 is put to great multitude of foreign forces, and horses flight. 16 Tbe letters of Lysias to the ģuws, out of Asia not a few, came as though he c. would take Jewry by force of arms.

N 25 But when he drew near, they that were

OT long after this, Lysias the king's

protector and cousin, who also managed with Maccabeus turned themselves to pray the affairs, took sore displeasure for the unto God, and sprinkled earth upon their things that were done. heads, and girded their loins with sackcloth, 2 And when he had gathered about four

26 And fell down at the foot of the altar, score thousand with all the horsemen, he and besought him to be merciful to them, came against the Jews, thinking to make the and to be an enemy to their enemies, and an city an habitation of the Gentiles, adversary to their adversaries, as the law de- 3 And to make a gain of the temple, as clareth.

of the other chapels of the heathen, and to 27 So after the prayer, they took their set the high priesthood to sale every year : weapons, and went on further from the city: 4 Not at all considering the power of and when they drew near to their enemies, God, but puffed up with his ten thousands they kept by themselves.

of footmen, and his thousands of horsemen, 28 Now the sun being newly risen, they and his four score elephants. joined both together ; the one part having 5 So he came to Judea, and drew near to together with their virtue, their refuge also Bethsura, which was a strong town, but disunto the Lord for a pledge of their success tant from Jerusalem about five furlongs, and and victory: the other side making their he laid sore siege unto it. rage leader of their battle.

6 Now when they that were with Mac29 But when the battle waxed strong, cabeus heard that he besieged the holds, there appeared unto the enemies from heaven they and all the people with lamentation five comely men upon horses, with bridles and tears besought the Lord that he would of gold, and two of them led the Jews, send a good angel to deliver Israel.

30 And took Maccabeus betwixt them, 7 Then Maccabeus himself first of all took and covered him on every side with their weapons, exhorting the other that they weapons, and kept him safe, but shot ar- would jeopard themselves together with him rows and lightnings against the enemies : so to help their brethren: so they went forth that being confounded with blindness, and together with a willing mind. full of trouble, they were killed.

8 | And as they were at Jerusalem, there 31 And there were slain of footmen twen- appeared before them on horseback one in ty thousand and five hundred, and six hun- | white clothing, shaking his armour of gold. dred horsemen.

9 Then they praised the merciful God 32 As for Timotheus himself, he fled into | all together, and took heart, insomuch that a very strong hold, called Gazara, where they were ready not only to fight with men, Chereas was governor.

but with most cruel beasts, and to pierce 33. But they that were with Maccabeus | through walls of iron. laid siege against the fortress courageously 10 Thus they marched forward in their four days.

armour, having an helper from heaven : for 34 And they that were within, trusting the Lord was merciful unto them. in the strength of the place, blasphemed ex- 11 And giving a charge upon their eneceedingly, and uttered wicked words. mies like lions, they slew eleven thousand

35 Nevertheless upon the fifth day early footmen, and sixteen hundred horsemen, and twenty young men of Maccabeus' company, put all the other to flight. inflamed with anger because of the blasphe. 12 Many of them also being wounded,

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