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ing-press, which has excited such general while at supper. On the opening of a rock attention.

oyster, the shells of which were forced asunMr George Sinclair, gardener to the Duke der with much difficulty, a small fish of two of Bedford at Woburn Abbey, states, that inches length, which had been curled up in the larvæ of the phalenæ tortrices, or grubs, the place which the native inhabitant of the are often the cause of blight in fruit trees. shell had before occupied, sprung out upon Teo orchards at Woburn were annually the table, and was preserved alive for some more or less subject to the ravages of these time. Examined in a glass of clear salt insects, till the following expedient was water, the little intruder, which had doubt. adopted. Immediately after the fall of the less devoured its host, the oyster, had a leaves, a waggon-load of lime was placed beautiful appearance when alive. Its great in the orchard, and suffered to slake by the pliancy when in motion, determines its speweather. Advantage was then taken of the cies to be cartilaginous, while the back and morning dews, to powder every part of the belly, which were ornamented with a series surface of the trees with the lime, while in of spines linked together by a transparent its most caustic state. This process has silken membrane, and its tine curling tail, been annually repeated with such success, displayed the richest beauties to the admirthat, since its first adoption, there has been ing eye. The creature was itself almost enbut one partial attack of the insects ; and this tirely transparent, when interposed between is attributed to the lime used that season hav- the eye and the sun, and the whole body ing lost much of its causticity before it was marked with stripes of brown and yellow, applied, and to a heavy fall of rain imme- disposed in regular intervals ; nor was the diately after the liming. It is essential that head its least curious part, from its being the algæ be removed from the trees previ. surmounted with a tine crest, resembling ously to the application of the lime, as they the unindented comb of a cock. Many not only do injury by closing the pores of persons have seen it, and all presume it to the bark, but also form the principal nests be a novel species.-Sidney Gazette. where the eggs of the insects are deposited Two instances of the extreme virulence during winter. When these parasitical and rapidity of animal poison, almost un. plants are once displaced, they never re- precedented in well authenticated narrative, cover themselves, if the liming be annually are recorded in the Sidney Gazette, as rerepeated. Seventy bushels of lime, proper- cent information from the party at Bathurst ly applied, will be sufficient for an orchard Plains.--The sudden death of John Wood, of five acres, completely stocked with full a private of the Royal Veteran Company, grown trees.

on duty at that post, was owing to the bite The President and Council of the Royal of a snake, which he survived only a few Society of London have adjudged the gold moments. The melancholy event took place and silver medals, on Count Rumford's on the 24th ultimo ; the fatal wound was foundation, to Sir H. Davy, for his papers inflicted on the foot, and the deceased puton combustion and flame, published in the ting his hand upon it, had scarcely time to last volume of the Philosophical Transac. implore the blessing of God, when he fell tions.

upon his face, and instantly expired. PuDr Husson has made the highly import. trescence ensued with unexampled rapidity, ant remark, that the nur vomica is very be- and in a few hours the body of the deceased neficial in paralysis which follows rheumatic became entirely black.-A sheep belonging affections, but be considers it as liable to to Mr Lawson was also bit; it died immeOccasional accidents, when the paralysis has diately, and exhibited symptoms of putressucceeded an attack of apoplexy. This dis- cence in a few moments after. One of these tinction ought to make medical men very snakes was known to advance from beneath cautious in the use of this powerful agent.

a rock to the centre of a road as a man was An animal hitherto unknown here to the passing, with the apparent intention of atEuropean colonist, accompanied by two of tacking him. They are said to be geneits young, was found a fortnight ago at rally from five to six, or seven feet long, Cox's River, in the newly discovered coun- are of a disagreeable dark colour, and have try, near Sidney, New Holland. From its very large heads. general conformation, it may be pronoun- Mr Armiger is engaged in Researches, ced a species of the Jerboa tribe. Its re. and in the Collection of Materials for an semblance is about midway between that of English work on Physiology, intended to the rabbit and the rat, the ears short and supply an acknowledged deficiency in the erect, like those of the former, the head elementary books of this country, to exhibit longer, like that of the latter, as is also the the present state of that important science, tail, which is very long, but terminating and the extent to which it is indebted to the with a thick fur ; the weight of the animal, investigation of British physiology. to all appearance, not exceeding eight or Mr Sewell, assistant professor at the Venine ounces.Sidney Gazette.

terinary College, has discovered a mode of A curious phenomenon exhibited itself curing a chronic lameness, to which bunon board a vessel at Sydney, to a party ters, chargers, and other valuable horses, are liable after any considerable exertion. lished various tables of the dilatation of It consists in dividing the nervous trunk, bodies by heat :and extirpating a portion of it, where it en, Substances wehen raised from the Temperaters the foot behind the pastern joint. ture of Freezing Wuter to the boiling

A paper, by Dr Leach of the British Heat. Museum, has been read to the Royal So- Steel not tempered................. 00107915 ciety, containing some observations on a new Steel tempered, and then

.00123956 genus of marine animals inhabiting the ar- heated to 150 gonaut and nautilus shells. It was observed Silver from the cupel............ .00190974 by Sir Joseph Banks, that the animal found Silver, Paris standard.......

.... .00190868 in these shells is not the fabricator of them, Copper

.09171733 but a parasite which has taken up its occa

Brass ..........

.00187321 sional abode there when it chooses to shield Tin from Malacca ..

.00193765 itself from the direct action of the waves.

Tin from Cornwall..........

.... .00217298 Sir E. Home also presented a paper some

Hammered iron......

.00122045 what similar, detailing his remarks on the English fint glass......... .0008) 166 mode and period of generation of the ani. Mercury (in volume).

.01847746 mals found in nautilus and argonaut shells.

Fine gold

.00146606 He found them to be oviparous animals, Gold, Paris standard, not

.00155155 to be nourished nearly like snails.

annealed Serpent found in Devonshire..Dr Leach Gold, Paris standard, annealed .00153361 states, that the red viper, described by Mr Platinum (according to Borda) .00085655 Rackett in a paper read to the Linnæan So Lead

.0028 4836 ciety on April 15, is no more than a very French crystal glass

.00087199 common variety of the young viper of Bri- French crown glass

............. .00039694 tain. He also says, that coluber cæruleus French mirror glass

.00089098 of the Linnwan i'ransactions, col. prester Insects living in a Vacuum.-M. Biot and chersea of Linnæus, are also varieties has observed, that the insects called by the of the same species, viz. of vipera berus. French blaps and tenebrions, may be left in

The First Number of a New Periodical the best vacuum that can be made by an Work, entitled, “ Journal of the Academy air puinp for days, without their appearing of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia,” has

to suffer any inconvenience. just reached this country from America. It New Method of detecting Arsenious! Acid, contains, 1st, Description of Six new Spe- or Corrosive Sublimate, when in Solution. cies of the genus Firola, from the Mediter. -Take a little recent wheat starch ; add to ránean, by MM. de Sueur and Peron, with it a sufficient quantity of iodine to give it a a plate. 2d, An Account of the New Moun- blue colour. Mix a little of this blue mattain Sheep, Ovis Montana, by Mr George ter with water, so as to have a blue-colourOrd; with a wood engraving of the Horn ed liquid. If into this liquid a few drops of the Animal. 3d, A Description of Seven

of an aqueous solution of arsenious acid be American Water and Land Shells, by Mr put, the blue colour is immediately changed

to reddish brown, and is gradually dissipatSir William Herschel, lately created a ed entirely. The solution of corrosive subHanoverian knight, has comunicated a limate produces nearly the same effect ; but paper to the Royal Society on the system of if some drops of sulphuric acid be added, the scattering of the stars, and on the best the blue colour is again restored, if it has mode of dividing them into classes, so as to been destroyed by arsenious acid; but if it form a correct and convenient catalogue. has been destroyed by corrosive sublimate,

It is found by experiment, that the waters it is not restored, either by sulphuric acid of the Thames, opposite the London Dock or by any other acid. (Brugnatelli, Ann. gates, are perfectly fresh throughout ; at de Chim. et Phys. iv. 334.) Blackwall, even in spring tides, the water New Analysis of the Meteoric Iron of was found to be only siightly saline ; at

Siberia.-M. Laugier has lately subjected Woolwich the proportion of salt water in- a specimen of this well known mass of iron creases, and so on to Gravesend. From a to analysis. He found its constituents as series of observations made at and below follow : London Bridge, compared with the river Oxide of Iron,............ 68.2 as far upas Kew and Oxford, Mr Stevenson, Silica,

16 the engineer, is of opinion, that the waters Magnesia, of the Thames seldom change, but are pro- Sulphur,

5.2 bably carried up and down with the turn of Nickel,........

5.2 the alternate tides, for an indefinite period,

Chromium,...................

0.5 which, he is of opinion, may be one, if not Loss,.........

3 the principal cause of what is termed the ex. treme softness of the waters of the Thames.

113.1 The increase of weight is owing to the

oxidizement of the metals. This analysis MM. Gay-Lussac and Arago have pub- shows us that the constituents of this iron

Thomas Say.

ܪ

15

FRAXCE.

are quite the same as those of the meteoric subject within two or three years, and even stones. (See Ann. de Chim. et Phys. iv. hospitals have been established, for the re363.)

ception of such patients as require the aid · Arragonite. It will be recollected, that of Magnetism. after the discovery of carbonate of strontian A periodical work is at present publishby Stromeyer in arragonite, Messrs Bucholz ing at Altenburg, under the following title : and Meissner analyzed twelve specimens“ Archives of Animal Magnetism," by Esfrom different places; that they found stron- chenmayer, Kieser, and Nasse. tian in seven of the twelve, but could de- Barker, Wolter, and Hendricks, are pubtect none in the remaining five. Among lishing, in Holland, “ Contributions to the these five was the arragonite of Bastenes, Doctrine of Animal Magnetism.” which, according to these chemists, contain: Rohlwes has published, at Hanover, a ed nothing but carbonate of lime and a work on the knowledge and cure of the dislittle sulphate of lime. Laugier has lately eases of wild animals; and the same author examined a specimen of arragonite from the has also published a work on veterinary same place. He found in it traces of car. medicine. bonate of strontian, though the quantity of Henriette Schubart has lately published, that substance present did not exceed the at Altenburg, a translation of Walter Scott's thousandth part of the weight of the speci. Scottish Ballads and Songs. men. In two other specimens of arragonite, A curious book has lately appeared at one from Baudissero, near Turin, the other Copenhagen, under the title, “Historia from the county of Gex, he could detect no precipuorum Arabum Regnorum, rerumque strontian whatever ; but he remarks that ab iis gestorum ante Islamismum e codd. these specimens did not exhibit all the cha- MSS. Arabicis Bibliothecæ Regiæ Slavni. racters of arragonite. That of Baudissero, ensis collegit, vertit, Animadversiones addithough pretty regularly crystallized, was dit, Dr et Pref, J. L. Rassmussen." mpaque, and very friable. I'hat from Gex There has just appeared at Vienna a has the vitreous fracture, and the hardness work in 3 vols. 8vo, with 135 folio colour. of the best characterized arragonites ; but it ed plates, by Dr Joseph Scherer, entitled, is massive, and exhibits no appearance of “ Tables of the Anatomical Wax Preparacrystallization. In general the purest, most tions in the Imperial Museum." transparent, and most regularly crystallized Among the effects left by the celebrated arragonites, are those which contain the Werner, there are several MSS, nearly greatest quantity of strontian ; while those ready for the press. This great man had which are impure, and mixed with sulphate printed nothing since 1774. His labours of lime, either contain none, or very little always appeared to him not sufficiently of that substance. (Ann. de Chim. et Phys. matured; but his instructions are spread iv. 361.)

over tl-world by thousands of his scholars. A stone, adapted to the purposes of litho. His cabinet of Minerals has become the graphy, has been discovered in the quarries property of the Mineralogical Academy at of Argenteuil. All the stone used in this Frieberg. art in France has hitherto been imported The fifth volume of Professor Hausfrorn Bavaria Burgundy also has lately mann's Mineralogical Travels in Scandinafurnished some specimens, of which a trial via has just been published. is about to be made; but the quarry of Argenteuil seems capable of furnishing an abundant supply, and of the best quality. Canova has just finished a charming

group,-a nymph reposing upon a lion's GERMANY

skin, and a boy playing on a lyre. He is The great anatomical collection of Meckel now employed upon a statue of the King of of Halle is about to be offered for sale. It Portugal. is only excelled by the magnificent and Professor Moricchini, of Rome, having truly philosophical museum of the late discovered the magnetising power of the vio Joha Hunter. The Meckels did not rest let rays of the prismatic spectrum, the Marsatisfied with mere preparations of parts of quis Ridolfi has succeeded in magnetising the adult human subject : a principal object two needles, the one in thirty, the other in with them has been to show, in series forty-six minutes ; and can now charge of preparations, the forms and condition of with the magnetic power, by the same prothe various organs and parts of the animal cess, as many needles as he pleases. The system, from their first appearance to their needles thus magnetised (namely, by directperiod of maturity ; and this cabinet is also ing on and passing over them, for a period particularly rich in objects of pathological of not less than thirty minutes, the violet anatomy.

rays of the spectrum, through the medium Animal Magnetism is at present in high of a condensing lens) possess all the energy repute in Germany, as a remedy in the cure and the properties of needles magnetised in of discases. Many large works and num- the common way by means of a loadstone. berless pamphlets have been written on this Their homonomous poles repel, while the

ITALY

AMERICA.

heteronomous poles attract, each other; and, and devoted to the detail of national a made to vibrate on a pivot, their points chievements, and to criticism on English turn constantly to the north, their heads to and American books. It exhibits also the the south! This adds to the wonders of state of the arts, in some fine engravings, magnetism, and must be regarded as a very and of American Typography, in the neatextraordinary discovery.

ness with which it is printed.

The Portico, on the plan of the Port

folio, is conducted hy Mr Simpson, of PhiThe following are at this time the chief, ladelphia, and by a coadjutor at Baltimore; if not the only gerieral periodical journals and is in plan and execution very like the in the United States :

Portfolio. The Portfolio, printed at Philadelphia, The North Anierican Review, published once a month, but not essentially on the at Boston, by Messrs Wells and Lilly, first day ; is edited by John E. Hall, Esq. every three months, was commenced in a barrister at law, who is also editor of the 1816. It consists partly of original arAmerican Law Journal. This is the old- ticles, and partly of selections from Engest of the American miscellanies, and has lish Reviews. always been distinguished for its elegant There are, besides, several Medical JourBelles-Lettres articles, and for much ex- nals and Reviews, conducted by men of quisite original poetry.

great talents, and well supported by the The Analectic Magazine, published at Faculty, in original communications. Philadelphia, monthly, by Moses Thomas ;

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