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against them, in the Prefatory Speech *, which stands as an Introduction to The State, &c.
In the prosecution of this design, the Letter-writer attacks the General with great severity. Sir William Howe likewise comes in for a share of our Author's keen animadversions; and the pamphlet concludes with the following paragraph :
• Harsh as these observations may to you appear, they are such as have occurred, on the Prefatory śpeech, to a mind unbiassed by party, and uninfluenced by power. They will, I am almost perfuaded, have little weight with an understanding like yours : but if they shall serve to convince the candid and impartial, that to the misfortune of having loft an army, you have added the crime of wil. ful and unjust accusation; the purpose of this Writer will not be entirely unaccomplished. His mind will, in all events, receive a fecret satisfaction, in having attempted to defend innocence from the imputation of guilt, and in having affixed to guilt the infamy it de. serves.'
MISCELLAN EO U S. Art. 18. Female Restoration, by a moral and physical Vindication
of Female Talents : In Opposition to all dogmatical Assertions relative to the Disparity in the Sexes. Dedicated to her Majesty ; and humbly addressed to the Ladies of Great Britain and Ireland. By a Lady. 4to. 39. fewed. Macgowan. 1780.
Whether this performance was seriously written in ' vindication of female talents,' or ludicrously with a view to expose them, we pretend not to determine. If the former was its object, the execution is fo imperfect and injudicious, that it will add little credit to the caufe it undertakes to vindicate; if the latter, the ridicule is so obscure, and so feeble, that the Ladies have very little mischief to apprehend from it.
The Author, or Authoress (as the Writer ftyles herself), informs " the Ladies of Great Britain and Ireland,' that she hath rushed forth the champion of their cause, without subsidies, without fuecours, and with scarce a troop of well-mustered ideas hath taken the "field. This literary amazon', who hath dared to take the beld by herself, and is determined to fight her way through the thickest phalanx of the other sex, without waiting till her troops are muftered to fupport her, takes care to inform us, that she is quite in earneft, and that nothing is farther from her thoughts than to turn the women into ridicule, and make them appear more contemptible than ever. A serious address to reason and good senfe, a thorough disquisition of the source and progress of that empire the men have affumed over us, and the cause of our present date of subjection, with moral and phyfical reasons to prove our natural equality with the men in every thing, are what compose the fubstance of the following sheets.'—This is verily an arduous undertaking, and requires great kill as well as great courage; and at no rate can be accomplished without a large troop of well-muflered ideas,
If the Writer's professions be fincere, this performance is designed to prove, not only the equality of the women to the men in every thing ; Originally delivered in the House of Commons.
but even their fuperiority in most things. This is turning the tables on proud man with a witness! One objection to this female hypothefis, arising from the subsequent creation of the woman, is thus commodiously answered, 'It was God's will, and he hath nor thought proper to give us any reason for it.'--Farther—' if ic be added, that Eve was not only created after Adam, but was formed out of one of his sibs : agreed: but Adam was niade of clay: is that a reason that clay was more noble than him?- After all, this argument can only relate to Eve; other women being no wise indebted to their husbands for their cöcation, and do not pretend to be of a more per. fect nature than their children, though they contribute to their produce tion in quite a different manner from Adam with respect to Eve. Are we told in jelt' or earnest, that children do not spring from their pareots fides?
If the Writer of this pamphlet be a Lady, as the Title-page and Dedication assure us, we are not at all surprised that she should give the following definition of a perfect man. • A man is perfect in my opinion when he hath every thing that is necessary to produce and receive the effects for which he is defined: and he is imperfect when he has more or less parts than are necessary, or some indisposition which impedes the intent of his creation.'
As this Lady professes to consider her subject physically as well as morally, the fagely obferves, that the Almighty having resolved to produce man dependently of each other by the help of two perfons, he formed two different bodies for that purpose. Each was perfect in its way: and it was necessary that they should be disposed as we see them. It is therefore without foundation that some imagine, that the women are not fo perfect as the men, and represent that as a defect which is an effential appendage to the sex, without which they could not answer the intent of their creation. The two sexes are neceffary for producing together their likeness; and what reason can be given for asserting that men are more noble than the women in what relates to children? Really the matter is so clear as to need no illustration ; and the Ladies in this case neither ask nor want an apology.
In the delineation of their moral qualities, this Writer expatiates fo much in their praise, that, if we are to pay any credit to profession, they are here fupposed to be equal to all the toils and hazards of war, to all the intrigues of flate, to the most laboured investigations of science, to the most exalted flights of genius, in a word, to all that ever did or ever can give laftre, authority and greatness to man, as well as gentleness, sweetness, and all the softer attractions to woman.
If this performance be serious, we wish it had more argument to support it ; if ironical, we wish it had more humour to enliven it. Art. 19. An Account of the Statues, Pictures, and Temples in
Greece ; translated from the Greek of Pausanias. By Uvedale Price, Esq; 8vo. 4 s. fewed. Evans, 1780.
The Translator's Advertisement will best explain the nature of this performance : ' The contents of these sheets being a faithful tranfcript of all that is to be found in Pausanias, in relation to the temples, ftatues, and paintings remaining in Greece when he uavelled over all its fates, about the 177th year of the Chriftian æra,
in order to describe them, it may reasonably be presumed, that an accurate bill of fare of so sumptuous an entertainment, with a particular description of the noblest and most elegant parts of it, will meet with a favourable reception.'
With respect to the work itself, valuable as it is, on some accounts, to the scholar and the antiquary, it is a dry, uninteresting catalogue, drawn up with no more taste than might be expected from a common appraiser, -- and, consequently, can furnith, to the mere English Reader, little instruction, or amusement. Art. 20. An easy Introduction to the Knowledge of Nature, and
reading the Holy Scriptures. Adapted to the Capacities of Children. 8vo. 3 s. fewed. Dodfley, &c. 1780.
We rejoice in every opportunity of paying our respects to the Ladies; and indeed literature has, of late, been much indebted to them.
By the Dedication to Lady Charlotte Finch (which is fenfible, modeft, and polite, we find, that this is the production of a female pen; and in our opinion it does great honour to the Author
In the Preface, page 11, she says, 'I cannot pass over this opportunity of mentioning a very useful publication, entitled, Lessons for Children from two to three or four Years old, written by Mrs. Barbauld, which I think are the best adapted for the purpose of teaching them to read, of any I ever met with, being wrote in a style of familiar conversation, and free from all formality. I have endeavoured to adopt a similar mode of expression, and to build upon the groundwork which the ingenious author has laid for the education of chile dren.'
Our Author farther adds, Perhaps it will be thought, that I have deviated from my plan of fimplicity and ease in the latter part of this work, but I have here taken for my guide the Archbishop of Cambray's in fructions for the education of a daughter, and, indeed, copied him in some places, respecting the distinction between the soul and the body.' Upon the whole, we think the Author entiiled to the thanks of all parents, and would advise every mother to put this pleasing performance into the hands of her children, for the united purposes of rational amusement and useful inflruction.
Page 146, line 1, for South read North. Art. 21.
Memoirs of the Marshal Duke of Berwick. . Written by himself. With a summary Continuation from the Year 1716, to his Death in 1734. To this work is prefixed, a Sketch of an Historical Panegyric of the Marshal, by the President Montesquieu ; and Explanatory Notes, and original Letters relative to the Campaign in Flanders, in 1708, are subjoined. Translated from the French, 8vo. 2 Vols.
Cadell. 1779. The ample account we gave of the original publication of these Memoirs t, leaves very little to be added on their appearance in an English dress; excepting to remark their having remained for an unusual number of years in bad hands, until their contents became too ftale for any historical parpose, but that of uniting with some late publications evidently managed to discredit the Revolution, and
* Mrs. Trimmer, of Brentford, + See kev. Vol. LIX. p. 481.
to defame the characters of King William III. and the principal actors in that happy event. At Rome, they carry on profitable ma. nufactures of relics and antiques; and secret anecdotes purporting to be derived from the cabinets of the natural and interested enemies of our country and conftitution, conveyed to us from time to time, through questionable hands, -are not now to put us out of conceit with the securities provided for, us by our forefathers against the imminent evils that then hung over their heads; nor to put us into conceit with the principles of those whose gloomy tyranny we so happily escaped. Peace be to their memories on both sides, we are satisfied : every generation finds 'political evils" enough to engage their attention, without recurring a century back; and out of the frying pan into the fire, has ever been deemed a fatal leap.
In'a note to the Advertisement, we are informed that “the original Editor of these Memoirs is said to be Mr Hooke, a Doctor of the Sorbonne, and son of the gentleman of that name who wrote the Roman History :” and as Mr. Macpherson and Sir John Dalrymple
have made liberal use of Jacobitical authorities in French cabinets; so the compliment is returned by the Popish Doctor of the Sorbonne, who reflects the authorities of these collectors back on suitable parts of the Duke of Berwick's Memoirs : thus is the old adage illustrated
manus manum fricat,
The duke of Berwick appears, under his education, and suitable to his attachments, from his own writing. to have been an able honeft man; without attending to the colouring of Montesquieu's pane, gyric: French panegyrics are to be considered in the same point of view with monumental inscriptions; which display the qualifications of their writers with more truth than those of the subję&t.
As the Duke of Berwick passed the most active part of his life in camps, and was frequently called abrupely from service in one place to engage in another, the chief part of his Memoirs consists of military details: and as these are sa her selations of his own particular share in the respective campaigns he made, than histories of the motives and operations of the wars at large, the Reader will find them proporcionably defoltory and confined in their objects. In the cha. racters and opinions interspersed, candour requires fome allowance for his prejudices of education. When we add, that the translation appears to be faithfully executed, and that it reads free and easy, we imagine that nothing farther will be required from us, in relation to the Duke of Berwick's Memoirs. Art. 22. Directions for breeding Game Cocks : With the Me
thods of treating them from the Time they are hatched, till fit to fight. Including Instructions for the Choice of a Cock and Hens to breed from ; Place to breed at; and Remarks wortby Observation previous to fighting a Match; Articles for a Cock Match ; Key to a Match Bill; Rules and Orders in Cocking, abided by ai the Cockpit Royal, Westminster, &c. with Calculations for betting, being the Result of many Years Experience. 12mo.
I $. 6 d. Macgowan. 1780. Little did we expect at this time of day, to have seen a diversion scientifically treated, which is now, for the most part, confined to the lowest of the vulgar. We have, however, the satisfaction to think
il. 14 s.
the present attempt will tend very little to revive this brutal entertainment. Thole barbarians, who can find amusement in cockfighting, and who wish to improve their fkill in this species of blackguard butchery, will learn nothing from this catch penny performance: the only mysterious part of the bufiness this cunning adept has contrived to pass over in filence--not chuling, we suppose, to make others as cunning as himself, Art. 23. The New Universal Traveller. Containing a full
and distinct Account of all the Empires, Kingdoms and States, in the known World.-By J. Carver, Esq; Author of Travels through the Interior Parts of North America. Folio.
Compiled, and abridged, from the more voluminous collections of the same kind; and illustrated by Maps, and other engravings.-OF Captain Carver's book of American Travels, which appears to have been an original work, an ample account was given in the Sixtieth Volume of our Review: See pages go, and 281. See, likewise, our account of his Treatise on Tobacco, Rev. vol. Ixi. p. 78. Art. 24. A Tour from London to Petersburgh, from thence to
Moscow, and Return to London by way of Courland, Poland, Germany, and Holland, By John Richard.
2 s. 6 d. sewed. Evans. 1780.
In a series of forty-one letters, which are written with some viva. city, this small volume gives an amusing account of the places above mentioned, interspersed with historical anecdotes, &c. Art. 25. The Regal Table : Exhibiting in a concise and ac
curate Manner, the Times of the Commencement and Conclusion of every Sovereign's Reign, from William the Conqueror to his prefent Majefty, King George the Third, and the exact Years, Months and Days, they severally reigned : Together with the Year of each Reiga in progressive Order, the Year of the Lord corresponding to the Year of each Reign, and the Number of Years fince the Conqueft. Necessary in all Colleges, Libraries, and for Members of both Houses of Parliament, Historians, Profeffors of the Law, and other ftudious and learned Persons; also very proper to be introduced into all Schools and Places of public and private Education. I 2mo,
Faden. 1780. A very long title to a very little book,
POETIC AL. Poems on various Subje£ts, chiefly sacred. By the late Mr. Thomas Greene of Ware, Hertfordshire. 12mo. 3 s. 6 d. Harris, in Leadenhall Street. 1780.
The Author seems to have been a very good sort of man, much devoted to Methodistic piecy, and Methodistic poetry: for instance,
when such preachers fill the sacred place,