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mory of whicly days is yet fresh in the rocks, over a narrow chasm, of which the minds of our old shepherds and cot- tiny stream played in a murmuring wate. tage matrons upon the moors of Clydes- fall, and divided the congregation into two dale and Dumfries-shire.

equal parts, sat about a hundred persons, After describing at some length the all devoutly listening to their - Minister, state of the people of Lapark, at the be called a small natural Pulpit of living

who stood before them on what might well time when the Presbyterian worship stone. Up to it there led a short flight of was not permitted to be celebrated in steps, and over it waved the canopy of : their parish church, the author intro- tall graceful birch tree. This pulpit stood duces us to the persecuted congrega- on the middle of the channel, directly fa. tion assembled amidst the solitary and cing that congregation, and separated from sublime scenery of Cartland Craigs them by the clear deep sparkling pool into on the morning of a beautiful summer which the scarce-heard water poured over Sabbath, chiefly for the purpose of ha- the blackened rock. The water, as it left ving the children, who had been born the pool, separated into two streams, and during the suspension of the public flowed on each side of that Altar, thus plaworship of God in the place, admitted cing it in an island, whose large mossy into the body of the church by the rite golden blossoms and green tresses of the

stones were richly embowered under the of baptism.

broom. Divine service was dosed, and a The church in which they were assem- row of maidens, all clothed in purest white, bled was hewn, by God's hand, out of the came gliding off froni the congregation, and eternal rocks. A river rolled its way crossing the stream on some stepping stones, through a mighty chasm of cliffs, several arranged themselves at the foot of the pul. hundred feet high, of which the one side pit, with the infants about to be baptized. presented enormous masses, and the other The fathers of the infants, just as if they corresponding recesses, as if the great stone had been in their own Kirk, had been sitgirdle had been rent by a convulsion. The ting there during worship, and now stood channel was overspread with prodigious up before the Minister. The baptismal fragments of rock or large loose stones, water, taken from that pellucid pool, was some of them smooth and bare, others con- 1 ying consecrated in a small hollow of one taining soil and verdure in their rents and of the upright stones that formed one side fissures, and here and there crowned with or pillar of the pulpit, and the holy rite shrubs and trees. The eye could at once proceeded. Some of the younger ones in command a long stretching vista, seeming that semicircle kept gazing down into the ly closed and shut up at both extremities by pool, in which the whole scene was reflectthe coalescing cliffs. This majestic reached, and now and then, in spite of the grave of river contained pools, streams, rushing looks, or admonishing whispers of their shelves, and waterfalls innumerable ; and elders, letting a pebble fall into the water, when the water was low, which it now was that they might judge of its depth from the in the common drought, it was easy to walk length of time that elapsed before the clear up this scene, with the calm blue sky over. air-bells lay sparkling on the agitated surhead, an utter and sublime solitude. On face. The rite was over, and the religious looking up, the soul was bowed down by service of the day closed by a Psalm. The the feeling of that prodigious height of un- mighty rocks hemmed in the holy sound, scaleable and often overhanging cliff. Be- and sent it in a more compacted volume, tween the channel and the summit of the clear, sweet, and strong, up to Heaven. fat-extended precipices were perpetually When the Psalm ceased, an echo, like a Aying rooks and wood-pigeons, and now spirit's voice, was heard dying away high and then a hawk, filling the profound abyss upamong the magnificent architectureofthe with their wild cawing, deep murmur, or cliffs, and once more raight be noticed in shrilly shriek. Sometimes a heron would the silence the reviving voice of the waterstand ereet and still on some little stone fall. island, or rise up like a white cloud along “ Just then a large stone fell from the the black walls of the chasm, and disap- top of the cliffinto the pool, a loud voice was pear. Winged creatures alone could inha- heard, and a plaid hung over on the point bit this region. The fox and wild-cat of a Shepherd's staff. Their watchful Senchose more accessible haunts. Yet here tinel had descried danger, and this was his came the persecuted Christians and wor. warning. Forthwith the congregation tose. shipped God, whose hand hang over their There were paths dangerous to unpractised heads those magnificent pillars and arches, feet, along the ledges of the rocks, leading scooped out those galleries from the solid up to several caves and places of conceal. rock, and laid at their feet the calm water ment. The more active and young assisted in its transparent beauty, in which they the elder_more especially the old Pastor, could see themselves sitting in reflected and the women with the infants; and many groups, with their Bibles in their hands. minutes had not elapsed, till not a living

“Here, upon a semicircular ledge of creature was visible in the channel of the



stream, but all of them hidden, or nearly long stride, firm step, and broad breast, so, in the clefts and caverns.

who, on the open field, would have over"TheShepherd who had given the alarm thrown the marshalled line, and gone first had lain down again in his plaid instantly and foremost if a city had to be taken by on the greensward upon the summit of storin. these precipices. A party of soldiers were « As the soldiers were standing together immediately upon him, and demanded what irresolute, a noise came upon their ears like signals he had been making, and to whom; distant thunder, but even more appalling; · when one of them, looking over the edge and a slight current of air, as if propelled of the cliff, exclaimed, « See, see! Humby it, past whispering along the sweetphrey, we have caught the whole Taberna- briars, and the broom, and the tresses of dle of the Lord in a net at last. There they the birch-trees. It came deepening, and are, praising God among the stones of the rolling, and roaring on, and the very Cartriver Mouss. These are the Cartland land Craigs shook to their foundation as if Craigs. By my soul's: salvation, a noble in an earthquake. • The Lord have mercy Cathedral !'.

Fling the lying. Sentinel upon us what is this?' And down fell over the cliffs.. Here is a canting Cove. many of the miserable wretches on their nanter for you, deceiving honest soldiers knees, and some on their faces, upon the on the very Sabbath-day. Over with him, sharp-pointed rocks. Now, it was like the over with him out of the gallery into the sound of many myriad chariots rolling on pit.' But the Shepherd had vanished like their iron axles down the stony channel of a shadow; and mixing with the tall green the torrent. The old grey-haired minister broom and bushes, was making his un, issued from the mouth of Wallace's Cave, seen way towards a wood. Satan has and said, with a loud voice, The Lord saved his servant ; but come, my lads God terrible reigneth. A water-spout follow me I know the way down into the had burst up among the moorlands, and bed of the stream and the steps up to the river, in its power, was at hand. There Wallace's cave. They are called the “ Kit- it came-tumbling along into that long tle Nine Stanes.” The hunt's up. We'll reach of cliffs, and in a moment filled it be all in at the death. boys with one mass of waves. Huge agitated halloo !!

clouds of foam rode on the surface of a “The soldiers dashed down a less pre- blood-red torrent. An army must have cipitous part of the wooded banks, a little been swept off by that flood. The soldiers below the craigs, and hurried up the perished in a moment but high up in the channel, But when they reached the altar Cliffs, above the sweep of destruction, were where the old grey-haired minister had been the Covenanters men, women, and chilseen standing, and the rocks that had been dren, uttering prayers to God, unheard by covered with people, all was silent and so- themselves, in that raging thunder.!; **** litary--not a creature to be seen.


Here we close our extracts. The vois a Bible dropt by some of them, cried lume from which they have been made a soldier, and, with his foot, spun it away stands in no need of our praise, and into the pool. A bonnet-a bonnet,'- therefore we shall leave these few pascried another now for the pretty sancti. fied face that rolled its demure eyes below sages to speak for themselves. The it', But, after a few jests and Oaths,

the author appears throughout in the most soldiers stood still, eyeing with a kind of amiable character. Every page overmysterious dread the black and silent walls flows with images of the most pure of the rock that hemmed them in, and heare and beautiful tenderness. Occasionaling only the small voice of the stream that ly he displays a deep knowledge of the sent a profound stillness through the heart sterner and more troubled passions. of that majestic solitude. Curse these His faults are the faults of exuberance cowardly Covenanters-what, if they tum- never of poverty; and we have a ble down upon our heads pieces of rock confident hope that ere long, by exertfrom their hiding-places ? Advance ? Or ing all his great powers together, and retreat ?'

There was no reply. For a concentrating their energies on some slight fear was upon every man ; musket work of a more extensive character, he or bayonet could be of little use to men obliged to clamber up rocks, along slender will take boldly the high place that is paths, leading, they knew not where; and his due. The intelligent reader of they were aware that armed men, now-a

these little tales will be delighted, but days, worshipped God, men of iron hearts, certainly will not be surprised, in who feared not the glitter of the soldier's receiving a MASTERPIECE from his ums neither barrel nor bayonetmen of hands.

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11'. ! AFTER reading these two pamphlets, Review Professor Sandford is well we wish to say a very few words about known to have got what is called to a controversy which has been going on first class degree" at Oxford, and, we apparently for some time, and with believe, one of the prizes for essay much bitterness, but of which until writing. He is also well known now we had seen nothing at all : have stood for a fellowship at Oriel, and what we say shall be altogether and not to have been successful as to in the spirit of peace-making ; for, that object of his ambition. He is all in truth, we are of opinion, that the so known to have been lately elected belligerents are clever young men, Greek Professor at Glasgow; and he and that they are both of them chiefly is reported to be discharging his duto blame, for having meddled with ties there in a manner equally honoura matters they had nothing to do with. able to his talents and industry. But

And, in the first place, could any what are all these things ? to what do thing be more absurd, than to begin a they amount ? If they convinced the mighty fuss about a few paragraphs in * Close College” man's mind that this the Edinburgh Review, stuffed full of was the fittest judge to hold the baspleen against Oxford in general, but lance, in regard to such a controversy more particularly against Oriel College? as the present, we can only say they The paragraphs were (although Pro- would have tended to convince us of fessor Sandford says they made him exactly the reverse.

. laugh very heartily when he read them) Thirdly, What could be more ab intolerably dull--full of a sort of faint surd than first to choose a man your feeble fluttering aspiration after merri- umpire, and then abuse him to his ment, but really and helplessly dull in face? - Close College" does little but every possible sense of the term. But sneer at Mr Sandford ; at the least, this even if they had not been dull, who was unwise. If you really thought he would have minded them? Dr Cop- had himself written the article in the plestone and the Edinburgh Reviewers Review, this is not the style in which had a paper war ten years ago, and the you should have dealt with him: but Reviewers were licked. What wonder, you knew very well he did not write then, if the Edinburgh reviewers are it. fond of having a cut at Oriel College, Fourthly, Could any thing be more and the Doctor's book on Predestina- absurd than for Mr Sandford, a young tiou, when opportunity serves ? But man who left Oxford only last year, this was not all

. The article in ques and cannot possibly have enjoyed any tion contained palpable proof of its very extensive opportunities of studybeing the production of some person, ing the relative merits and defects of whose personal feelings had, some how the different University-systems now or other, been extremely exacerbated, existing in Europe, to turn round in in regard to ORIEL COLLEGE. Was not this ungracious manner on his old this enough to clap an extinguisher Alma Mater, whose Champion had upon the torch he had flung-even had paid him so high a compliment? What it been a more blazing affair than it does Mr Sandford know about such really was?

people as Dr Copplestone and Mr DaSecurdly, What could be more ab- vison, that he should talk about theni surd than the Champion of Oxford, so briskly? Has he ever read five (since Oxford was to have one,) ma- pages of Copplestone on Predestinaking Professor Sandford the umpire tion? If he had done so, he must between Oxford and the Edinburgh have perceived that the head of Oriel

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* I. A Letter to Daniel K. Sandford, Esq. Professor of Greek in the University of Glasgow, in answer to the strictures of the Edinburgh Review, on the open Colleges of Oxford. By a Member of a close College. Parker, Oxford, &c. 1822. W

II. A Letter to the Rev. Peter Elmsley, A. M. in answer to the Appeal made to Professor Sandford, as umpire between the University of Oxford and the Edinburgh Review.

}y D. K. Sandford, Esq. Professor of Greek in the University of Glasgow. Munday and Slatter, Oxford. 1822.

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is no mark for clever lads of two-and- are pleased to tell us that Mr Brougham twenty to fling their gibes at, in six, knows no Greek. You yourself are penny pamphlets. A very few months no great shakes at English; and I am ago, was not a fellowship in the much mistaken if three months laDoctor's College his own prime am bour would not at any time enable Mr bition? Reconcile this inconsistency Brougham to catechise you' as to your if you can. Besides, was Mr Sand- Greek; in a style rather more severe ford so weak as not to see, that wható than your"Oxford examining-masever he said, in his pamphlet or ters are up to. And on the other elsewhere, against Oriel, and against hand, Mr Sandford, be so good as Dr Copplestonecould not carry much to wait a little. Exert yourself viweight with it, after what had hap- gorously for twenty years, and if at pened? Copplestone and the College the end of that time you be either may have done a very unwise thing a Davison, or a Copplestone, or a for themselves, in not electing him. Millman, we shall all lend you our As it turns out, however, they have ears; but we have too good an opinion really by their rejection done him a of your nature, to expect that you will piece of excellent service :-At all then crave hearing upon any such toevents, he should have been wise pics as you have recently been discussenough to hold his tongue.

ing in a manner so utterly unworthy Fifthly, Can any thing be more ut- of yourself. terly ludicrous than the airs both of To conclude, We beg to assure these these pamphleteers give themselves ? doughty epistolizers, that all OXFORD. one would really think some great does not lie within the sound of the matter were at issue, and none but great Tom of Christ Church. In every they could settle it. Their produc- town of England, in a thousand of her tions are equally full of the marks of hamlets, in a thousand of her halls, juvenile exultation-there is on both there are at this moment accomplishsides a wonderful deal of pretence ed men, clergymenand laymen, squires, pretence of lofty solemn serenity on and knights, and lords, who underthe part of “Close College,"_and pre- stand the merits of the university at tence of easy indifferent scavoir faire which they were bred-and who, our and nonchalance on the part of the young friends may depend upon it, Glasgow Professor. The gravity of the will not, if ever her interests be really one is enough to make one laugh-the in danger, leave her“ tali auxilio et vivacity of the other is at least as defensoribus istis." These men are in amusing, -and for the gross terms in no danger of saying, like Protessor which they speak of each other—for Sandford, that they might as well have epithets we would hate to repeat, oc- spent “ three years at Jerusalem" as cur continually on both sides-'tis at Oxford. -Good Heavens! what enough to make a horse chuckle to would Samuel Johnson, at the age hear such words from members either of sixty, and at the head of the Eng. of “close colleges,” or of “open" ones. lish literature of his day, have said Such Billingsgate slang would not be if he had heard any body use such lansuffered by Jackson among the lads of guage? -Their hearts cling to the soil the fancy. 'Tis worse than Tom and where their heads were enlightened, Jerry.

and casting back eyes of respectful Young Gentlemen, it would be just love, they, as life and the affairs of life as well as if you would attend to the move on, duties of yourrespective stations-and, believe me, the University of Oxford

“ Still drag at cach remove a length’ning

chain." and the world at large, will just go oni as well as if you kept printing pam

When one thinks what a great prophlets every week, for a year to come. portion of all that is eminent at this When you, Mr Champion, have ever moment in England-in legislation exhibited one-fiftieth part of the ta- and in letters--stands connected by lent that Mr Brougham's worst speech the indissoluble ties of true knowledge in Parliament, or Mr Brougham's and true affection with this great seat worst article in the Edinburgh Review of learning, one may certainly be parcontained, you may then, if you please, doned for regarding, with some little open your mouth, and perhaps you indignation, the silly and inept crowmay get somebody to listen to you about ing and hooting of these new-fledged Mr Brougham's accomplishments. You combatants. The old Oxford contr

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versy (as it is called) was silly enough“ You squirrels that wantinuts, what sill --but there we had at least a Copple- you do? stone on the one side and a Playfair on Pray do not crack the benches and we may. the other. But now ! why « First« Hereafter fit your palates with a play." Class Examinations,” and “ Prize Es

SHIRLEY, says," and "Fellowship Examinations," are all very good things in their

J. C. B. way: but of all this more than enough

Durham, June 3, 1822. [We cannot refuse admission to anything J. C. B. sends us; but we really are quite ignorant as to all this matter, and should be glad to hear what "the Belligerents” have to say for themselves.-C. N.]

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DOUSTERSWIVEL'S INQUIRY INTO THE THEORY OF IMPOSTURE. In taking up a work of so much improved. But to the first chapters acuteness and originality, we feel that of the book none of these observations we are going to present to our readers can apply; nor can it be said, that in à morsel, of which the flavour will not any single sentence of them is any soon leave their palates, and which, strong illustration, except such as are although it has something of the taken from general nature, and from poignancy of garlic, has also a more, instances with which every person is permanent claim to interest, in pos. acquainted. When the Tartuffe. of sessing the sterling, value of truth. Moliere was first represented, we ben We are well enough aware of what lieve there were hundreds of ecclesihas been said of the harshness of style astics in Paris who believed that Mo in this publication-but really, after liere had been overlooking their con all that has been complained of, we duct, as individuals, and meant to say do not see reason why any person tirize them in particular. Nay, they should view the matter with exaspe- probably imagined that they recograted feelings. Here are general pro- nised some of their own expressions positions, and the investigation of cer- interwoven with his verses. Such is tain forins in nature. We find (in the the conviction produced by truth, when latter chapters of the book) what no exhibited by a man of genius. With one can deny may give offence to the regard to the theoretical idea which feelings of individuals--but still we forms the ground-work of this essay, repeat, that if any general proposition we think it well expressed in the first appears to be exemplified in what is chapter; and we cannot but admire passing around us, none but an enemy Mr Dousterswivel for the closeness and of truth can object to pointed illustra- firmness of apprehension with which tions, and to the bringing home of me- he retains an abstract idea, which he taphysical ideas to particular instances. has once understood, and goes on purThe interest which general truth ex- suing it through different instances, cites in the world is, for the most part, We shall translate his first exposition so slight, that he may almost claim of the subject, from the first chapter, praise for a benevolent action, who, in which is on the Original Idea of Imfollowing the more abstruse walks of posture. scientific inquiry, refreshes his readers « The observation of particular inwith an appeal to facts, and to things stances is seldom enough to explain in which they are immediately inte- the theory of any thing in the world rested. This stimulus is required for so perfectly as to free the mind from re-awakening flagging attention. We perplexity about it. Abstract conceplaugh, and the world is improved. tions are necessary for this purpose. Thus the cloud of lethargy, which In attempting to throw a clear light on hangs over remote and obscure gene- the theory of Imposture, I shall begin ralities, is dispelled, Individual ex- by inquiring for the original idea of citement is produced,-and, we repeat it, which may be traced, through va again,- -we laugh, and the world is rious examples, into the form of one


· Theorie der Betrug von Jacob Dousterswivel, M, D. Leipsig und Frankfurt a. m. bei Wm. Nichtsagen. u. comp. (May 1822.)

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