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to press a frond of each, and number it, tying a tag with the corresponding number to the specimen itself. When this is done, all the packages should be arranged with the fronds lying in the same direction, and a number of fresh fronds should be collected and tied around the fronds of the ferns to be carried home. Then the whole may be rolled up firmly into a bundle, covered with several thicknesses of stout manila paper and tied securely. The package is now ready to place in a trunk to deliver to the expressman or carry under the arm.
Unless it is exposed to the sun, or in a very dry place, this bundle will not suffer in vitality or health for two or three weeks. At the journey's end the ferns must be carefully unwrapped and firmly planted in a good light trout streams, soil, whether out of doors or in the fernery. and to pens At first nearly all the fronds will lie quite pros- than axes; if trate on the ground, but if they are frequently they twinge and grumble sprinkled on both sides and their roots kept it is not the fault of stream only damp, the plants will establish themselves
Lastly, lay in a and reward the pains bestowed upon them by a good stock of dry old fine healthy growth the next season.”
clothes, black coffee in lieu For collecting specimens to press, the happy of whiskey, patience and device of the Field Portfolio serves excel- good humor, and our word lently. This is a portfolio made to carry con- for it, the camp will be a veniently on the arm, furnished with sheets of success.- From the N. Y. blotting paper, between which to place the Tribune. ferns or plants, and by which the moisture is
Collect the wits of your soon absorbed and the specimens quickly party at leisure before the dried, and with strips of gummed paper by eventful day of starting which to fasten them to the sheets.
arrives, and make a com- ExploRATIONS. (Scribplete list of the articles ner's Monthly.)
which you will be likely to absolutely need. It Camping Out.
is awkward to get all settled in camp and find There is a good deal of camping out the frying pan, tea, or some other indispensable going on just now. The average American thing missing. Avoid all useless luggage. has seized the idea that it is a sign of cul- Carry all camp equipage with you, tent-poles, ture and artistic aspiration to turn his face tent-stakes, etc., included. Always, if possible, to Nature once a year, for a week, or ten ask permission of the owner of the land to pitch days, or as long as he can get away from your tent in his domain, and in any case avoid the shop or office. Also, that to do this in committing trespass, such as cutting green tima tent will put an end to his lumbago, dys- ber or even shrubs, injuring crops, etc.; just pepsia, or whatever other ailment afflicts him. as strictly respecting the rights of private propSo he hires a tent, borrows Smith's breech- erty-holders even in uninhabited parts as if loader and Jones' rod, and fees and hies him you were in the most valuable improved to repose on the bosom of Mother Earth. On grounds. You will always find plenty of exthe aforesaid bosom he fights with spiders, cellent fuel on the beach, near which you will gnats, and mosquitoes all night, and arises camp, if wise. Use the smallest quantity of from dreams of spring mattresses to find a fuel-a handful of dry bits of bark will suffice garter snake in the coffee pot, the bread swarm- to boil your tea-kettle or potatoes. Avoid blazing with ants, and the matches forgotten. Ten ing camp-fires, especially in a dry time, and to one it has rained in torrents, and his wife always be sure to pour water on the fire before and the girls have laid in a puddle all night. | leaving the camp alone, until you are sure every Smith's breech-loader is ruined, the camp-fire smouldering spark is extinguished. Never mud. Before noon they strike their tents, like pitch a tent in a hollow where it will be flooded the Arabs, and as silently steal away to the in case of rain, and ditch around it if necesnearest boarding-house.
sary. Yet, in spite of all this, camping out is by all Burn up all waste scraps of food ; they will odds the most comfortable, cheapest, and health- soon attract vermin. Do your fishing near fullest way of spending the vacation ; bit you sunrise and sunset, and lay off during the heat can't camp out without learning how, any more of the day. Always use bathing-dresses when than you can preach a sermon or cook an oys- bathing near inhabited points or where parties ter. In the first place, don't buy a cheap out- are liable to pass. Treat all with whom you fit ; you want a tent that will keep out the rain, come in contact with courtesy ; the good-will the best quality of rubber blankets, etc., etc. of a dog is better than his ill-will. Leave all They will serve you for years. Next, hunt up chronic grumblers, and those who are the nearest neighbor who served in the Shenan- willing to make the best of everything, at home. doah or the Mud Campaign, and get from him Exception-one such in a party will be found some practical hints as to pitching your tent, endurable as a butt. These suggestions are trenches, hemlock-beds, cookery, etc., etc. offered by an old camper, who hopes you may Thirdly, take things leisurely ; have patience have a pleasant party and good weather, and with your legs and arms. They are more used take great comfort and "much fysshe."to tramping up Broadway than to ice-cold From the Plattsburgh (l'1.) Republican.
not BY REV. W. H. H. MURRAY.
Some Conditions of Camping. along a whole sporting establishment. One
rifle and one fly-rod, one pair of boots and a
small valise, are about as much as a man of orTHERE are certain requisites of happiness in dinary Christian attainments can stand.-especamping out which must not be ignored by one cially in a hot day on a bad carry. These are who would be happy in his camp experiences, enough to lug if you stand up; and if you sudand it may not be amiss in the interest of the penly sit down, I never knew a man that didn't general reader if the author of this article should say they were ample.- From “ How to Spend the enumerate them. Here, then, are the condi- Summer" (Christian Union extra). tions of a happy camping experience, especially on the shores of the inland lakes and streams, in relation to which most of our experience has been : Condition No. I. If you wish to escape all
The Voyage. inconvenience and deprivations, don't go at
Down falls the sun ; the dusky mountains gloom ; all. I do not know what a supernal camping- Beside the water's edge we lay us down ground would be ; but I never saw a terrestrial Upon the bosom of the grateful carth.
Each with his oar, upon the dry sea sand camping-ground that did not have in it more or
We rest our bodies here and there, while sleep less trouble and inconvenience. Heaven can't Bedews our weary limbs. Yet scarce the night, be found in New York state ; at least, not while Chased by the hours, mid-heaven doth climb, when up Albany stands and the legislature meets. Ii
Springs wary Palinurus from his bed,
Sniffs at the wind, and leans his ear to catch these could be eliminated it would undoubtedly Its breath. He notes each star that trembles down make a vast difference with the moral condi. The silent sky, Arcturus, the Two Bears, tion of the Empire State, and the happiness of
The rainy Hyades, takes a good look
Next at Orion with his golden sword, those within its borders. But unfortunately we And finding all is calm, the sky serene, must treat of things as they are.
And so I say,
Blows from the stern a ringing bugle-call. with solemn deliberation, that while things are
We strike our camp, pull out to sea, and spread
Our sails like wings. as they are heaven in New York state is an im
Scarce fled the stars or blushed possibility. Nor do I believe that New York- The dawn, when we beheld the hazy line ers are sinners above all other sinners; and
of distant hills, low-lying Italy.
Achates first cries, “ Italy !" ihe men hence I dare say the prediction is a safe one,
With glad huzza greet ITALY. With flowers that perfect peace and happiness can't be found Father Anchises wreathes a mighty cup, by camping out anywhere else-no, not even in
Fills it with wine, and standing high astern the state of Maine, although I am fully aware
Invokes the gods : “ Ye gods, sovereigns o'er sea
And land and sky, let the wind blow to speed there isn't a Maine man that would agree Our way, and breathe ye kindly on our voyage
!" with me. In respect to this I used to be very
Freshens the grateful breeze, still nearer lifts positive; but I received an argument to the
The port, and Pallas' temple looms aloft.
The sailors reef the sails, and turn the prows contrary from Maine last week in the form of a
To shore. The harbor, curving like a bow seven-pound brook trout that Providence, To hold the tide inflowing from the east, through some angling angel, sent, which I must
The salt spray dashing 'gainst its rocky sides,
Itself lies out of sight. The towering cliffs confess has opened the whole question anew. Send out their spurs like arms on either hand : I declare myself at the present writing open to The temple seems receding from the shore. conviction, and if there are four or five more --From Virgil's Æneid, translated by John D. Long trout of the same size swiniming about in any
(Lockwood, Brooks & Co.). pond or lake in the Pine Tree State I am rather inclined to confess that on that lake, about the hour of four in the morning, man with a com
Advice to Bathers. fortable conscience, a good fly-rod, and nobody within ten miles of him, might find perfect hap- With a view of diminishing the loss of piness. But with this possible exception, it is life which annually occurs from drowning, safe to say that no one will ever find perfect the Royal Humane Society of England ishappiness in camping out.
sues the following important advice to bathNo. 2. None but good-natured people should ers : “Avoid bathing within two hours after camp out. A cross man can't live in camp, and a meal, or when exhausted by fatigue or from he ought not to live anywhere else, and a cross any other cause, or when the body is coolwoman in camp is ten times worse than a crossing after perspiration, and avoid bathing alman. This is one of those ultimate conclusions together in the open air if, after being a short that should be accepted as a fact is in a court time in the water, there is a sense of chilliness, of law. No beauty of surroundings, no abun. with numbness of the hands and feet, but bathe dance of game and sport, no sweetness of com- when the body is warm, provided no time is panionship, no restoratives to health which na- lost in getting into the water. Avoid chilling iure ministers to those who put themselves into the body by sitting or standing undressed on her çare, can make good the loss of peace, the banks or in boats, after having been in the quiet, and happiness that one peevish, sour, water, or remaining too long in the water, but "disgruntled” person brings to a camp. Civ. leave the water immediately there is the slightilization in its amusements, in its diversions, est feeling of chilliness. The vigorous and and even in its employments, has recompense strong may bathe early in the morning on an for such an affliction ; but camp life has none. empty stomach, but the young and those who are A sour face at the bark table spoils the venison weak had better bathe two or three hours after and takes the charm from the pancakes.
a meal ; the best time for such is from two to No. 3. The third condition, and the last I three hours after breakfast. Those who are shall mention, is this : If you are going into subject to attacks of giddiness or faintness, and camp, “go in light," as the phrase is; don't who suffer from palpitation and other sense of take the kitchen or parlor with you-a grocery discomfort at the heart, should not bathe withor a dry-goods store. Especially, don't carry out first consulting their medical adviser."
Practical Hints on Boat-Sailing.
| bringing the boat into the wind until the sail
shakes, with the sheet still fast. This gives REMEMBER, in the first place, that no small more control of the boat than would be the boat fit to be called a sail-boat can capsize, un- case if the boom were out to leeward, perhaps less the sail is confined by the sheet being made dragging in the water, on account of the presfast.
sure of the wind upon the hull and mast. If the sail is loose, and the boom, or lower The very best thing to do in a sudden squall leach of the sail, as the case may be, can move is to use a modification of both these methods in a direction parallel to the wind, or in the --i.e., slack off the sheet for a foot or two, so "wind's eye” as sailors would say, the boat the sail, before it can fill with wind, will be at cannot be upset by an ordinary gust of wind. such an angle with the hull that the shock upon
In other words, in all fore-and-aft sails, such the latter cannot be great. This gives one more as are used almost the world over for small sail. command of the boat, and insures quicker boats, the sheet, or rope that confines the after- movement of the hull, and hence quicker obedipart of the sail to the stern-part of the boat, is ence to the helm, should a sudden change octhe key to the whole science of boat-sailing.
This slacking of the sheet also prevents If one knows how to use the sheet properly, the boat from going about on the other tack, one knows how to sail a boat with comparative should she be brought too suddenly to the safety. Of course it is supposed that he should wind. also understand flaws of wind and their effects. With an experienced hand at the helm, unless
It is the flaws of wind caught by the sail — the squall is very severe, there is no need of more than it can bear—that capsize a boat ; and, luffing so as to shake the sail to any great deif the wind that has force enough to do this gree. The slightest movement of the tiller will could be “spilled” out of the sail, the boat keep the sail just quivering in the wind, the would be immediately relieved.
boat still advancing, so that she will not lose Therefore to insure safety, the person steering steerage-way; thus enabling one to at once luff a boat should never belay the sheet, but keep it up nearer to the wind, or change the boat's in hand, so as to be able to slack it off gradu. position rapidly, should the wind, which is often ally, or cast it off entirely at a moment's notice. the case, shift its direction suddenly. To do this, only one turn should be taken round Nothing is of more importance than to keep the cleat ; so that the sheet will slip under the steerage-way on the boat, as it is only in the force of a gust of wind, when the hand retaining utmost emergency that the sheet should be it in place slackens it in the slightest degree. slacked wholly off, and the headway lost.
If the whole sail points towards the wind's If the boat is well under command when the eye, it no longer has any effect upon the boat. squall is seen advancing, then the method of The sail then shakes in the wind exactly as a steering into the wind's eye may be safely fag does from the top of a flag-staff, the wind adopted, and is, in fact, the better and more passing by on both sides. Should the sheet be seamanlike method. hauled aft, the sail would be filled with wind In small sail-boats on ponds, or arms of the upon one side, and if the wind had strength to sea, when a thunder-shower is coming upovercome the gravity of the boat, capsize her. which can always be seen in time-it is, as a
Or if the boat is so heavy ballasted that its rule, much the safest plan to take the boat as gravity cannot be readily overcome, the mast or quickly as possible towards the nearest harbor sail are liable to be carried away, and danger or land, unless rocky, inaccessible, or dangerincurred on account of the towing mast and ous; in which case, furl all sail and let go sail. These would most likely draw the boat an anchor, paying out such a scope of cable into the trough of the sea, where she would be that the boat will ride easily. Then wait for swamped almost instantly.
the coming blast. It does not follow, because the slacking of However severe it may be, the thunder-gust the sheet is a safe thing to do, that it should can then do no harm. With an oar you can always be done. With boatmen who are thor- head the boat towards the coming blast, so that oughly practised it seldom is done ; for they she will feel but little of its force, and prevent can obtain the same result with the rudder by the dragging of the anchor.
Thunder-showers are particularly dangerous,
About Archery. however, from the fact that they almost always make their way directly against the prevailing ARCHERY, as a modern amusement, has only wind. When the two winds meet, and one been fashionable in America for the past two finds one's self in the vortex between them, years. It was being played in England before it is very difficult to command a boat. Each that, but we did not take hold of it until some wind, fighting for the supremacy, will fill the time later. Mr. Maurice Thompson was the sails with gusts, for which one does not more first to call attention to the sport. By his than have time to prepare before a counter-gust articles in various magazines, and later by will throw them aback, or violently to the op- his book, “ The Witchery of Archery," he posite side of the boat. Often, in fact, the wind, aroused enthusiasm all over the country for the blowing a gale all the time, will in less than game. five minutes have visited every point of the From Cupid to Robin Hood the ladies have compass. An anchor down and a furled sail admired bow shooting, and it is no wonder are the best for all small, open, or half-decked that as soon as it was introduced as a pastime boats or yachts in such an emergency.
they became its most ardent adherents. CroBoats are often capsized by persons on board quet was the entering wedge that opened outsuddenly scrambling to the windward, or upper door sports to women, and for that they cannot side, when a squall buries the lee gunwale in be too grateful. Archery is, of all games, perthe water. Should the boat at this moment be haps the best for girls. In the first place, it is taken aback by a counter squall or flaw, she performed in an erect attitude : it calls into will almost surely capsize, for in one moment action both hands and arms, the muscles of the the windward side becomes the leeward side ; shoulders and back, the chest and legs. There and the mass of weight hanging to what was, a is no overstrain on either. In the second place, moment before, the weather-side, will carry the when one braces himself to pull the bowstring boat over. It is too late to try and struggle he is sure to draw a full, deep breath, thus fillback again : the bodies are all in the wrong ing his lungs with pure, fresh air. A thoroughposition to be able to turn around inboard ly trained archer is a perfectly built athlete. towards the centre of the boat. In their help. Another thing that should recommend archery less postures they face the waves that are ready to ladies is its exquisite grace.
See yonder to devour them.
lady with bow in hand ; she braces herself The safest position in an open boat, when firmly upon the lawn, raises the bow to the propreparing for an approaching squall, is for all per angle, measures the distance with her eye, except the helmsman to sit down in the bottom and the feather-tipped messenger flies through of the boat, as near the centre as possible, thus the air and pierces the gold. No modern being safe from any blows from the boom of the patent has done this. It is all her own strength sail, and increasing the steadiness of the boat and skill. A child may pull a trigger and hit in a marked degree. Here they act as ballast the bull's-eye, but it takes strength to pull the and do much good in keeping the boat upright, bow.
To the above knowledge should be added Bows are of various “ weights." By weight also the science of reefing the sails of a boat is meant the number of pounds in strength requickly and neatly, so that she will stand up quired to draw the bow-not the weight of the under a great pressure of wind.
bow literally. A lady should begin with a The mistake most frequently made is to twenty-pound bow. At the end of a month neglect to reef till it is too late. Landsmen she may use one with a stronger resistance. scarcely ever calculate how quickly wind moves, Few ladies, however, pull over fifty pounds; and how suddenly a change in the weather takes their average is between thirty and forty. A place. It is easy to reef while there is time, man's average is fifty pounds, while some pull but sometimes almost impossible if too long as high as seventy-five, but these are exceptiondelayed. Reefing saves one from much anxiety. al cases and they have to have bows especially The boat that with her whole sail would be prepared. The regulation length of a man's cranky and dangerous plunges along buoyantly bow is six feet from tip to tip, and the “ draw" through the summer gale when her sails are of the arrow twenty-eight inches. Bows should properly reefed.
always be bent flat side out. With a thorough knowledge of the sheet and length for a lady's bow is five feet six inches. rudder, and how to reef a sail, there ought to be Good well-finished bows of second-growth no accidents, even in very small boats ; but the ash and other American woods will this season trouble is that too many tyros are allowed to be sold at from one dollar to three dollars, or invite unsuspecting ladies and young girls even more, according to size. Bows of lanceinto their boats, they not understanding the wood, snakewood, yew, and other foreign woods first rudiments of a real nautical knowledge of cost from two to eight dollars. Target arrows how to manage a craft in times of danger. will range, according to their length, from two
A boat is like a good horse-it will always dollars and a half to five dollars per dozen. do the best it can. It will not capsize if it can Hunting arrows. with barbed piles, for large help it; but, if mismanaged in time of emer- game, are still higher in price ; while light gency, it is a dangerous plaything. Properly han- birding arrows, with pewier heads, are cheaper. dled, it is amazing, almost incredible, what Bowstrings come at twenty, twenty-five, and up can be done with a small open boat, with a to sixty cents each, and targets range in price common lug-sail, and what weather it will live from one dollar to six dollars. Quivers (with through.
belt) made of tin, and covered with light leathBut without knowledge, and knowing just er, cost from one dollar to two dollars and a what to do in dangerous times, this pleasant half each. But for hunting excursions, quivers summer sail is a treacherous pastime.-From made of stiff harness leather, capable of holding
Practical Boat-Sailing," by Gen. Douglas Fra- two or three dozen arrows, are best. Of course, sar (Lee and Shepard).
bows, arrows, etc., can be made at home, but
it is poor satisfaction to use cheap tackle if you skirt for ladies, with dark blue blouse belted have the money to buy the best.
in ; for men, white trousers and the same style Expert bowmen are very proud of their im- of blouse. The blouse for both should be cut plements and keep them with great care. Bows high on the shoulder to give the arm full play. should be kept in a dry room but not too near A pretty uniform and quite inexpensive is made the fire. After using and just before putting of unbleached muslin, with belt or sash of Turaway the bow should be rubbed with a woollen key red. rag saturated with boiled linseed oil, mixed Mr. Thompson also believes in the bow as a with a little beeswax. The arrow is an impor- weapon of defence. A lady walking through tant consideration. For target arrows, hard- the fields or on unfrequented roads is well proseasoned pine or old deal is the best wood. tected if she be an expert archer, for a thirtyFor hunting arrows, hickory, ash, elm, and pine pound bow will put an arrow through the are preferable. The shaft, or wooden part, of stoutest tramp: -Compiled from “ The Witchthe arrow is called the stele, and this must be ery of Archery" (Scribner) and oiher sources. perfectly straight and even. Next in importance to the stele is the feathering. For longrange shooting the feather should be narrow.
Is it Going to Rain ? They are generally taken from a goose-quill. " In preparing to shoot,” says Mr. Thompson, sunrise, or Aushed clouds at evening. Many
The old signs seldom fail-a red and angry “place your targets on their stands ten feet farther apart than the length of the range to be sky at sunset. There is truth in the old couplet,
a hope of rain have I seen dashed by a painted shot, and facing each other. Place a mark, as a standing point from which to shoot, ten seet
“ If it rains before seven, from the face of each target. Now carefully
It will clear before eleven." brace your bow as heretofore directed. Put the arrow-nock on the string, at the place
Morning rains are usually short-lived. Betmarked for it, with the cock-feather out to the ter wait till ten o'clock. left. This is done with your right hand, whilst
When the clouds are chilled, they turn blue
and rise up. your left tightly grasps the handle of the bow, holding it nearly horizontal. Now with the
When the fog leaves the mountains, reaching nock thus on the string, hook the first, second, upward, as if afraid of being left behind, the
fair weather is near. and third fingers under the string, taking the arrow between the first and second. Turn the
Shoddy clouds are of little account, and bow to the left with the left hand until it stands soon fall to pieces. Have your clouds show a nearly vertically in front of you, your left arm good strong fibre, and have them lined-not extended towards the gold of the target. Draw
with silver, but with other clouds of a finer texwith your right, and push firmly with your left ture, -and have them wadded. It wants two or hand until your arrow's head rests on the low. three thicknesses to get up a good rain. Espe. est joint of your left forefinger. Your right
cially, unless you have that cloud-mother, that hand will now touch your right ear. Look
dim, filmy, nebulous mass that has its root in straight and hard at the centre of the target's the higher regions of the air, and is the source gold, but do not even glance at your arrow.
and backing of all storms—your rain will be Blindly direct your arrow by your sense of feel light indeed.-Fron "Locusts and Wild Honey,” ing. Let go the string.
by John Burroughs (Houghton, Osgood & Co.). *There is no such thing as 'taking aim' with
He is a bungling archer who attempts it. Shoot from the first by your sense
Seeing Stars. of direction and elevation, It will surprise “ People who don't know," says the Detroit you at first to see how far you will miss, but Tribune, never having lost any stars, may soon you will begin to close in with your ar- think it is easy to find them. Popular ignorrows towards the gold.
ance may even suppose that the easiest way to “When at the full draw, the bow should not find stars is to let 'em alone, and they'll come be held more than a second. Feel for the gold home, bringing their tails behind 'em in the quickly, and let go the string smoothly and form of comets. But this plan will not answer. smartly. The quicker shot you are, the better Even if an intelligent person unskilled in asfor you ; but be careful not to make a little tronomy were given a fine telescope, he would snatch and jerk' when you loose the string. be unable, without instruction, to find any par
“ The position, in shooting, should be grace- ticular star at any particular hour, except a few ful, easy, and firm. To this end, advance the of the most conspicuous and popularly known left foot a half-pace, the toe turned towards the stars and constellations." An ingenious in. target, the knee of the left leg slightly bent. strument to help out star-gazers, called " The Fix the right foot nearly at right angles with Astronomical Lantern," has been invented by the left, the right leg straight. Look directly Rev. Dr. Jas. Freeman Clarke, the well-known over the left shoulder at the target. This posi- Unitarian cleygyman of Boston, who has tion is called 'putting the body into the bow,' also prepared a manual to accompany it called and will lead to powerful shooting.”
“How to Find the Stars." The face of the lan. It is pleasant to organize archery clubs. The tern is of ground glass, behind which are club should have but three officers-a president placed slides of semi-transparent card-board, in or master bowman, who should be the best shot which stars of four magnitudes are represented of the band, a secretary, and a treasurer. At by perforations of the corresponding size. each shooting the archer making the highest There are thirty-two of these, representing the score is entitled to the honorary title of captain leading constellations. Dr. Clarke himself of the target.
In the matter of unisorm the prepared the maps. The lantern is meant to club must exercise its own taste.. A very neat be used out-of-doors, and is a most ingenious and pretty uniform is made of flannel. A white l help for amateur astronomers.