« AnteriorContinuar »
1. The fale of corn has been made an object of policy; let us make it an object of commerce.
2. Premiums have been granted to trades and manufactures; let us grant fome to husbandmen.
3. Hufbandmen have been transformed into tradesmen; let us transform tradesmen into hufbandmen.
4. Penal laws have been enacted against beggars; let us enact agrarian laws for them.
5. The high interest of money has been made a matter of revenue, let us make it an encouragement to agriculture.
6. In our manufactures, the preference has been given to foreign wool and filk; let us endeavour to fupport our manufactures by the wool and filk of our own growth.'
These fix principles are difcuffed in as many inftructive sections. From the restoration of agriculture the author, in the fecond part of his work, proceeds to confider the restoration of trade, both foreign and domeftic. His performance bears the marks of a fenfible, patriotic, and correct writer.
FOREIGN LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. F. Vincentii Faffinii, Ord. Prædic. in Pifana Academia Sacr. Lit. P.P. de Apoftolica Origine Evangeliorum Ecclefiæ Catholica Liber fingularis adverfus Nicolaum Freretum. 4to. Leghorn. CHIEFLY pointed against a pofthumous work, published in 1767, at Geneva, under the title, Examen Critique des Apologiftes de la Réligion Chretienne, in which the late Mr. Freret had attempted to invalidate the credibility of the hiftorical account of Jefus Christ in the New Teftament, and especially the four Gospels. These objections are here examined and confuted with great erudition: the author, however, often ftrays into ufelefs digreffions, by which the perfpicuity and impreffion of the argument are neceffarily weakened.
Les Maurs des Germains et la Vie d'Agricola par Tacite; Traduction nouvelle, avec des notes fur le Sens et le Stile de Tacite, par M. Boucher, Procureur ou Parlement. I 2mo. Paris.
Mr. Boucher appears here both as a very fevere and relentlefs critic of Mr. Brotier the late French editor and tranflator of Tacitus; and as a very indifferent translator himself, who often mistakes the fenfe of his original in his tranflation and his notes; and whose own ftyle cannot but strike even foreign readers, any way converfant with good correct French writers, as a most barbarous French jargon.
When we reflect on the various mifcarriages of the numerous tranflators of Tacitus in almoft every modern language, we think we see his genius fmiling on their weak attempts to follow him haud paffibus aquis.
Eft il neceffaire au Chirurgien d'être fenfible? 4to. Paris.
An inftructive and interefting difcourfe delivered by Dr. Claude la Fife; in which he recommends fenfibility and compaffion to furgeons, as a fource of amiable virtues, of patience and zeal, and of the delicate pleasure of softening the fufferings of their fellowcreatures.
Précis des Loix du Goût, ou Rhetorique raisonnée. 12mo. Paris.
A concife, elegant, and judicious performance; containing the principles of taste applied to hiftory, eloquence, poetry, and even philofophical compofitions; illuftrated with fhort and well chofen examples.
Del Risorgimento d'Italia negli Studi, nelle Arti, e ne'Cofumi, dopo il Mille. Dell' Abate Saverio Bettinelli. 2 vols. 8vo. In
A judicious, elegant, and comprehenfive account of the revival of arts and sciences in Italy, after the barbarous ages of ignorance; beginning with a general view of the Hiftory of Italy from the eleventh century, and then proceeding to the memoirs of the great reftorers of learning, fcience, and taste, down to the year 1500. Bibliotheque des Amans. Odes Erotiques. Par M. Sylvain M... Paris.
No indifferent effufions of wit, and tafte, and fenfibility. The young poet in his firft ode languishes for a miftrefs, and laments that he has none. Mr. Rocher, another poet, un peu goguenard, has endeavoured to footh the plaintive fwain in another copy of verfes,
"Si n'avez point encore tendre amourette,
Le fais par moi ce que vous dis ici,
Pleurai long-temps, long-temps contai fleurette,
Et puis au bout, fuis devenû Mari."
Mémoire de la vénerable Compagnie fur le Moyen de rémédier au Découragement pour le Ministére, avec des Notes d'un particulier. 8vo. (probably published at Geneva.)
From this Memoir, the clergy of the wealthy city of Geneva ap pear to be fo very poorly provided for, that feveral of the most eminent among them finding 800 French livres a year, utterly inadequate to any comfortable support of a family, have emigrated into other countries, and that very few good families chufe now to deftine their fons for the church. The very natural and serious confequences of fuch a fituation are obvious, and need not be enumerated.
Les Victimes de l'Amour, ou Lettres de quelques Amans célébres: Poeme fur la Melancolie: Poeme lyrique. 8vo. Paris.
Thefe Poems are generally correct and elegant, but rather witty than fentimental.
Di&ionnaire Géographique, Hiftorique, et Politique de la Suiffe. 2 vols. 8vo. Neufchatel.
Extracted from the Iverdon edition of the Encyclopedia.
Differtation fur la Nature du Froid, avec des preuves fondées fur des nouvelles Experiences chimiques. M. Herckenroth, 12mo. Paris.
An attempt to prove the truth of Kunckel's fyftem of cold being an alkali, and heat an acid, by feveral ingenious experiments.
Effai fur la plus grande Perfection posible d'un Ouvrage quelconques
The author propofes to prove that the faculties of memory, reafon, and imagination cannot, fingly, and deftitute of the affistance of the two others, produce, at the same time, useful and agreeable ideas.
Etat de Médecine, Chirurgie, et Pharmacie en Europe, pour 1776. prefenté au Roi. 8vo. Paris.
Containing a great deal of useful and agreeable information, concerning the prefent ftate of phyfic, furgery and pharmacy, especially. in France,
An Anfwer from the Electors of Bristol to Edmund Burke, Esq. 8vo. Is. 6d. Cadell.
Mr. Burke's Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol deferves the thanks of the world, if not for its own merit, at leaft for the merit of two Answers to which it has given birth; the one now before us; and another, of which we gave our opinion in the laft Review. The orator may now fay with the poet,
---Fungar vice cotis, acutum
Reddere quæ ferrum valet, exfors ipfa fecundi.'
The present answerer, by writing in the name of the Electors of Bristol, has opened a large field for humour, of which he has reaped a very plentiful crop.
The first paragraph will give our readers fome notion of the fatirical idea on which the whole pamphlet turns.
The Letter which you have done our fheriffs the honour to write them," on the affairs of América," they have obligingly communicated to us, conformable to your defire. Although we had already perused, with great attention, the two acts of parliament which you inclosed in them, and on which you have written To elaborate and learned a commentary; yet your condefcenfion in having pleafure in accounting for your conduct to your conftituents," when it was matter of doubt "whether you was under any formal obligation to it," hath given us a fatisfaction, which we cannot foon, or easily forget. On our reputation, we affure you, that we never will requite the moft obliging favours conferred, with a ftudied neglect, or your inclination to inform and instruct us, by giving your opinion on the prefent ftate of public affairs," with a disrespectful filence. A moment therefore we could not delay, in writing you an anfwer, on this interefting fubject. As" our talents are not of the great and ruling kind," as we are not writers by profeffion, we have fome reason to hope, that if we facrifice the flowers of language to perfpicuity, and a ftudied ambiguity of fentiment to plain and fimple fenfe, we fhall find pardon from your goodness. The graces of order, or the regularity of method, are hardly to be expected in an epiltolary correfpondence; and it fhall
be our endeavour to follow, with all poffible attention, the feveral pages of your Letter; which, perhaps, we do wrong in confidering rather as a vehicle of fentimental declamation, than a formal, methodical treatife on the prefent ftate of public affairs.'
Thofe readers of the prefent Answer, who have already perufed the former, will be entertained to fee the different manner in which two fenfible combatants attack their common political enemy. But we much queftion whether this gentleman do not derive difadvantage from his irony-from the manner in which his plan obliged him to fight during the whole engagement.-Fine ftrokes will do mighty well in fencing, but the point of the fword calls for home thrufts. This combatant understands the play of the foil, the former is perhaps more dangerous to Mr. Burke's political existence.
In the laws, as well as in the politics, of this country, both authors feem to be very well read. Though the present anfwerer we fufpe&t, from two or three marked phrafes here and there, to be a native of Ireland.
For one thing we looked in vain through the pamphlet before us for that manly and impartial hand which fhould hold the fcales of cenfure and of praife in equal balance even to the grinding teeth of power; and, whatever pleasure the pamphlet afforded us in many refpects, we were forry to obferve its author labouring to prove the miniflry right in every thing, with almoft as much blind obftinacy as Mr. Burke will have them to be wrong in every thing, What we did not find in this Anfwer, we remember with fatisfaction to have obferved in the one which we criticized last month; and which our want of room then obliged us, unwillingly, to criticife fo briefly, that we are glad to have been recalled to it by the prefent article; and, on that account, we fhall give a fhort extract from it; being a prophecy, for the accomplishment of which, as the only fecond-fighted gentleman concerned in our Review is gone into his native country for the fummer, we cannot venture to vouch, but muft truft to time and to futurity.
But, let him remember I tell him, his name already lofes of its influence-even his eloquence, fhorn of its beams, no longer warms, no longer thines a little time, and he will ceafe, for ever, to be lord of the afcendant-he fall no more dazzle the eyes of the na tions the western horizon is now, for the last time, in a blaze with his defcending glory-I fee it gradually finking behind the Atlantic-while, unlike that beneficent luminary to which, in its fetting, I compare his former, but always baneful, brightnefs, he has not the melancholy fatisfaction of appearing greater as he fets! Nay, more-poor, fallen fpirit of light!-Not even the reflection of a fingle folitary ray, fhall his extinguifhed eloquence leave behind it to cheer the gloom of neglected age; nor to light the pity of pofterity to the loft tomb of a forgotten orator *!?
* An Answer to the Letter from Mr. Burke to the Sheriffs of Bristol, p. 59, 2nd edition. Is. 6d.
Letters occafioned by Three Dialogues concerning Liberty, &c. By
The author of thefe Letters, Mr. Wimpey, offers fome rational obfervations towards establishing a more precife idea of the State of Nature; accompanied with judicious remarks on Dr. Price's laft production.
Free Thoughts on the American Conteft. 8vo. Edinburgh.
Thefe obfervations, we are informed in an advertisement, were communicated to the publisher of the Edinburgh Weekly Magazine, in a series of letters under the fignature of Timoleon; and they appeared to him of fo much importance as to deferve to be printed by themselves. We entirely concur with him in opinion. The obfervations are juft, the arguments are clear and forcible, and the whole is diftinguished by a fpirit of difpaffionate enquiry.
The Contrast, or Strictures on Select Parts of Dr. Price's Additiona
The obfervations in this pamphlet, though they have not much claim to novelty, are enforced with a confiderable fhare of fpirit; and at leaft fhew the author's zeal not only for. the credit of government, but for the tranquility of his country.
A Letter to Us, from One of Ourselves. 8vo. 1s. 6d. Kearfly. The production of fome political Caffandra, raving with the fpirit of party, if not with that of perfonal malevolence.
Letters to the High and Mighty United States of America. 8vo.
The author of these letters, who ftiles himself Candidate for the office of Accomptant General to their Excellencies the Continental Congrefs, treats the political views and conduct of that body in a ftrain of irony and farcaím. His remarks are in general well founded, tending equally to develop the artifices of the American demagogues, and undeceive them in their expectations refpecting the iffue of the rebellion.
Letters from General Washington, to several of his Friends, in the
The original copies of thofe letters are faid to have been found in a portmanteau, in the cuftody of a fervant of Mr. Washington. It is difficult to determine their authenticity from any intrinfic evidence. They contain no facts of a private nature, and they difcover not only fentiment, but a correctness of compofition.
Letter to the Body of Proteftant Diffenters; and to Proteftant
This is the production of an able writer, and a fevere fatire on the conduct of the proteftant diffenters, in their political