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And Fortune, on his damned quarrel &) smiling,
Dun. 0, valiant cousin! worthy genileman!
Sold. As whence the sun 'gins his reflexion 10),
Dismay'd not this
B) quarrel was formerly used for cause. Johnson. 1 suppose the meaning is, that Fortune, while she smiled on him, deceived him. Shakspeare probably alludes 10 Macdowald's first successful action, elated by which he attempted to pursue his fortune, but lost his life. Malone, 10) As whence the sun 'gias his reflexion. The thought is expressed with some obscurity, but the plain meaning is this ; As the same quarter, whence the bless. ing of day- light arises, sometimes sends us, by a dreadful reverse, the calamities of storms and tempests; so the glorious event of Macbeth's' victory, which promised us the comforis of peace, 'was immediately succeeded by the alarming news of the Norweyan invasion." Sie evens. 1) Discomfort the natural opposite to comfort. 12) sooth, truth, reality, 13) That is, with double charges : a metonymy of the effect for the cause. Heath,
Or meñorize another Golgatha "“),
Dun. So well thy words, become thee, as thy wounds; · They smack of honour boih.
Go, get him surgeons.
[ Exit Soldier , attended. ]
The worthy Thane 15) of Rosse.
God save the King!
From File, great King;
14) That is, or make another Golgatla', which should be celebrated and delivered down to posterily, with as frequeut mention as the first. Heath. 15) Thane war ein alter Schottischer Ehrenname, ungefähr so viel als Baron. 16) That seerns to speak things strange, i; e, that seems about to speak strange things. Malone.
1?) The meaning seenis to be, noi that the Norweyan banners proudly insulted the sky; but that the standards being taken by Duncan's forces, and fixed in the ground, the coJours idly flapped about, serving only to cool the conquerors, instead of being proudly displayed by their possessors. Matone.
1) lapt in proof, is, defended by armour of proof. Steevens. "19) with self - comparisons i. e. gave him as good as he brought,
shew'd he was his equal. Warburton.
Till he disbursed, at Saint Colme's inch 24),
Dun. No more that Thane of Cawdor shall deceive
Go, pronounce his death,
Rosse. I'll see it done.
Thunder. Enter the three Witches.
1. Witch. Where hast thou been, sister?
1. Witch. A sailor's wife had cluesnuts in her lap,
20) Colme's inch, now called Inchcomb, is a small island lying in the Firth of Edinburgh, with an abbey upon it, dedicated to St. Columb. Inch in the Irish and Erse languages signifies an island. Steevens. 21) aroint thee, witch! Aroint, or avaunt, be gone. Pope. 29) ronyon,
i. e. scabby; or mangy person.' Steevens. rump-fed. The chief cooks in noblemen's families, colleges, religious houses, hospitals etc. ancieatly claimed the emoluments or kitchen fees of kidneys, fat, trotters, rumps etc. , . which they sold to the poor.
The weird sister in this scene', as an insuld on the poverty of the woman, who had called her witch, reproaches her poor abject state, as not being able to procure better provision than offals, wbich are considered as the refuse of the tables of others. Colepeper. 23) It should be remembered (as it was the belief of the times,) that though a witch could assume the form of any animal she pleased, the tail would still be wanting. The reason given by some of the old writers, for such a deficiency, is that though the hands and feet, by an easy change might be converted into the four paws of a beast, there was still no part about a woman which corresponded with the length of tail common to almost all four-footed creatures. Stee.'
2. Witch. Ill give thee a wind 24).
1. Witch. I myself have all the other;
2. Witch. Show me, show me.
1. Witch. Here I have a pilot's thumb, Wreck'd as homeward he did come. [Drum within.)
3. Witch. A drun, a drum! Macbeth doth come.
AU. The weird 29) sisters, hand in hand,
nine. Peace! the charm's wound up.
Enter Macbeth and Banquo.
24) This free gift of a wind is to be considered as an act of sisterly friendship, for witches were supposed to sell them. Steevens. -25) In ancient language to blow sometimes means to The very ports
exact ports. Very is osed here (as in thousand instances which might be brought) to express the declaration more emphatically. Steevens. 26, The card is the paper on which the winds are marked under the piloi's needle; or perhaps the sea - -chart, so called in our author's age. Sterrens. 27) i. e. as one under a curse,
an interdiction. Theobald. 28) This mischief was supposed to be put in Execution by means of a waxen figure, which represented the person who was to be consumed by slow degrees. Sievens. 2') Weird is used substantively signifying a prophecy by some ,
and by others, Destinies. Sreereas,
Ban. How fat is't call'd to Fores 30)? What are these,
You should be women;
What are you?
of Glamis ! 2. Witch.' All - hail, Macbeth! hail to thee! Thane of
Ban. Good Sir, why do you start, and seem 20 fear
great prediction Of noble liaving 34), and of royal hope,
That be seems rapt ?5) withal: to me you speak not.
30) The King at this time resided at Fores, a town in Martay, not far from Inverness. Steevens.
3T) That man' may questionAre ye any beings with which man is permitted 10 hold converse, or of whom it is lawful to ask questions? Joku.
32) All hail is a corruption of al-hael, Sax. i. e, ave, salve. Malone. 33) By fantastical he means creatures of fantasy or imagination. The question is: Are these real beings before
or gre se deceived by illusions of fancy? Johnson. 3+) liaving is estate, possession, fortune. Sreevens. 35) Rapt is rupturously affected, extra se raptus. Steevens.