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had received, and from that moment he vowed to be indignation. He had no authority, he said, from revenged of the Regent. Party rage strengthened Scotland to commit murders in France ; he had and inflamed his private resentment. His kinsmen, avenged his own just quarrel, but he would neither, the Hamiltons, applauded the enterprise. The maxims for price nor prayer, avenge that of another man.of that age justified the most desperate course he Thuanus, cap. 46. could take to obtain vengeance. He followed the Re- The Regent's death happened 230 January, 1569. gent for some time, and watched for an opportunity | It is applauded or stigmatized, by contemporary histo strike the blow. He resolved at last to wait till torians, according to their religious or party prejuhis enemy should arrive at Linlithgow, through which dices. The triumph of Blackwood is unbounded. he was to pass in his way from Stirling to Edinburgh. He not only extols the pious feat of Bothwellhaugh, He took his stand in a wooden gallery, which had a “who,” he observes, “ satisfied, with a single ounce window towards the street; spread a feather-bed on of lead, him whose sacrilegious avarice had stripped the floor to hinder the noise of his feet from being the metropolitan church of St. Andrews of its coverheard; hung up a black cloth behind him, that his ing;” but he ascribes it to immediate divine inspirashadow might not be observed from without; and, tion, and the escape of Hamilton to little less than after all this preparation, calmly expected the Regent's the miraculous interference of the Deity.--JEBB, vol. approach, who had lodged, during the night, in a i. p. 263. With equal injustice, it was, by others, made house not far distant. Some indistinct information the ground of a general national reflection; for, when of the danger which threatened him had been con- Mather urged Bérney to assassinate Burleigh, and veyed to the Regent, and he paid so much regard to quoted the examples of Poltrot and Bothwellhaugh, it, that he resolved to return by the same gate through the other conspirator answered, “that neyther Polwhich he had entered, and to fetch a compass round trot nor Hambleton did attempt their enterpryse, the town. But, as the crowd about the gate was without some reason or consideration to lead them to great, and he himself unacquainted with fear, he pro- it; as the one, by hyre, and promise of preferment or ceeded directly along the street; and the throng of rewarde; the other, upon desperate mind of revenge, people obliging him to move very slowly, gave the for a lyttle wrong done unto him, as the report goethe, assassin time to take so true an aim, that he shot him, according to the vyle trayterous dysposysyon of the with a single bullet, through the lower part of his hoole natyon of the Scottes.”—MUrdin's State Papers. belly, and killed the horse of a gentleman who rode on vol. i. p. 197. his other side. His followers instantly endeavoured to break into the house whence the blow had come ; but they found the door strongly barricadoed, and, before it could be forced open, Hamilton had mounted a fleet horse, which stood ready for him at a back

CADYOW CASTLE. passage, and was got far beyond their reach. The Regent died the same night of his wound.”History of Scotland, book v.

Bothwellhaugh rode straight to Hamilton, where he was received in triumph; for the ashes of the houses

LADY ANNE HAMILTON. 3 in Clydesdale, which had been burned by Murray's army, were yet smoking; and party prejudice, the When princely Hamilton's abode habits of the age, and the enormity of the provocation, Ennobled Cadyow's Gothic towers, seemed to his kinsmen to justify the deed. After a The song went round, the goblet flow'd, short abode at Hamilton, this fierce and determined And revel sped the laughing hours. man left Scotland, and served in France, under the patronage of the family of Guise, to whom he was Then, thrilling to the harp's gay sound, doubtless recommended by having avenged the cause So sweetly rung each vaulted wall, of their niece, Queen Mary, upon her ungrateful And echoed light the dancer's bound, brother. De Thou has recorded, that an attempt was As mirth and music cheer'd the hall. made to engage him to assassinate Gaspar de Coligni, the famous Admiral of France, and the buckler of the But Cadyow's towers, in ruins laid, Huguenot cause. But the character of Bothwell- And vaults, by ivy mantled o'er, haugh was mistaken. He was no mercenary trader Thrill to the music of the shade, in blood, and rejected the offer with contempt and Or echo Evan's hoarser roar.



1 This projecting gallery is still shown. The house to which 2 The gift of Lord John Hamilton, Commendator of Ar it was attached was the property of the Archbishop of St. An- broath. drews, a natural brother to the Duke of Chatelherault, and uncle to Both wellhaugh. This, among many other circum- 3 Eldest daughter of Archibald, ninth Duke of Hamilton stances, seems to evince the aid which Both wellhaugh re- -ED. ceived from his clan in effecting his purpose.

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1 See Appendix, Note D.

tire in the murder of David Rizzio, and at least privy to that ? Selle-Saddle. A word used by Spenser, and other an

of Darnley. cient authors.

6 See Appendix, Note G.

7 Ibid, Note II. 8 See Appendix, Note I.

9 Ibid, Note K. 3 See Appendix, Note E.

4 Ibid, Note F.

10 An oak, half-sawn, with the motto through, is an anciert 6 of this noted person, it is enough to say, that he was ac- cognizance of the family of Hamilton.

For the loud bugle, pealing high,

Lo! high-born Beauty rules the steed,
The blackbird whistles down the vale,

Or graceful guides the silken rein.
And sunk in ivied ruins lie
The banner'd towers of Evandale.

And long may Peace and Pleasure own

The maids who list the minstrel's tale; For Chiefs, intent on bloody deed,

Nor e'er a ruder guest be known And Vengeance shouting o'er the slain,

On the fair banks of Evandale!

“Scott spent the Christmas of 1801 at Hamilton Palace, his . Pleasures of Hope.' Among the most eager to welcome in Lanarkshire. To Lady Anne Hamilton he had been intro-him had been Scott; and I find the brother-bard thus expressduced by her friend, Lady Charlotte Campbell, and both the ing himself concerning the MS. of Cadyow:late and the present Dukes of Hamilton appear to have par- « « The verses of Cadyow Castle are perpetually ringing in takon of Lady Anne's admiration for Glenfinlas, and the Eve my imaginationof St. John. A morning's ramble to the majestic ruins of the old baronial castle on the precipitous banks of the Evan, and

Where, mightiest of the beasts of chase among the adjoining remains of the primeval Caledonian fo

That roam in woody Caledon, sest, suggested to him a ballad, not inferior in execution to

Crashing the forest in his race, any that he had hitherto produced, and especially interesting

The mountain bull comes thundering onas the first in which he grapples with the world of picturesque and the arrival of Hamilton, when incident unfolded in the authentic annals of Scotland. With the magnificent localities before him, he skilfully interwove

* Reeking from the recent deed, the daring assassination of the Regent Murray by one of the

He dash'd his carbine on the ground.' elansmen of "the princely Hamilton.” Had the subject been taken up in after years, we might have had another Marmion I have repeated these lines so often on the North Bridge, that or Heart of Mid-Lothian; for in Cadyow Castle we have the whole fraternity of coachmen know me by tongue as I the materials and outline of more than one of the noblest pass. To be sure, to a mind in sober, serious street-walking ballads.

humour, it must bear an appearance of lunacy when one “About two years before this piece began to be handed about stamps with the hurried pace and fervent shake of the head, ir. Edinburgh, Thomas Campbell had made his appearance which strong, pithy poetry excites.'"- Life of Scott, vol. ii. P. there, and at once seized a high place in the literary world by 77.

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Note A.

distinguished part during the troubles of Queen Mary's reign,

and remained unalterably attached to the cause of that un-sound the pryse!-P. 597.

fortunate princess. Ho led the van of her army at the fatal

battle of Langsido, and was one of the commanders at the Pryse–The note blown at the death of the game.-In Ca- Raid of Stirling, which had so nearly given complete success ledonia olim frequens erat sylvestris quidam dos, nunc vero to the Queen's faction. He was ancestor of the present Marrarior, qui, colore candidissimo, jubam densam et demissam quis of Abercorn. instar leoms gestat, truculentus ac ferus ab humano genere ab horrens, ut quæcunque homines vel manibus contrectårint, vel halitu perflarerint, ab iis mullos post dies omnino abstinuerunt. Ad hoc tanta audacia huic bovi indita erat, ut non solum irritatus equites furenter prosterneret, sed ne tantillum lacessitus

Note C. omnes promiscue homines cornibus ac ungulis peterit ; ac canum, quiapud nos ferocissimi sunt, impetus plane contemneret.

Woodhousclec.-P. 597. Ejus carnes cartilaginosa, sed saporis suavissimi. Erat is olim per illam vastissimam Caledoniæ sylvam frequens, sed hu

This barony, stretching along the banks of the Esk, near mana ingluvie jam assumptus tribus tantum locis est reliquus, Auchendinns, belonged to Bothwellhaugh, in right of his Stririlingii, Cumbernaldia, et Kincarnia.-LESLÆUS, Scotix wife. The ruins of the mansion, from whence she was expelled Descriptio, p. 13. – [See a note on Castle Dangerous, Waverley in the brutal manner which occasioned her death, are still to Novels, vol. xlvii.-Ed.)

be seen in a hollow glen beside the river. Popular report tenants them with the restless ghost of the Lady Both wellhaugh; whom, however, it confounds with Lady Anne Bothwell, whose Lament is so popular. This spectre is so tena

cious of her rights, that, a part of the stones of the ancient NOTE B.

edifice having been employed in building or repairing the pre

sent Woodhouselee, she has deemed it a part of her privilege Stern Claud replied.-P. 597

to haunt that house also; and, even of very late years, has

excited considerable disturbance and terror among the doLord Claud Hamilton, second son of the Duke of Chatel mestics. This is a more remarkable vindication of the herauit, and commendator of the Abbey of Paisley, acted a rights of ghosts, as the present Woodhouslee, which gives lis title to the Honourablo Alexander Fraser Tytler, a senator of side, says, “In this batayle the valiancie of an Heiland gentlethe College of Justice, is situated on the slope of the Pentland man, named Macfarlane, stood the Regent's part in great hills, distant at least four miles from her proper abode. She steede ; for, in the hottest brunte of the fighte, he came up always appears in white, and with her child in her arms. with two hundred of his friendes and countrymen, and

manfully gave in upon the flankes of the Queen's people, that he was a great cause of the disordering of them. This Macfarlane had been lately before, as I have heard, condemned to die, for some outrage by him committed, and obtagning par

don through suyte of the Countess of Murray, he recompensed NOTE D.

that clemencie by this piece of service now at this batayle."

Calderwood's account is less favourable to the Macfarlanes. Drives to the leap his jaded steed.-P. 508.

He states that “ Macfarlane, with his Highlandmen, filed

from the wing where they were set. The Lord Lindsay, who Birrel informs us, that Bothwellhaugh, being closely pur. stood nearest to them in the Regent's battle, said, 'Let there sued, “after that spur and wand had failed him, he drew go! I shall fill their place better:' and so, stepping forward, forth his dagger, and strocke his horse behind, whilk caused the with a company of fresh men, charged the enemy, whose horse to leap a very brode stanke [i. e. ditch,] by whilk means spears were now spent, with long weapons, so that they were he escapit, and gat away from all the rest of the horses."-driven back by force, being before almost overthrown by the BIRREL's Diary, p. 18.

avaunt-guard and harquebusiers, and so were turned to flight." -CALDERWOOD'S MS. apud KEITH, p. 480. Melville mentions the flight of the vanguard, but states it to have been commanded by Morton, and composed chiefly of commonens of the barony of Renfrew.


From the wild Border's humbled side. - P. 698.


Murray's death took place shortly after an expedition to the Borders; which is thus commemorated by the author of his Elegy :

Glencairn and stout Parkhead were nigh.-P. 598.

The Earl of Glencair was a steady adherent of Regent. George Douglas of Parkhead was a natural brother of the Earl of Morton, whose horse was killed by the same ball by wbich Murray fell.

“ So having stablischt all thing in this sort,

To Liddisdaill agane he did resort,
Throw Ewisdail, Eskdail, and all the daills rode he,
And also lay three nights in Cannabie,
Whair na prince lay thir hundred yeiris before.
Nae thief durst stir, they did him feir sa sair;
And, that thay suld na mair thair thift allege,
Threescore and twelf he brocht of thame in pledge,
Syne wardit thame, whilk maid the rest keep ordour;
Than mycht the rasch-bus keep ky on the Border."

Scottish Poems, 16th century, p. 232.


haggard Lindesay's iron eye,
That saw fair Mary weep in rain.--P. 508.

Lord Lindsay, of the Byres, was the most ferocious and brutal of the Regent's faction, and, as such, was emplored to

extort Mary's signature to the deed of resignation presented Note F.

to her in Lochleven castle. He discharged his commission

with the most savage rigour; and it is even said, that when With hackbut bent.-P. 598.

the weeping captive, in the act of signing, averted her eyes

from the fatal deed, he pinched her arm with the grasp of his Hackbut bent-Gun cock'd. The carbine, with which the iron glove. Regent was shot, is preserved at Hamilton Palace. It is a brass piece, of a middling length, very small in the bore, and, what is rather extraordinary, appears to have been rified or indented in the barrel. It had a matchlock, for which a modern firelock has been injudiciously substituted.


So close the minions crowded nigh.-P. 528.
Not only had the Regent notice of the intended attempt

upon his life, but even of the very house from which it was Note G.

threatened. With that infatuation at which med wonder,

after such events have happened, he decmed it would be a sufThe wild Macfarlanes' plaided clan.-P. 598.

ficient precaution to ride briskly past the dangerous spot.

But even this was prevented by the crowd : 80 that Both wellThis clan of Lennox Highlanders were attached to the haugh had time to take a deliberate aim.-SRUTTISWOODE, PRegent Murray. Hollinshed, speaking of the battle of Lang. 233. BUCHANAN.

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