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in the heaven above, or the earth be- existed, it seems, a cavern connected neath. He looks on one side, and be with the castle, which hold, strange to say, that

“ Possessed an unexpected vent

Unknown to public use." “ There bravely shooting from the rock,

This secret he is spooney enough to A ship seems launching from its stock.”

disclose to the Scotsman, who introHe turns his optics to another, and lo! duces thereby into the castle a party “ There giant pillars form a range of his Highland friends. They are That seems some Gothic ruin strange, fortunate enough to catch all the faAnd draw from him toho gazes on

mily napping, and accordingly proceed, A sigh for ages that are gone!

secundum artem, to cut their throats, He tries it once more, and sees which is effected without any material “ Dark dungeon of tyrannic power

accident. A great deal of flirtation Appears a melancholy tower,

has, in the meantime, been carrying From whence, to pitying fancy's ear,

on between young M'Quillin and Come sounds of tail and wo and fear !". M'Donnell's daughter, Marion. The and to crown all,

ferocious Highlander, after disposing

of the rest of the family, tosses Mr “ There robed in venerable gloom,

Owen over a rock, and with a sort of Seems model of monastic dome,


countable, concludes the sad catalogue

of slaughter with the murder of his It would be utterly unpardonable in

own daughter. This story, it must us to weaken the effect of the above

be admitted, possesses much tragic beautiful and original descriptions by interest, and our readers will soon any observations of our own. We can see that the advantages which it afonly afford our readers another short forded him have by no means been nespecimen of Mr Quillinan's descriptive glected by Mr Quillinan. powers before we enter more immedi

In the following extract, we have a ately on the story of the poem. Still

description of the advance of the Hightalking of the Giant's Causeway, he lander and his party through the proceeds to inform us

aforesaid cavern to the attack of the “ It well might cheat the keenest eyes castle. The two last lines we think To think that human hand had laid

partake of the fault we before alluded That sea-invading esplanade;

to, and smell a little of the dragoon. Its polygons so perfect are,

Howe: r, there is a stillness and solemAnd vertically regular; And yet so dark and fierce they seem,

nity about it altogether extremely imThat might imagination deem,

pressive (Each upward set without its wain), “ But on their still and cautious path, Was even Hell's artillery train,

M'Donnel and his clan had sped, There placed by demons with intent The clamour-raising winds of wrath, To blast the crystal firmament !

Conspired to lull their tread ; There is something extraordinarily The Scot his silent followers drew

Thro' every well-known subtle clue, fine in all this, though it smells rather Thro' vaults whose striking damp obscure, too much of the shop. But we must No human sense might long endure; now have done with the first canto, Where not a sentry kept his vigil, and proceed to give a short account And secrecy had hid her sigil! of the affecting narrative developed The short and emphatic direction with so much skill and talent in the given by Sandy to his followers, we remainder of the poem. We are think, too, is exceedingly spirited and informed by Mr Quillinan, that Dun- characteristic: luce Castle was (God knows how “ 'Tis well-now closer draw the snare, many centuries ago) the seat of the Around you is their nest, noble family of the MʻQuillins. In Despatch, and stillness be your care, deed it might still have remained so Away-you know the rest !" but for the arrival of a deep Scotsman Horrors now begin to thicken on us. called M‘Donnell Macdonald) All the retainers of the Irish chieftain and his pretty daughter. M'Quillin's are knocked on the head as quietly son, a young gentleman, called Owen, as could be desired, and M'Donnell speedily falls a victim to the charms of creeps to M'Quillin's bed-side ; the young lady, and MʻQuillin him “ Resolved the deed of darkest crime self to the acts of her father. There Should by his own fell arm be wrought,

And give his name to after-time

a person who breaks into a castle and In hues of villany sublime."

kills the owner of it-an interpretaHe finds his prey dosing, and is just tion for which Dr Johnson had not about to despatch him ; but, having quite prepared us. Passing over this, fortunately eat rather a hearty supper, and other frivolous objections, we shall “ Harsh and uneasy visions past

now present our readers with the most

sublime passage in the whole poem. Upon his troubled brain ;")

It consists of an address from the poet and his host awakes time enough to to the burglarious Celt. save himself. The following is the animated description of the combat “ Now dark M.Donnell take thy sword, which takes place between them. We And lift it to thy lip abhorred, have no doubt it will remind, our

Aye, let that sacrilegious lip, readers of the death of Marmion, or

Its every gout of crimson sip; that of Hassan, in the Giaour.

Nay, upon blood let blood-hound sup,

Drink, dark M.Donnell, drink it up; “ Now wrestling fierce the wall he made, For 'twill supply thee to the hilt, And snatching thence a hanging blade, The deepest deadliest drug of guilt, The dragging foe he from him flings, That e'er on soul of mischief fell, Then on with furious valour springs, And clogged it till it sunk to hell.” Forth leaps M.Donnell's sword amain ; They meet they part-they close again ;

This is in the true military taste, and They grapple now, and now the light

with the favourable impression it must The lamps dim rays afford,

leave on the minds of our readers, we Strikes full upon the traitor's sight, shall now close our extracts. The Down drops the hero's sword !

love scenes between Owen and Marion Great powers of heaven and earth, he cries,

are wrought up in the most approved What sight is this to blast mine eyes ? Say, horrid semblance, art thou not

manner, according to the best recipes M.Donnell, the confederate Scot?

adopted by Miss Owenson and Miss That subtle damned renegade!

Porter, but we must leave them to While thus by dire amaze betrayed, be enjoyed by those who choose to The generous chieftain sunk,

“ feed their raptured glance” by perRushed full upon his naked breast, using the volume itself. The work is Deep in his heart his faulchion prest, from the private press of Sir Egerton And prone the warrior sunk;

Brydges, who discharges the pleasYet spare my children, ere he died,

ing duties of editor. We should Oh! spare my children, feebly cried !"

say the printing was beautiful were Now, with all our admiration of the it not disfigured by an absurd above fine passage, we do not precisely mass of gaudy and tasteless desee the grounds on which M'Quillin coration. One of the vignettes, we can with any propriety term his ad- observe, at the commencement of a versary a renegade. The Highlander poem intended to be very pathetic, appears to have been troubled with contains a delincation of a pocket few religious principles of any kind; handkerchief, an instrument, howe and those which he had, bad as ever, which we can assure the most they were, he never seems to have re- lacrymose young lady she will find not nounced. Mr Quillinan, however, ap- the smallest occasion for in perusing pears to understand the word to mean the poems of Lieutenant Quillinan.



A VERY clear and animated descrip- acter. Our friend is one of the best tion of this extraordinary piece of chess-players we know ; yet we believe mechanism, which may really be call- that he was hard put to it by the ed a wonderfill creature, has been Automaton, who is, in his own peculiar written by a friend of ours, an Oxford way, quite a second Phillidor. All graduate; and we think our readers who know any thing of the fascinating may be amused by some particulars of game of chess are aware of the constant what may be called its life and char- exercise of acute judgment required in

* Printed for J. Hatchard, Piccadilly. ls. 1819.


anticipating the designs of an antago a Turkish pipe, which originally was placed nist, and in frustrating those that can in its hand. not be foreseen. Indeed, it is acknow

“ The exhibitor begins by wheeling the ledged to be about as difficult a thing in which it stands, and in face of the spec

chest to the entrance of the apartment withto win a great game of chess, as a great

He then opens certain doors conbattle-and, therefore, our Automaton trived in the chest, two in front, and two at may yet make a brilliant figure some

the back, at the same time pulling out a day or other as a general officer.

long shallow drawer at the bottom of the 'The inventor, or rather, it should chest made to contain the chess men, a be said, the father of this creature, cushion for the arm of the figure to rest upwas Wolffgang de Kempelen, a Hun- on, and some counters. Two lesser doors, garian gentleman, aulic counsellor to and a green cloth screen, contrived in the the royal chamber of the domains of body of the figure, and in its lower parts, the Emperor in Hungary, Being at which covers them is raised ; so that the

are likewise opened, and the Turkish robe Vienna in the year 1769, he offered to construction both of the figure and chest inthe Empress Maria Theresa, to con ternally is displayed. In this state the au. struct a piece of mechanism more un tomaton is moved round for the examination accountable than any she had previ- of the spectators; and to banish all suspi. ously witnessed; and accordingly, with- cion from the most sceptical mind, that any in six months, the Automaton chess living subject is concealed within any part player was presented at court, where of it, the exhibitor introduces a lighted canhis extraordinary mental powers excit- dle into the body of the chest and figure, by ed the liveliest astonishment. M. de which the interior of each is, in a great mea

sure, rendered transparent, and the most Kempelen, some years afterwards, pub- secret corner is shewn. Here, it may be ob licly exhibited lim (for we shall not served, that the same precaution to remove degrade a man of genius by the appli- suspicion is used, if requested, at the close cation of a vile neuter) in Germany as at the commencement of a game of Chess and other countries. In the year 1785, with the Automaton. M. de Kempelen visited England, and “ The chest is divided by a partition, inat his death in 1803, this worthy Au

to two unequal chambers. That to the tomaton became the property of that right of the figure is the narrowest, and ocgentleman's son, who may be distin- chest. It is filled with little wheels, levers,

cupies scarcely one third of the body of the guished from his incomprehensible bro« cylinders, and other machinery used in ther by the term,“ filius carnalis," and clock-work. That to the left contains a few by whom (notwithstanding the appa- wheels, some small barrels with springs, rent violation of the free spirit of our and two quarters of a circle placed horizonlaws, and of nature herself,) he was sold tally. The body and lower parts of the fito the present exhibitor, a person, it is gure contain certain tubes, which seem to said, of great ability in the science of be conductors to the machinery. After a mechanics.

sufficient time, during which each spectator.' After this short historical notice, our

may satisfy his scruples and his curiosity,

the exhibitor recloses the doors of the chest Oxford friend (who, by the way, has and figure, and the drawer at bottom; seemingly forgotten his promise to send makes some arrangements in the body of us an occasional article) thus intro- the figure, winds up the works with a key duces to us the son of the aulic coun inserted into a small opening on the side of sellor.

the chest, places a cushion under the left

arm of the figure, which now rests upon it, “The room where it is at present exhi- and invites any individual present to play a bited has an inner apartment, within which game of Chess. appears the figure of a Turk, as large as life, “ At one and three o'clock in the after dressed after the Turkish fashion, sitting be noon, the Automaton plays only ends of hind a chest of three feet and a half in length, games, with any person who may be pretwo feet in breadth, and two feet and a half sent. On these occasions the pieces are in height, to which it is attached by the placed on the board, according to a preconwooden seat on which it sits. The chest is certed arrangement; and the Automaton placed upon four casters, and together with invariably wins the game. But at eight the figure, may be easily moved to any part o'clock every evening, it plays an entire of the room. On the plain surface formed game against any antagonist who may ofby the top of the chest, in the centre, is a fer himself, and generally is the winner, alraised immoveable chess-board of handsome though the inventor had not this issue in dimensions, upon which the figure has its view as a necessary event. eyes fixed; its right arm and hand being In playing a game, the Automaton extended on the chest, and its left arm some makes choice of the white pieces, and alwhat raised, as if in the attitude of holding ways has the first move. These are small


advantages towards winning the game which matched against the Automaton, should be are cheerfully conceded.

It plays with the attentive, in moving a piece, to place it preleft hand, the right arm and hand being con cisely in the centre of its square ; otherwise stantly extended on the chest, behind which the figure, in attempting to lay hold of the it is seated. This slight incongruity pro- piece, may miss its hold, or even sustain ceeded from absence of mind in the inventor, some injury in the delicate mechanism of who did not perceive his mistake till the ma the fingers. When the person has made a chinery of the Automaton was too far com move, no alteration in it can take place: and

pleted to admit of the mistake being recti- if a piece be touched, it must be played fied. At the commencement of a game, the somewhere. This rule is strictly observed Automaton moves its head, as if taking a by the Automaton. If its antagonist hesiview of the board ; the same motion occurs tates to move for a considerable time, it taps at the close of a game. In making a move, smartly on the top of the chest with the it slowly raises its left arm from the cushion right hand, which is constantly extended placed under it, and directs it towards the upon it, as if testifying impatience at his square of the piece to be moved. Its hand delay. and fingers open on touching the piece, which During the time that the Automaton is it takes up, and conveys to any proposed in motion, a low sound of clock-work runsquare. The arm, then, returns with a na- ning down is heard, which ceases soon after tural motion to the cushion upon which it its arm returns to the cushion ; and then its usually rests. In taking a piece, the Auto- antagonist may make his move. The works maton makes the same motions of the arm are wound up at intervals, after ten or and hand to lay hold of the piece, which it twelve moves, by the exhibiter, who is conveys from the board ; and then returning usually employed in walking up and down to its own piece, it takes it up, and places it the apartment in which the Automaton is on the vacant square. These motions are shown, approaching, however, the chest performed with perfect correctness ; and the from time to time, especially on its right dexterity with which the arm acts, especially side. in the delicate operation of castling, seems At the conclusion of the exhibition of the to be the result of spontaneous feeling, bend Automaton, on the removal of the chess ing at the shoulder, elbow, and knuckles, men from the board, one of the spectators and cautiously avoiding to touch any other indiscriminately is requested to place a piece than that which is to be moved, nor Knight upon any square of the board at ever making a false move.

pleasure. The Automaton immediately “ After å move made by its antagonist, takes up the Knight, and beginning from the Automaton remains for a few moments that square, it moves the piece, according to only inactive, as if meditating its next move; its proper motion, so as to touch each of the upon which the motions of the left arm and sixty-three squares of the chess board in turn, hand follow. On giving check to the King, without missing one, or returning to the it moves its head as a signal. When a false

same square. The square from which the move is made by its antagonist, which fre- Knight proceeds is marked by a white counquently occurs, through curiosity to observe

ter ; and the squares successively touched, in what manner the Automaton will act : as, by red counters, which at length occupy all for instance, if a Knight be made to move the other squares of the board.” like a Castle, the Automaton taps impatiently on the chest, with its right hand, replaces the Knight on its former square, and

Our friend, the Graduate, whose own not permitting its antagonist to recover his skill in mechanics is well known, offers move, proceeds immediately to move one of some speculations on the theory of this its own pieces: thus appearing to punish wonderful person's generation. These him for his inattention. The little advan- exhibit all his wonted acuteness, but, tage in play which is hereby gained, makes

as he confesses that they leave the the Automaton more a match for its antagonist, and seems to have been contemplated mystery of the Automaton's powers

still unexplained, we content ourselves by the inventor as an additional resource towards winning the game.

with referring the curious reader to “ It is of importance that the person his own very entertaining pamphlet.



to be inquiring the number of the inYou ask me to send you some sketches habitants, and the price of the necesof my late tour in France, Switzer- saries of life, at Clarens--the scene of land, Italy, &c. But I'm afraid I that immortal kiss, the echoes of which shall be able to offer you little that may even now, to an ear properly atwill be of general interest ; for I must tuned, be heard mingling with the confess to you, that my plan of obser- breezes that whisper among the branchvation-if it could be called a plan- es of its chesnut groves, or come fanwas entirely a selfish one. Before set- ning the brow-the burning brow-of ting out, I had determined to remain him who gazes, for the first time, on so totally unfettered, that I would not that cradle and home and heaven of even prepare myself for the journey, love. by renewing or coinpleting my very I repeat, my determination was not imperfect reading acquaintance with only not to prepare myself for visiting the chief parts that I was about to such scenes as these, but when I found visit. I was going, in sober certainty, myself the midst of them, not even to view the real scenes, the ideal im- to examine or record my feelings about ages of which had been the objects of them : but to remain in what Wordsmy love until within these few years worth calls “ a wise passiveness.”—To my hopeless love ever since I had spread open, as it were, my mind and known what it was that I really wish- heart and senses to the powers and ined or wanted ; and I was determined fluences that would every where surto come to the contemplation of them round me; and leave them to work free from all other bias on my mind their own effects : believing, that if I than would be given to it by the de- was worthy to receive the benefit of lightful but somewhat misty and in- such influences, they would come to distinct associations, which had come me of themselves, and remain with to it, as it were of themselves, in my me; and that if I was not, no seekvery earliest youth ; and had, ever ings or solicitations could entice them. since, been congregating and engen- -I therefore wrote nothing about dering together, till at length they them at the time I mean, for myself. had formed a sort of colony there a I did not even endeavour to remember little kingdom of their own, of which any thing. I read the poetry of them Fancy was the sole and undisputed -as I read written poetry-not for sovereign, and in the midst of which the purpose of criticising it, and getI could at all times take refuge from ting particular passages by heart, in the dull and dreary realities of com order to talk about and quote from it, mon life. I determined, too, that this but to feel and enjoy it ;--not that I ideal kingdom should never be over- might seem wiser and better in conseturned but by Nature herself. In quence, but that I might be so. fact, that I would not go among these I shall not determine whether this scenes for the purpose of forming a was the best plan I could have adoptjudgment of them for myself, but ed, with reference to my own purwould leave them to build up for me poses; but certainly it was, of all a fabric of their own, in the place of others, the least fitted to enable me to the ideal one that I know they would give information or amusement to any : destroy. I felt it to be something but those very few dear friends, in

worse than idle to go peeping and pry whose estimation, when one is absent, ing about, with a pencil and a note every little word and thought that is book in my hand, among the mouna conveyed to them, acquires a new and tains of William Tell ;-to be sketch adventitious value, by becoming a ing trees and cottages, or scribbling hint, on which the imagination may nothings, in the ideal presence of Man build conjectures and surmises quite fred, or the real one of Mont Blanc; as good as any real information that to be ascertaining the exact distance might occupy their place. For, to from Verai across the lake to the rocks such friends as I am speaking of, the of Meillerie, in order to calculate absent person will always be the centre whether St Preux really could see to which all those of their thoughts from thence the dwelling of Julie ; which can be made to have any refer

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