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Tuesday, April 9th, 1834. CUNEIFORM MONUMENTAL Srones IN IRELAND, MY DEAR SIR, Mr. Gillman tells me that he delivered to me, I know not noticed in Current Notes, vol. iv., p. 35, are yet extant in

Various examples of the cuneiform monumental slabs, how long ago, a letter from you respecting the Aids to Re. flection, and, therefore, though I have no recollection of it, Ireland, and several of them have been found in this I doubt not it was so ; for my memory, never of the strongest, neighbourhood. At the principal entrance of the churchhas, through long illness and accumulated indisposition, yard of Saul, the scene of St. Patrick's ministry in become pitiably intenacious; the memory indeed being a Ireland, and within a short distance of Downpatrick, is plant that has its root and trunk in the body, especially the one, that although now much defaced, still exhibits unstomach and bowels, though its branches and blossoms are mistakeable evidence of having been once of elaborate in the head. However, better late than never.

sculpture. I hereby authorise you to dispose of ny share of the At Kilbride, distant about five miles from Downedition of the Aids to Reflection, and of the Essay on the patrick, are the remains of another, found on the site your own judgment may direct. For I can truly say, that of the old parish church, and till lately, was built in a though not worth a shilling of niy own in the world'since style, leading to a farm-house. King William the Fourth took my poor gold chain of a

In 1813, whilst digging among the ruins of the hundred links—one hundred pounds--with those of nine ancient church at Ardglass, also within five or six iniles other literary veterans, to emblason d'or the black bar across of Downpatrick, one of very elegant sculpture was disthe Royal arms of the Fitzclarences, I would yet rather covered; it is now built into the wall of the porch of the lose ten times a hundred pounds, than ever suspect you of inodern parish church, erected on the site of the old one. an unkind act towards Your very sincere friend, Four of these cuneiform slabs were found in the ruins

s. T. COLERIDGE. of Bannow Church, county Wexford; and in Selsker Coleridge died in his sixty-second year, at Mr. Gill Abbey, in the same county, is another, but of more priman's house, in the Grove, Highgate, on the 25th of mitive character, if we may so speak; and among the July, 1834; and was buried in the old churchyard by the ruins of the collegiate church of St. Mary, at Ycughall, roadside.

there are yet one or two good examples.

In the cemetery attached to the parish church of Kil.

clief, about five miles from Downpatrick, and not many SINOPE SIXTY YEARS SINCE.

perches from the castle of that name, are to be seen thrce The Russian atrocities at Sinope were but a resumé of those monumental stones. This cemetery is the site of former attempts to destroy the nationality of Turkey of a religious house founded in the earliest age of in Europe. A similar outrage was perpetrated in 1790, Christianity in Ireland. About ten years since, I oband the circumstances appear to have escaped the notice served, built into the wall over a fire place in one of the of the writers of our day. The particulars are thus de- rooms of the Anglo-Norman castle of Kilclief, a cuneiscribed among the political events of that period ;

förm monumental slab, exactly corresponding in size, JASSY. JULY 2.- A courier has just arrived here with shape, and bas-relief, with the other examples yet reposdispatches from Admiral Uschakow, commander of the ing in the neighbouring cemetery; and of which a very Russian fleet in the Black Sea which informs us of a con- erroneous impression has been current for upwards of a siderable victory guined by the Russian admiral over the century. Turks. Admiral Uschakow having information that fifteen Harris, in his History of the County of Down, 1744, Jarge Turkish vessels were on their voyage to Sinope, he and from him, more recently, Dubourdieu, in his Staordered a detachment of his squadron to pursue and attack tistical Survey, 1812, state—“In Kilclief castle, is a them, which he did with such success, that above half of chamber, called the Hawk's chamber, in that, according them were taken, burnt, or sunk, as they were entering the to the traditions of the old natives, the bishop's falconer port. The Russian artillery was at the same time served and hawks were kept.” In the olden time, it is to be with so much skill and effect, that the magazines of the Turks at Sinope were wholly destroyed, and about 300 men premised, the castle of Kilelief was an episcopal resimade prisoners.

dence; and the surrounding country, a manor pertainWell might Lord Liverpool, with more liberality and ing to the bishops of Down; but Harris observes, the sounder political knowledge than his compeers in the tradition probably arose from “ tl:v figure of a fowl, ministry of his day, denonnce the Navarino conflict as resembling a hawk, carved on a stone chimney piece "an untoward affair ; " but a clearer estimate of past in a room on t!:e second floor.” Harris's authority is mischiefs has at length dissolved the mist, and the Mus- the Ulster Visitation, in 1622. Dr. Petrie, one of our covite policy will deceive no more.

most learned and judicions archæologists, has adopted the same error. He says, "the first floor is vaulted,

and the sccond has a stone chimney-piece on which is There was a second edition of the Aids in 1831 ; a fifth carved the figure of a bird, resembling a hawk, and in 1843. Biogr. Literaria, edit. 1847, vol. ii. p. 423. also a shield bearing a cross patee.* The fact, as de

+ First printed in 1830: it is now joined with the Lay termined by my own observation, is, no stone chimneySermons in one volume, Biogr. Literaria, edit. 1847, vol. ii. p. 425

* Dublin Penny Journal, 1833, vol. 1, pp. 385-386.

the see.

piece is to be found in the entire edifice: and the de- Though the surname of Logy is of rare occurrence in scription, so erroneous in all particulars, refers only to the early annals of the kingdom, there was another perthe cuneiform slab that is still part of the wall, above the son, whether a son, or in any way related to the forfeited fire place.

baron, is unknown; who towards the middle of the same Like most of the numerous military remains which century was designated Johannes de Logy miles; and girdle the shores of the county of Down, as Dr. Petrie who, in 1359, had a charter from David the Second of observes, “the name of the founder, or the period of the the lands of Strongartnay, in the lordship of Monteith, building of Kilclief castle are alike unknown; but its in Perthshire. Four years subsequently to that grant, style of architecture sufficiently proves it to be of the 1363, the year that King David and Margaret Logy early part of the fourteenth century." I am, however, were married, “ Johannes de Logy, Dominus ejusdem, of opinion, that an earlier date ought to be assigned, had a grant from the said King of the Thanedom of and that since it was first erected, the castle has under- Glamis, and also the reversion of that of Tanadice, in gone such alterations as to embarrass alike the artist Forfarshire ;t the charter of the latter having been preand the archæologist. Neither is the time when it became viously granted to Peter The charter to a bishop's residence, accurately known: John Ross, ap- John de Logy is dated, at Perth, the 12th day of April, pointed to the see of Down, in 1387, is known to have 1363; and according to Wyntown, ş it was also “in the resided here. John Cely, or Sely, instituted in 1413, moneth of Aprile' of that year that was also a resident till he was eprived in 1441; and Eugene McGynisse, or Magennis, bishop in 1511, held

In Ince-Mortho the King Davy the castle and manor, which are still both appropriate to

Weddit the dame Mergret of Logy. Yet at whatever period the castle may have been erected, it is clear, the monumental slab is of a From these traces of the two barons named John de much older date, and that in fact having continued Logy, arises the question, whether, the knight and John beyond the remembrance for whose ashes it was to de- of that ilk, were one and the same? though variously denote the deposit, the slab was simply as material used for scribed as “ miles” and “ dominus ejusdem," it is posbuilding purposes, hence it may be inferred it was an sible they were one and the same person, for designations object of considerable antiquity even at that time. in old writings are not always uniform; but, whether

JAMES A. Pilson. identical or not, there is fair probability that John de Recorder Office, Downpatrick. Logy, who obtained the grant of Glamis and Tanadice,

was the father of Margaret, Queen of David the Second.

Glamis and Tanadice were both held, partly at least by MARGARET Logy, QUEEN OF SCOTLAND, 1363. a John de Ramsay, previously to 1362, as in that year

Ramsay received certain payments in lieu of the feus of As the parentage of Margaret Logy, the Queen of these lands,|| to which doubtless Logy had succeeded; David the Second, King of Scotland, 1329-1371, con- and, on the reversion of Glamis to the Crown, whether temporary with Edward the Third, King of England, after the death of John de Logy, or other undefined cause, has long been a subject of doubt and inquiry among

all that thanedom was granted to Sir John Lyon by King Rohistorians, I have some reason to presume that any- bert the Second, in dowry with the Princess Jane, his thing new, however imperfect, may interest the reader; wife, in little more than a year from the time of David's and, therefore, forward the following remarks, that some death. That John de Logy was deceased, or had ceased of your correspondents may either correct, or add to

to be Thane of Glamis before King David's death, is them.

Some have asserted that Margaret was the daughter of a knight, named Sir John de Logy; others that her

• Acta Parl. vol. 1, father was a private gentleman, also named John de

+ Reg. Mag. Sigill., f. 32, 76. The reddendo paid by Logy; and in Extracta e variis Cronicis Scocie, p. 190, Logy for these lands, were a red falcon for the first, and a it is said, “ Dauid Rex accepit in vxorem speciosissi- sparrow-hawk for the second, to be delivered yearly at the mam Dominam Margaretam Logy relictam Johannes feast of Pentecost. Robertson, Index, p. 67, 32, in menLogy, pro successione et asseruit habenda." This idea tioning this charter describes it as “ Carta to John Logie of her being the widow of a John Logy, is evidently (perhaps for Lion), of that ilk." taken from one of the two manuscripts of Fordun, re

# Robertson's Index, p. 39, 56. Sereral of the name of

Prendergaist, of the shire of Berwick, did homage to King ferred to by Lord Hailes in his Annals, vol. ii. p. 284. Tytler supposes her to have been related to the Sir Edward the First, in 1296. Regman Rolls, pp. 137, 150,

159, and 172. John de Logy, who was, with David de Brechin, exe

Cronykil of Scotland, vol. ii. p. 293. Inchmurtho, cuted as a traitor in the time of Bruce, ard there is

Extr. e Variis Cron. Scocie, was a rich priory belonging to nothing to invalidate that opinion ; still, in all the in- the Canons Regular of the Augustine Order, founded by vestigations which the inquiry has occasioned, one or King Edgar, on an island in the lake of Menteith. two particulars highly conducive to point out her real [ Reg. Mag. Sigill, f. 90, 315. parentage, have been overlooked.

|| Actu Parl., vol. i. p. 171.

p. 165.

not clear; his name, so far as known to the writer, occurs THE OPERA IN FRANCE AND ENGLAND. for the last time in connection with the thanedom of Downy, in Angus, from which he had in 1367,* the The stage of the Grand Opera, in Paris, in the reign grant of an annuity. Whether John de Logy died with of Louis the Fourteenth, was in 1669, the scene of a sinout issue, and Glamis and Tanadice thus reverted to the gular outrage on two distinguished Englishmen, and the Crown ; or whether about the time that David obtained incident is highly characteristic of the manners of the

time. the divorce against Margaret Logy, he had deprived her father of his estates; or whether King Robert the

In the year mentioned, Ralph Montagu, afterwards Second, on his accession, had deposed John de Logy in first Duke of Montagu, was accompanied in his embassy revenge for the imprisonment of himself and son, said to the French Court by William Cavendish, subsequently to have been caused by the influence of Margaret Logy, the first Duke of Devonshire. One night, at the Opera, must severally remain as matter of conjecture.

the young Lord Cavendish received an affront from some Nevertheless, taking into consideration all the cir- of the officers of the guard, who it is stated were cumstances which have not been before advanced in elu- inebriated; and one of them having particularly insulted cidation of the inquiry relative to the parentage of him, he in return struck him on the face ; upon which the Margaret Logy, it is highly probable that John de Logy, whole four or five of them drew their swords, and all fell Thane of Glamis, was the father of Margaret Logy, on him at once. Nothing daunted, he made a determined David's Queen. There is good reason for believing that desence, but received several wounds, and would have John de Logy was originally from Perthshire, descended been overpowered by his cowardly adversaries had not a of a family that assumed their name from the well- Swiss domestic, in the service of Lord Montagu, taken known parish and barony, so called in that county; but him up in his arms and flung him from the stage into it may be also observed, that a family bearing the same

the pit. In his fall one of the iron spikes of the surname were the proprietors of the barony and parish orchestra inflicted a severe filesh wound, the scar of which of Logy, now united to Pert, in Angusshire, long before remained till his death. The rencontre was reported and subsequently to the year 1407.

throughout Europe, much to the honour of Lord CaBrechin, July 1.

J. vendish, and greatly to the discredit of the aggressors ;

his spirit and conduct on that occasion was the theme of general compliment, as the French then entertained the

highest idea of the national courage of Englishmen; and BELLMAN'S “COAL AND CANDLE" CHANT.

Louis the Fourteenth, on being duly informed of the cirHADDINGTON, the old Scottish burgh and county cumstances, instantly ordered the imprisonment of the town of East Lothian, has been several times destroyed

offenders. by fire; the last disaster that occurred, more than two centuries since, was occasioned by a nurse placing clothes on a screen, too near the fire-place during the night. It was considered an accident arising from heedlessness,

The positions of the Opera in England and in France but as an injunctive commemoration, the magistrates

are wholly dissimilar; in England, it is the object of ordered the föllowing quaint lines to be chanted by the private enterprise, and generally ruinous in its results bellman through the town, on every evening from Mar- to the managers. In France, it is maintained by the tinmas to Candlemas ; a practice that is still continued. Government, and even there, where the Opera is the The custom has the time-honoured name of " Coal and idolisation of the people, the losses are equally or more disCan'le."

astrous. The financial affairs of the French Opera have Haddington, June 27.

been recently the subject of a strict enquiry, and the re

port of the Commission so directed was printed in the A' guid men's servants wha e'er ye be,

Constitutionel of Monday, July 3rd. The Commission reKeep coal and cun'le for charitie;

ports, that the financial state of the Opera, demands the Baith in your kitchen an' your ha'

adoption of prompt and efficacious means to prevent the Keep weel your fire whate'er befa'.

dissolution of the concern, now reduced to helpless In bakehouse, brewhouse, barn, and byre,

bankruptcy. The Commission in its report, blames no I warn you a' keep weel your fire;

one person or circumstance as the cause of this impoFor oftentimes a little spark,

verished state of its affairs, but proves that the Opera Brings mony hands to meikle work.

is and has been a very costly institution, at all periods Ye nourrices that have bairns to keep,

as evinced by history. Even so late as the reign of See that ye fa' na o'er sound asleep;

Louis the Sixteenth, various experiments were intro-
For losing of your gude renown,
An' banishing o' this Burrow' town.

duced into the management of the Opera, but all without It's for your sækes that I do cry,

any bencficial effect; the civic régime, i. e. the muniTake waruing by your uiebours bye!

cipality of Paris, being at one time compelled to bear the burden of a debt of 200,000 livres (7,9001.) and

112,000 livres (4,4301.) of life-pensions. It is esti• Chamberlain Rolls, vol. i. p. 399.

mated that the management of that day lost in the


AMERICAN ANTI-IN TERNATIONAL COPYRIGBT course of ten years, the sum of 3,992,762 fr. (159,7101.) or, on the average 362,977 fr. (14,5187.) per annum :

MEMORIAL. yet, during this period, it was on the stage of the Grand Opera, that Gluck and Piccini achieved their greatest The following American State Paper, has been triumphs. Napoleon the First, convinced that the im- transmitted for insertion in Willis's Current Notes. It mense expense of the Opera could only be met by a displays a one-sided view altogether of the subject; and state subvention, he at first, fixed one at 50,000 fr. treats“: the rights of authors, as so much raw material, (20001.) per month ; but ultimately increased it to derivable any where and every where, respected in no 720,000 fr. (28,8001.) per annum. The government of way but as a means to "the manufacture of books, a the restoration, under Louis the Eighteenth, being business involving millions of dollars," that is not be unable to improve upon them, conformed to the bases affected in the slightest amount of cost, should any conof this system, and to this positively required arrange- sideration for the interests of the writers be taken into ment, the lyrical art after the times of Gluck and Mozart, account. The reader will possibly on perusal determine was indebted for its progress. The Grand Opera in for himself on the injustice, to say nothing of the imFrance was thus enabled to produce and give effect to policy, of this protest. the operas of Spontini, and to introduce Rossini's Guillaume Tell, and Meyerbeer's Robert le Diable. The

To the Honourable the Senate of the United States. events of July, 1830, were singularly subversive of the fortunes of the Opera; the subvention was reduced by The undersigned, citizens of the State of 40,000 fr. (16001.) and deprived of many of its exclu- pectfully but earnestly remonstrate against the ratification sive privileges, it was abandoned to private speculators. of a Treaty, supposed to be now under the cousideration of The success of Robert le Diable retarded for a few your honourable body, whereby a reciprocal international years the decline of the Opera, but in 1840, a de- Copyright is proposed for creation between this country

and Great Britain. ficit was declared, and the embarrassments have in

The form under which this measure is presented for your creased year by year. The Commission in its report, ratification necessarily renders impossible any definite instates the subvention amounts now to but 620,000 fr. formation as to its character and provisions. This your (24,8001.) and accordingly advise that the Opera shoula memorialists respectfully submit to be an objection of the be placed under the management of the Civil List, and gravest character, as being utterly repugnant to the spirit that its debts be paid by the State. The report further of our institutions. In the negociation of arrangements forcibly suggests the propriety of reviving the produc- with Foreign Powers, secrecy on the part of the Executive tions of the great Masters of the early French opera, not is a necessity which admits of an occasional departure in only as an interesting subject of comparison, but as an this particular from the popular form of our government. efficient means for the preservation of the eternal rules But where such arrangements are to have an internal in

fluence, modifying the legal rights and affecting the labour of good taste. in accordance with this report and its recommenda- observe that they become the subjects of ordinary and open

and capital of our own citizens, your memorialists must tions, an Imperial decree provides that from July 1st, legislative action, especially in a cuse like the present, as the Opera shall be placed under the direction of the matters relating to Copyright are particularly confided by Administration of the Imperial Civil List, and a superior the Constitution to both Houses of Congress. permanent Committee, which is to give its opinion on all Without discussing the question of the rights of authors, questions of Art, and on the measures calculated to your memorialists would therefore protest against this proinsure the prosperity of the Opera, has been appointed, posed extension of the treaty-making power, as a dangerous under the Presidency of the Minister of the Imperial innovation. The manufacture of books is a business invol. Household. That committee is composed as follows :—ving millions of dollars, employing the lubour and affording M. Troplong, President of the Senate ; M. Baroche, sustenance to thousands of our fellow-citizens, whose President of the Council of State; Count Baciocchi, increase in the cost of books. These interests should

no First Chamberlain of the Emperor; M. Rouher, VicePresident of the Council of State; Count de Morny, indirect legislation than should those of the manufacture of

more be endangered, without a hearing, by this species of Deputy; M. Chaix d'Est-Ange, the distinguished iron, the raising of cotton, sugar, or any of the other great lawyer; and M. Gautier, Secretary-General of the industrial resources of our country. If injustice exist under Ministry of the Emperor's Household, who is to act as the present state of our laws on the subject of copyright, Secretary of the Committee.

that injustice can be remedied effectuully by the open and M. Roqueplan has been appointed director of the unreserved discussion of those laws in Congress, resulting

in such modification as the intelligence and equity of our people, embodied in their representatives of both Houses, may determine, with the full understanding and consent of the country, in the usual mode provided for the alteration

of our statutes. THE Sorbonne in Paris, first built by Louis de Sor- As citizens of the Republic, your memorialists must bonne; was rebuilt by Richelieu. The Cardinal's library, therefore protest against the ratification of this Treaty, and a fine collection of books, was deposited there.

against the introduction of this mode of oblique and indirect


legislation, by which their rights and privileges are to be

DESCENDANTS OF GREAT MEN. curtailed without their knowledge or consent. They therefore earnestly request that if the matter is to be considered, Mrs. CATHERINE WADE, born Wycliffe, the last lineal it be presented in the ordinary mode to both Houses of descendant of the family of John WYCLIFFE, “the Congress, that the voice of the people may be heard ; that morning star of the Reformation," died a few years since our internal laws may be modified intelligently by ourselves at Halton near Leeds, in her 75th year. as a nation of freemen, and not be overridden by Treaties

The descendants of Martin LUTRER are probably in at the request and importunity of foreigners ; and finally being at Erfurth. Dr. John Melchior Luther, the last that we may retain the power of modifying our internal known lineal descendant, was a professor of medicine in affairs at our pleasure, and not hamper them under treaties that University. He left a son, a learned philologne, who which can only be abrogated or altered with the approbation removed to Bohemia, abjured the Protestant faith, beof a foreign nation.

came a Romanist, and died in abject poverty. His five

orphan children, Maria, born in 1819; Anna, in 1820; Pricking IN THE OLD HAT.-Current Notes, vol. Anthony in 1821 ; John in 1826; and Theresa in iv. p. 52.-A very common game at horse-racing and 1831, were on his decease wholly destitute, when the such little gatherings in this part of Ireiand, is what is magistrates of Erfurth, for the honour of their religion, termed “ Pricking at the Loop.” This is performed by a at the close of 1837 performed an act of benevolence gambler rolling or rather coiling, a long narrow strip of that is entitled to everlasting praise. They purchased an old felt hat into a fantastic form, and laying it edge- the ruins of the old convent at Erfurth, where more wise on a board, when it presents several loops. After than three centuries since, Martin Lutuer simply a being so coiled, the person with whom the gambler plays monk propagated the doctrine of the Reformation; and takes a pointed piece of wood and places it into one of having constructed a proper dwelling, lodged there the those loops, holding the pin on the board. The gambler orphan descendants of the great German reformer, and then draws the piece of felt by the end, and if the pin with the concurrence of the royal government, the be retained in a loop the gambler loses ; but if otherwise, Council also decided these orphans should be fed and and the pin remain without being in a loop, he wins. clothed at the expense of the city, till they were severally This may be either the actnal game of “ Pricking in the twenty years old. This generosity of the Municipality Old Hat” referred to by your correspondent, or a modi- immediately caused several of the wealthy inhabitants fication of it.

of Erfurth to come forward, and promise to contribute a Downpatrick.

J. A..P. certain sum for their education. Nor was this all, on

the occasion of the anniversary of the Reformation, A CLEAN SHAVE V. A LONG BEARD. · celebrated at Berlin, in 1838, the Municipality and Parmenio, before one of Alexander's battles, presented assembly of deputies of that city, voted a donation of himself to the Macedonian hero, to render an account four hundred crowns, to each of the five descendants of of his arrangements, and to enquire whether any other Luther then residing at Erfurth. At the same celebraprecaution remained to be taken. · Nothing," said tion of the anniversary at Berlin, a descendant of the Alexander, “but that the men should shave." Shave?" brother of Martin LUTHER, a preacher at Wittemberg, you not consider what a Handle along theard it fords to "The Tastelineal descendant of the celebrated Chan

??"* Even the Czar, Peter the First of Russia, cellor Sir Thomas More, was a female, Mary Austin gave strong evidence of the fact that he considered the More, many years resident at Hengrave, near Bury, in pract ce of shaving essential to the progress of civilization. Suffolk, she died Superioress of the Convent of English Horace, too, as a classical authority, seems to have Nuns, at Bruges, in Flanders, on Feb, 23, 1807. thought his philosopher would have reasoned better Among the subscribers to the fund for the National without his beard

Memorial of the Protestant Martyrs, Cranmer, Ridley,

and Latimer, was the widow of Sir James Mansell, a Di te, Damasippe, Deæque

descendant of Bishop Ridley. Verum ob consilium donent tonsore.

Miss Charlotte Knox, the only surviving daughter of Sterne, also, has amused himself with a panegyric on James Knox, minister of Scone; descended in a direct the literary benefits of sharing. “I maintain it, the line, throngh five generations, from William Knox, frst conceits of a rough bearded man are seven years more Protestant minister of Cockpen, and brother of Joun terse and juvenile for one single operation ; and if they Knox, the Scottish Reformer, died a few years since did not run a risk of being shaved quite away, might be at Barossa Place, Edinburgh, in her eighty-first year. carried up, by continual shavings, to the very highest Mrs. Ann Raleigh, the great granddaughter of the pitch of sublimity." +

memorable Sir Walter RALEIGH, died in February,

1743, in or about her 80th year. . Barbat de Barbigenio, in Dornavius's Amphitheatrum

The diurnals of 176+ mention," on Saturday last, Sapienti.

July 14, died Mrs. Martha Milton, a descendant from i Tristram Shandy, rol. ix, chap. 13,

the great English poet John Milton, aged 70 years.”


the enemy?

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