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believe, that he seldom neglected any opportunity of conversing with young persons about their spiritual state; and that he did much good in that way. One remarkable instance is given by a valuable minister in the same county : “ The first time he came to my father's house, a young brother, then about nine years


age, was sent to shew him the road. In going, Mr. Lewis put some pertinent questions to him; and was so pleased with his answers, that, whenever he called at the house again, he would immediately ask for his young fellow-traveller, and talk to him about the concerns of his soul. My brother, when about fourteen, left home, and associating with some vain young people, soon learnt their evil ways, and became almost their ringleader in wickedness; in which alarming state he continued for about two years.

When Mr. Lewis heard of it, he was much grieve!, and wished for an opportunity of seeing him once more; which he had, by accidentally meeting him on the road. As soon as my brother knew him, he was seized with Horror ; yet he had no more ability to run away than he had courage to face him. Mr. Lewis no sooner recognized him, than he alighter, ran to him, and embraced him with the tenderness of a parent, and with inany tears, said, in Welch, “ On, fy machgen! Ow, fy machgen! pa fodd y diengaist?” Oh, my lad, my lad ! how camest thou to desert ?' - There is reason to believe, that what he said to him then, made a lasting imprese sion; for he soon after gave the church a satisfactory account of a work of grace on his soul; was received as a member, and has been erabled ever since to arlorn his profession." The same minister adds, “ I had once the happiness of accompanying bim through most of the counties of South Wales; and trust that his example was much blessed to me. He talked to the young people in the families of his acquaintance with so much love and tenderness, as scidom failed to produce tears; and I do think that he was often very useful in this way."-When he was dying, a youth was observed weeping; and when asked the cause of it, he replied, “ It is not so much that Mr. Lewis is dying, as that I am destitute of religion : for he used to say, that he hoped to see me become religious before he died." It is hoped that this young man sought and obtained what he saw the necd of; for he has since joined the church. - From what has been said of this good man, it evidently appears that he naturally possessed very strong passions : and it is readily confessed that, as he warmly expressed his love to persons, he would sometimes very plainly shew his disapprobation of things which he thought to be wrong. This frequently subjected him to the charge of being irritable and hasty. He spake as he felt, out of the pulpit, as well as in it; for he no sooner felt than he made known his feelings hy words, except circumstances - prevented ; and even then they might be read in his countenance by any one that knew him.---This is the only fault in his outward conduct that I ever

heard mentioned ; and I do not think it often, if ever, offended his friends ; for they were generally obliged to acknowledge that what he reproved was an impropriety; they knew his honest bluntness ; that he retained no anger, and that the appearance of it in his

manner, was a cause of greater grief to himself than to others.

He never attempted to sing; and yet no man enjoyed that part of divine worship more than he did ; especially when people secmed to sing with the Spirit. He used sometimes to say, “I cannot sing myself now, but I shall sing yet as loud as any of you.” He was married in the year 1793; but never had any children. Mrs. Lewis was a member of the Independent Church at Bala, - proved a help-meet to her husband, -n survives to lament his loss. There is not much more to be said respecting Mr. Lewis's last illness than that, as he was drawing nearer the end of life, he was evidently ripening for glory. He was particularly desirous of two things; viz. That he might be kept from bringing any dishonour on the cause of Christ; and that his life and usefulness might end together : -and these two requests were granted him. A fortnight before his death, he made an exchange with a neighbouring minister; preacher twice, and each time in both languages; administered the Lord's Supper, and baptized a child. Some of the people observed that, though he seernal feeble when out of the pulpit, he was, while in it, as strong and lively as ever; and that all he said savoured of Heaven. On the last Lord's Dry but one, he preached in the country from 2 Thes. ii. 16 ; but bis illness was then increased. On the Friday following, there was a meeting of the members at his own house; when he read, expounded, and prayed; and, from his frame of mind, the people concluded that he would soon leave th ?m. In prayer, he committed them all to the care of the great Snepherd; earnestly intreating him to send them a faithful pastor, according to bis own heart and theirs.

Lord's Day, Nov. 21, 1805, was the last day he spent on carth. That evening he sat in his chair, and conversed with the people in rather an unusually cheerful frame; but, somitime in the night, he became very ill, and continued so till a little after mid. night, when he departed this life to enjoy an eternal Sabbath. His remains were attended to the grave, in the parish churchyard, on the Wednesday following, by a mourning people, and a few neighbouring ministers. The company went from the grave into the Meeting-house, where a discourse was rlelivered by his namesake, of Wrexham, from 1 Cor. xv. 50. In the evering, Rev. J. Roberts, of Llanbrynmair, and Rev. G. Lewis, of Llanu webllyn preached; the latter, hy desire, from Mat. xxv. 21, “ Well done, thou good and faithiul servant," &c. - My the eximple of this good servant provoke many ministers to dili. gerce!and may all Christianis pray that the Lord of the lar.

vest would send forth more labourers into his harvest, and carefully guard against the intrusion of others ! -- that there may be greater purity in doctrine and discipline, and that God may have more glory!

J. L.


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A correspondent desires to know the true meaning of these words : 66 And will by no means clear the guilty.As they immediately follow that charming declaration of the name of the Lord, - " Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin;" and as they precede an awful threatening, “Visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children,' Q? Q. is at a loss to understand them.

The difficulty is certainly great; as they seem to contradict the encouraging declaration which Jehovah was pleased to make to Moses on that memorable occasion, when He had promised to make all his goodness pass before him, and to proclaim his NAME.”

It is always with reluctance that we should depart from the excellent translation of the Bible which we possess; but in some few instances this is unavoidable. The reader will observe, that the words in the above text, the guilty, are printed in Italic letters, which is a signal that they are not in the original; the other words, by no means clear, or, claring he will not clear, signify, extirpating, he will not extirpati, or, utterly extirpate the wicked; that is, idolaters particularly ;---but, when he visiis for this sin, he will confine himself to the chastisement of the third or fourth generation, at farthest; and so not utterly cut off and destroy a whole people for this provoking iniquity; and that this is the meaning of the passage, appears probable from the use that Moses makes of it in Num. xiv. 17, &c. “And now, I beseech thee, let the power of my Lord be great, according as thou hast spoken, saying, The Lord is long-suffering, and of great mercy, forgiving iniquity and transgression, and by no means,” or, as we would render it, "not utterly extirpating (though visiting) the iniquity (i.e. the idolatry) of the fathers upon the children, unto the third and fourth generation : pardon, I beseech thee, the iniquity of this people;' and (ver. 15.)“ not destroy all this people as one man:" and thus, as Bishop Patrick observes, * Moses urges these words as an argument why God should not destroy the Israelites as one man; which would have been very improper, if God would“ by no means clear the guilty *.” B.

* The learned reader may consult Poole, and other critical writers. – Poole says, Evacuando non evacuabit, visitans peccata patrum, &c. i.e. etiam quando succenset et punit, non tamen prorsus succidit, sed in 3. tantum aut 4. progenicm. Quce interpretatio tanto magis allubescit, quia Aum. xiv. 18. hæc ipsu verba Nioses, &c. Confirmatur cx Jer. xxx. li. et 46, 28 Castigubo le ad judiciain, i. e. moderatè, &c.


To mixed marriages is ascribed the corruption of the old world. Gen. vi. They were forbidden to Israel. Deut. vii. 3, 4. They were the immediate cause of Solomon's apostacy, and produced the most unhappy consequences among the Jews, after their return from the Babylonish captivity. Ezra, chap. ix. x. O that the disciples of the blessed Jesus, who live under a much purer dispensation, were more conscientious in examining the sacred pages of the New Testament ! They would there find that a carnal professor is as unfit a partner to a real Christian as ever the most ignorant Heathen could have been to a Jew. The carnal mind, from the fall of Adam to the present day, in every age, and in both sexes, is “ enmity against God.” Rom. viii. 7. It has often been urged, by advocates for mixed marriages, especially young professors, in making choice of a wife, that if she have the form of godliness, a believing husband may be the mean of bringing her to know its power; and they refer to St. Paul to sanction this opinion. 1 Cor. vii. 10-16. The redressing an existing evil is one thing; the avoiding it is quite another matter. The apostle, in the passage quoted, is giving directions to converted Gentiles, how to treat their partners to whom they were married previously to their conversion to Christianity. It was in the days of their ignorance they formed the connection; and the religion they now professed, so far from dissolving the ties of marriage, served to fix them upon more lasting principles: however, in this case, the intimacies of the marriage-state were sanctified to the believer, whether husband or wife, not, withstanding their partner remained unconverted. But I fear it is otherwise with those who presumptuously join hands with unbelievers with such expectations, contrary to the express injunction of Scripture!

To the unmarried, St. Paul speaks in another manner : --- To such he says, “ Marry only in the Lord.” I Cor. vii. 39. “ Be - not unequally yoked iogether with unbelievers.” 2 Cor. vi. 14. The Scriptures are so plain on this subject, that an attempt to make it clearer, would be like holding up a candle to the sun. Mixed marriages are not more unscriptural in their nature than destructive in their consequences of social happiness and domestic peace. Mixed marriages are inimical to the very spirit and genius of Christianity, and produce consequences the most deplorable among the children of God. Much is it to be wished, that the upper servants of the sanctuary were more scrupulously attentive to the will of their Master and their own best interests, in secking their partners of life... Would they consider what a handle they afford to the enemies of religion, when they behold thein" yoked together with unbelievers,” and how they, by their example, lead weak Christians to their hurt, if not to their ruin, it might well check

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any passionate fondness for the most splendid personal accomplishment, or the fairest prospect of pecuniary advantage, in preference to the more lasting and lovely ornaments of a “ meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price.” 1 Pet iii. 4. In the case of marriage, it is awfully realized that the love of money is the root of all evil, - which, while some have covetted after, they have erred froin the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows." The Christian should make the will of God the reason, and his glory the aim and the end of his desires and his actions. This can never be the actuting principle of such as join in affinity with his enemies. No temptation whatever can excuse a departure from the revealed will of God, when it is known.

Mixel murriages portend irreparable evil to society, and are big with mischief to the Church of Christ. Alas! the rising geo neration will afford ample proof to the truth of this assertion. Example is allowed to make a deeper impression than either precept or admonition. Hence we see that the careless conduct of a bad parent is more naturally followed by his children than the most pious instructions and faithful exhortations of a good parent; when such are unhappily joined. But indeed, it is no uncommon thing to sea children of such parents neglected altogether, as to their religious instraction; while the one is careles, and cannul, the other becomes weary, and will not take the trouble to instruct them. Perhaps, after some ietb'e endeavours to bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord,” they faint under the discouraging circumstances in wbich they find themselves placed ; and because no present blossoms appear, despair of their ever bearing fruit.

Piety is a delicate flower, easily injured, and often crushed, in this bowling wilderness; and unless taith be kept in exercise, will wither and decay; and how is it likely to be otherwise, when a Christian is joined to one who is altogether a stranger to the dignified and tenckr tuetings which aciuate bis soul! How ever amiable in other respects, however condescending and kind, abe never can, in a spiritual tenx", " rejoice with him when he I joiçes; nor weep wth bim when he weeps.

when he weeps.” Is his mind rutlles in his intercourse with a wicked world : is he crossed by Providence in his lawiul calling ?

much a person is quite unfit to ease the burden, by pointing unit tor his support the animating promises of a faithtiil God, who has provised to sanctify the affictions of his chidan, iuni wake all things work together for their goul: much less is sive capable of alleviating the pains of a youscled consciencs, smuirting under the guilt of omitted duty, or some direct violation of the law ot' bis God. The

prayer Huth in the best nelicine in such a cise; but of this she is inlib?pable: emil, in such circumstances, his own prayer will probably be hindered.

But the most awful consideiation is, the prospect of an eternal


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