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I wish he may have the leisure to cul- say, that as the king never mentioned the tivate, and the skill to encourage

will more, whispers only by degrees inthem, with due regard to merit, other

formed the public that the will was burnt ;

the contents of course were never ascerwise, it is better to neglect them. You,

tained; but rumour assigned to the Duchess Sir, have pointed out the true sources,

of Kendal forty thousand pounds, and a and the best examples, to your Coun- large legacy to the Queen of Prussia. trymen. They have nothing to do, but

“ Discoursing,” says his Lordship, to be what they once were; and yet, with Lady Suffolk, on that suppressed ‘perhaps, it is more difficult to restore testament, she made the only plausible good taste to a nation that has de- shadow of an excuse that could be made generated, than to introduce it in for George the Second ; she told me that one, where, as yet, it has never flour

George the First had burnt two wills made ished. You are generous enough to adds, “ of the First George could only pal

in favour of his son.”_" The crime,” he wish, and sanguine enough to foresee, liate, not justify, the criminality of the that it shall one day flourish in Eng- Second; for the Second did not punish the land. I too must wish, but can hardly guilty, but the innocent. But bad precedents extend my hopes so far. It is well are always dangerous, and too likely to be for us that you do not see our public copied.” exhibitions,—but our artists are yet

October 14, 1778. in their infancy, and therefore I will I THINK you take in no newspapers, not absolutely despair.

nor, I believe, condescend to read any I owe to Mr Howe the honour I

more modern than the Paris à la main have of conversing with Count Alga- at the time of the Ligue conserotti, and it seems as if I meant to in- quently, you have not seen a new dulge myself in the opportunity: but scandal on my father, which, you will I have done, Sir ;-1 will only add, not wonder, offends me. You cannot that I am proud of your approbation, be interested in his defence, but as it having no relish for any other fame comprehends some very curious anecthan what is confer'd by the few real dotes, you will not grudge me inJudges, that are so thinly scattered dulging myself to a friend in vindiover the face of the earth.-I am, Sir, cating a name so dear to me. with great respect,

In the account of Lady ChesterYour most obliged humble servant, . field's death and fortune, it is said,


that the late king, at the instigation of A. S. E.

Sir R. W., burnt his father's will, Il Conte Francesco Algarotti

which contained a large legacy to that Ciambellan di S. M. Il

his supposed daughter, and I believe Ré di Prussia &c. &c. &c.

his real one, (for she was very like Bolognia

him,) as her brother General "SchuItalia

lembourg is in black to the late king. The fact of suppressing the will is indubitably true; the instigator most false, as I can demonstrate thus.

When the news arrived of the death [The following letter of Horatio Walpole,

of George I., my father carried the

account from Lord Townshend to the Lord Orford, in defence of Sir Robert Wal. pole, against a charge of his having insti- then Prince of Wales. One of the gated George II. to burn his father's will, first acts of royalty is for the new contains a curious history, which is but par- monarch to make a speech to the privy tially told in the 6th chapter of his “ Re- council. Sir Robert asked the king, miniscences.”—“At the first council,” he who he would please to have draw the says,

held by the new sovereign (George speech; which was, in fact, asking II.), Dr Waké, archbishop of Canterbury; who was to be prime minister. His produced the will of the late king, and Majesty replied, Sir Spencer Comp, delivered it to the successor, expecting it would be opened, and read in council. On

ton.* It is a wonderful anecdote, and the contrary, his majesty put it in his pocket, and stalked out of the room, without * “ Sir Spencer Compton,” says Lord uttering a word on the subject. The poor Orford, “ was speaker of the House of prelate was thunderstruck, and had not the Commons, and treasurer, I think, at that presence of mind, or the courage, to demand time to his Royal Highness, who, by that the testament's being opened ; or, at least, first command, implied his intention of to have it registered." "He then goes on to making Sir Spencer his prime minister. He



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little known, that the new premier, a Duke of N—; the late Lord Waldevery dull man, could not draw the grave shewed me a letter from that speech, and the person to whom he Duke to the Earl of Waldegrave, then applied was—the deposed premier. Embassador at Paris, with directions The Queen, who favoured my father, about that transaction, or at least observed how unfit a man he was for about payment of the pension, I forget successor, who was reduced to beg which. I have somewhere, but cannot assistance of his predecessor. The turn to it now, a memorandum of that council met as soon as possible, the affair, and who the prince was, whom next morning at latest. Then Arch- I may mistake in calling the Duke of bishop Wake, with whom one copy of Wolfenbuttle. There was a third copy the will had been deposited, (as an- of the will, I likewise forget with other was, I think, with the Duke of whom deposited.

The newspapers Wolfenbuttle, who had a pension for say, which is true, that Lord Chestersacrificing it, which, I know, the late field filed a bill in Chancery against Duke of Newcastle transacted,) ad- the late king, to oblige him to produce vanced and delivered the will to the the will, and was silenced, I think, by king, who put it into his pocket, and payment of £20,000. There was anwent out of council without opening other legacy to his own daughter, the it; the archbishop not having courage, Queen of Prussia, which has at times or presence of mind, to desire it to be been, and I believe is still, claimed by read, as he ought to have done. the King of Prussia.

These circumstances, which I so- Do not mention any part of this lemnly assure you are strictly true, story; but it is worth preserving, as I prove that my father neither advised, am assured you are satisfied of my nor was consulted ; nor is it credible scrupulous veracity. It may, perhaps, that the king, in one night's time, be authenticated hereafter, by collashould have passed from the intention teral evidence that may come out. If of disgracing him, to make him his ever true history does come to light, bosom confidant in so delicate an my father's character will have just affair.

honour paid to it. Lord Chesterfield, I was once talking to the late Lady one of his sharpest enemies, has not, Suffolk, the former mistress, on that with all his prejudices, left a very unextraordinary event. She said, “I favourable account of him, and it cannot justify the deed to the legatees, would alone be raised by comparison but towards his father, the late king of their two characters. Think of one, it was justifiable; for George I. had who calls Sir Robert the corrupter of burnt two wills made in favour of youth, leaving a system of education George II.”-I suppose they were the to poison them from their nursery ! testaments of the Duke and Duchess Chesterfield, Pulteney, and Bolingof Zell, parents of George the First's broke, were the saints that reviled my wife, whose treatment of her they father. always resented.

I beg your pardon, but you allow I said I know the transaction of the me to open my heart to you when it

is full. Yours ever, was a worthy man, of exceeding grave for

H. W. mality, but of no parts--as his conduct immediately proved. The poor gentleman was so little qualified to accommodate himself to the grandeur of the moment, and to conceive how a new sovereign should address

PEROR OF MOROCCO'S LETTER TO himself to his ministers, and he had also QUEEN ANNE; BY SIMON OCKLEY. been so far from meditating to supplant the premier, that in his distress it was to Sir

Har. MSS. 7525. Robert himself he had recourse, and whom he besought to make the draught of the In the name of the most merciful king's speech for him ;"2" from that mo- God; he that depends upon God goment,” he adds, " there was no more ques- eth straight to the right way. From tion of Sir Spencer Compton as prime mini, the servant of God, the Emperor of

He was created an earl, soon received the garter, and became president of that the Believers, who maketh war for council, at the head of which he was much the cause of the Lord of both worlds, fitter to sit than to direct.”-Lord Orford's Ismael Ebn Asshariph Alhossnai, To Reminiscences.

the Queen of the English, nay of EngVOL. IV,





land, and the Mistress of the great God will. Wherefore be kind to our Parliament thereof, happiness to every servant with respect. one that followeth the right way, and Written the first of the glorious believes in God, and is so directed.

Ramadan, in the


1125. This premised, we have heard from more than one of the comers and goers from that country, that thou hast seized our Armenian servant, a person of great esteem. We sent him to thee to compose a difference between Morning-Scenes in the Dressing-room us and thee, and we wrote to thee of a rich Roman Lady. concerning him, that thou shouldst use him well. Then after this we (From the German of Böttiger.) heard that thou hadst set him at liba erty. But for what reason didst thou

SCENE I. take him, and for what reason didst thou set him at liberty ? Hath he ex- Sabina comes from her Bed-chamber ceeded any covenant, or hath he made into her Dressing-room-Restaura. any covenant with thee and broke it? tions--Skaphion brings the Asses We had not sent him unto thee but Milk-Phiale the Paint-Stimme upon the account of our knowledge the black Eye-tincture Mastiche the and assurance of his understanding Teeth. and integrity; and when he resolved upon his journey into that country, In the Royal Museum at Portici, awe gave directions to dispatch some mong the immense numbers of ancient of our affairs. Wherefore we wrote paintings brought from Herculaneum unto thee concerning him, and said, and Pompeii, there are four little If thou hast any necessity or business pieces which have attracted particular with us, he will convey it to us from attention, for this reason, that they thee. And we said unto thee, speak were not, like the others, painted up with him, which if it should be, what on the wall, but attached to it sepathou talkest about with him will come rately, a circumstance which implies to us, without addition or diminu- that, by their possessors, fifteen huntion.

dred years ago, they had been regardAs for what our servant Alkaid Ali ed as of something more than common Abdo’llah did to

thy ser

value. The third of these pieces revant the Christian, by God we know presents the dressing-chamber of an nothing of it, nor gave him any per- Herculanean lady. One of the virtumission as to any thing that passed osi, who have described the curiosities between them. And in the instant of Portici, speaks of it in these terms: that we heard from him that he had А

young woman is standing among taken thy man, we commanded him her attendants; one of these dresses her to set him at liberty, and he set him hair, another sits by her, a third stands at liberty forth with, out of hand; and near; they are all elegantly attired.” from that we never shewed any favour After having bestowed a more accurate to Alkaid Ali, nor was our mind right attention upon this beautiful and neartowards him till he died.

ly uninjured painting as engraved in Our Christian servant, the mer- the Pitture D'Erculano,* I am inclina chant (Balih), told us that thou hadsted to suppose that the following would a mind to an ostrich, and we gave be a more correct description of it. It him two, a male and a female, which is a family piece, representing a moshall come to thee if God will. And ther with her two beautiful daughters, lo, O Secretary! the goods of our ser- whose features sufficiently indicate vant, much esteemed with us, when their relation to her. The mother is he cometh he shall bring what is seated upon a chair somewhat elevated, with him, if it please God. And we with a footstool before it, of the kind are in expectation of thy messenger, always mentioned, as constituting a the ambassador ; and if he comes, hé principle article of ornamental furnishall see nothing from us but what is ture in the female apartments of these fair, and we will deliver to him the Christians, and do what he pleases, if * Pitture D'Erculano, t. iv. tab. xliii.

times,--adorned with carving, gilding, knights or senators, who robbed whole coverlids, and cushions, all of the most countries, who saw kings at their feet, costly execution and quality. With who brought hundreds of slaves of her right hand she leans tenderly up- every complexion from their subjuon her younger daughter, whose face gated provinces, to administer to the is turned to her with an affectionate pomp of their Roman insulæ, or their expression. On the other side stands Italian villas. the elder daughter. occupied with a A whole regiment of female slaves, female slave, who is arranging some- each having her own particular dething in the back part of her hair. In partment in the great work of the other respects her dress is already fi- toilette or the wardrobe, attended on nished, the hair is encircled with a the nod of the Domina ; for by that double band, in the front it is fasten- name was she called by her domestics, ed with long dressing-pins, whose no less than by her lovers and depenheads alone are visible; the locks be- dants. That great painter of manners, hind float in careless ringlets over the Lucian, has given us a true and lively shoulders. The whole dress, with its description of the levée of one of these exquisite border, the ear-rings, arm- ladies, which we shall begin with lets, &c. shew that the day is that of translating. a festival. It may be, that the scene Could any one see this fair crearepresents a bride in the attire of her ture," says Lucian, “at the moment wedding-day. Near her, upon a beau- when she awakes from her sleep, he tiful little table, a white and blue band would have no great difficulty in belies beneath a dressing-box, together lieving him to be in company with a with a few green leaves, probably meant monkey or baboon,-according to all for an offering-garland. At the foot of authorities a bad omen to begin the the table there stands a slender gently- day with. It is for this reason she curved ewer. The whole gives us a takes especial care that no male eyes view of a female toilette of that age shall see her at this hour. Now she and country, in which the most agree takes her seat amidst a circle of officiable mixture was exhibited of Grecian ous old hags and dainty waiting damtaste with Roman splendour.

sels, whose skill and dexterity are all We hear much and often of the ex- zealously engaged to call from their travagant and costly dresses of the Ro- grave the dead charms of their misman ladies of that age, when the spoils trèss. To wash sleep from the eyes and luxuries of a plundered world were with a basin of fresh well-water, and all collected in the imperial city; when then set alertly and merrily about the the whole earth was ruled by the proud management of household concerns Romans, and these by their yet proud- what a tasteless old-fashioned idea ! er wives. Many of our readers, we No, the first concerns to be attended doubt not, will consider a peep into to are the salves, and powders, and the morning and toilette hours of a essences, and lotions! The room has lady of that time, as likely to furnish the appearance of a millinery shop. nearly as much amusement as the per- Every slave has her own department usal of a heroic romance, founded on at the toilette : one bears a silver washthe manners of our tilting and tour- hand-basin, another a silver pot-denaying forefathers, or a tale of ghosts chambre, another a silver ewer, others and goblins in the Radcliff taste. They hold up as many looking-glasses and may perhaps remember something of a boxes as the apartment will admit of; description of this sort in the travels and in all these, nothing but Deceit, of Anacharsis ; but there, they will and Treachery, and Falsehood-in one, recollect, they saw only the modes and teeth and gums in another, eyelashes fashions of the retired and domestic and eyebrows, and such like trumpery. matrons of Athens. In Rome, things But the most, both of art and time, wore a quite different aspect. The are devoted to the hair. Some, that most luxurious lady of an English Na- have the rage for turning their natubob, the most expensive Knesin of St rally black locks into white and yelPetersburgh, however extravagant her low, besmear them all over with salves, wishes may be, can never hope for a and then expose them to be sucked in a moment to rival the profuse splen- and burned in under the sun's rays at dour which was daily commanded noontide. Others are contented to keep by the wife of one of those Roman them as black as they are ; but they



lavish the whole substance of their sembles, in the morning, a wall with husbands upon them, so that the whole ill-mixed and bursting plaster,--and of Arabia breathes from the hair of so indeed the great satirist Juvenal has one of them. Burning lotions are kept described it. boiling on the fire to crimp and twist

“ Interea fæda aspectu ridendaque multo what nature has made smooth and Pane tumet facies sleek. The hair of one must be Tandem aperit vultum et tectoria prima rebrought down from the head, and ponit, taught to lie close to the eyebrows, Incipit agnosci.” lest the Cupids, I suppose, should have I

If we take into our consideration the too much play-ground on the fore- fact that, in addition to all this, our head; but behind, the locks float over Domina had laid aside, with the rest the back in bundles of vanity."* of her dress, several not unimportant

But is it not possible that Lucian items of the “human face divine,” has been too hard upon the poor la- such, for example, as the eyebrows, dies of his age ? Lucian was a great the teeth, the hair, &c. and that theresatirist, but he had so much wit; that fore she probably bore much more we, for our parts, do not suspect him likeness to the death's head, over which of having had frequent recourse to ca- Hamlet moralized, than to the living ricature. Were it necessary, however, model of the Venus of Praxiteles,—we to bring any authority in confirmation shall, perhaps, upon the whole, be of his, we might point out abundant forced to admit that Lucian's comparipassages, at least as strong as the above, son of the monkey was, if not the in the most reverend fathers of the most gallant that he might have sechurch, particularly from the Peda- lected, the most graphic, piquant, and gogus of Clement of Alexandria, but just. In truth, old Ennius had obą most of all from that invaluable mine served the same likeness several cenof information, Tertullian's famous turies before ; treatise on the Dress of Women. But here too, we well know that our au

“ Simia quam similis turpissima Bestia

nobis.” thorities would be represented as suspicious, and the over austerity of these what is, properly speaking, the dresse,

Before, however, Sabina comes into divines would be said to have incapar ing-room, her own body-damsel, the citated them from giving a just account

much-teased Smaragdis, has already of things as they stood. Our fair readers, however, must ascribe it to their performed certain little services about own well-known spirit of incredulity, these lazy lords and ladies of the world,

her person, the signal for which, from that we trouble them even with the

was a crack of the fingers.* threatening of such formidable citations.

Our Domina--without injury to all the other ladies, Roman and not Ro- all, in the famous question put into the

* There is not much of caricature, after man, who bore the same name, she mouth of a Roman lady by Juvenal." Is may be called Sabina—at her first a

then a slave a man ?" That idea, if not wakening is any thing but an amiable expressed openly in words, was the ruling object. Perhaps Lucian's similitude principle of much of their conduct_it was of the she-baboon may not be far a- one part of this to give directions to their miss. But you shall judge for your- slaves, not by language, but by nods and selves. According to the custom of gestures. The pious Clement of Alexandria, her times, she had placed on her face for this reason, mentions the cracking of over-night, a plaster of bread soaked the fingers (ós dice twv daxTuawn fopon, Twe in asses' milk. The inventor of this in which slavery brought men down to the

οικετων προκλητικοι) as instances of the mode embrocation, by means of which the condition of beasts. The digitis concrepare skin was rendered very soft and white, was a common signal to the servant in wait. was the illustrious Poppæa, the wife ing; but its most usual meaning was, that of Nero, and it had preserved her he or she should bring the pot-de-cham

During the night, part of bre. It is thus, that in the Trimalchio of the beauty-plaster had been sucked Petronius we read, “ Trimalchio homo lau

tissimus digitos concrepuit ad quos signum into, and part of it had dried


spado ludenti matellam supposuit. In face, so that Sabina's physiognomy re

one of Martial's epigrams, we read of a

Castratus, who was, it seems, skilful in this Amores, T. ii. p. 440. ed. Wetsten. part of his vocation, * delicatæ sciscitator


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