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« mortal. I must likewise think, that writers on the inflams mation of the intestines do not represent strongly enough the
languor and low small pulse which such patients generally have, more than in most other diseases. It is such, that I have seen several cases, where people of skill, deceived by
these symptoms, have been afraid to order blood-fetting, left & the patient had not strength to bear it, and thereby neglect6 ed this evacution till it was too late. When there is a fixed
pain in the stomach, or intestines, with a quick, tho' fmall pulse, no time is to be loft; blood ought immediately to be
let plentifully, and venæfection should be repeated till the 4 pulse become full and free, which is a hopeful tign of a cure's
being made, tho' neither pain nor fever have yet ceased.' Art. 28. A history of a genuine Volvulus of the Intestines; by
Alexander Monro, junior, M. D. &c. Dr. Monro, senior, in the preceding article had observed, that the Volvulus, or twisting a part of the intestines into a knot, was a very rare case; but, as an inftance that it is not impossible, he quotes this history, which was communicated to him by his son. Art. 29. A description of the American Yellow Fever, in a letter
from Dr. John Lining, Physician at Charles-Tawon, in SouthCarolina, to Dr. Robert Whytt.
The dreadful ravages this fatal visitor makes, wherever it comes, renders it an object of universal concern. Dr. Lining has fully and accurately described it, but his description will not admit of
any abbreviation. Art. 30. Answer to an objection against Inoculation, by Ebenezer
Gilchrist, M. D. Physician at Dumfries. The objection is this : “ The small-pox in the ordinary way " is designed by nature as a drain, to clear the constitution of ", some grofs humours, which, if not carried off in this way, “would bring on other dangerous diseases; and, for the most
part, end in death, before persons arrive at middle age. Now, “ say the objectors, the suppuration, where the small-pox is in“ oculated, is so inconsiderable, that it cannot be supposed suf« ficient to clear the body of those humours which are the pa“ rent of other destructive difeempers. Besides, say they, this " theory is juftified by facts and experience. Upon enquiry, it " is found, that in thofe places where inoculation has most
prevailed, particularly in and about Dumfries, there are as
many that die in childhood, and before they arrive at the “ age of twenty, as formerly, even including thofe who are
“ cut off by the small-pox. If this is the cafe, then inocula« tion is to no purpose."
With respect to the facts, Dr. Gilchrift replies, In order ? fully to satisfy myself and others, I have not trufted wholly
to my own opinion ; but conversed with all who have been long and principally concerned in inoculating, through an extensive country and we can affirm, that of the inoculated, few are dead. Two or three of an hundred are the most we can recollect; but supposing them more, it is far short of the number that in ordinary circumstances die before twenty. Nor are we mistaken, do we think, when we say, that they are uncommonly healthy; which the small
proportion that are dead will readily fuggeft to every one. It • is impossible to be very exact; but it is fufficiently evident to • us, that the fate of the inoculated is much the reverse of • what is objected. If this is true every where, as here it
certainly has been hitherto, we are led to a very material • discovery; and that which was intended as an unanswerable
objection, by giving occafion to a pretty careful enquiry,
has accidentally furnished a new argument in favour of (inoculation, and a further proof of the great benefit of it.
Long use has shewn it to be a real security against the preç vailing malignity of a very mortal distemper; and the pre
fent inítance affords a strong prefumption, that it is, in its
consequences, no less a preservation from many diseases in. i cident to a period of life the most fatal to mankind.
As to the theory in the objection, it is more philosophi cał, perhaps, to argue thus: The fever of the fmaltapox, communicated in the infant state, not only destroys, or expells the latent feeds of diseases, before they are by time and s accidents perfected, and put into action; but causes such an
alteration of the humours, as may inake thern less fuscep. tible of any morbid impressions: and the vessels being so soon accustomed, before they become rigid, to certain motions and extensions, the body is rendered ever after more passive to the impulses of any subsequent 'diftemper; which there
fore will be attended with less danger. This is agreeable to • experience; for, one who has suffered an acute illness, will
bear fickness better than another, they had the like
diitemper, and be less overconie by it." Art. 31. A proposal of a new Method of curine fructed Men
jes; by Dr. Archibald Hamilton, Physician at Burgh.
The method here propuled, is by a mechanical cornpresion of the external Iliacs; the utility of which is evinced by an inTtance of its success.
Art. 32. -A Dropsy unexpectedly cured ; 9 by Thomas Livingston,
Physician at Aberdeen 100
Convulsions ; by Cornwell Tathwell, M. D. Physician at
In the first of these cases, confidering the periods of the fit's
ver al places of North Britain, and of a shock of an Earthquake felt at Dumbarton. "As these accounts contain nothing more remarkable than what appeared in the public papers relative to thele convulfions of nature, happily uncommon in Great Britain, we shall, without particularizing them here, close this article.
Pisa A. Cornelius Celsus of Medicine, in eight books. Tranjated, with - Notes critical and explanatory. By James Grievé, M. D.' 8vo. 6s. Wilson and Durham.
S it must be fuperAuous to say any thing of an author so sufficient hiterature, we shall confine ourselves to the confide ration of this translation, which may well be called a Work, and was not a very easy one.
Dr. Grieve acquaints us (Preface, p. 15) that he has • tranflated from the editions of Linden, or of Almeloveen' who, he observes, has almost literally followed him. By this it appears, that he has carefully compared them, selecting undoubtedly what he judged the best readings, where they differed. And indeed it is obvious, both froin the preface, and from many notes, occurring throughout the uallation,
that of a middling nourishment, ex media materia, and forbids none but the strongest, in these words --valentiffimam tan tummodo effe removendam; which our Author translates into
that only the strongest is to be refrained. We apprehend here, that this final word is not true English idiom, without annexing the particle from, which it seems to require as indifpensibly, as abstained, would in the fame fenfe, or as the verb and participle to despair, and despaired, require to, or of; after them. Pollably forborn, or avoided, might have answered the purpose, if it had been thought ungraceful to terminate the period in from, it having been, undoubtedly, Dr. Grieve's design to give fo elegant an author a suitable tranflation : but the question is, if the utmoft elegance, in any language, does not neceffarily include a conftant attention to its strict and genuine idiom.
We acknowlege at the same time, with pleasure, that thefe are minute blemishes; which we have quoted, not more in fupport of our observation, and from a principle of impartiality, than as a hint to the ingenious Tranflator, of what may be very easily altered, or avoided, on any fubsequent ccafion; we have met with none that produces any doubt of the Author's fenfe, nor that prevent the general ease and fluency of his diction. As a short fpécimen of its correspondence to the original, we have given the little chapter ont Abstinence, Book II. in the Latin and English.
Abftinentiæ verò duo There are two kinds of abftigenera funt: alterum, ubi nence: one, when the patient takes nihil aflumit æger: alte- no food at all; the other, when he rum,ubi non nifi quod o- takes only what is proper. The beat "portet. Initia morborum ginnings of diseases call for fasting primùm famem fitimque. and thirft: after that, in the diftemars defiderant: ipfi deinde pers themselves, moderation is rent morbi moderationem, ut quired, fo that nothing but what is neque aliud quam expedit proper be taken, and not too much neque ejus ipfius nimium of that; for it is not fit, after fafting, fumatur; neque enim con- to enter immediately upon a full." venit juxta inediam pro- diet. And if this be hurtful, even to tinus fatietatem effe. Quod found bodies, that have been under" fa fanis quoque corporibus the neceffity of wanting food for inutile eft, ubi aliqua ne- some time, how much more is it'fo cefiitas famem fecit, quan- to a weak, not to say a diseased one? to inutilius eft infirma, And there is no one thing more renedum ægro? Neque ulla lieves an indisposed person than a res magis adjuvat laboran- seafonable abftinence. Intemperate tem,