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tors, that every motion of the body of a well- ever he read in the papers the death of any proportioned, unaffected person, gave sufficient distinguished person, ho inimediately got his opportunities for the selection of similar atti- clay ready, in order that he might lose no timo tudes of equal grace; that he considered him- | in case he should be applied to for the purpose self frequently indebted to the simple and un- of taking a caste of the face. As he was re. adorned charity-girl for the best of his atti- turning from Putney Common with the mask tudes; and that these he had often collected of Mr. Pitt's face, he exclaimed to a friend, during his walks in the streets, when the in-pointing to it on the opposite seat of the coach, nocent objects theinselves had been wholly ig.There, I would not take fifty guineas for that norant of his admiration of their positions. mask, I can tell ye.' From this mask and I have also often heard him declare, that the Hoppner's picture, be subsequently produced most successful of his figures displayed in his the statue of that distinguished statesman, Illustrations of Homer, Eschylus, and Dante, which is now crected in the senate house of were procured from similarly natural and un- Cambridge, and for which he received three sophisticated sources."- vol. i. pp. 316-318. thousand guineas. He obtained for the pedes
tal one thousand, and for seventy-four marble ** Whenever Nollekens was asked, in the busts, and about six hundred casts, of Mr. Pitt, presence of his wife, if he had any family, she he had eleven thousand more, amounting in all would answer, pointing to his figures, 'A very
to fifteen thousand guineas. It is a remarka. great family, Sir; all these are Mr. Nolle- ble circumstance, that in consequence of some kens's children; and as they behave so well, trifling and unintentional offence, Mr. Pitt aland never make a noise, they shall be his re
ways refused to sit to Nollekens. In this re. presentatives;' at the same time making a
spect, however, the late Lord Londonderry most formal courtesy to Mr. Nollekens."
was no imitator of his great master. An anco361.
dote is told of his visit to the sculptor's study,
which must not be omitted. "I have been assured by Mr. Turner, the
" When the late Marquis of Londonderry Royal Academician, that when he solicited
was sitting for his bust, coals were at an enorMr. Nollekens for his subscription to The Ar
mous price; and the noble Lord, who had been tists' Fund,' he inquired how much he wanted
for some time shivering in his seat, took the from him; Only a guinea,' was the answer ;
opportunity, when the sculptor went out for opon which tho Sculptor immediately opened
more clay, of throwing some cools upon the a table-drawer, and gave Mr. Turner thirty fire. oh my good Lord, I don't know what guineas, saying, “There, take that.' Mr. Mr. Nollekens will say ! exclaimed Mrs. NolBailey, the Royal Academician, was also
lekens, who was bolstered up and bound to an equally surprised, when he applied to him on
old night.cbair by the fire-side : Never mind, behalf of the 'Artists' Society,' to which he is
my good lady,' answered his lordship; 'tell a subscriber."- vol. i. p. 364.
him to put them into my bill.' Lonsdale, the Does it not seem, therefore, rather hard to
portrait-painter, who found him one severe pin upon poor Nollekens the title of a miser? winter's evening starving himself before a hand. of the roughness of his manners, however, ful of fire, requested to be permited to throw There can be no doubt. The following is a cha.
a few coals on; and before Mr. Norlekens could racteristic speciinen of them:
reply, on they were. Lonsdale, strongly sus. " Nollekens being once in expectation of a pecting that they would be taken off as soon as very high personage to visit his studies, was
ho was gone, was determined to be convinced; dressed to receive him; and after walking up
and when he had reached the street-door, pre. and down the passage for nearly an hour, be.
lended to have forgotten something, re-as. ing deprived of the advantage of using his
cended to the room, and found him, as he sug. clay, for fear of spoil his clothes, he at
pected, taking them off with the fire-feeder, so length heard the equipave arrive. According strongly recoinmended to him by ihe Bishop of to his usual custom, he opened the street-door,
St. Asaph; at the same time inuttering to and as the illustrious visiter alighted, he cried
himself, • shumeful! shameful extravagance !' out, 'So, you're come at last! why, you are an
He never left the kind-hearted Lonsdale a le. hour beyond your time ; you would not have gacy; at least, I know of none ; though it was found me at home, if I had had any where to
his intention to have put him down in a former have gone in, I assure you!'"-Vol. ii. p. 398.
will for 10001.”-vol.'ii. pp. 48, 49.
Mrs. Nollekens died in 1817, in the seventy.
fourth year of her age. After her death, our
He be- was confined much to his bed, and became
phical sketches of Roubiliac, Proctor, Zoffany,
We are happy to observe, that they amusement, small figures in clay, either singly are untinged by any of that personal ill will or in groups. of these he accumulated a which we have complained of as manifesting great number as he never sold them, and gave itself too frequently, and too bitterly, in almost sway but a few of them as presents. When. every thing that relates to Nollekong.
From the New Monthly Magazino. Words of triumphant music!-bear we on
The weight of life, the chain, th' ungenial NO MORE.
air ; * There came a sound of song
Their deathless meaning, when our lasts are From the dark ruins-a faint strain As if some Echo that among
done, Those minstrel halls had slumber*d long,
To learn in joy :-to struggle, to despair Were murmuring into life again.
No more! Ah! where are they, who heard in former hours The voice of song in those neglected bowers?
They are gone-they all are gone!
From the New Monthly Magazine.
Eveninge in Greece. NARES'S LIFE AND ADMINISTRATION No more !-a harp-string's deep, sad, breaking
OF LORD BURGHLEY.* tone,
This is of a good school: by a veteran in A last low summer-breeze, a far-off knell, literature-familiar with the story of the times A dying echo of rich music gone,
in which his hero flourished, and evidently Breathe through those words—those mur- fond of discussing them-bringing to the task murs of farewell
he has undertaken, the advantages of long No more!
practice and matured experience--accustomed
io search and sist, to unravel intricacies, to To dwell in peace with home-affections bound, balance probabilities, and fix results--neither
To know the sweetness of a mother's voice, daunted by labours, nor shrinking from diffTo feel the spirit of her love around,
culties, but boldly diving into the depths of bis And in the blessing of her eye rejoice
subject, and bringing forth treasures new and
No more ! old. His authentic materials were abundant; A dirge-like sound !--to greet the early íriend fully gathering papers and documents, and his
Lord Burghley was a man of business, careUnto the hearth, his place of many days; In the glad song with kindred lips to blend,,
descendants have religiously preserved them. Or join the household laughter by the blaze They have been picked and culled by numbers,
but never with the direct purpose of illustrat
ing the merits of the original possessor. Sin Through woods that shadow'd our first years gularly enough, Lord Burghley has never had
fair justice done him-his actions have never With all our native music in the air; been fully detected and canvassed-though To watch the sunset with the eyes we love, confessedly the leading counsellor of the whole And turn and meet our own heart's answer of Elizabeth's reign, the main spring and supthere
port of a successful government of forty years, No more! at a period when society, thrown into a state
of disturbance by the fermentation of new opiWords of Despair!-get Earth's, all Earth's nions and principles, required the very wisest the wo
and most watchful management while superTheir passion breathes—the desolately deep! intending its subsidence. He bas been mixed • That sound in Heaven-oh! image then the
up, impersonally, with the general governflow of gladness in its tones !--part, to weep-individualizing features of the man.
ment, and has, in a measure, lost some of the No more!
In the common estimate, which after all To watch in dying hope, Affection's wade,
perhaps seldom very widely misses the mark, To see the Beautiful from life depart,
Lord Burghley is the very representative of To wear iinpatiently a recret chain,
prudence and political sagacity-a man of To waste the untold riches of the heart
Macchiavelian cast, not, apparently, very nice No more!
about the means of accomplishing important
ends—the protector of Protestantism and the Through long, long years to 'scok, to strive, to church hierarchy—the persecutor of heretics yearn
--the unscrupulous agent of Elizabeth's worst For human love, and never quench that excesses; bui, at the same time, the resolute thirst ;*
defender of his country's superiority-the seaTo pour the soul out, winning no return, man who safely conducted the vessel among O'er fragile idols, by delusion nursed shoals and quicksands—the pilot that weather
No more ! ed the storni. Let his faults have been what
they may, success has thrown a veil over On things that fail us, reed by reed, to lean,
them, and success, with those at least who To mourn the changed, the far away, the
share the advantages of it, if it be not made dead;
ihe measure of worth exactly, is pretty sure of To send our searching spirits through th' un. seen,
* Memoirs of the Life and Administration Intensely questioning for treasures fled- of the Right Hon. William Cecil, Lord Burgh
No more! ley, Lord High Treasurer of England in the
Reign of Queen Elizabeth. By the Rev. Ed. * “ Jamais, jamais ! Je ne serai aimé comme ward Nares. D. D. Regius Professor of Modern j'aime," was the mouroful expression of Ma. History in the University of Oxford. 2 vole. dame de Stadl.
a liberal construction. Besides, the deprecia- Dr. Nares has taken a large and liberal view tors of Lord Burghley were a defeated, we of the matter, and entered very fully into the need not add, an oppressed party, and a party chief events of the times, the more fairly and notoriously distinguished (we are not speaking completely lo estimate the actions and imwith any invidious allusion to existing circum- portance of the subject of his biography. He stances) for sticking at no calumnies or cor- has successfully traced his agency upon occaruptions; and therefore the less entitled, and sions in which he was before scarcely known the less likely, in the long run, to fix a lasting to have had any share, and has thus been enstain upon those they desire to asperse.
abled effectively to rebut aud remove some Nevertheless, looking to the unmitigated calumnies, and alleviate the pressure of others. facts of Burghley's history-and few do more He finds him to have been a much more influ-the balance is decidedly against him. We ential person in the days of Edward, than he know him to have been charged with betray. was before supposed to have been, and at a ing both Somerset and Northumberland—wo very early period regarded, by the scholars of know bim to have been trusted by the one, the day, and the chief of the reformers, as the and to have acted officially under the other; main pillar, at least politically, of the great and we find him successively in the service of cause of Protestantism. From the very ex. Henry, Edward, Mary, and Elizabeth. The tensive range which the author has taken, the bare facts irresistibly suggest the existence of biography is brought down, in the very consi. pliancy of principle; and yet the known influ- derable volume before us, only to the death of ence he possessed with one party, permanently Mary. This, however, is the period of Cecil's and uninterruptedly, shows a sort of confidence life, with which the public is least acquainted; which nothing surely but consistency, steadi- after Elizabeth's accession, his course is better ness, and sincerity, in no common degree, known; and it is always more interesting, could justify or originate. That he must, more instructive, to trace the rise of an ex. however, have submitted to compliances is in- traordinary person while fighting his way to disputable-the question will be, how far they distinction, than to conteinplate his afterwere warrantable, how far they were specifi. career, when the character is fixed, the authocally prompted by private interests, or how rily established, and all plain sailing. We far they were directed and contributed to the shall, therefore, glance over this early period, establishment of permanent and pervading which will enable us to appreciate the author's good. The end is not to justify the means; success—how far, we mean, he has succeeded but the greatness of the end will nevertheless, in one main object of his performance, roin the eyes apparently of the sober and practi: moving the calumnies which have been pencal moralist, and certainly in the estimate of ned upon Lord Burghley-effacing the stains common observers, excuse occasional obliquity. which have somewhat tarnished the splendour We are much afraid, if it were even nakedly and purity of his fame. stated, that his conformity to Catholic rites Cecil was born in 1520, at Bourne, in Linand practices enabled him to further the in- colnshire, and though not, beyond all dispute, terests of Protestantism, few would be found as his admirers eventually asserted, descended staunch enough to censure him very deeply in a right line from the Roman Cæcilii, yot for conforming; and Dr. Nares, upon due ex- undoubtedly of a very respectable Welsh fami. amination, and full evidence of the fact, dis- ly, the Sitsils. His father was master of the covers reasons for justification, evidently, with robes to Henry VIII. Young Cecil, at the very little difficulty.
age of fourteen, according to the custom of Glancing at the character of the man gene- those tiines, was sent from Grantham school rally, wo must conclude him to have been a to St. John's, Cainbridge, where he was quickvery able person-originally well introduced, ly distinguished by propriety of conduct, and and closely and early connected with a sei of extraordinary acquirements. At a period when men, scholars and statesmen, who were bent Greek was but newly introduced at Cam. apon introducing the “new learning"—when bridge, he entered eagerly into the study of favoured with opportunities for action, active, it; and before he was nineteen actually gavo prompt, and prudent-useful by these qualities volunteer lectures on the language. Greek to political leaders—advanced by them to came in with the “new learning," which in places of trust and confidence, and by his effi- those days meant the new doctrines of Prociency, gaining at every step new influence-testantism, and all the early promoters of when repulsed, never defeated nor disheartened Greek at Cambridge were either avowedly -yielding to the storm, bending till it blew favourers of them, or laboured under the scanover--when associates and patrons were suf- dal of being so.
Cecil's acquaintance lay fering, hiniself by dexterity escaping-when wholly among the leading scholars, all of them thrown out of office by one party, quickly re- older ihan himself, and some considerably 80 called by another from his known experience Smith, Cheke, Parker, Ascham, Bacon-and and promptitude of expedient-and finally, among them seemed destined for academical when what was strictly his own parly reco
distinctions. vered the ascendency, becoining, all competi- Circumstances, however, not at all devetors being now swept away, their sole and ac. loped, diverled him from his course; and at knowledged leader--a post, which in spite of twenly we find him at Gray's Inn, where he court favourites and political enemies, in had the reputation, with great ardour, of troops, be maintained for forty years—a result coupling antiquarian researches with his legal which implies, nn doubt, extraordinary talent, studies. These must have quickly met with but also extraordinary pliancy and manage interruptione, nor indeed is it known that he
was studying for tbe bar. From his father's
position, the court seemed open to him, and a the secretary for the home department. The political career the most obvious. Scarcely had circumstances of the times inade it of consihe been three months at Gray's Inn when he derable importance, and more, as Dr. Nares inarried a sister of Cheke's; and the same suggests, was certainly done in those days by year chance introduced him personally to the letter than now-a suitor could not so readily King's notice. On some occasion, in the pre then be whisked from one end of the country sence chamber, to which his father's office to the other. gave him a ready entrance, he got into a dis The same year Cecil accompanied his pepute with two chaplains in attendance on the tron in the expedition lo Scotland the great Irish chieftain O'Neale, and by dint of rough wooing,"-partly in his capacity of argument fairly reduced then to silence. The " Master of Requests,” or private secretary dispute had been carried on in Latin, was long rather, for the office plainly attached bin to and warm, and excited the notice of some the Protector, and partly also, apparently, as of the courtiers, who, by way of chit-chat, told one of a judge-advocate duumvirate. Ons the King young Cecil's victory. The King Patten, who published an account of the expesent for him forth with, and after a long talk dition, and the battle of Pinkey, calls himself with him, being exceedingly delighted with a judge of the Marshalsea, and speaks of Cecil his ready and prudent answers, desired his as his colleague. Robertson evidently underfather to find out “a suit for him,” which of stood this to be a military appointmentcourse was speedily accomplished, and the re sort of provost-marshalship, and accordingly version of Custos Brevium in the Common calls him judge marshal of the army; but he Pleas accordingly solicited and granted. The may be wholly mistaken, and the office, after dispúte apparently concerned the King's su all, nothing but a civil one, and connected, as premacy-a subject of deep interest with the appears from Patten's title-page, with the MarKing; and Cecil luckily took the right side. shalsea courts. Dr. Nares, who is probably The reversion did not fall in till after the somewhat too much disposed to magnify Cecil King's death, and it is not certainly known before his time, and on all occasions to find that he either obtained any thing else, or ever full employment for him, conjectures that he had another personal interview. But his con may have been consulted in this new capacity, nexions with the court were rapidly increas. or actually engaged in penning state papers, ing. Cheke, his brother-in-law, was appointed but that his quality of private secretary to the tutor to the young prince; and in 1545—his Protector, for such we must persist in thinking first wife dying within two years of the mar it to have been, might call upon him to do. riage-he married one of the learned daugh-Cecil supplied the materials, or at least some ters of Sir Anthony Cooke, himself one of the part of them, to Patten's “ Diarium ExpediPrince's governors. Cooke's other daughters, iionis Scoticæ." being all of them well married, multiplied In the meanwhile Cranmer, who had beCecil's court connexions, and tended of course come paramount in ecclesiastical matters, was materially lo forward his interests.
pushing the progress of the Reformation, or Through Cheke apparently he became “Restoration," as Dr. Nares would have it known also to Somerset (then Lord Hertford) called, in every possible way; and, among and Cranmer; and immediately on the acces other changes, the bishops were called upon sion of Edward, he reaped the fruits of these to take out new commissions, Cranmer himself fortunate, or rather, perhaps, well chosen con setting the example--the congé d'élire was nexions. About this time also the reversion suppressed, and a patent substituted, and the of Custos Brevium fell in, worth then, it ap office held during pleasure. A royal visitation pears, 2401. a-year; and among the first acts also was appointed, consisting of civilians and of Somerset was Cecil's appointment to be divines, during the exercise of whose func“his Master of Requests," -a matter of great tions all episcopal powers were suspended. importance, as bringing him in immediate The first book of homilies was published, and contact with the Protector. The office, what Erasmus's Paraphrase of the Gospels transever it might really have been, is spoken of as lated and circulated. To all these innova a new one, and Camden, it is stated, asserted tions Gardiner and Bonner were vehemently that Cecil told him, he was the first who ever opposed: Gardiner in particular declared the held it; but Courts of Requests, if not insti. visitation altogether illegal, and was, in consetuled in the reign of Henry VII., were cer quence of his intemperate declarations, by the tainly in existence in that of Henry VIII., for Council committed to the Fleet. He was, Sir Thomas More had been a master. This office however, very suon offered his liberty, on conof Cecil's was undoubtedly something quite dition of admitting the homilies; but still obdifferent, and though represented as destined jecting to the homily on salvation in particofor the “furtherance of poor men's suits, and lar, he required a few days to consider, and for the more effectual speeding them without was remanded. During ihis interval, Cecil the delays and charges of law,” it seems more and Dr. Ridley were especially commissioned probably to have been what in inodern terms by the Protector and Cranıner to visit and conwould have been called the private secretary fer with him, and they finally overcame his ship. Still the office was in some degree re scruples. The bishop's own account is—the cognised as a public one, and evidently by the matter, to be sure is, not a very important numerous letters still in existence, addressed one, except that Cocil was personally concernhim, was considered as the direct and regu-ed--that he reappeared before the Council at annel of communication with the govern. the end of a fortnight, and still persisting in
The duties, some of them at least, his objections, was committed a prisoner to his uch as have since merged in those of own house, and that not till they did Cecil
and Ridley attend him. Dr. Nares contrives with the consent of his brother, gave the final to make this version of the story tell still more blow to the popularity of the Protector, and to Cecil's glory; for, on the bishop's own show- furnished his rival Warwick with a complete ing, Cecil and Ridley (they were two) did triumph. The ground of the quarrels of the more in one short interview, than Gardiner's Seymours has been attributed, perhaps falsely, own cogitations could accomplish in a whole to the jealousies of their wives-the younger fortnight.
Seymour had married Katharine Parr, and Gardiner, however, did Cecil and Ridley there were probably squabbles about precedenlittle credit, for he quickly forgot his convic-cy-and Cecil has been charged, though no tions, and being again summoned before the evidence now exists, with pricking on the Council, in a few months, was commanded to hostility of the parties; but for what purpose "tarry in town." This was about Whitsun- likely to benefit either himself or his patron tide, and on St. Peter's day ho preached be- is scarcely conceivable; and it is too much to fore the King, but so intemperately, or at least suppose him all the wbile a secret lool of War. 80 hostilely to the ruling party, that he was wick's, or that Warwick could so early have forth with committed to the Tower, for obsti. believed his ambitious views would be pronately resisting the King's authority. How moted by the quarrel of the brothers, or that Gardiner caine to be allowed to preach on such quarrel could have brought about the this occasion, is a matter of warm dispute death of the one and the ruin of the other. whether, that is, he demanded permission to On the cominittal of the Protector to the do so, in order to give himself an opportunity Tower, Cecil, as one of his confidential agents, of expressing his sentiments in the most pub- was also sent thither, but was released before lic manner, or whether the task was imposed the duke, and soon, apparently, recovered the upon him, for the purpose of showing him up stroke, for within a few months we find him, to his friends, as a inan who succumbed to his under Warwick's supremacy, actually appointmasters. Cecil was a prime agent in the busi- ed Secretary of State. Except the bare facts ness, and, accordingly, Dr. Nares discusses the just sta ied, nothing is known of the matter; maller at some length. We may, we think, the circumstances are wrapt in obscurity. In safely take his conclusion, which is, that the severe handlings Cecil met with from his Gardiner did in fact, with whatever view, ask political opponents, he was charged with bepermission to preach, and that St. Peter's day traying his patron. Dr. Nares makes an elawas assigned him on his own request that borate defence, and perhaps an effective one. after this permission had been thus indiscreet- He deprecates the use of the term patron; but ly given, Cecil was despatched to propose to truly this is inere fastidiousness. Dr. Nares him to preach from noies, to be soen before. would have us believe Cecil, at this early pe. hand by the Council, to acknowledge the le. riod of so much inportance in the state, as lo gality of the acts of the Council, and abstain be in reality the obliger, and not the obliged; altogether from controverted points that the but in matters of this kind, it is not a man's bishop naturally spurned at these conditions, potentialities that give weight and station. that finally Cecil' failing in bis embassy, Sir The fact is indisputable, that in the common Thomas Smith, the secretary, was then em- language and understanding of the term, Soployed on the same errand, and failing also, merset was the patron, and Cecil the protégé the bishop was left to take his own course. he was the Protector's servant, and so called. Gardiner treated the whole affair-the Coun of treachery there is, we think, no direct evi. cil and their agents, with entire contempt-ho dence. Cecil held office, and high office under neither wrote his sermon, nor acknowledged Warwick, the rival and enemy of his first pathe Council's authority, nor abstained from tron; but then he had suffered with that patron controverted matters a great tumult was ex- -that patron had himself been reconciled to cited atnong the audience by his contumacy, Warwick, the son of one had married the and he was committed, as was said, to the daughter of the other, and had besides been Tower. Cecil's commission will at least serve readmitted into the Council, over which War. to show the degree of importance which he wick ruled supreme. The utmost that can be had obtained with the Protector and Cranmer; safely affirmed against Cecil is, that he was -the employment was still a subordinate one not so passionately devoted as to sacrifice a
new chance of advancement by useless adheSoon after inis event, Cecil was taken into rence to an impotent patron. Cecil could then the secretary of state's office; not made one probably bend and accommodate, as he afterof the two principal secretaries, as has been wards undoubtedly showed he could do. supposed, chiefly from a misconstruction of Under Warwick's dominion, at all events, Cecil's Latin. The words in his journal are, Cecil grew and prospered. He was made Se. "Sept. 1548, co-optatus sum in officium Secre- cretary of State-knighted-employed in an larii," by which he probably meant he was ap- embassy of honour-appointed Chancellor of pointed first clerk, or under secretary, as we the order of the Garter—had an annuity from should phrase it. It was not till two years the crown and the reversion for sixty years after this, that under the patronage of War- of Wimbledon rectory, where we find him rewick, he succeeded Wootton as secretary. At siding the next year, and it may be supposed this period there were but two principal se- in some state--for in his journal is an entry, cretaries, and the names of both are known- on his appointment to the Chancellorship of Smith and Petre ; nor was it till quite the end the Garter; “ Paid the embroiderer for xxxvi of the reign that a third secretary was ap- schutchyns for my servants coats at 2s. each pointed, apparently for a temporary purpose.
31. 12s., that is 32 servants;" but possibly they The execution of the younger Seymour, I might have had more than one coat apiece.
-that of ap agtnt.