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DISPUTATIVE AUTHORITIES ON Christ's Nativity. With reference to Mr. Garland's communication, Since I forwarded the article, Current Notes, vol. iv. Current Notes, vol. iv. p. 2, the referring to the prac- p. 19, I find, in Gregorii Posthuna, edit. 1649, 4to. tice, in cases of hydrophobia, of putting the patient quotations on both sides of the question, “ Æra Christi between two feather beds and smothering him by way of Nati.” Those for the uncertainty of the date are the cure," I was present at a Court of Assize and Gaol following, as noted by that writer :Delivery held here many years ago, for the county of Down, when three individuals were arraigned on a

The Alexandrian, and therefore the Ethiopian and Ar

menian churches, deliver that our Saviour was born on the charge of manslaughter; the facts being that they had 6th of Januarie, the same day he was baptized ;-the caused the death of a relative, who at the time was bishop of Middleburgh, setteth down our Saviour born in labouring under hydrophobia, by means of suffocation April; -Bernaldus thinketh hee was born about the beginbetween two feather beds. The accused parties pleaded ning of October ;-Calvisius about the end of September. guilty, consequently the details did not appear publicly before the Court. But I well recollect the observations These different opinions concerning the time of our of the presiding judge in pronouncing sentence-con- Saviour's nativity, are probably owing to this circumdemning them to some short durance in the county stance, that various zodiacs were referred to, on the gaol. His lordship said, that he felt assured the parties calculation of his birth, and wrong signs fixed upon, for then at the bar were actuated by no bad motives ; but the event. their conduct was in direct contravention of the law in The Chinese Kiang Leou, the western name of the taking such an extreme, and what must have been to sign Capricorn, when translated literally, is them an exceedingly irksome course, particularly when it fection or certainty of the promise concerning the coming was considered the deceased was their own relative. forth of the Himself from the womb of the woman. Still the law had been violated, the act was an illegal | The term,“ Western Zodiacs” may refer to the Hindoo one, and came under the head of manslaughter. They and Egyptian, beginning with Aries; the Chinese, like had unlawfully taken the life of a fellow-creature, al- our own begins with Aquarius. though with a merciful intent, and, no doubt, without In the Western Zodiacs, Virgo or August's head, is malice, yet he was bound to tell them, that by that act under the tail of Leo, or July; and her feet are in they had made themselves as much amenable to the Libra, or September. Collate also with Genesis xlix. 10, offended law as if they had caused death by a quarrel and Ezekiel xvi. 25. In the Egyptian Zodiac (the or any other means.

Dendera ceiling) a virgin is on the lion's tail; and imNo doubt there have been many such cases. I have mediately behind the tail is Virgo, or Isis, with the heard of one or two, upon authority I have no hesitation spike in her hand, and followed by the Balance. Leo is, in believing, but never knew of any sufficiently authen- without doubt, typical of the Messiah. In Cuper's ticated as the one here noticed ; nor, indeed, any case of Harpocrates, p. 3, it is said, “ Isis, cum se sentiret grathe kind except itself, being made the subject of judicial vidam, appendisse sibi phylacterium, sexta die mensis inquiry.

Paopi (or September), et peperisse circa solstitium hyAfter all, the truth is, although there have been bernum.” The bishop's supposition seems to refer to many asserted supposed and marvellous “cures" for “sentiret gravidam;” to Taurus, nine signs from Cathis dreadful malady, none have ever been established. pricorn. We have in this part of Ireland a fraternity of “ pro

Capricorn is in December, and enters January; and fessional gentlemen " called “country doctors," who in the Dendera ceiling the spiritual man is on the back pretend to be possessed of the faculty of curing hydro- of Capricorn. phobia, notwithstanding one of them never saw a Ma- I know not what to conclude respecting October, teria Medica in the whole course of his life. One of unless it may refer to the first appearing of the star them lately resided in this neighbourhood, and it was Spica Virginis, or Chetra, to the Magi, when she his wont to boast that “ he never failed in curing the assumed her brilliant corona for that purpose., Chetra bite of a mad dog." This I could well believe, simply will signify “ gathering together for a journey." because I do not think any such case ever came

Now, if we refer to the Hindoo Zodiac, Asiatic Rewithin his “

professional experience." That he may searches, vol. ii. p. 303, we find Virgo (Chinese Sse have cured the wounds caused by the bite of dogs Kong, or Ky Kong Virgo ; literally, the house of supposed to have been in a rabid state, but not proved the woman herself) accompanied by such marks as as such, is a matter on which any person can feel satis- show that she should at the stated time bring first the fied, still as to the successfully treating a case of hydro- Messiah, the Triune God. These marks may have phobia that is quite another thing, and which, up to the been considered by some of the ancients, as pointing out present time, I believe, has baffled alike science and the month when the Messiah should be born. These every effort of medical skill.

various opinions remind me of the walnuts in the dream Recorder Office, Downpatrick. JAMES A. PILSON. of Valid Hasen, in the New Arabian Nights. For the

other side of the question we may quote Gregory's own words :

How much better had it been for these men to content

M. GuizOT AND THE EIKON BASILIKÈ. themselves with the tradition of the church, than by this elaborate unfruitful search to entangle the truth.

If my memory is not at fault, you have already, in The religion of this 25th daie, though Scaliger say it, former Nos. of the Current Notes, given a place to non est nupera neque novitia,' 'tis Apostolical by the Con- remarks on the claim that Charles I., has to be regarded stitutions of Clement, etc.

as the author of the “ Eikon Basilikè." Nor doth Chrysostom's Oration, Antiquit. lib. ii.; saie The object of this note is not to discuss the merits or much less. The Catholicus Armeniorum in Theorinus demerits of either side of the question—that has been dialogue makes this good by ancient monuments brought done more than once with uncommon ability ; it is only from Jerusalem to Rome, by Titus Vespasian; or if this to make your readers acquainted with the judgment of authoritie could be rendered suspicious, wee cannot elude an authority so competent to pronounce verdict on the the Persian Ephemeris, nor the astronomical tables of Alcas, question at issue, that I am inclined to believe, it will be in both of which our Saviour is set down as born on the held to be decisive of the point. 25th of December.

This judgment is pronounced by M. Guizot in a recent Southwick Vicarage, April 3.


work, “The History of Oliver Cromwell and the English

Commonwealth ;" but this is not the only occasion on SUPPLEMENT TO TODD's JOHNSON'S DICTIONARY.

which he has given an opinion against the King's claim.

In his “ Etudes Biographiques sur la Révolution d'AnFOR arly ten years I had been gradually accumu- gleterre," he has a separate treatise on the authenticity lating (chiefly from English works of the sixteenth and of the “ Eikon Basilike;" but it is from the more recent seventeenth centuries) an extensive series of philological work only that I send the following for insertion in the materials, that appeared to be of a character essentially next number of your interesting Notes. required to the completion of a Dictionary formed on the most excellent basis of Johnson, and supplementary pally indebted for the name of the Royal Martyr. The

It is to the “ Eikon Basilikè” that Charles I. is princito the valuable additions of Todd, when the announce

work is not by him; external testimony and internal eviment that an enlarged publication of the edition of the dence both combine to remove all doubt on the matter. latter compelled me, either to abandon altogether the Dr. Gauden, Bishop, first of Exeter and afterwards of hope of making any use of the results of my labours

, to Worcester, under the reign of Charles II., was its real print them separately, or to immerge them into the author, but the manuscript had probably been perused and preparations for the new work. The last alternative approved, perhaps even corrected, by Charles himself durhaving been abandoned, and not being willing that so ing his residence in the Isle of Wight. In any case it was large a collection illustrative of the language should be the real expression and true portraiture of his position, lost, there only remains the choice of forming a separate character, and mind, as they had been formed by misforpublication.

tune; it is remarkable for an elevation of thought which is This course merely involves the necessity of the at once natural and strained ; a constant mingling of blind

royal pride and sincere Christian humility ; heart-impulses slightest possible labour, my series of upwards of eight struggling against habits of obstinate self-consciousness ; thousand entirely new examples not only being indicated, true piety in the midst of misguided conduct; in yincible, but absolutely ready for the press, the greater portion though somewhat inert devotion to his faith, his honour, having been cut out of original editions of black letter and his rank; and as all these sentiments are expressed in and early books at a considerable expense. It is unne- monotonous language, which, though often emphatic, is cessary to observe, that printing from such extracts will always grave, tranquil

, and even unctuous with serenity all but preclude the possibility of error, and with the and sadness ; it is not surprising that such a work should smallest care, will enable me to attain an accuracy un- have profoundly affected all royalist hearts, and easily perapproachable by any other method. What the public suaded them that it was the King himself who addressed and the practical student require, is not the curious and

them.-Vol. i. p. 31. often uncertain research into the history of words, but

It may be interesting and satisfactory to know that evidence respecting their use, derived from writers who M. Guizot's view coincides with that of our own Hallam, are of authority as to that use, at a period when they whose authority on all the moot points of the history of are most usually met with, and plain, sensible definitions literature no one will be disposed to question. Todd obtained from such authorities. In this conviction, Dr. also, who has made a careful analysis of the style of the Johnson, whom I honestly believe to be unequalled as a

Eikon and that of Dr. Gauden, has detected several lexicographer, must to a great extent have worked; phrases which appear to him to settle the authorship

J. W. and any large additions to his great work, compiled in conclusively upon the Bishop of Worcester. that spirit, cannot but be aoceptable and useful to the student.

AUT C[AES]ZAR AUT NULLUS, the new motto This Supplement, nearly ready for the press, will be adopted by the righteous Nicholas, Emperor of All the printed in one volume quarto, to range with Todd's edi- Russias, has excited universal admiration; and the tion, and with Richardson's Dictionary.

omission of all allusion to the aes, or brass, by which

J. O. HALLIWELL. it has been assumed, is indeed a master-stroke of ImpeArenue Lodge, Brixton Hill, Surrey.

rial policy.

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CUCKING STOOL AND SCOLDING CART, LEICESTER, A new Cuckstool was provided in 1646, and in the

From the numerous references to the Cucking Stool following year we again have, in the ancient records of this borough, we have abun- " Item-Paid for making the Cookestoole xvjs. vjd." dant proof that here, as well as in many other towns, the ladies were in foriner times, very frequently subject showing that more than one must have been in use at to visitations of ill-tongue, and that their lords and the same time. masters were sufficiently ungallant to consider no In 1744-5, payment was made for bringing out the remedy so effectual for preventing a recurrence of the Cuck-Stool, ol. Os. 6d. disorder, as the cold-water cure, applied by means of

The accompanying illustration represents an ancient the Cucking, or Ducking Stool. So early as the reign of King Henry the Third, it is

Cucking Stool, that shown to have been in use here, although it was not at

has long been pre

served at the Town that period restricted to the fair sex, for we learn, from the early regulations for the government of the town,

Hall, but it is now contained in the Vellum Book” of the Corporation,

deposited in the Town

Museum. Under the that a brewer, breaking the assize of ale, was to be amerced for the first, second, and third offence, and for

arms, it will be seen, the fourth, without redemption, he was to suffer the

grooves, judgment of the cucking stool (tumbrellum).

structed for the purThe punishment was not always by immersion, the

pose of receiving and offender being frequently exposed seated upon the

retaining in their cucking stool, during a certain period of time. Thus,

proper position, the at a Common Hall, held on the Thursday before St.

cords by which it was Simon and St. Jude's day, 1467, it was ordered

suspended, and the

fair culprit secured, “ That scoldes be punished by the mayor, on a Cuck

when, in extreme Stool before their own door, and then carried to the four

cases immersion was gates of the town."

the consequence ; for The prevalence of this practice is further shown by

which occasion, the the following extract from the Orders and Laws of the

seat was so constructtown of Neath, enacted in 1542.

ed, as to be remova"Item-If any person do scolde or rage, any burgesse ble at pleasure, in order that it should offer no obstrucor hys wyfe, or any other person and hys wyfe, if she be tion to the passage of the chair through the water. found faulty in the same by sixe men, then shee to be The latest notice of the Cuck-Stool, that I have met brought at the first defaulte to the Cooking-stoole, and with in the accounts, is the following, so recent as there to sit one houre; at the second defaulte, twoe

1768-9. houres ; and at the thirde defaulte, to lett slipp the pynn, or els pay a good fyne to the king."

“Paid Mr. Elliott, for a Cuckstool, by order of Hall 21.” During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, But, as I learn from two aged inhabitants of the charges for making or repairing the Cucking Stool, are town, the Cuck-stool is known to have been in use at of constant occurrence in the Chamberlain's accounts a still later period. One of them, now upwards of of this town. Thus we have

eighty years of age, distinctly remembers the Cucking1563-4. Item-for makinge the Cucstoole xvjd. stool being placed as a mark of disgrace, in front of the Item-to William Yates, for making pynnes

residence of a notorious scold, who, it appears, had and bands for the same

vjd. twice done penance in her parish church, for slander ; 1566-7. Item— Paid to Robert Bylbrough, for whilst, the other, has heard a neighbour relate, she

certain wood and bords, for the repairinge had seen a woman ducked for scolding, near the West of the Coockstole

sijd. Bridge, about eighty years since. He also states, that Item— Paid to William Yates for ij long iron

he had formerly seen another Cucking-stool at the pyans with cotters for the same Cookstole

xijd. Town Hall, that he describes as a kind of chair without Item-Paid for nails for the same Cookstole ijd. 1578-9. Item-Paid for a newe Cuckstoole xiiijs.”

legs, fixed at the end of a long pole. This has now

disappeared. We learn by the account for 1602, that when the References are, I find, made to another instrument fair offender was punished by immersion, the Cucking of popular punishment—the Scolding Cart, that has Stool was placed on, or by the side of the West Bridge, not been noticed, I believe, by writers on the subject. as a payment was made for carrying it there. Charges It seems to have differed from the Cucking-stool only, occur at various periods " for rope to draw the Kuck- in being provided with wheels, and in the culprit being stoole-for iron worke used abowte ytt-for two staples seated upon it, and drawn through the town. Thus, for the Cuckstoole, etc."

in the account for 1629, the following charge appears

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" Item - Paid to Frauncis Pallmer for making two wheels NEAPOLITAN INNKEEPER'S ANNOUNCEMENT. and one barr for the Scolding-Cart ijs.

When last at Naples, I copied verbatim et ad literam, Whilst, in that for 1602, the two instruments are the following amusing advertisement, from the printed mentioned in the same entry, a payment, “ for form suspended in the salle à manger of an hotel at the charges of the Cucke-stool, the Carte, and the Salerno Stocks."

D. Leicester.


Restorative Hotel kept by FRANK PROSPERI

Facing the Military quarter CUCKING OR DUCKING STools IN IRELAND.

AT Pompeii. As a proof that in Ireland there was a community of That hotel open since a few days is renowned for manners and customs with their neighbours across the the cleanness of the linen, for the exactness of the serchannel, in their deeming it necessary to restrain "the vice, and for the excellence of the true French cookery. noisy nuisance of woman scolding," the following ex- Being situated at the proximity of that regeneration it tract is given from the Corporation records of Carrick- will be propitious to receive families whatever, which fergus :

will desire to reside alternately into that town and to October, 1574, Ordered and agreede by the hole Court, breathe thither the salubrity of the air

. That estathat all manner of Skolds which shal be openly detected of blishment will avoid to all travellers, visitors, of that Skolding or evill wordes in manner of skolding, and for sepult city, and to the artists (willing draw the antiquithe same shal be condemned before Mr. Maior and his ties) a great disorder, occasioned by the tardy and exbrethren, shal be drawne at the sterne of a boate in the pensive contour of the iron whay. People will find water from the ende of the Peare rounde abought the equally thither, a complete Sortment of stranger wines, Queene's majesties Castell, in manner of ducking; and and of the kingdom hot and cold baths, Stables and after, when a cage shal be made, the party so condemned coach-houses, the whole with very moderate prices. for a Skold, shal be therein punished at the discretion of Now all the application and endeavours of the hoste, the Maior.

will tend always to correspond to the taste and desires It further appears from these records that a cage was of their customers, which will require without doubt soon after procured, and delinquents punished in the to him into that town, the reputation whome he is manner noticed; and that a regular list was kept of all ambitious. scolds, and their names laid before the grand juries. The cage, or ducking-stool, stood on the quay; and in a

ENGLAND, EUROPE'S GLORY. deed granted to John Davys, July 6, 1671, occurs the

There is a land amidst the waves, following notice in the description of the site :

Whose sons are fam'd in story, One small plot of land, or house stead, situated upon the

Who never were, nor will be slaves ; Key, on the north-east, adjoining to the Ducking Stool, on

Nor shrink from death and glory. said Key, now standing,

Then strike the harp, and bid it swell, Recorder Office, Downpatrick. JAMES A. PILSON.

With flowing bowls before ye;

Here's to the land in which we dwell, COCKE-STOOL AT_HARLESTON. Current Notes, p.

To England - Europe's glory! 21.* In Fawcett's Records of Manchester, 1851, 8vo.

Bless'd land, beyond all lands afar! p. 50, is an account of the use of the aforesaid stool, so

Encircled in the waters,

With lion-hearted sons in war, late as 1775, with a representation of the machine in operation.

And beauty's peerless daughters. April 6.

E. C.

Go ye! whose discontented hearts,

Disdain the joys before ye; Hot-Por.-- What is the meaning of this phrase ? or

Go seek a home in foreign parts, of what was it composed ?

M. M.

Like England-Europe's glory!

Whether in sultry climes ye rove, Brandy and ale mixed. Mrs. Pilkington, in her Me

A solitary stranger, moirs, vol. iii. p. 159, speaks of a woman who was induced

Or seek the foreign fair one's love, “ to drink plentifully of Hot-pot, that soon left her stupid

Fraught with deceit and danger; in the alehouse."

Where will ye find domestic bliss, STRULDBRUGG.–Mrs. Pilkington, in her Memoirs,

Such social sweets before ye; vol. iii. p. 161, says of Dean Swift," he lived to be a

A land in aught renown'd like this, Struldbrugg, helpless as a child, and unable to assist

Like England-Europe's glory! himself. An explanation of this word is requested ? Dublin.


Waller's recently published “Victorious Calendar,"

is an opportune record of England's valorous deeds in To the reference in note, to Blomefield's “ History of all ages and climes; it is indispensable to all readers of Norfolk," add vol. ii.-EDITOR.

English history.


DISSECTION OF LAURENCE STERNE. In many Colleges, both at Cambridge and Oxford, it The following transcript of a manuscript note, in an is a custom for the Bible Clerk to knock at every room old hand, at the end of my copy of Sterne's Sentidoor with a key to waken the students in a morning mental Journey, printed for T. Becket, 1768, appears before he begins to ring the chapel bell. This, as it curious, and not having seen any account of the circumshould seem, is a vestige of an ancient monastic cus- stances elsewhere, possibly some of your correspondents tom ; for we are informed by Bingham, that before may throw some light as to its probability. Alas, poor the invention of bells, this was the method of convening Yorick ! religious assemblies in monasteries. The monks were


B. G. W. called to the chapel by the knock of a hammer at their cells. The instrument was called the night signal, and Sterne died on Friday, March 18, 1768. He was buried the awakening mallet. Spelman, in his very learned at Marybone, but afterwards his corpse was taken up by glossary, article campana, has preserved two Monkish persons employed by surgeons for this purpose, and, being lines, in which all the ancient offices of bells seem to be sent to Cambridge, was known by the Professor of Anatomy, included

as it lay on the table ready for dissection. The Rev. Laudo deum verum, plebem voco, congrego clerum,

- Green, of Ferring, told me, that being at Cambridge a

short time after, he saw the skeleton, and had the anecDefunctos ploro, pestem fugo, festa decoro.

dote, that was in the public papers, confirmed to him by the • We praise the true God, call the people, convene the Professor. clergy, lament the dead, dispel pestilence, and grace festivals.'

The facts are not very widely different from the sub

stance of the note, but reliance may be placed on the CAURCH BELL INSCRIPTIONS.

following: On some of the bells in St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dub

Sterne died on the first floor of No. 41, New Bond lin, are the following inscriptions –

Street,* at four in the afternoon of the day above stated.

On Tuesday, the 22nd, he was buried, no one attending First. DVRET ILLÆSA AD PRECES EXCITANS VSQVB

as a mourner, and in the most private manner, not at AD SONITVM SVPREMÆ TvBÆ. 1724. Fifth. Henry PARIS MADE ME WITH GOOD SOUND

Mary-le-bourne, but in the graveyard of St. George's,

Hanover Square, in the Bayswater Road; and on the TO BE FIFT IN EIGHT WHEN ALL RINGE ROVND Sixth. IOHANNES DODSON. JOHANNES PREENE. An. night of Thursday, the 24th, “on the second day after DOM. 1670.

the interment of poor Yorick, he was sacrilegiously stolen Non CLAMANS SED AMANS SONAT IN AVRE DEI. from his grave.t. His body was taken inclosed in a case Seventh. Feare God and Honner The King (1 Pet. ii. 17] to Cambridge, where a gentleman, who loved him while FOR OBEDIENC IS A VERTVOVS THING.

living, and lamented him when dead, was asked by the ANNO DOMINI 1670. W. P.

Anatomical Professor to attend a dissection. He went, The initials after the date, are probably those of a and saw the body of his friend produced, and his senses family named Pardue, who were bell-founders.

instantly forsook him. This interruption was however The Seventh Bell was recast in 1809, by James merely temporary. That heart whose pulsations were Wells of Aldbowen, Wiltshire, and the inscription re- benignity itself, and the hand never extended but in the tained.

A.S. act of benevolence, were each laid open to the gaze of

inhuman curiosity. Each fibre of the heart, it was THE PALL INN. — An anonymous writer, in the remarked, seemed relaxed and wrung with sorrow. “Western Flying Post," a paper published in Yeovil, What becanie of the mangled corpse the writer cannot has rendered the following most satisfactory reply to say: my query, in reference to the origin and designation of Those were the particulars stated at the time. The the Pall Inn. See Current Notes, vol. iv. p. 13. Professor, C. Collignon, B.M. of Trinity, who lectured

Behind the inn there are almshouses, both being erected on one and the same property; at these almshouses was long deposited a pall for funereal purposes, The Quarterly Review, just issued, has an admirable and let out for the benefit of the charity. Mr. Peter estimate of the qualities of Sterne as a man and a sentimenDraper, half a century since, one of the chief drapers talist; but unluckily, some historical errors, certainly not and undertakers in Yeovil, on all occasions when a expected from the excellence of the writer, have escaped funeral was placed in his management, referred them to him; he speaks of Sterne as the great grandson of Roger, these almshouses for the pall, hence, the inn being the Archbishop of York, and states he died in Old Bond Street. same property with the almshouses, was named - The

+ The exposed situation of the burial-ground in the Pall Inn." she pall was so long retained in use, that, Bayswater Road, and the almost constant nightly despoilcompletely worn out, it was used up, and suffered the excited painful notices in the journals. One, the St. James's

ments of the graves by the body-snatchers, frequently fate of its users, having been some years since consigned Chronicle, of November, 1767, immediately presents itself to its last resting-place.

in illustration: Dorchester, April 8.

JOHN GARLAND. “The burying-ground in Oxford Road, belonging to the

R. P.

I. P.

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