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with a fewe of his Lords, as the most opin- tie a matter was unfit to make his Grace an. ions of the house was, or with his whole
Whearuppon the Cardinall, distraine to receave him theare amongst them: pleased with Sir Thomas More, that had • Masters, quoth Sir Thomas More, foras- not in this Parliament in all things satisfied muche as my Lord Cardinall latelie laied to his desire, suddenlie arose and departed. our charges the lightnes of our tonges for “ And after the Parliament ended, in things uttered out of this house, it shall not his gallerie at White hall at Westminster in my minde be amisse to receave him with [he) uttered unto him his griefes, sayeinge : all his pompe, with his maces, his * pillers, . Would to God you had binne at Rome, pollaxes, his crosses, his hatt and the greate Mr More, when I made you Speaker.' seale too; to th'intent that if he finde the • Your Grace not offended soe would I too,' like fault with us heerafter, wee maie be quoth Sir Thomas More. And to winde the bolder from ourselves to laie the blame suche quarrells out of the Cardinall's head, on those that his Grace bringeth hither with he beganne to talke of the gallerie, sayehim.' Whearunto the house agreeinge, he inge, I like this gallerie of yours muche was receaved accordinglie. Wheare after better then your gallerie at Hampton-Court. that he had in a solemne oration by manie Whearwith soe wiselie broke he off the Carreasons proved how necessarie it was the de- dinal's displeasant talke, that the Cardinall mande theare moved to be graunted, and at that present, as it seemed, wist not what further shewed that lesse woulde not serve more to saie unto him*. to maintaine the Prince's purpose, He seeinge the companie sittinge still silent and “ Suche entire favour did the Kinge thearunto nothinge answearinge, contrarye beare him, that he made hime Chauncellor to his expectation shewinge in themselves of the Duchie of Lancaster uppon the deathe towardes his request noe towardnes of in- of Sir Richard Wingfield who had that ofclinacion, saied unto them, “ Masters, you fice before. And for the pleasure he tooke have many wise and learned men amongst in his companie would his Grace suddenlie you, and since I am from the Kinge's owne sometimes come home to his house at Chel. person sent hither unto you for the preser- sey to be merry with him, Whither, on a vacion of your selves and all the Realme, I time, unlooked for he came to dinner, and thinke it meete you give me some reason- after dinner, in a faire garden of his, walked able answeare.' Wheareat everie man hold. with him by the space of an howre, holdinge inge his peace, then beganne he to speake his arme about his necke. As soone as his to one Mr Marney, afterward Lord Marney, Grace was gone, I rejoycinge thearat, saide How saie you, quothe hee, Mr Marney ? to Sir Thomas More, how happie he was who makinge him noe answeare neyther, he whome the Kinge had soe familliarlie enterseverallie asked the same question of diverse tained, as I never had seene him doe to any other accompted the wisest of the companye, other, except Cardinal] Wolsey, whome I to whome when none of them all would give sawe his Grace walke once with arme in so muche as one worde, being agreed before, • I thanke our Lord, sonne, (quoth as the custome was, to answeare by their he) I finde his Grace my very good Lord inSpeaker, “ Masters, quoth the Cardinall, deed, and I beleive he dothe as singularlie unlesse it be the manner of your house, as favor me as anye subject within this Realme: of likelihood it is, by the mouthe of your howbeit, sonne Roper, I maie tell thee, I Speaker whome you have chosen for trustie have no cause to be prowde thearof, for if and wise, (as indeed he is) in such cases to my head would winne him a castle in utter your mindes, heere is without doubt a Fraunce (for then was theare warres beemarveilous obstinate silence,' and thearupon twixt us) it should not faile to goe.” he required answeare of Mr Speaker. Who first reverentlie on his knees excusinge the " As Sir Thomas More's custome was silence of the house, abashed at the presence dailie (if he weare at home) besides hist priof so noble a personage able to amaze the vate praiers with his children, to saie the wisest and best learn'd in a Realme, and af- seaven psalmes, the Lettanie, and the Sufter by many probable arguments provinge frages followeinge, so was his guise nightlie that for them to make answeare it was ney- before he went to bed, with his wife, child. ther expedient nor agreeable with the aun- ren and houshold, to goe to his chappell, tient libertie of the house ; in conclusion for and theare on his knees ordinarily to saie himselfe shewed that though they had all certaine psalmes and collects with them. with their voices trusted him, yet except And because he was desirous for godlie pureverie one of them could put into his head poses, solitarie to sequester himselfe from of their severall witts, he alone in soe weigh
* Cardinalis cum viveret Moro parum Every cardinal of the Roman church
æquus erat, eumqué metucbat verius quam has a pillar of silver carried before him as amabat.--Erasmi Epist. an emblem of his being a pillar of the church. But Wolsey out of his love of + Habet suas horas quibus Deo litet prepomp and splendor had two born before cibus, non ex more, sed ex pectore depromphim.-Lewis.
worldlie companie, a good distance from his " This Lord Chauncellor used commonhouse builded he a place called the newe- lie everie afternoone to sit in his open hall, buildinge, whearin was a Chappell, a Lib. to the intent that if any person had any suit rarie, and a Gallerye, in which, as his use unto him, they might the more boldlie come was on other daies to occupie himselfe in to his presence and then open their comprayer and studie theare together, soe on the plaints before him. Whose manner was Fridaies used he continuallie to be theare alsoe to reade everie bill himselfe, before he from morninge to night, spendinge his time would award any Sub-pana, which being onlie in devout praiers and spirituall exer- matter worthie of Sub-pæna, he would set cises. And to provoake his wife and chil- his hande unto or else cancell it. Whenso. dren to the desier of heavenlie thinges, he ever he passed through Westminster-Hall would sometimes use these wordes unto to his place in the Chauncery by the Court them. «* It is now noe maistrie for chil. of the King's Bench, if his Faiher (beinge dren to goe to heaven, for everie body giv- one of the Judges therof) had binne satt ere ethe you good counsaile, everie body giveth he came, he would goe into the same Court, you good example. You see virtue reward- and theare reverentlie kneelinge downe in ed and vice punished, soe that you are car. the sight of them all dulie aske his Father's ried up to heaven even by the chinnes. But blessinge. And if it fortuned that his Fa. if you live in the time that noe man will ther and he at Readings in Lincolnes Inne give you good counsaile, noe man will give met together, (as they sometimes did) notyou good example, when you shall see vir- withstandinge his high office he would offer tue punished and vice rewarded, if you will in argument the preeminence to his Father, then stande fast and firmelie sticke to God though he for his office sake would refuse to uppon paine of life, though you be but halfe take it. And for better declaration of his good, God will allow you for whole good.' naturall affections towards his Father, he If his wife or anie of his children had binne not onelie, while he laye on his deathe bedd, diseased or troubled, he would saie unto accordinge to his dutie, oftentimes with them ; We maie not looke, at our plea- comfortable wordes most kindlie came to sures, to go to heaven in featherbeds, it is visit him, but also at his departure out of not the way; for the Lord himselfe went this world, with teares takeinge him about thither with great paine, by many tribula- the necke, most lovingelie kissed and emcions, which was the pathe whearin he walk- braced him, commendinge him into the ed thither, for the servant maie not looke to hands of almightie God, and soe departed be in better case then his Master.' And from him.” as he would in this sort perswade them to The reader will recollect that More take their troubles patientlie, soe would he resigned the Chancellorship on account in like sort teache them to withstand the of his resolution not to assist Henry in Divill and his temptacions valiantly, saye- “his great matter, inge, • Whosoever will marke the Divill viz. the divorce from Queen Katharine.
as Roper calls it, and his temptacions, shall finde him thearin much like to ane ape, who not well looked Chauncellorship, and placed all his gentle
“ After he had thus given over the to will be busie and bold to do shrewde turnes, and contrariwise beinge spyede will
men and yeomen with noblemen and byshsuddainelie leape backe and adventure noe
ops, and his 8 watermen with the Lord farther. Soe the Divill findinge a man idle, Audley, that in the same office succeeded
him, to whome alsoe he gave his great sloathfull, and without resistance readie to receave his temptacions, waxethe soe hardie barge ; then callinge us all that weare his that he will not faile still to continewe with
children to him, and askinge our advise how him, untill to his purpose he have throughlie
we might now in this decay of his abilitie, brought him. But on the other side if he (by the surrender of his office soe impaired,
that he could not, as he was wont and glad. see a man with dilligence persevere to with
lie would, beare out the whole chardges of stand his tempacions, he waxethe so wearie that in conclusion he utterlie forsaketh him. live and continew together, as he wished we
them all himselfe,) thenceforthe be able to For as the Divill of disposition is a spirit of should ; when he sawe us silent, and in that soe high pride as he cannot abide to be mocked, soe is he of nature soe envious, that him, then will I, said he, shewe my poore
case not readie to shewe our opinions unto he fearethe anie more to assault him, least he should thearbie not onlie catche a foule quoth he, at Oxford, at an Inne of the
minde to you. I have been brought up, the man more matter of merit.' Thus de- Chauncery, at Lincolne's Inne, and alsoe lighted he evermore not only in vertuous
in the King's Court, and so from the least exercises to be occupied himselfe, but alsoe degree to the highest, and yet have 1 in to exhort his wife, children, and housholde, little above a hundred powndes by the yeere. but wee will beginne with Lincolne's-Inn jeere the provoked Lady was so sensible diet, wheare manie Right Worshipfulls and that she went from him in a rage.”] of good yeeres doe live full well together. His unwillingness to acknowledge, Which, if we finde not our selves able to by his oath, the ecclesiastical authorinext yeere goe one step downe to New-Inne ty, which Henry, in consequence of fare, whearwith many an honest man is well his quarrel with the court of Rome, contented. If that exceed our abilitie too,
yeerlie revennues at this present leaft me to embrace the same and followe it.'
Soe that now must we heerafter, if we like to live together, be contented to become
contributors together. But by my counsaile Cum amicis sic fabulatur de vita futuri it shall not be best for us to fall to the lowseculi, ut agnoscas illum ex animo loqui, est fare first ; we will not therfore descend nec sine optima spe. -Erasmi Epist. to Oxford-fare, nor to the fare of New-Inne;
assumed to himself, was made the prethen we will the next yeare after descend to tence for sacrificing More to the heartOxford-fare, wheare many grave, learned less and unfeigning tyrant, whom his and auntient fathers be continuallie con- probity had already irremediably ofversant. Which if our power stretche not fended. to mainteine neither, then maie wee yet “ As Sir Thomas More in the Tower with baggs and wallets goe a begginge to- chaunced on a time lookinge out of his win. gether, and, hopinge that for pittie some dowe to behold one Mr Raynolds, a reli. good folkes will give us their charitie, at gious, learned, and virtuous Father of Syon, everie man's dore to singe Salve Regina*, and 3 Monkes of the Charter-house for the and soe still keepe companie and be merrie matter of the supremacy and matrimony together. And whearas you have heard be goinge out of the Tower to execucion, he as fore he was by the Kinge from a verie wor. one longinge in that journey to have accom. shipfull livinge taken into his service, with panied them, saide unto my wife then stand. whome, in all the great and weightie causes ing theare besides him, . Loe doest thow not that concearned his Highness or the Realme, see, Meg, that these blessed fathers be now he consumed and spent with painful cares, as cheerfullie goinge to their deathes, as travailes and troubles, as well beyond the bridegroomes to their marriages. Wherseas as within the Realme, in effect, the fore thearby maiest thow see, myne owne whole substance of his life, yet with all the good daughter, what a great difference there gaine he got thearby, beinge never wastfull is betweene such as have in effect spent all splendour thearof, he was not able, after their daies in a streight and penitentiall and the resignacion of his office of the Lord painfull life religiouslie, and suche as have Chauncellour, for the maintenance of him- in the world, like worldlie wretches, (as thy selfe and suche as necessarilie belonged un
poore father hath donne) consumed all their to him, sufficientlie to finde meat, drinke, time in pleasure and ease licentiouslie. For fewell and apparrell, and such other neces- God, consideringe thair longe continued life sarie chardges. All the land that ever he in most sore and greivous pennance, will purchased (which also he purchased before noe longer suffer them to remaine heere in he was Lord Chauncellor) was not, I am this vale of miserie, but speedilie hence takwell assured, above the valewe of 20 markeseth them to the fruition of his everlastinge by the yeere : and, after his debts paied, Deitie. Whearas thy sillie father, Megg, he had not, I knowe, (his chaine excepted) that like a wicked caitiffe, hath passed forthe in gould and silver leaft him the worthe of the whole course of his miserable life of one hundred pownds. And whearas up- most sinfullie, God, thinkinge him not pon the holie daies, duringe his high worthie so soone to come to that eternall fe. Chauncellorship, one of his gentlemen, licitie, leavethe him heere yet still in this when service at the Churche was donne, world, further to be plagued and turmoiled ordinarilie used to come to my Ladie his with miserie.”, wife's pewe dore, and saie nnto her, Madam, my Lord is gone; the next holidaie " When Sir Thomas More had continued after the surrender of his office and depar- a good while in the Tower, my ladye his ture of his gentlemen from him, he came wife obteyned license to see him. Who, at unto my Ladie his wife's pewe himselfe, her first comminge, like a simple woman, and makinge a lowe courtesie, said unto and somewhat worldlie too, with this man. her, Madam, my Lord is gone. [But she, ner of salutacion homelie saluted him. thinking this at first to be but one of his • What a good-yeere, Mr More, quoth she, jests, was little moved, till he told her sad- I marvaile that you that hitherto have binne ly he had given up the great seale. Whear- taken for so wise a man, will now soe plaie uppon she speaking some passionate words, the foole to lie heere in this close filthie he called his daughters then present to see prison, and be content thus to be shutt up if they could not spy some fault about their amonge mise and ratts, when you might be mother's dressing; but they, after search, abroad at your libertie, and with the favour saying they could find none : hee replied, and good will bothe of the King and his doe you not perceive that your mother's Counsaile, if you would but doe as all the nose standeth somewhat awry? Of which bishops and best-learned of this realme have
done. And seeing you have at Chelsey a
right faire house, your librarie, your bookes, * Tyndall forbiddeth folk to pray to the your gallerie, your garden, your orchard, Virgin Mary, and specially misliketh her and all other necessaries soe handsome about devout anthem Salve Regina.-.-More's you, wheare you might in the companie of English Works, p. 488, col. 2.
me your wife, your children, and household,
be merry, I muse what a God's name you that it pleaseth him so shortlic to ridd me meane heere still thus fondly to tarrie.' Af- from the miseries of this wretched world, ter he had a while quietlie heard her, with and therfore will I not faile earnestlie to a cheerfull countenance he said unto her; praie for his Grace bothe heere and allsoe in * I pray thee good Mrs Alice tell me one the worlde to come.' The King's pleasure thing.'' « What is that ?' (quoth she) • Is is farther, quoth Mr. Pope, that at your exnot this house, quoth he, as nigh heaven as ecution you shall not use manie wordes. myne own ? To whome she after her ac- • Mr Pope, quoth he, you doe well to give customed homelie fashion not likinge suche me warninge of his Grace's pleasure, for talke, answered: • Tille-valle, tille-valle.' otherwise at that time had I purposed some• How say you, Mrs Alice, is it not soe?' what to have spoken, but of noe matter quoth he, · Bone Deus, bone Deus, Man, whearwith his Grace or any should have had will this geare never be leaft?' quoth she, cause to be offended. Nevertheless, what. • Well then, Mistriss Alice, if it be soe, soever I intended, I am readie obedientlie quoth hee, it is verie well; for I see no great to conforme my selfe to his Grace's comcause why I should muche joy in my gaie mandement; and I beseeche you, good Mr. house, or in anie thinge thearunto belong. Pope, to be a meane to his Highnes that inge, when if I should but seaven yeeres lie my daughter Margaret maie be at my buriburied under the ground, and then arise and all.' The Kinge is content allreadie, quoth come thither againe, I should not faile to Mr. Pope, that your wife and childeren and finde some thearin that would bid me get other your freinds shall have libertie to be me out of dores, and tell me it weare none present thearat. • Oh how muche behold. of mine. What cause have I then to like inge then, said Sir Thomas More, am I such an house as would so soon forget his unto his Grace, that unto my poore buriall master ?' Soe her perswasions moved him vouchsafethe to have soe gratious considerabut little.
cion ! Whearwithall Mr Pope, takeinge his
leave, could not refraine from weepinge. “ Soe remained Sir Thomas More in the Which Sir Thomas More perceavinge comTower more then a weeke after his judg- forted him in this wise. Quict your selfe,
From whence the daie before he good Mr. Pope, and be not discomforted : suffered he sent his shirt of haire, not will. for I trust that we shall once in heaven see ing to have it seene, to my wife his deerlie each other full merrilie, wheare we shall be beloved daughter, and a letter written with sure to live and love togeather in joyfull a cole, conteined in the foresaid booke of bliss eternallie.' Uppon whose departure, his workes, expressinge the fervent desire he Sir Thomas More, as one that had binne inhad to suffer on the morrow in these wordes vited to some solemn feast, chaunged himfolloweinge: • I comber you, good Margar- selfe into his best apparrell. Which Mr. et, much, but I would be sory if it should Lieutenant espieing advised him to put it be anie longer then to morrow. For it is of, sayeinge, that he that should have it was Sainct Thomas even and the Utas of St. but a javell. • What, Mr. Lieutenant, Peeter: and therfore to morrow longe I to quothe he, shall I account him a javell that goe to God; it weare a daie verie meet and shall doe me this daie soe singuler a beneconvenient for me. Deere Megg, I never fit? Naie, I assure you, weare it cloath of liked your manner towards me better then gold, I should thinke it well bestowed on when you kissed me last. For I like when him, as Sainct Cyprian did, who gave his daughterlie love and deere charitie hath noe executioner thirtie peeces of gold. And leasure to look to worldlie courtesie.' And albeit, at length, he, through Mr. Lieutensoe uppon the next morrowe, Tuesdaie, be- ant's importunate persuasion, altered his apinge St. Thomas his eve and the Utas of parrell, yet, after the example of the holie Saincte Peeter, in the yeer of our Lord 1535, Martyr Sainct Cyprian, did he, of that little accordinge as he in his letter the daie before money that was left him, send an angell of had wished, earlie in the morninge came to gold to his executioner. And soe was he him Sir Thomas Pope, his singular good by Mr. Lieutenant brought out of the freinde, on message from the Kinge and Tower to the place of execution. Wheare counsaile that he should the same daie be- goinge up the skaffold, which was soe weake fore nine of the clock in the morninge suffer that it was readie to fall, he saide merrilie deathe, and that therfore he should forth- to the Lieutenant, • I praie you see me up with prepare himself thearto. • Mr. Pope, safe, and for my comminge downe let me quoth Sir Thomas More, for your good tid. shift for my selfe.' Then desired he all ings I hartelie thanke you. I have been the people thearabout to praie for him, and alwaies muche bounden to the Kinge's High- to beare witness with him that he should nes for the benefites and honours that he theare suffer deathe in and for the faithe of hath still from time to time most bountiful- the Catholicke Churche. Which donne he lye heaped uppon me; and yet more boun- kneeled downe, and after his prayers saide, den am I to his Grace for puttinge me into turned to the executioner with a cheerfuli this place wheare I have had convenient countenance, and said unto him, Plucke time and space to have remembrance of my up thy spirits, man, and be not affraide to end. And soe, God helpe me, most of all, doe thine office : my neck is verie short, Mr. Pope, am I bounden to his Highnes, take heede therfore thou strike not awrie for VOL. IV.
OBSERVATIONS SUGGESTED BY THE
OF THE LIFE OF THE LATE BISHOP
savinge of thine honestie.' Soe passed Sir mind better than mere talents. That Thomas More out of this world to God up- something is-wisdom. And when pon the verie same daie which he most de- the people call to mind the paltry and sired. Soone after his deathe came intelli- cowardly counsels of these men of tagence thearof to the Emperor Charles lents-their insensibility to the imWhearuppon he sent for Sir Thomas Eliott, our English Embassadour, and said to him;
perishable glories of England-their • My Lord Embassadour, we understande fawning adulation of despotism and that the Kinge your master hath put his despot-their niggardly praises, or faithfull servant and grave councellor Sir their insidious attacks on time-hallowThomas More to deathe.' Whearuppon Sir ed establishments; and, above all, their Thomas Eliott answeared, that he under- sneaking, ignorant, and malignant stoode nothing thearof. Well, saide the sneers, at the religion in which we Emperor, it is too true : and this will we
have our being—they laugh to scorn saie, that had we binne master of such a servant, of whose dooings ourselves have had the vaunted talents of the Conspiracy, these manie yeers noe small experience, we
and look back with mixed self-congrawould rather have lost the best cittie of our tulation and self-reproach to the days dominions, than have lost such a worthie of their delusion, when some of them Councellor. Which matter was by the might have allowed themselves to be same Sir Thomas Eliott to my selfe, to my worked up into a causeless terror of wife, to Mr. Clement and his wife, to Mr. the final overthrow of their country's John Heywood and his wife, and unto di
liberties. vers others his freindes accordinglie report
In vain, however, do these men of ed.”
talents try to sustain their former arrogance. In spite of their blustering, they are crest-fallen,--sometimes, in the midst of their angriest invectives,
there is a “ voice of weeping heard, EDINBURGH REVIEWER'S ACCOUNT and loud lament;" they eat their very
hearts at the spectacle of their country's unparalelled glory—they cry on
us with bitter impatience to believe We wish to call the attention of our ourselves ruined, and wax more wroth readers to this production, not because at the scorn that replies to their folly we think that there is any thing very —they insult the ashes of those great formidable in its mischief, but because men whose counsels have saved Europe it speaks the sentiments and opinions from falling back centuries of civilizaof a Junto whose power, happily for tion in the blastment of despotismthis country, is on the decay, and they break in with unhallowed vioought never again to be permitted to lence upon the awful solitude of their lift its head. Fatal, indeed, might afflicted King—and that they may sahave been the influence of these con- crilegiously lay hands on his grey jurated wits and wise-men, on the pa- hairs, they falsely, basely, and hypocritriotism and the religion of Britons, tically accuse him of having neglected had there been in the country as bit- the true interests of that religion which ter a disaffection to the Government, they themselves have for so many and as deep rooted an infidelity re- years been endeavouring to destroy. specting the Christian Faith, as they In their defence of the character of had presumed upon, in their utter igno- Bishop Watson, there is an ample disrance of the spirit of the age. They play of all those qualities of mind and have not now even the cold consola- heart, which have at last awakened tion of distant hope. They feel that against the Edinburgh Review an altheir reign is over-yet they are loth most universal feeling of contempt and to part either with the shibboleth of indignation. It is easy to see the reatheir party, or the insignia of their son of all this useless zeal in the depower, and foolishly continue to as- fence of a man, who, it is well known, sume the same tyrannical demean- regarded them with aversion and abour that they wore in the splendour of horrence. We look in vain in the dull their usurpation, even now, when they and fretful pages of this irritable and have been by the voice of the country disappointed Reviewer, for one trace dethroned.
of a lofty and virtuous indignation ; That country feels and acknowledges, he is vexed, and peevish, and out of that there is something in the human temper-and wrecks his impotent an