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“A native of Osnaburg, named Grousseldt,"
must one day be followed by the first nation of authorized, Bonrepaus lost no time, and T'gr. the continent in endeavouring to separate Ire. connel communicated to him that before a year land from England; it will and must be that was over, every thing should be prepared in of France, if France is ever endangered by the Ireland, and that for that purpose be would policy of England.”—vol. ii. p. 115.
send a secret agent to the court of France. As We particularly recommend the last sen to Scotland, Bonrepaus, whose embassy in tence to the consideration of those who do not England was about to expire, again renewed hesitate still to support that system of exaspe- his first propositions for the establishment of a ration, which at this time had nearly thrown republic there, and announced to the Marquis Ireland into the hands of France, and which de Seignelay that he would discuss the submust always expose her to the solicitations of ject with him verbally."- vol. ii. p. 288. our enemies. The warning given by M. Ma The proceedings in the case of Magdalen zure is not to be regarded as the threat of a de College perhaps tended more than any other magogue.
act of the king to shake the foundation of his While James was thus rendering Ireland a throne. Those proceedings are so fully related citadel for himself in case of distress, his lieu- by our own historians, and may be found at tenant, Tyrconnel, was plotting to render that such length in Mr. Howell's edition of the island a province of France. The account of State Trials, that M. Mazure can scarcely be this intrigue (taken from the letters of Bonre-expected to throw any additional light on the paus) is so curious that we give it at length. subject. His account of the king's interview
“ The king's designs upon Ireland embraced with the fellows at Oxford, taken from the a period of five years. That time appeared ne correspondence of Bonrepaus, is however cocessary to him, in order to fortify that king. rious, not only as a proof of the fidelity with dom, and to prepare an asylum in it for the which the French agents transmitted to their Catholics, independent of his successor, if the
court intelligence of important occurrences, Prince of Orange succeeded to him. But the but as showing that, even in the opinion of his Duke of Tyrconnel had views of less distant French friends, the conduct of James was con completion. An English nobleman who pos. sidered not only as rash, but as destructive of sessed his entire confidence, and who treated the ends which he himself had in view. It ap. with the king respecting all the affairs of Ire. pears also, from Bonrepaus' account of this island, made a proposal to Bonrepaus to repair terview, that James was so transported with anlo Chester. Tyrconnel had allowed him to open ger, that he was even obliged to retire in order his mind to him. The plans of the viceroy,' to calm himself. An attack like this upon the he said, ' were subordinate to the life of James rights of the university at once roused the 1 II., and he was taking measures under all cir- | dignation of the churchmen, who only submitcumstances to place himself under the protected under the influence of actual compulsion. tion of the King of France. Meanwhile he While the domestic policy of the king was was warmly urging the King of England to thus imprudent and dangerous, he was not form magazines of arms and ammunition of more successful in his relations with foreigu every description; and already a vessel had powers. Notwithstanding the incessant protesjust been sent to Ireland laden with gunpowder tations of friendship and affection which he la: and howitzers.' Bonrepaus, who had not yet vished upon the French king, he yet failed to received the answer of the Marquis de Seigne secure the confidence of that sovereign, who, lay, durst not venture to repair to Chester, as appears from the diplomatic correspondence and to expose himself unauthorized to such of the time, placed no kind of reliance on the confidential communications. Shortly after- good faith of his ally. With the States James wards he received from France the requisite had indeed a difficult part to act; and, with. powers. His majesty,' said M. de Seignelay, singular want of discretion, he confided his regards the business as most important. 1 interest there to the hands of D'Albeville--the person you mention has positive creden. man of the most corrupt principles and of the tials from my Lord Tyrconnel, you may tell most shallow capacity. The intrigues and him that the king assents
to the propositions mistakes of this miserable person are exposed which he makes, and that in the event of the at length in the narrative of M. Mazure, who death of the King of England, if he should be is particularly full, as might be expected
, in his strong enough to keep his ground in Ireland, relation of James's foreign policy. In his con: he may rely on considérable
succours from his duct towards the Prince of Orange, James was majesty, who will give orders for preparing singularly unfortunate. Neither confiding in whatever is necessary at Brest for that purpose. But as a matter of that importance de that teniporising system which demonstrated
him nor defying him, he pursued towards him mands the closest secrecy, it is proper that you his sense of his own weakness. So destruc should assure him that M. de Barillon shall tive, indeed, was the existence of the prince to know nothing of it, (Tyrconnel's agent was too the views entertained by James, that M. Mayou take measures for opening a direct corres: plicated in an attempt, contemplated in the
zure is inclined to believe that the king was im. we may, if necessary, settle with him as to the the prince. The particulars of this transaction conditions under which his majesty might which, as M. Mazure informs us, is only to be grant him his demands and the necessary assistance in order to maintain the Catholic reli
traced in the correspondence of Davaus, 1: gion in Ireland, and separate that kingdom them before our readers.
so interesting that we do not hesitate to lay from the rest of England, in the event of a Protestant prince succeeding to the throne. Thus says Davaux, " applied to him (the Prince
Orange) for a protection in order to disclose to not been made, had urged bim to keep his prohim a plan formed against his life. This man mise, and threatened him that if he failed, he was brought before him, and deposed, that would learn to his cost that communications being in a state of extreme wretchedness at of this nature were not made with impunity, Amsterdam, and mortified at finding himself and it was in consequence of this menace that reduced to beggary, after having served so long Grousfeldt finally quitted Amsterdam that during the war, he was frequently giving vent very day.' to his despair, and saying that he was ready to “ After all these details, Count Davaux adds, undertake any thing. One day a stranger, but in cypher, a private circunstance connectoverhearing him talk in this manner, gave him ed with the Marquis d'Albeville; I have learn. some money. Shortly afterwards, he said, ed from him that an Englishman residing at this stranger offered to make his fortune, if he Amsterdam had been security for Grousfeldt; would undertake to poison the person whom that this same Englishman came to the Marquis he would name to him. Grousfeldt, having de'Albeville last week (Letter
of May 31,) and assented to the proposition, received next day informed him of the whole affair, at which he & phial of poison. The stranger told him that was alarmed, because they had come to interthis poison neither altered the taste nor the rogate him as to his motives for becoming secolour of wine; and that he must make the curity for this man.' esperiment of its effects on his landlord, who " Count Davaux gives no farther details, and would die of it in two hours. This man,' said the only result of this mysterious affair was to the stranger to him, is a poor wretch, too ob. afford the Prince the opportunity of having scure to make his fate excite any notice; if guards assigned him when he quitted the Hague you make a trial of the poison upon him this to go to his castle at Loo.
"No wearing a white plume will bring you two hun. Count Davaux, that this conspiracy against the dred guineas, and will give you every security | life of the Prince of Orange was only imagi. for receiving ten thousand, if you poison the nary; no other trace of it is discoverable than Prince of Orange. Grousfeldt took the phial, that which is afforded by his own correspondand went to his lodging; but being seized ence, and the enemies of the English monarch with remorse, he departed the next day, and did not venture to charge him with this. But returned to his native country, from whence he in times of political or religious fanaticien there wrote to the Prince of Orange for the means are men to be found who hold the execrable of coming and making this disclosure.
maxim, that killing is no murder. It is quite “ The Prince," observes M. Mazure," had certain, that after the Revolution was comtreated this information with utter contempt, pleted, there were real conspiracies against thinking that, in all probability, Grousfeldi William's life, with which there are undeniable had merely hatched this plot out of his own proofs that King James was acquainted, and brain, in order to obtain some reward; but at the that if he did not authorize or approve them, last Hague fair, Grousfeldt felt himself struck he at least tolerated them."-vol. i. p. 420. in the crowd, and called out, I am wounded: M. Mazure then refers to a note at the conhe had actually received a thrust of a stiletto clusion of his History which we shall have ocin the loins, of an inch deep.
casion to mention hereafter. “This event naturally attracted the atten The obscurity in which this transaction is tion of the Prince of Orange. The police enveloped, will probably never be removed; made inquiries, to ascertain if it was true that but there are some circumstances not noticed Grousfeldt had dined, in the tavern which he by M. Mazure, which render the affair still mentioned, with the person whose description more singular. He does indeed allude to a he had given, and who had paid his reckoning: previous attempt upon the person of the Prince, “This was all the clue that they could have, contemplated" by a gentleman of Piedmont says the Count Davaux, 'as Grousfeldt had who had killed his colonel.” The same design declared that he had no knowledge of where is mentioned by Burnet; but there was, we be. this stranger lived: he neither knew his name lieve, no particular narrative of it published, Dor his country; he only said, that the stranger until Mr. Seward, in the fourth volume of his spoke French badly, and he thought him an Eng. “ Anecdotes of distinguished Persons," printed lishman.'
an original letter from Nicolas Facio, the ce"Count Davaux, who relates these facts, lebrated mathematician, containing an account examines the circumstances which can throw of the proposed attempt, communicated to Facio any reasonable doubts on the existence of a by the “ Piedmontese gentleman" himself, plot for assassinating the Prince of Orange Count Fenil
. This person, having killed his How is it that Grousfeldt did not seek to make commanding officer, fed from the French serhimself better acquainted with the name, resi- vice into which he had entered; but being dedence, and country of the stranger? Having sirous of returning, he addressed a letter to taken the poison, and having been touched Louvois, the French minister, proposing to with remorse so immediately afterwards, why seize the Prince of Orange and deliver him did not he immediately go and reveal it to the into the hands of the French. Louvois reprince, or at least to a magistrate? Why did ceived the proposal with eagerness, wrote to not he keep the poison ? But,' adds the count, Fenil a letter in his own hand (which was seen 'as men do not always act with presence of by Facio) holding out the greatest promises, mind on such occasions, no certain inference and desiring him to come to Paris. These can be thence derived. Besides, according to facts were, strangely enough, communicated Grousfeldt's declaration, the stranger, on being to Facio, who acquainted Burnet with them, informed next day that the promised trial had under a promise of secrecy, and ultimately in.
formed the Prince himself, who, in conse others, to the attempt in which they lost their quence, suffered himself to be attended with a lives. He then gives a narrative of Sir George guard. The above is the ontline of Facio's Berkeley, and the commission which that per: narrative, which agrees with Burnet's short son held from him, for the purpose of showing, relation of the same affair. What became of that though he had authorized his adherents to Fenil does not appear. Six years after the levy war against William, he had never assent. discovery of this attempt, (viz. in 1692,) another ed to the attempt upon his person. conspiracy was formed against the life of Wil. In searching among the papers relating to liam. The account of it given by Burnet is, James II., at Saint Germain, M. Mazure disthat one Grandval had been in treaty with covered a very extraordinary document, which Louvois to perpetrate this act, and that on necessarily raises a doubt as to the correctness Louvois' death his son found a memorandum of of the above statement. The date (in pencil) the design amongst his father's papers, and was 1693, and it purported to be a commission sending for Grandval persuaded him to renew from James II. It ran thus it. However, before the attempt could be ac “You are hereby authorized and required to complished, it was discovered, and Grandval, seize and secure the person of the Prince of being seized, was tried in Flanders by a court | Orange, and to bring him before us, taking to martial, and executed. The whig writers have your assistance such others of our faithful subnot hesitated to assert James's participation in jects in whom you may have the most condthis scheme. Of the justice of such an accu dence; and we order and command all such sation it is difficult to form an opinion; but lieutenants, deputy lieutenants, mayors, shefrom all the circumstances of the case we are riffs, and other officers, civil and military, to be inclined to think that these designs originated assistant to you in the due execution of these with the French Court rather than with James. presents, and for your so doing this shall be
It does not seem improbable that Fenil, and your warrant." Grousfeldt, and Grandval, were one and the In the margin of the same paper is writtensame person. We know that Count Fenil com “ Prendre l'ordre du Roi pour écrire au Goumunicated his design by letter to Louvois, and verneur de Boulogne en faveur du Sieur C." that it was amongst his papers that the plan From a letter given by M. Mazure, there apof the proposed assassination was found, on pears to be little doubt that the Sieur C. was which Louvois the younger proceeded in 1692. The Crosby whose offers are said by James to The name of Grousseldi too would be easily have been rejected by him; and if that be corconverted by the French into Grandval; but, rect, it is difficult to reconcile the existence of after all, this is and must be merely matter of the document discovered at St. Germain, with speculation.
the statement in James's memoirs. It is posThere are, unfortunately, more substantial sible, indeed, that although the draft of the comgrounds for believing that James was impli- mission may have been prepared, the scroples cated in the conspiracy against William, dis- which James professes may have operated to covered in the year 1696, and for which seve prevent the completion of the instrument. I! ral persons were tried and suffered. The most is certain that all the conspirators who suffered important evidence of James's guilt has been in 1696, denied at the scaffold, that the commisbrought to light by M. Mazure, who has de- sion under which they acted contained any auvoted a note at the conclusion of his volume thority to seize the person of William. to the subject. The account given of the trans The interesting nature of the inquiry will action by James himselft is as follows:
excuse the above digression; but we shall now “ That about the end of the year 1693, a pro resume the narrative of M. Mazure, with his posal had been made to the King, by one newly spirited picture of the trial of the seven bishops. come out of England, of seizing and bringing He has, however, brought to light no new facts, away the Prince of Orange, and of making a ris. and we only advert to the subject, for the puring in and about London,
but his Majesty would pose of giving an extract from a letter to Ba. not hear of it, looking upon the project as im- rillon, who seems to have been quite convinced practicable, and exposing his friends when be that the bishops and their councils were in the had no prospect of seconding them. The same right. thing some time after was proposed again, and " It seems,” says the ambassador, speaking again rejected; notwithstanding which, in the of the trial," as if there had been a sort of trial beginning of the year 1695, it was a third time of strength between the two parties, and that moved by one Crosby, or Clench, who came the popular cause has completely triumphed from people that wished the king well (as he over that of the king. The counsel for the bi. pretended), though another set of men than shops seized the opportunity which was offered those the King had hitherto corresponded with; thein for agitating the question of the dispensthese persons, he said, made no doubt of seizing ing power. They maintained that this power the Prince of Orange and bringing him off, but could never be granted to the king, without endesired a warrant by his Majesty to empower tirely overturning the laws and the established them to do it; this the king again rejected, forin of government, which is at an end if the and charged him not to meddle in any such laws can be suspended by any other power than matter."
that which made them, namely, the Parliament James then proceeds to relate the manner in This doctrine was received with universal apwhich Crosby disobeyed these injunctions, and plause and great acclamation. The advocates excited Sir William Parkins, Charnock, and of the royal prerogative were not prepared to
reply, or to refute the arguments brought for See Burnet and Kennett, vol. iii. p. 617, ward by the most learned lawyers of England, C44. 1 Life of James II. vol. ii. p. 545. who were opposed to them."--rolii. p. 469.
The birth of the Prince of Wales, which | M. Mazure from the correspondence of Baril. happened two days after the bishops had been lon, is a very remarkable document, and becommitted to the Tower, hastened the crisis of trays the extremity to which the king was reJames's fortunes; and the event which he had duced. In consequence of the adoption of this so long and so earnestly desired as that which line of policy by James, Louis XIV. suspended was to strengthen and confirm his power, was his intention of declaring war against the in fact the immediate cause of his overthrow. States—a fact which is now for the first time The enemies of Catholicism, who had looked brought to light. At the same time we canwith hope and confidence to the Protestant not altogether coincide with our author in the heirs, now beheld themselves deprived even of eulogy which he takes this occasion of passing this remote consolation, and in iheir dread of upon the magnanimity of Louis XIV. whose a Popish successor, they did not hesitate to in conduct in this affair ought, he tells us, to invite the immediate interposition of the Prince spire us with veneration for his character. That of Orange. With consummate skill and cau sovereign was fully aware that it deeply intion that able statesman had prepared himself terested himself to preserve the crown of Eng. and his resources for this great emergency, land upon the brows of James, and in forbearand the call of the English nation for delivering at this time to press bis warlike designs ance found a prompt answer. Never was so against Holland, he was doubtless governed bold and so noble an enterprise achieved with by the expectation that James would probably, more wisdom and valour. Although himself by his new policy, be enabled to prevent the exposed to the vigorous assaults of Fronce, threatened descent of the Prince of Orange. William successfully protected the States Had Louis at once declared war against the against the menaced danger, and left himself States, it would have been impossible that the free for the accomplishment of his great task repudiation by James of a connexion with in England. While thus, on the one hand, all France could have gained any credit, and the that prudence could suggest and energy exc
design of the Prince of Orange upon England cute was pressed into the service of the Prince, would have been forwarded with double vigour. the proceedings of James were marked with The cautious policy of the two monarchs was an imbecility and an inertness which almost doomed to be unsuccessful, and the fair proamounted to infatuation. Undecided whether mises of the king of England produced no to press forward or to retrace his fatal footsteps, change in the conduct of the States. Thus James ferme dans ses irresolutions, lo use a deprived alike of his hopes of succour from phrase of M. Mazure, seemed willing to per France, and of forbearance from Holland, suade himself that the threatened danger would James was driven to the unpalatable necessity pet pass away. Though forewarned, both by of retracing those steps in his domestic policy the French ambassador and by D'Albeville, of which had led him to the brink of ruin. Even the preparations making in Holland, which it this attempt failed. Those measures of restiwas but too obvious were destined for England, tution, so grateful to the people, were attrihe still persisted in asserting that the Prince buted to his highness, and not to his majesty, would not venture upon so perilous an enter whose good faith in retracting what had cost prise; and when Louis XIV. menaced the him so much to achieve was more than susStates with war in case an attempt should be pected. In this state of things the fleet of the made upon England, James had the folly to re- Prince of Orange sailed for England. sent as impertinent an interference upon which When the intelligence of this hostile armaall his hopes must have depended. And yet ment, and of its approach to the shores of there was in this some show of royal feeling England, reached the ears of the king, all not unbecoming a king of England :—“I need brave men expected to see him hastening to not a protector,” said he to Van Aters, the meet the invaders at the head of his army. ambassador of the States; “ I have no wish to Now came the time when the reputation for be treated like the Cardinal of Furstemberg" courage, which he had, perhaps, not unjustly (a creature of Louis XIV.) But upon whom acquired, was to be put to the test. Energy, was he to rely? He had alienated the affec- promptitude and resolution might yel pretions of the great majority of his people ; he serve the throne, which was trembling beneath had offended the Church of England, till in him. To place himself without delay in front be extremity of her wrath she forgot even of his troops, and to strike a speedy and vigoher own principles of non-resistance; he had rous blow, was the bold and wise exhortation failed to conciliate the sovereign pontiff, who, of the French king. in common with all the moderate and sensible * The more a king exhibits greatness of soul Catholics of England, looked with regret upon in peril,” said Louis, in a letter to his ambasmeasures so little calculated to promote the sador," the more he strengthens the fidelity of zue interests of the Church of Rome. Under his subjects. Let the king of England exhibit these circumstances, France seemed the only the intrepidity which is natural to him, and he power to which James could turn with cont will make himself formidable to his enemies, dence for assistance and support, and yet he and cause them to repent of their enterprise." slighted the efforts thus made by Louis in his vol. iii. p. 266. favour ; nay, as the danger approached nearer, Again, in a subsequent letter, Louis regrethe abandoned altogether the idea of succours ted that the king hesitated to take the personal from that sovereign, and endeavoured to con command of his forces, and finding that he had diliate the States, by expressing his readiness resolved to place another person at their head, to join with them in preserving the peace of he offered to despatch to James's assistance, Nimeguen. The memoir which James de under the title of envoy extraordinary a marspatched at this period to the States, given by shal of France, or a lieutenant general of his
army. . This degrading proposition was made The Proprietors of the « Boy's own Book** too late to be accepted, nor is it probable that are preparing for speedy publication, an elethe king would have assented to it, since it gant volume, of a decidedly novel character, must have heightened that jealousy which the devoted to the most elegant Recreations and nation had already begun to entertain of a pursuits of Young Ladies. connexion with France.
In the Press, an Essay on the Science of In this state of supineness James suffered Acting ; with Instructions for Young Actor, the Prince of Orange to land without opposi- wherein the Action and the Utterance of the tion. The disaffected, whose spirits might Stage, the Bar, and the Pulpit, are distinctly have been awed by a show of resolution in the considered. Illustrated by Recollections, Adec. king, gathered fresh hopes from the success of dotes, Traits of Character, and incidental Inhis enemies. To forsake the banners of a king formation upon Persons and Events connected who did not venture to lead his followers to with the Drama, from the most authentic the field was not unnatural, and the example Sources. By a Veteran Stager. In 1 vol. of Lord Cornbury was quickly followed. This The Present State of Van Diemen's Land, was the last blow to all James's hopes. That its Agriculture, Capabilities, &c. By Henry army, which it had cost him so much to create, Widdowson, late agent to the Van Diemen's and which he had regarded as the great engine Land Agricultural establishment. by which all his designs in the end were to be A New Edition of Salathiel, a Story of the effected, was now converted into the instru. Past, the Present, and the Future, is announced ment of his destruction. Desertion followed for immediate publication. desertion; doubt and distrust of those who Mr. Thomas Roscoe, it is said, is now enstill gathered under his standards rendered gaged in writing the Life of Ariosto, with every idea of effective resistance vain; and, Sketches of his most distinguished Literary and without striking a single blow in his defence, Political Contemporaries. James beheld his sceptre wrenched from his A New Edition of Thucydides, printed at the hands.
Clarendon Press, is preparing for Publication : In estimating the character of this great of which the Text will mostly agree with that transaction, and of those who played the prin- of Bekker. Illustrated with Maps drawn from cipal parts in it, M. Mazure has, we think, actual surveys, and accompanied with Notes displayed some harshness and injustice to: chiefly Historical and Geographical. By the wards William. The circumstance of his re- Rev. T. Arnold, Head Master of Rugby lationship and near connexion with James ap- School, and formerly Fellow of Oriel College, pears to have had an undue weight upon the Oxford. mind of the historian. It is well that the ten In the Press, and will be published with all der charities and affections of private life convenient speed, handsomely printed in 1 val. should in social intercourse be inviolably ob- | 8vo, embellished with a Frontispiece, and a served; but when the happiness and welfare Map of the Hundred, coloured Geologically (to of nations are thrown into the opposite scale, be paid for on delivery), A Topographical and who can blame the man who yields to such Genealogical History of the Hundred of Carparamount claims? In other respects also, the hampton, in the Western division of the Courcharacter of William seems to be displeasing ty of Somerset. Compiled from the best Auto the historian; his imperturbable coldness, thorities, by James Savage. his utter want of vivacity, and perhaps, more The English in Portugal. A Narrative of than all, his irreconcileable aversion to France, Facts connected with the Imprisonment and have arrayed the prejudices of M. Mazure Trial of William Young, Esq. H.P. Britisha against him.
Service, late a State Prisoner in Portugal. In closing the volume before us we cannot Written by Himself. Comprising a view of avoid expressing our regret, or rather our the Present State of that Country under Don shame, that the literature of England possesses Miguel, &c. &c. Accompanied by official Dono worthy history of the greatest revolution cuments. 8vo. ever wrought upon English soil. The public Private Correspondence of David Garrick have long looked in vain for the performance with the most celebrated Persons of his Time, of this task to the genius of Mackintosh; but now first published from the Originals, by perwe confess that there is another pen which we mission of the Executors. 4to. should even with more satisfaction see em Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, in. ployed in tracing this neglected but noble his. cluding a Journey from Bagdad across Mount tory.
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