Imágenes de páginas

Et modica instaurat funera justus honos. Alta petant alii, et perituræ laudis amore

Sanguineum insistant ambitionis iter; Hac mihi sit, tacitæ decurso tramite vitæ,

Hac demum in cælos scandere posse viâ.


Till, like ripe fruit, thou drop
Into thy mother's lap, or be with ease
Gather'd, not harshly plucked, for death mature.'

P. L., xi. 535.

We must, however, before we conclude, to invest a dry and barren subject with foreign still more strongly enforce upon our readers, hues of picturesque beauty: here it moves that these slight, however elegant and finished in its own element; its masculine majesty pieces, must not be considered, any more and its suggestive richness have full scope. than the selection from the “Arundines,' as Nor can the young scholar be put to a severer representing the highest excellence attained test than in this kind of composition. It even in very modern times by our Latin tries at once the acuteness of his intellect, poetry. We should not otherwise be doing which must clearly comprehend the philojustice either to the illustrious men,' who sophic thoughts, whether physical or moral, might contribute things written in a far which he would array in words; his intimate loftier vein to our proposed collection, or to acquaintance not merely with the whole texthe intrinsic value of the poetry itself

. We ture of Lucretian language, or language are admonished to repeat this caution by a which Lucretius would have used if necessmall volume, printed two years ago, con- sary, but with all its finer, evanescent shades taining some most remarkable specimens of of meaning; and his fertility of illustration, Lucretian verse, which would not have been which must be at once clear and precise, lest disowned, the editor_boldly asserts, by Lu- his meaning should evaporate into the vague cretius himself.* The editor holds them and unintelligible ; imaginative, lest he should forth very judiciously as an encouragement be dry and barren; and still, while his fancy and example to young Eton scholars, as they lets itself loose in this kind of illustrative all belong to that school. The volume in comparison, it must be regulated and kept cludes Gray's fragment de Principiis Cogi- within the bounds of propriety and of natural tandi ;' two Eton or Cambridge exercises by association by the purest taste. The Latin the late master of Eton, Dr. Keate, and Mr. poet (and a poet he must be, to succeed in William Frere, the late master of Downing this kind of composition) will have constantly College; with the three triposes of Mr. Ro- to summon to his service unusual words, bert Smith--the friend of Canning, and bro- which must be genuine Latin, and of which ther of Sydney-on the Cartesian, Platonic, he must know the very nicest and most intiand Newtonian systems. Though we should mate signification ; and all this requires a doubtless have rather wished that Gray should complete mastery over a foreign and dead have finished his Agrippina, or his English language, rarely attained, but, if attained, too Didactic Poem-yet we would willingly have intrinsically valuable to be allowed to wear prolonged his life for the completion likewise out for want of exercise. We know not of this noble Latin fragment.

There is whether Mr. Robert Smith has continued to something in this kind of poetry singularly cultivate this remarkable talent: if he has, congenial with Latin verse : the three great- we could look to no quarter for such valuable est productions of Roman poetry partake contributions to a collection of Anglo-Latin more or less of this character—the poem of poetry. Nor can we refrain from enriching Lucretius, the Georgics of Virgil, the Epistles our pages with one passage (we take it from of Horace. The somewhat elaborate and the Cartesii Principia '), as a specimen of artificial diction of Roman verse, even in the poems which, however their fame may have best poets, contrasts with the easy simplicity been great among their contemporaries, and of Greek: it wants freedom (we are warned may have descended in the direct line of Etoby the name of Catullus not to speak too nian celebrity to their revival in the small strongly) for the expression of fervent pas- volume from which we quote, may be unsion: it had not, it might seem that it was known to many scholars, both able and will. incapable of, tragedy. But Latin verse is ing to appreciate their extraordinary excelthe noblest vehicle for subjects which admit lence :of study, and skill, and elaborate finishwhere the expression should be condensed or Principio passim spatia indigesta tenebat xpanded, either to enforce moral truth by Lubrica materies, crudique trementia mundi ome pregnant and apophthegmatic line, or Semina; nec vacuum illud erat, sed plena vola

bant • Fasciculus carminum stylo Lucretiano scrip- Corpora. Tum assiduis inter se motibus acta, rum; Auctoribus doctis quibusdam Viris, in sinu Liquida ramenta, et teneri copere vapores -giæ Scholæ Etonensis, Musarum Disciplinâ olim Diffiuere, et vastum sese labyrinthus in æquor stitutis. Etonæ. 1839.?





Explicuit, fecitque viam, quâ precipitantes Pura quies coelo, liquidisque innantia mundi Confluerent atomi, et solidus cualesceret orbis. Sidera vorticibus, ei latè lucidus æther.

Major abhinc rerum facies, et sanctior usus Felix qui placidum sophiæ libaverit amnem! Exoritur; voluitque animatam fædere fixo Cui secura suos aperit sapientia funies! Ire Deus naturam, et justis volvere sese Pluribus illa quidem: sed enim circumstat Imperiis: ipse in medio, certissimus auctor,

acerba Intus agit, pascitque effuso numine mundum. Dirarum facies, prohibetque attingere ripam;

Anxietas, vacuoque ferox Insania risu, Idcirco levis ille fluor circum ambit opacos, Et quæcumque faligato comes addita cordi Ætheris oceano cingens, atque occupat orbes; Hæret inexpletum, alque animo febricitat ægro. Vividus, alta tremens, æteroo turbine raptus : Qualem etiam æstivo sub sudo sæpe videre est, Quid tibi tantopere est, mortalis, multa queCum Hammæ ardentes radii, tenuesque superne Lympharum rores, atque auræ intaciilis humor Ducere, sollicitamque gravi formidine vitam? Miscuerunt sese, et cælo luctantur aperto, Quid cæcum studio vivendi deierere ævom? Æstu pura qua ti loca cernimus, et tremere om- Necquicquam; quoniam brevia atque incerta

labescunt Aéra per campum, rapidàque liquescere luce. Tempora, et infectâ jamjam ad caput adsiitit

horâ Sol autem maris immensi spatia aurea circum Mors operumque quies, et respiratio curæ. Vorticibus trahit, et rutilo rotat axe planetas. Nos autem lucis non intellecta cupido Illæ indefessæ peragunt per inania cursus Alligat, atque animum dulcedine pascit inani.' Quæque suos; una erranti symphonia cælo Scilicet, et rerum consentit mobilis ordo.

Arduus ante omnes agitur Cyllenius Hermes; Art. VII.-TAE LIBRARY OF ANGLO-CATHOCredibile est illum tenebris et nocte carentem Æterno radiare die, tam fervida torret

LIC THEOLOGY. Oxford, 1841.-Vols. I. Teniperies, rapidique urget vicinia Solis. II. III. Ninely-six Sermons. By the Gratas quippe vices aliis, requiemque calorum Right Honourable and Reverend Father Alternam natura dedit, jussiique vagari

in God Lancelot Andrewes, sometime Lord (Floridus unde foret vigor et siocera facultas) Bishop of Winchester. Nubila per cælum et gelidos erumpere fontes, Diffuditque cavis liquidum in convallibus æquor. It is not with any intention of entering into Proxima deinde tenet magni spatia ampla the personal controversy which is now presereni

vailing in the Church, that we have taken up Dia Venus, tibi, Terra, soror, tibi, prima diei the present publication, however closely conNuncia, cum teneram jaculatur roscida lucem necied with it. Controversy, indeed, must Manenovo, noctisque hyemalia claustra resolvit. arise, whenever truth is to be defended in Æstivis eadem illa comes surgentia ducit Sidera temporibus.

the world; especially under any sound sysNec tu, 'Terra, tui mediâ in testudine mundi tem, which, like the Church of England, Figeris, astrorumque sedes regina, sed unâ holds its course steadily beneath the guidance Rapta volas, usque assiduâ vortigine travans of a higher power, swerving neither to the right Ætherios apices, liquidique volumina cæli: nor to the left, presenting two fronts to two difSicut odoraiam cum Pinaron aut Calycadni

ferent antagonists, and embracing in its wise Prætervecta sinus, aut ostia divitis Indi

and tolerant moderation two different classes of Labitur indulgens zephyro ratis; omne cubanti Sternitur æquor aquà læves illa usque per undas minds, the two great recognised divisions of It tacita, et specie labentia littora linquit.

human nature. The very

function and con

dition of the Church is to battle for the truth. Ulteriora autem lævå torrentia luce,

And when the battle is earnest, however Martis. et ignito crudescunt concava vultu. mixed with human errors, then we may be Deinde Jovem circum fulgenti quatuor ardent sure that men's minds are at least interested Astra satellitio: gelidos Saturnus oberrat Extremus fines, et tardu lumine lustrat.

in the subject of religion; and that the Quos ultra innumeri Soles, et candida currunt

Church is not paralysed, nor sleeping. Sidera, sive ea sunt magni flammantia mundi cloud of dust may be raised, but the dust Mævia, seu vastum diffusa per infinitum a proof of life and motion underneath. Ultra animorum aciem, et nostræ confinia mentis. The real evil to be feared and avoided

religious, even more than in any other Ergo umbras sequimur tenues, et inania rerum troversy, is personality. It is the gati: non Semina : nec mesiæ flerunt Phaethonta sorores, a contest round living individuals; the Stillantes vitreum foliis lacrymantibus imbrem, Curribus excussum patriis : nec conscia Laimi' ing their works a standard of Opini Luna videt nemora : aut stellatæ Atlantides ar- their names a watchword. It is the ' dent

sion of private and party jealousies and w: Virgineis habitate animis :-apparet in alto ests into discussions, which above all

should be approached in charity, though they decision of the Church; it is wise to ask it of must be decided in truth. By this intrusion, those whom the Church herself has so long not only half instructed and unchastend held up to our respect, and not to permit minds, but the worldly and unholy, are drawn ourselves, or others equally incompetent, to into the conflict; subjects of which angels sit in judgment upon the controversy. fear to speak' are profaned irreverently in Among the many signal proots of a Divine common mouths and places; religion be- favour shown to the English Church, and of comes part of the scandal of the day; until its own internal strength, is the creation all men are ashamed to seem ignorant of it, within it, since the Reformation, of this body and therefore speak of it with the boldness of standard Theology, formed principally in of ignorance. They take up the nickname, the seventeenth century. It is peculiarly her or the jest, or the calumnious tale forged own. And the value and authority of it are probably by those who have an interest in to be estimated, scarcely more by its doctrinal distracting the Church, and thus drive the soundness in particular points, than by certimid into violent opposition, the strong intoain à priori marks of truth, which give obstinacy, leaders into exasperation, follow-weight and character to a witness previous ers into a blind servility, and all into party : to any examination of his testimony. while those who have the strength or the It pleased God that in England two discoolness to keep themselves aloof, look on; tinct developments of two seemingly distinct a few, as Christians, with sorrow; but the principles should be brought close together, many, as worldly spectators gaze on a con- and exhibited to the eyes of the Churchtest of gladiators.

the excesses of Popery which brought on the Yet we must not try to escape from the Reformation ; and the excesses of Puritanism evil of such controversies by affecting indif- which produced the Rebellion ; and that ference to them, or treating them as ques- from the oscillation thus caused both the tions of 'words and names. They are words, Church and the State should right themselves and names, but only as symbols of deep truths at the Restoration. within them; and Christians must be inter- Not only this spectacle, but the lengthenested in all that interests the Church. The ed struggles of our Church against the Jesuits alternative is, to clear them in our own on the one side, and the Nonconformists on minds, as much as possible, from all consid- the other, placed full before her view both erations of the day and of persons; and to the extremes which endanger truth and goodexamine them, where it can be done, in some ness, whether in religion or any other duty. past time, where, as we study, we may pos- They placed her also in the position most sess our souls in quietness and humility; con- favourable for the formation of a sober, watchversing rather with the dead than with the ful, and discriminating temper; where, inliving; and sobered at the sight of even occa- stead of leading on a charge and attack in sional harshness by the reniembrance, that one direction, at the risk of intemperance the hands which gave vent to it are now and incaution, she was compelled to defend mouldering in the dust.

a post; maintaining her ground against oppoWith these feelinys it may be satisfactory site adversaries, and so brought to scrutinize and interesting, without speaking of modern every weak point, and to weigh every move. theories and writers, to look back to the old ment, lest success in one part should hazard standard Theology of the English Church, loss in another. Her great theologians of that and to ascertain the sentiments of our ac- day were also matched directly with the knowledged great Divines on some of the most learned and acute defenders of popery (1) debated questions of the present day. If we They came to the contest, not, as too many are afraid of party in the Church-that at of the present day must come, from a life of least cannot be called a party which collects thoughtlessness, armed only with weapons itself round those whom the Church has so snatched up in haste for the emergency, with long regarded as her own especial teachers. fragments of Fathers picked up in pamphlets If we desire in any matters to resort to sound- and reviews, but from years of deep and paer principles than prevailed in the last centu- tient study. There is no appearance of shiftry; no reform can be safe which does not ing their ground, as if they began the controproceed in a track already marked out—and versy in twilight views of truth, and changed we shall find one here. If peace and unity as it dawned upon them farther. On the are to be sought; it must be by rallying round authorities whom all sides may be willing to acknowledge, or at least none can and its chief managers in Lindsay's Preface to Ma

(1) See a particular account of the Controversy repudiate. And if assistance is wanted in son's Vindication of the Church of England, p. deterinining questions, apart from a formal xxxvii. et seq. Fol. 1728.

contrary, the uniform definiteness and con- and need not seek for any outward change to sistency of their teaching throughout is most assure us of the favour of God. What!' remarkable. Again, there is no symptom of exclaims Bishop Hall-referring to the lives combination, as if they derived their opinions and actions of those eminent scholars, learnfrom some one modern teacher, instead of by ed preachers, grave, lioly, and accomplished independent study from the great fountain- divines,' such, and so many, as no one clergy head of Scripture and antiquity. They were, in the whole Christian world did yieldalmost without exception, placed in high official stations in the Church; where every: What! could you see no colleges, no hospitals word was open to attack, and required to be built ? no churches re-edified ? no learned volweighed; and every act was to be deter- umes written ? no heresies confuted ? no seducmined under a most solemn responsibility; and ed persons reclaimed ? no hospitality kept? no in which their prayers and holiness may well ed? no good offices done for the public ? no care

offenders punished ? no disorders correctentitle us to believe that they were blessed of the peace of the Church? no diligence in with no common guidance from their Lord preaching? no holiness in living ?' • It is a great and Master. All were, to a singular degree, word that I shall speak,' he says elsewhere, practical men, (1) not pledged to any theory; and yet I must and will say it, without either and, by the circumstances of the times and arrogance or flattery; stupor mundi clerus Briof their lives, brought into contact with the tannicus: the wonder of the world is the Clergy realities of life; and saved from the infection eloquent preachers, shall in vain be sought else

of Britain. So many learned divines, so many of that disease, which Lord Bacon has so where this day, in whatever region under the well described as naturally seated in Univer- cope of Heaven.'(1) sities; by which one kind of persons are led to delight in an inward authority, which they And we may well bless God, who gave seek over men's minds, in drawing them to us such models to imitate. Think of Laud's depend upon their opinions, and to seek patience under martyrdom, a martyrdom not knowledge at their lips ;' and another sort, of one stroke but of many years, passed under 'for the most part men of young years and barbarous libellings, and other bitter and superficial understanding,' are carried away grievous scorns' (2) —of Hammond's fastings with partial respects of persons, or with the and prayers, fastings for six-and-thirty hours, enticing appearance of godly names and pre- and prayers more than seven times a day(3)— tences.'(2)

of Hooker, the profound and philosophical And if they defended the system of the Hooker's childlike meekness-of Whitgift's Church of England with their understandings, solace' and 'repose' amidst the grandeur they realized it in their lives. There is a which he maintained for his office, in often longing in this day for the rise of some light dining at his hospital at Croydon among his of surpassing holiness within the Church of poor brethren' (4)--of Sanderson's abstinence England, such as we are wont to dream of and temperance, so that during the whole of in the monasteries of former times: and this his life he spent not five shillings upon himself would be willingly accepted as a proof that, in wine(5)—of Bramhall's noble exertions for amidst all the dangers which seem to threat- the Church of Ireland (6) - of Morton's daily en our Church as a system, and the defects alms, his single meal, his straw bed at eighty which may disgrace some of its individual years of age, his maintenance of scholars and members, yet we still have life within us, hospitality to all, his intense studies, like dove-like simplicity, his slowness to take reverence him with Hooker, as the worthiest offence, and readiness to forgive and forget (1) divine that Christendom hath bred for the -of Beveridge's pastoral zeal(2)--of Nichol- space of some hundreds of years ;'(1) with son's episcopal gravity' legenda scribens, Bilson as that learned father;'(2) with Laud, et faciens scribenda'(3)-of Taylor's 'total as that paintul, learned, and reverend preforgetfulness of self'(4) --of Bishop Wilson, late ;'(3) with Usher, as ó Muruplins Juellus, whose mere fame for piety procured from ille nunquam satis laudatus Episcopus ;'(4) the King of France, in time of war, an order with Bancroft, as a man to be accounted of that no French privateer should pillage the Isle as his name doth import, and so esteemed, of Man'(5)—of Ken's Sunday feasts with his not only in England, but with all the learned twelve poor parishioners (6)—of Andrewes's men beyond the seas, that ever knew him or • life of prayer,' and his book of private de- saw his writings ;'(5) with Morton, as “that votions, found 'worn in pieces by his fingers, admirable doctor in God's Church,' that and wet with his tears.'(7) And remember godly bishop,'' whose name we acknowledge that these lights of holiness and goodness to be most worthily honourable in the were not kept burning, as in a monastic sys- Church of Christ ; (6) with Montagu, as 'that tem, under an artificial shelter, and fed with Jewel of England ;'(7) with Cosin, as 'that extraordinary excitements, but exposed to the worthy and reverend prelate' ('præstantissiblasts of persecution, and to the chilling at. mus præsul');(8) with James, as one of the mosphere of the world ; that they are not as most precious and peerless Jewels of these accidents and strange phenomena in the sys- later times, for learning, knowledge, judg. tem of the English Church which make us ment, honesty, and industry;'(9) with Bramwonder how they could be found in such a hall, as that learned prelate'; (10) with place under such principles of government; Carleton, as Master Jewel, the reverend but true and faithful portraitures of her cha- Bishop of Salisbury, for piety and learning racter and doctrines-and then ask, whether the mirror of his time ;'(11) with Hall, as personal holiness be wanting to that Church that precious Jewel of England,' 'whom as a test of her truth--whether we need any moderate spirits may well hear;' 'who alone other outward system to make us as holy as with all judicious men will outweigh ten they were, than the system in which they thousand separatists ;'(12) with Field, as that were bred.

those of so many others of the same writers,

begun daily, to the end of his life, at four o'. (1) Thorndike seems to have partaken least of this clock in the morning(7)—of Jackson's charity practical character, and to have been most wed- and generosity,(8)—of Patrick's devotional ways spoken of with respect by his fellow Divines, spirit-of Cosin's 'princely magnificence' it is not without doubt as to his soundness. "I have to his first-born, the Church'(9)-of Usher's not seen his book,' says Bishop Taylor,-(Life by Heber, p. lxxxviii.) •You make me desirous of it, (1) Vol. x. p. 284, 354, vol. xi. p. 17. Compare because you call it elaborate ; but I like not the Clarendon's account of the visitation of Oxford, title nor the subject; and the man is indeed a very 1647, b. X.; and Bishop Nicholson's Apology, p. 172. good and learned man, but I have not seen much (2) History of Troubles, p. 225. prosperity in his writings: but if he have so well (3) Fell's Life of Hammond, Works, vol. 1. pp. chosen the questions, there is no peradventure but 25, 27. he hath tumbled into his heap many choice mate- (4) Wordsworth’s Eccl. Biog., vol. iv. p. 392. rials.' Stillingfleet (vol. vi. p. 61) seems to ac- (5) Walton's Lives, by Zouch, pp. 289, 295, cord in the same view; and Barrow wrote his Trea- (6) See Life prefixed to his Works. tise on the the Supremacy expressly to meet Thorn- (7) Biograph. Britann. dike's theory.

(8) Life prefixed to his Works, p. 6. (2) On Church Controversies, tol. vii. p. 41. 8vo. (9) Life by Basire.

worthy Bishop;'(13) with the martyr Charles, One Father of our Church has been re- as one whose memory he much reverenced, served, that he may be spoken of separately though he never thought him infallible ;'(14) -spoken of, as these his brethren always with Heylin, as 'that most reverend and spoke of him, turning aside whenever men- learned prelate, a man who very well undertion of him occurred, as if their pious humility stood the Church's meaning ;' that "reverend would not allow them to pass without some prelate, of whom I would not have you think token of gratitude and reverence,--the re. but that I hold as feverend an opinion, as cognised defender of the Church of England, you or any other, be he who he will;'(15) Bishop Jewell. If one fault be enough to with Godwin, as .felicissimæ memoriæ ; (16) blot out a whole "angelic life,' a life spent with Bishop Bull as "clarissimus ;'(17) with in the service of the Church, between his Sancroft, as 'our reverend and learned chapel and his study; if some hasty words Jewel ;'(18) with Stillingfleet, as that inare to condemn as unworthy of confidence comparable bishop'-'that great light and the man who set an example to all, that in ornament of this Church, whose memory is treating of holy things he did not set abroad in print twenty lines, till he had studied (1) Eccles. Pol. ii. s. 6. twenty years,'— then we may presume to

(2) Survey of Christ's Sufferings, p. 82.

(3) Speech at the Censure of Bastwick. speak lightly of Bishop Jewell.(8) But not

(4) De Eccles. Success., Præf.
so the true and grateful and humble-minded (5) Survey of Discipline, p. 336.
sons of the Church of England. They will (6) Defence of Ceremon, pp. 241, 242.

(7) Appeal to Cæsar, p. 159.
(8) Hist, of Transub. p. 9.

(9) Treatise of the Corrupt. of Scripture, p. 78, (1) Bramhall's Works, p. 937.

(10) Works, p. 472. (2) Memoir prefixed to Works, vol. i. p. xxxvi. (11) Thankful Remembrance, p. 219.

(3) Epitaph by Bishop Bull, Heber's Life of J. (12) Works, vol. x. pp. 73, 74, Taylor, p. cccxiv.

(13) Of the Church, p. 749. (4) Heber's Life, p. cxxvii.

(14) King Charles's Works, p. 176. (5) Life hy Stowell, p. 243.

(15) Heylin on the Creed, p. 475; Antidot. Lin(6) Life of Ken, p. 8. Prose Works, by Round, coln. p. 214.

(7) Preface to Andrewes's Private Devotions, (16) De Præsul. Angliæ, p. 22. translated by the Rev. P. Hall, p. xv.

(17) Bull's Works, vol. iv. p. 130. (8) Wordsworth’s Eccles. Biog., pp. 62, 69, 70. (18) D'Oyly's Life, vol. ii. p. 337.

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