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very uneasy to one another for several years ;) both the husband and the wife took the leap by consent ; they both of them escaped, and have lived very happily together ever since.

Larissa, a virgin of Thessaly, deserted by Plexippus, after a courtship of three years; she stood upon the brow of the promontory for some time, and after having thrown down a ring, a bracelet, and a little picture, with other presents which she had received from Plexippus, she threw herself into the sea, and was taken


alive. N. B. Lariffa, before she leaped, made an offering of a silver Cupid in the temple of Apollo.

Simætha, in love with Daphnis the Myndian, perished in the fall.

Çharixus, the brother of Sappho, in love with Rhodope the courtesan, having spent his whole estate upon her, was advised by his sister to leap in the beginning of his amour, but would not hearken to her until he was reduced to his last talent ; being forsaken by Rhodope, at length resolved to take the leap. Perished in it,

Aridæus, a beautiful youth of Epirus, in love with Praxinoe, the wife of Thespis, escaped without damage, saving only that two of his fore teeth were struck out, and his nose a little flatted.

Cleora, a widow of Ephesus, being inconsolable for the death of her husband, was resolved to take this leap in order to get rid of her passion for his memory; but being arrived at the promontory, she there met with Dimmachus the Miletian, and after a short conversation with him, laid aside the thoughts of her leap, and - inarried him in the temple of Apollo.

N. B. Her widow's weeds are still feen hanging up in the western corner of the temple.

Olphis, the fisherman, having received a box on the ear from Theftylis the day before, and being determined to have no more to do with her, leaped, and escaped with life.

Atalanta, an old maid, whose cruelty had several years before driven two or three despairing lovers to this leap; being now in the fifty-fifth year of her age, and in love with an officer.of Sparta, broke her neck ia the fall.

Hipparchus being passionately fond of his own wife, who was enanioured of Bathyllus, leaped, and died of his fall; upon which his wife married her gallant.

Tettyx, the dancing-master, in love with Olympia an Athenian matron, threw himself from the rock with great agility, but was crippled in the fall.

Diagoras, the usurer, in love with his cook-maid ; he peeped several times over the precipice, but his heart mifgiving him, he went back and married her that evening

Cinædus, after having entered his own name in the Pythian records, being asked the name of the person whom he leaped for, and being ashamed to discover it, he was set aside, and not suffered to leap.

Eunica, a maid of Paphos, aged nineteen, in love with Eurybates. Hurt in the fall, but recovered.

N. B. This was the second time of her leaping.

Hefperus, a young man of Tarentum, in love with his master's daughter. Drowned, the boats not coming in foon enough to his relief.

Sappho, the Lesbian, in love with Phaon, arrived at the temple of Apollo, habited like a bride in garments as white as snow. She wore a garland of myrtle on her head, and carried in her hand the little musical instrument of her own invention. After having fung an hymn to Apollo, The hung up her garland on one side of his altar, and her harp on the other. She then tucked up her vestments, like a Spartan virgin, and amidst thousands of spectators, who were anxious for her fafety, and offered up vows for her deliverance, marched directly forwards, to the utmost summit of the promontory, where after having repeated a stanza of her own verses, which we could not hear, she threw herself off the rock with such an inte pidity as was never before observed in any who had attempted that dangerous leap. Many who were present related, that they saw her fall into the sea, from whence the never rose again: though there were others whoaffirmed, that she never came to the bottom of her leap, but that fhe was changed into a swan as she fell, and that they saw her hovering in the air under that shape. But whether or oo the whiteness and Auttering of her garments might not deceive those who looked upon her, or whether she might

not really be metamorphosed into that musical and melancholy bird, is still a doubt among the Lelbians.

Alcæus, the famous Lyric poet, who had for some time been passionately in love with Sappho, arrived at the promontory of Leucate that very evening, in order to take the leap upon her account; but hearing that Sappho had been there before him, and that her body could be no where found, he very generously lamented her fall, and is said to have written his hundred and.. twenty-fifth ode upon that occasion.

Leaped in this Olympiad 250.

Females 126



I 20

N° 234

Wednesday, November 28.

Vellemin amicitia ficer

erraremus. Hor. Sat. 3. 1. 1. V.41. I wish this error in our friendship reign'd. CREECH. You

very often hear, people, after a story has been told with some entertaining circumstances, tell it over again with particulars that destroy the jest, but give light into the truth of the narration, This sort of veracity, though it is impertinent, has something amiable in it, because it proceeds from the love of truth, even in frivolous occasions. If such honest amendments do not promise an agreeable companion, they do a fincere friend ; for which reason one should allow them fo , much of our time, if we fall into their company, as to set us right in matters that can do us no manner of harn, . whether the facts be one way or the other. Lies which are told out of arrogance and oftentation a man should detect in his own defence, because he should not be triumphed over ; lies which are told out of malice he should expose, both for his own sake and that of the sest of mankir.d, because every man should rise against

a common enemy! but the officious liar many have argued is to be excused, because it does some man good, and no man hurt. The man who made more than ordinary speed from a fight in which the Athenians were beaten, and told them they had obtained a complete victory, and put the whole city into the utmost joy and exultation, was checked by the magistrates for his falsehood; but excused himself by saying, “ O Athenians! am " I your enemy because I gave you two happy days?” This fellow did to a whole people what an acquaintance of mine does every day he lives in fome eminent degree to particular persons. "He is ever lying people into good humour, and, as Plato said it is allowable in physicians to lie to their patients to keep up their spirits, I am half doubtful whether my friend's behaviour is not as excufable. His manner is to express himself surprised at the chearful countenance of a man whom he observes diffident of himself; and generally by that means makes his lie a truth. He will, as if he did not know any thing of the circumstance, ask one whom he knows at variance with another, what is the meaning that Mr. Such-a-one, naming his adversary, does not applaud him with that heartiness which formerly he has heard him? He said indeed, continues he, I would rather have that man for my friend than any man in England; but for an enemyThis melts the person he talks to, who expected nothing hut downright raillery from that lide. According as he fees his practices succeed, he goes to the opposite party, and tells him, he cannot imagine how it happens that some people know one another fo little ; you spoke with so much coldness of a gentleman who said more good of you, than, let me tell you, any man living deferves. The success of one of these incidents was, that the next time that one of the adversaries spied the other, he hems after him in the public street, and they must crack a bottle at the next tavern, that used to turn out of the other's way to avoid one another's eyeshot. He will tell one beauty she was commended by another, nay, he will say the gave the woman he speaks to, the preference in a particular for which the herfelf is admired. The pleasanteft confufion imaginable is made through the whole town by my friend's indirect

offices ; you shall have a visit returned after half a year's absence, and mutual railing at each other every day of that time. They meet with a thousand lamentations for so long a separation, each party naming herself for the greater delinquent, if the other can pollibly be so good as to forgive her, which she has no reason in the world, but from the knowledge of her goodness to hope for. Very often a whole train of railers of each side tire their horses in setting matters right which they have said during the war between the parties; and a whole circle of acquaintance are put into a thousand pleasing pafsions and sentiments, instead of the pangs of anger, envy, detraction, and malice.

The worst evil I ever observed this man's falsehood occasion, has been that he turned detraction into flattery. He is well skilled in the manners of the world, and by overlooking what men really are, he grounds his artifices upon what they have a mind to be. Upon this foundation, if two distant friends are brought together, and the cement seems to be weak, he never rests until he finds new appearances to take off all remains of ill-will, and that by new misunderstandings they are thoroughly reconciled.


Devonshire, Nov. 14. 1711. ! THERE arrived in this neighbourhood two days ago one of your gay gentlemen of the town, who be

ing attended at his entry with a servant of his own, • besides a countryman he had taken up for a guide, exs cited the curiosity of the village to learn whence and

what he might be. The countryman, to whom they

applied as moft easy of access, knew little more than ' that the gentleman came froni London to travel and ' see fashions, and was, as he heard say, a free-thinker :

what religion that might be, he could not tell; and for ' his own part, if they had not told him the man was a • free-thinker, he should have guessed, by his way of talking, he was little better than a heathen ; except

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ing only that he had been a good gentleman to him, • and made him drunk twice in one day, over and above ' what they had bargained for.

. I do not look upon the simplicity of this, and seve'ral odd inquiries with which I shall not trouble you,


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