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08. 8, 1795
Died. Greek and Latin Languages, in
the Univerűty of 'Moscow ... 175 Jan. 1764. April 12, 1795 The Abbé BARTHELEMY, Author,
of “ The Travels of Anacharlis
April 30, 1795 ROBERT BAKEWELL, the celebrat. ed Breeder, &c................. 199
1726. Rev. ANDREW KIPPIS, D.D. Edi. tor of the New Biographia Bri
tannica, &c... ................ 209 March 28, 1725. FRANCIS NEUBAUER, Music-Mar
ter to the Chapel of the Prince of *Nassau, &c. .....
08. 11, 1795. GEORGE BENDA, Director of the
Duke of Sare Gotha's Chapel.... 224 .. 1721, or 1722. Nov. 6, 1795. EWALD-FREDERICK, Count de
Hertzberg, Miniter of State to
Frederick the Great, &C......... 230 Sept. 2, 1725. May 27, 1795. GEORCE ANDERSON, A.M. d.....
1760. April 30, 1796. Rev. HENRY VENN, A. M... 253
1725•. June .. 1797 CATHARINE II. Autocatrix, and
Empress of all the Ruflias.. 258 'May 23, 1729, 0.9. Nov. 10, 1797. Rev. WILLIAM Mason..
1725 April 3, 1797. Colonel FREDERICK..
1725. Feb. 1, 1796. Sir John Dryden, Bart..........
.... 1753. April 16, 1797Count de BERNSTORFF, Prime Mi. nifter of Denmark, &c.. 368 ....... 1735.
June 21, 1797. Dr. RICHARD FARMER.
Sept. 8. 1797 - MARY WOLLS TONECRAFT, Au
thor of « A Vindication of the Rights of Woman," &c. 411 April 27, 1759. Sept. 10, 1797. EDMUND BURKE.
. 460 Jan. 1, 1730. July 8, 1797. The Rev. Jour FilL.... 503 August 22, 1732. Seps. 6, 1797. JOHN WILKES.
518 08. 28, 1727. General Hoche, Commander in Chief of the Armies of the Moselle, Rhine, Sambre, and Meuse; the Troops destined for an Expedition againt Ireland, &c.'..
552 June 24, 1768.
Sept. 26, 1797. Lord AMHERST........ 585 Jan. 29, 1717. August 3, 1797. STANISLAUS-AUOUSTUS, King of Poland..
.... 595 Jan. 17, 1732, 0.9. April 10, 1798. TroMAS PENNANT, LL. D. F.R.S. &c.
626 June 14, 1726,0.5. Dec. 15, 1798.
Dec. 26, 1797.
245 .: 79
199 178 224 368 127 118 460 258 88
AMHERST, Jeffery Lord
153 · 390 503 323 . 230 552
57 297 175
221. ..626 595
KING OF CORSICA; BARON OF NEWHOFF AND STEIN; GRANDEE OF SPAIN; PEER OF FRANCE; BARON
OF THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE, &c. &c. &c.
Tue misfortunes of men, either exalted by birth, or eminent on account of station, have always excited a generous compaffion; and if the fall from a throne be estimated by the laws which regulate descending bodies, the percussion must be truly dreadful. The fate of Dionyfius II. banished from his native country, and reduced to the humble situation of a schoolmaster at Corinth, is familiar to every classical mind, in consequence of its being one of the most singular incidents in ancient history; but bis personal liberty was still secured “ to the tyrant of Syracuse,” and, according to the greatest of the Roman orators, his favourite propensity was amply gratified in his new employment, by being suffered to exchange the ferula for the sceptre, and domineer over children, when he could no longer exercise bis injustice towards men.
In our own timnes, however, a still more disastrous event took place in the person of Theodore I.; a legitimate king, whose title to a crown was founded on the same basis as that on which the illustrious houfe of Brunswick laid claim to the throne of these realms. This prince spent the latter part of his existence in the deepest distrefs : he was condemned to live and to die in exile; he was exposed to wretchedness, and even to want; he was confined, for a paltry debt, within one of the jails of the metropolis of a nation famed for its munificence; he expired in a uniserable lodging, and was buried by the compasfionating hand of charity!
In fimilar cases, fome friendly court, some sovereign in alliance, some royal bosom replete with sympathy, has usually held out succour and assistance to unfortunate kings. James II. was indebted to the generosity of Louis XIV. for a princely retreat on the banks of the Seine. Stanislaus Leczinsky had a royal palace assigned him in the capital of Lorraine. Stanislaus Augustus lately uttered his last sigh amidst the trophies of barbarian splendour, in the capital of Russia. One relative of Louis XVI, at this moment receives support and protection from the emperor Paul; and another enjoys fecurity at least, in the ancient residence of the Scottish sovereigns. brother-monarch took pity on the unhappy king of Corsica: his neceffities were provided for, his eyes were clofed, and his memory is now attempted to be rescued from oblivion, by plebeian hands.
Theodore-Stephen, Baron de Newhoff and de Stein, and afterwards King of Corfica, derived his origin from an illustrious family in Westphalia. His father, Anthony Baron de New hoff and de Stein, ranked, high among the nobility of the county of La Marck *, but he had excited the hatred of his relations by condescending to marry the amiable daughter of a rich merchant of Vifieu. This connexion, between rank on one side and worth and beauty, on the other, also drew down upon him the scorn and indignation of a haughty nobility, who boasted of the
Memoires pour servir a l'hisoire de Corze, p. 89..
purity of their blood, which they never contaminated by plebeian alliances. Deeming it prudent to emigrate, he quitted Germany, and repaired to France, where he had the good fortune to be protected by the duchess of Orleans, to whom he happened to be known. In consequence of so powerful a recommendation, he was admitted into the service of the court, and at length obtained a place of some confideration in Lorraine.
While he resided at Metz his beloved wife produced a boy and a girl: the first of these, the subject of the present memoir, called Theodore-Stephen, was born in or about 1696*;. the second was called Elizabeth. The baron died at a period when his offspring were too young to regret the loss of so good a father; and of his widow, who probably followed hiin soon after to the grave, we have no further account.
The duchess of Orleans compassionating the situation of these orphans, sent for and brought them up at her court. Young Newhoff was appointed page to the duke-regent; and his sister, who became maid of honour to her highness, was afterwards married to the count de Trevoux.
The boy, at an early period of life, manifested a passionate attachment to military glory. As he grew up he applied himfelf, with great arlour, to the study of history; but his favourite author was Plutarch. The lives of the illustrious Greeks and Romans afforded him the most lively pleasure, and he read them so often that he at last got them by heart. The continual perusal of so many brilliant actions made such a deep impression, that he was inspired with an irrefiftible defire to imitate them : in short, they operated like the trophies of Miltiades on the youthful mind of Themistocles.
The romantic exploits of Charles XII. of Sweden had hlled Europe with the praises of that monarch, and became the principal subject of conversation during the period to which wę now allude. Young Newhoff, burning to participate in the glory of this prince, left France and entered into his service.
The time of Theodore's birth is not precisely ascertained; the above date is given on the authority of the late Lord Orford. See “ the works of Horacio Walpole," cit.
1798, vol. i. p. 156. .