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SEN. AND H. OF REPs.] Documents accompanying the President's Message. [21st CONG. Ist Sess. April, 1818, is, " there shall be a Surgeon General, with sing items of account disallowed or suspended, as by dif& salary of two thousand five hundred dollars per annum;" ferent disbursing officers different opinions and conclu. evidently intending to render this a salary officer, with a sinns, as to existing laws, are entertained, bas not failed to fixed and certain compensation. The act of the Both of introduce difficulties to the Government, and oftentimes March, 1814, provides, that the Physician and Surgeon embarrassment to the officers. By attaching to each General of the army, be entitled to two rations per day, grade, from the Major General, a salary certain and speand forage for two borses.” At this time the compen-cific, dependent upon no contingency, bappier results sation given, was also twenty-five hundred dollars a year, would be attained, and greater satisfaction produced to The subsequeut act, however, of 1818, fixing and re- those who are interested. The only contingencies of pay. gulating the peace establishment, says notbing of per- ment authorized might be for stationery and postage ; and quisites or emoluments ; avd is hence to be considered as a for transportation, when proceeding under special orders revocation of previous enactments upon the same stibject from one post to another, with the authority which already
There is nothing which, by a fair construction of the pertains to the Department, of assiguing, at particular law, would give the Surgeon General an allowance for posts, an allowance of increased ratione, thereby to equalfuel and quarters, which it is believed would not equally ize, in some degree, the expenses of living ; it being a apply to the Paymaster General, to whom it bas been re- itera greater at some places than at others, and which, fused. The words of the law are, as to both, the same. on principles of justice, should be placed upon some ground The compensation to the Paymaster General, as fix. of equality. A tabular statement from the Paymnster ed by the act of the 24th of April
, 1816, is as follows : General, is annexed, showing the amount of pay, brevet "The Pay Department shall consist of one Paymaster pay, and emoluments, that are annually received by officers General of the army, with the annual salary of two thou- in their respective grades, ab ipformation and data by sand five hundred dollars." The allowance ought to be which to regulate the allowance of salary, should it be conextended to both, or else withheld from both. It is diffi- sidered expedient. cult to conceive how, upon any proper ground, a differ From the report of the head of the Engineer Corps, ence or distinction in those cases can be made ; inasmuch it will be perceived that some amendments and changes as the laws couferring their pay are, in substance, and al- are proposed. I beg leave to say, that, as regards the most io expression, identical.
objects of national defence, the suggestions offered are Another course, which, for a time past, has been purworthy of high consideration. In improving the navigasued, arises under a regulation declaring certain bureaus tion of our rivers, bays, and harbors, constructing roads, connected with the War Department to be military posts; and, above all, erecting those important fortifications the effect of which has been to increase the onmber of which are to constitute the future defences of the country, adunitted rations, and, of cousequence, the amount of pay. this corps forms an essential reliance. Intelligent and By the regulation of 1825, it is provided " that double ra. skilful, ibese branches of service have been confided to tions shall be allowed to the commanders of departments, them, and the fidelity of execution every where displayand of such posts and arsenals as the War Department shall ed is a manifestation of their worth and value to the authorize."
country; added to which every thing of safety and strict It is not presumable, that places where mere civil du- accountability for funds placed in their hands, is constantties are required to be performed, merit to be denomi- ly regarded to the entire satisfaction of the Department. dated military posts; or were so intended by the law. A The same remark, however, and is equal justice, is apdifferent opinion and construction, however, have prevail
. plicable to all the disbursing officers connected with the ed, and the definition “post” bas been extended to the War Department. If it be the pleasure of Congress that several bureau officers connected with the War Depart- the important internal improvements of the country shall ment, and double rations attached and commuted for. continue, and a desire correspondently is possessed that The construction thus given has not been altered : it is those authorized works shall progress creditably to the still retained; pot from a belief that it was etrictly nor spirit that projects them, there is no plan to be suggested rect, but that, having been heretofore acted upon and preferable to an enlargement of this corps, to the extent sanctioned, it was preferred to be left for the determina- that the entire reliance of the Government for all such obtion of Congress, that, by some further act of legislation, jects may be on their exertions. At present, the number it might better be defined, what, for the future, should authorized is altogether insufficient to the objects requirbe considered a proper definition of the term; or by being attention, to say nothing of the nuraerous and frequent iug passed over in silence, to suffer the present under applications from the States to be afforded the benefit of standing to prevail. The regulation adopted is not con- their services, and which the Department, owing to the ceived to be in conformity with the acts of Congress up- paucity of their numbers, in repeated instances, have been ou this subject. These speak of an increased admission constrained to refuse, when every disposition was felt to of rations to officers when "commanding;" evidently accord to their request. intending such allowance, when they should be in the ex This report minutely presents the state, condition, and ercise of a military, not a civil trust. If, then, the law progress, of the different_fortifications which have been does not authorize it, the regulation of the Department projected in Congress. By some error of estimate and certainly ought not: for, although authority is conceded fact
, the appropriation of last year, for the completion of to the Secretary of War, with the President's approba. Fort Jackson, on the Mississippi River, has fallen sbort of tion, to adopt for the Army, rules and regulations, it the object; and inconveniences will be felt unless an should not be intended as a privilege to exercise legisla- early appropriatiou can be proeured. Discovering that tive power. Such adopted regulations must be in con. the funds would prove insufficient, it was suggested to formity, not in opposition, to existing laws.
the Department, and brought to your consideration, if å To guard against all unforeseen contingencies as to portion of the utiexpended amount set apart" for the rethe pay of officers, I would suggest, if it would not be pairs and contingencies of fortifications," might not be preferable to regulate the compensation of the Army transferred to the bead of " fortifications generally. on some fixed and certain basis, so that all should be. This, however, was refused, on the ground of authority come salary officers. The facilities which such a course wanted. It is now submitted for the purpose
of receiving would afford to the accounting officers of the Treasury an early appropriation, that. before the sickly season on would be great, while an essential benefit would result the Mississippi commences, the work may be in progress, to the officers themselves. To them it would prove otherwise, it must stand deferred, and be greatly retarded more satisfactory. The practice, so prevalent, of hav. for another year.
21st Cong. Ist Sess.] Documents accompanying the President's Message. [SEN. AND H. OF REPS.
The communication of the Board of Visitors, which ac- found requisito, and war within that period take place, a .companies the report of the bead of the Engineer Corps, consequence would be, that some of our forts, built up at will show the condition and state of the Military Acade great expense, would be destroyed, because incapable of my. Towards this Jústitution, prejudices, in some por- self-defence ; or else, by being retained and armed, be used tions of the country, bave beeu, entertained, attributable, by the enemy as annoyance and injury to ourselves. A perhaps, to the circulostance that its advantages are not measure involving such important considerations sbould not fully considered, nor its benefits duly appreciated. We be protracted in its execution : it carries with it, in forebodare becoming a numerous and strong People, forming and ing anticipation, too much of probable evil consequence. extending our commercial connexions throughout the This subject derives additional interest from the cousideracivilized world. From the experience afforded by other tiun that guos and carriages require time in preparation; natious in times past, we are warned to the belief that they are things that capuot be hastily arranged, and which jealousies, and disagreements, and contests, are to be ex- to defer migbt prove prejudicial. pected to come upon us. Prudence to avoid, and pre At the different arsenals and magazines an abundant paration to meet, such a state of things when rendered supply of powder is in store. Considering its liability to boa voidable, are demanded by a proper regard to our safe. injury, rather than keep up the supply, it would be pre ty and our institutions. Men can do more become sol- ferable to procure the materials of which it is composed, diers intuitively and by instioet than they can attain to a ready to be manufactured when circumstances shall make knowledge of any other profession in life. Information it necessary. These articles are vow remarkably cheap, must prepare, and experience qualify, in all situations. At and are easily preserved from deterioration. Recollec: this Iustitution, the genius of the young men of the coun- tion retains the fact, that, during the last war, the average try will dawg and ripen, and the value of their services price of saltpetre was about forty cents, and brimstone be found ip inoments of greatest peril. But, besides this eight. Iovolved in another contes!, the same state of high and estimable consideration, it may be looked to as things might be presented. wbile, at present, those arone of the strong bonds of our pion. I'wo hundred and ticles can be procured at ope-eigbth the prices which, of sixty young meu assuciated for a time, with all those at- necessity, had them to be given. Being susceptible of tachments created which early friendships inspire, cannot ready preservation, it would prove a matter of economy fail to secure, for the future, increased strength and dura- to forbear any further purchase of powder, contenting bility to the Government. Here education, and good con- ourselves merely with obtaining an adequate supply of
duct, and military discipline, are regarded; and while the ingredients, whenever it could be procured at fair prices. mind is led forward and trained to useful thought, all those The materials thus preserved and in readiness could, at , high feelings which constitute an bonorable seuse of pro- short notice, be manufactured whenever occasion should
priety, are cherished and regarded. At no period has make it necessary. the institution been in a more flourishing condition. Col. The Quartermaster General's report to me will be found Thayer, the efficient Superintendent, aided by professors to explain fully the business under his supervision. For of liberal endowments, zealous in the performance of the reasons sufficiently explained, the disbursements by him high trusts confided to them, are pressing it forward to a have exceeded the appropriation made for the service of state of advancement, of which presently the country will the year. The causes wbich occasioned this condition of have cause to be proud. Some additional improvements, things, were, that a portion of the funds intended for suggested as necessary by the Superintendent, and which 1829, had, necessarily, to be applied to arrearages of ex will involve but A Blight increase of expense, are desirable, peuditure incurred in the preceding year of 1828, for aud will prove beneficial. The necessary explanations as which no estimate bail' been submitted and no provision to what is proposed, will be found to accompany the ap made. It became necessary, therefore, to provide means plication,
from some other legal source; accordingly, a transfer of A reference to the report of the chief of the Ordnance fifty thousand dollars from the Subsistence to the Quarwill show the partieular details of operation iu that branch termaster was made, agreeably to the provisions of the act of the service : it merits attention. It has been frequent of May, 1820. By the act of March, 1809, it is required ly observed that the best way to avoid war is to be in pre- that a special account of money transferred, and of their paration. In this point of view it is desirable that the application, shall be laid before Congress in the first week appropriations to be made for clothing our fortifications of their session. To do this, from the recent date of the should correspond with the probable periods of their transaction, will be impracticable. All that at present completion. It would, indeed, be a mortifying result, if, can be communicated is, that a portion of the transferred after the labor and cost which have been encountered for fuud has been placed in the bands of the Assistant their completion, it should rest in the power of an enemy, Quartermasters; though to what particular objects its apat the onset of war, tu seize or destroy them, because the plication may be made can only be known when a settlemeans had not been placed in readiness for their de- inept of expenditures in the present quarter shall take fepce.
place. The deficiency thus incurred adinopishes that ap From the report it will be perceived, that, at the pre- enlarged appropriation for this branch of the public service sent annual rate of appropriation, to wit
, $100,000, six- will be required for the year 1880. Indeed, much is the teen or twenty years will have passed before a proper sup character of this service, depeodeut-on so many circumply of arms for those fortifications now in progress can be stances, and on such various contingencies, that estimates obtained for their defepce. As regards ihis subject, the in anticipation of the year cannot be rendered with precise course most advisable to be pursued would be, that the accuracy. armament preparation should progress correspondently The present condition of the Breakwater at the mouth with the works themselves; not that they should be of the Delaware, the Quartermaster General's report will mounted, and, by exposure to the weather, become de explain. A desire was entertained, and a confidence recayed and useless, but that the guds, being at their po- posed, that, ere the close of the season, tbis important and sitions, and the carriages in readiness, on the appreben- valuable work, 80 essential and so necessary to the com, siou of war, suitable preparation for resistance migbt, at merce of the country, would have been in a more rapid all defensible points," appear, meeting the objects for state of advancement. The contractors, however, have fall
. which those fortifications were designed, and yielding en considerably short even of their own expectations. Difprolection to the assailable parts of the Union. If, in the ficulties at the onset, which they had not foreseen and slow and gradual preparation for a necessary and adequate wbich it was not in their power, as they allege, to remedy, Armament, at present pursued, sixteen years shall be I have retarded their progress so considerably, that not more
SEN. AND H. OF REPs.] Documents accompanying the President's Message. (21st Cong. Ist Sess. than a fifth of the quantity of stone contracted for bas to prevent them for the future, legislative authority should been delivered in the present year,
be extended, that, under an exercise of proper discretion, The difficulty of presenting accurate and certain esti- such cases may, in disregard of the amount in contesty mates, is alike applicable to a proper execution of the be submitted to the Attorney General, to be brought be duties of the Commissary General of Subsistence. For fore the Supreme Court for decision, if be shall conceiva that service they are to be made in reference to contracts that there is error in the decision and proceedings, previously entered into. These, however, fail occasionally There is another subject, beretofore stated to you, to be executed, and then it devolves upon him to pur- which it may be proper to suggest for the information of chase, whereby increased prices and enlarged expendi Congress, that such measures as shall be considered advisetures are iucurred. In this service there are peculiar able, may be adopted. A long time ago, at ap early pebardsbips, frequently resulting to citizens, which are with-riod of our history, the Sepeca tribe of Indians, situated out any adequate remedy, because no sufficient discre in the State of New York, placed in the hands of the Pretion to afford relief is any where given. The proposals sident of the United States, in trust $100,000. Tbat made, and contracts entered into, are always in reference trust, through the several Chief Magistrates of this counto the probable prices of provisions in the market; and, try, has been executed for the benefit of the tribe, by be the better to understand this, they are usually made early ing from time to time vested in stocks. In 1826, it was in autumn. Nevertheless, provisions, and especially flour, invested in the three per cent. funds, amounting to are often subject to sudden and considerable apprecia- $112,853 78, which yields an annual interest of $3,885 tion, thereby inducing pecuniary losses, and not upfre 60 cents. On applying, as your Attorney in fact, for the quently ruin the contractor. The Governmeut should dividend, I learned that the proceeds of the stock had pot so, severely exact upon an unfortunate contract made heretofore passed to the credit of the Indian appropriation with a citizen, as to compel him to ruin, when accidental fuod; and that, from the same fund, the sum of six thous cause, and not misconduct, has occasioned the failure, but sand dollars had been paid anuually to the Senecas. Not should repose a discret on somewhere, by which relief feeling myself at liberty thus to act, or to do more than might be afforded in cases of such peculiar and serious receive and pay over the actual dividend arising on the hardship
stock, I forbore to do so until you were consulted. Your A suggestion from the Surgeon General of the army is, opinion being ascertained, I received and forwarded to that the medical staff does not contain a sufficieut number the agent the actual amount of the dividend, with instrucof surgeons and assistants to perform properly the neces. tions to make to the Indians the necessary explanations sary and required trusts; and an enlargement of the corps op account of this dimiputiou. It is difficult to impress is suggested. Although there are fifty-two, yet, from oc- them with a correct conception of this matter. They caucasional furloughs, sickness, and other causes, it often bap- not bring themselves to understand wherefore they should pens that, for the supply of a post, a citizen surgeon bas now receive less for their money than has formerly been to be employed, producing an aunual charge upon the the case. Of dividends and Government stocks they Government of 8 or $10,000. The proposed enlargement know nothing. It is for Congrese, then, to determine if, would not entirely, yet would in some degree, prevent as heretofore, the six, thousand dollars shall continue to this. Recruiting rendezvous, and sickness to officers, wben be paid, or that amount only which is the dividend resultnot in reach of an army surgeon, will, under any state of ing from the priocipal vested in trust for their benefit things, occasion some expenditure of this description. Al. If the former course be concluded upon, ibe sum of ready the posts are numerous, and, possibly others may $2,614 40 will be vecessary to be appropriated for the require to be established for protection to the frontiers next year, and a like sum on account of the deficiency of and security of the revenue. The custom-house receipts the last. at Key West, aod, the inability of the inhabitants to The communication from the Pension Office presents protect it froin some piratical assault, may suggest to the number of Revolutionary and Invalid Pensioners, and Congress the propriety of placing a military defence the deaths which have occurred with each during the there. On the 'Calcasu river, too, near the Sabine, ap- year. Of the former the number is 12 201, of which four other post recently bas been directed, to prevent, in this hundred and one have died; and 3,794 of the latter, of wilderness region, illegal importations, wbich, in tbat direc- which forty.one bave died; being one out of thirty of the tion, are anticipated and feared. Other causes may arise former, and one out of ninety of the latter. The amount to make it necessary for more posts to be created, and appropriated for revolutionary purposes, in the present hence to afford employment to a greater number of as- year, has fallen considerably short of the demands upon sistants and surgeous.
ihe Government. For the present it is estimated at Connected with the army there is a subject which me- $50.000, though, most likely, it will exceed that amount. rits some consideration. Our officers on distant service. A deficiency appearing at the payments in September particularly tbose on our Indian frontiers, are often called last, the President of the United States' Bank, Mr. Bidupun to execute trusts, arising under general acts of Con- dle, voluntarilġ came forward and tendered any advance gress, and sometimes by especial orders directed to necessary to meet the deficiency, and thereby enabled them. For supposed infractions of the laws, suits and the Government to fulfil their engagements to those claims exemplary damages are oftentimes the consequevce. Itants of the Revolution. Soon as the precise amount thus is generally understood that the damages to be assessed, voluntarily advanced from the Bank can be ascertained, are not to be paid by the officer, but by the Government. through a report of the particular deficit at different agen. As a suitable remedy for the evil, might it not be advise cies, a statement will be submitted, that it may be repaid able to extend the authority of judicial interference in all through an early appropriation. It will be necessary, the cases where the interest of the United States may appear fund being completely exhausted, to appropriate genes, to be involved, that, under proper restrictions, they may rally, for this object, at some early period of the session, be brought for consideration before the Supreme Court, that remittances may be made to distant parts before without regard to the amount in controversy! The effect March next, and disappointments to the pensioner on the would be to prevent those frequent suits with which our Government thereby guarded against officers are andoyed. If an intrusion is made upon Indian A regulation was found to have been adopted in the territory, a supposed trespass committed, or the United War Department, whicla conceded the right of being enStates found in possession of lands adversely claimed, notered as a revolutionary pensioner, in all cases where the matter bow, damages seldom fail to attend the prosecu- applicant should show that he was worth less than $960. tion. Instances of the kind have recently occurred, and, This promised greatly to swell the list. Having been,
21st Cong. 1st Sess.] Documents accompanying the President's Message. (SEN. AND H. OF REPS. adopted late in December, 1828, information of it was I would suggest the propriety of granting a discretion obtaining circulation and currency through the States, to this Departmenl, to supply a portion of the troops, staand applicatious were fast presenting themselves. In tioned along our Western borders with borses, that, being March, that regulation was revoked, upun two grounds : well equipped, they might act with more efficievcy. first, that the appropriation for the payment of pensioners Mounted men would afford a securer protection, and give would be insufficient for those who, previously to that or rise to a more salutary effect upon marauding parties of der, had been admitted; aod, secondly, that the regu. Indians, and towards the tribes themselves. Garrisons can latiou appeared to be of a character which none but Con. produce little else than a moral effect: for, being stationgress had a right to make.
ary, they cannot easily restrain lawless parties from "misThe laws respecting, invalid pensions require revision. chievous acts. Familiarly acquainted through the forest, As they now stand, and under the coustructions 'given to and active in retreat, they find little difficulty in Practising, them, he who at any time has been in the army, and can when disposed, their outrages, and avoiding pursuit afobtain a certificate that his ill health, or state of infirmity, terwards.' A knowledge from circumstances before them, is consequent upon some sickness or accident, happen that they could be overtaken, would stay them from ag. ing to bin while in service, or on duty, no matter of how gression more effectually, and at the same time create but remote a date, is entitled to a pension. Men, at distant a slight addition to the expenditure of the Army-a matperiods' from the expiration of their service, become ter scurcely worthy to be cousidered, iu reference to the blind, and it is reported that, in consequence of being benefits most likely to be produced to our frontier and its stationed at some particular place injurious to vision, the inhabitants. ill effect has been produced; they sink into consumption, As regards the Indian tribes within our limits, it is imand it is traced to a cold caught wbile in service; in euch portant to them and ourselves that some definitive plan cases, the recognized precedents go to establish the right should be adopted to maintain them as a People, with all of the party to be placed on the list of pensioners. If this those principles of courtesy and justice suitable to their shall continue to be the interpretation given to the laws condition, and wbich may be in our power to extend. Exupon this subject, the list of invalid pensioners must con- perience proves, that withio the States they cannot remain, tinue greatly to increase. Whenever a soldier is dis Serious difficulties have threatened to arise out of this subabled by, wounds received in battle, or through an acci- ject, avd greater ones may in future be anticipated. The dental injury occurring while actually in the discharge of States will vot consent for their limits to be occupied by a his duty, a just claim arises that his country will support People possessed of savage habits, and who claim to exer: bim; but those consequent dizabilities, which are carried cise the rights of government, independent of any control back to probable, and uncertain, and remote causes, but their own. should not be considered within the provision and autho A country beyond the Mississippi, better adapted to rity of the law, por are believed to have been so in their habits and putsnits, and where they will be entirely, tended.
free from all State interference, is the place they should During the summer, two Western Military Posts, which retire to; not through any compulsion to be exercised, but had previously been established, were abandoned. The by a course which shall satisfy theh clearly that it is for troops at Cantonment Towson were instructed to retire their interest they should do so, and that their bappiness upou Fort Jesup. The reasons which induced this mea: requires it. sure were, that being above the Raft on Red River, and No better plan can be thought of, than that the United not convenievtly to be approached by water communica. States shall put in operation such a system of Indian protion, io the supplies to be delivered, considerable ex- tection and government, West of the Mississippi, as that a pense was created to the Government. This, certainly, confidence may be reposed, that they are indeed our foswas not a matter of consideration, when the safety of the tered children, and the Government not only so disposed to frontiers was to be affected. Upou this bead, however, consider, but practically to evince their good feelings to: nothing of appreliension was entertained, and the result, wards them. At present an objection arises with the weaksince its reduction, has fortified the truth of the anticipa- er tribes. They are indisposed to emigrate, from an aption. The established posts, at Cantopments Jesup and prehension that powerful and strouger neighbors may, op; Gibson, it is believed, will afford an ample guarantee for press them, and that no surer protection can be obtained the pacific deportment of the Indians in that directivo. from the United States, in the West, than is possessed al
Cantonment Leavenworth, situated at the mouth of ready where they reside. To remove such apprehensions Little La Platte, was also reduced. The experience of will be of importance. several years liad taught, that health to the garrison could I beg leave to suggest for your consideration, if an Innot be maintained. It was accordingly removed to Jef- dian Territory, without the range of the Westeru States ferson barracks, and some of the healthy companies of the and Territories, might not be advantageously created ; 6th regiment ordered thence to the Santa Fe road, to and to give efficiency, and to inspire confidence, militagive protection to our Western traders, with directions to ry posts, under some able and discreet officer of the retire in the Autumn, and take up their Winter's resi- Årmy, to be designated at some central and convenient dence at this post, where, in the Spring, they will again point. Intrusions from the whites might thus be restrainbe in readiness to proceed upon their western line of ed, and the Indians maintained in quiet with each other. march, to afford protection to the traders with Mexico. Laws for their general government, and to preserve peaco Thus acting, there will be a greater security for health, amongst the tribes, to be the act of the United States, with while a better effect will be produced upou the Indians, a right to the Indians, in Council, to make their own munithan from their remaining stationary at any point. This cipal regulations. overland trade, carrying with it many articles the product The displeasure of Individual chiefs, and the exciting of our country, and bringing back in exchange the gold their young men to maraud on neighboring tribes, to be and silver of Mexico, promises to be valuable, and inerits provided against by prohibitiog any war to be commenced some attention on the part of the Government. The unless it should he declared in general council, and with confidence inspired by the furnished escort, induces a be. the knowledge, and in the presence of the Governor, or bis lief that the trade will prove beneficial. It is shown, by authorized agent. recent information received, that the return of those tra Those Indian differences usually find their origin in ders to the United States will bring in exchange, in the light and trifling matters, which timely remedies could, iu present year, for what was taken out, at least $200,000 many instances, prevent, but which, if neglected, often in specie.
produce considerable difficulty, and to us, expense in re
s storing tranquillity. Accident or design may bring about It is to be regretted that instances of insubordination
a conceived or real wrong ; retaliation is the consequence, have been manifested among the officers of this squadron. which, being again imitated by an adverse party, present Courts Martial have been necessarily resorted to, and some ly ripens iuto matters of serious consequence. As moral of the refractory have been sentenced to temporary, and
influences can be productive of little benefit to minds not others to permanent dismissal from the service. It is | cultivated, it will be prudent and necessary to arrange to gratifying, on the other band, to know, from authority
the best advantage the physical force of the country. entitled to confidence, that the general conduct of the of Justice to the inbabitants of our fruntiers, and bumanity to ficers of this squadron has been such as to preserve, the Indians, will be more certainly attained, by creating a among the States and Sovereignties on the Barbary coast, sure impression that every outrage will promptly receive the favorable opinion of the American character, which bad
a proper requital. That interference, and that assertiod been earned by the gallantry and bonorable deportment it of authority, which this, as an independent country, bas a of their predecessors.
right to exercise over dependent tribes within her limits, The Naval force under the command of Commodore maintained steadily, and with strict regard to justice, may Ridgely, and ordered to cruise on the West India station,
effect for this unfortunate race of people all that philan- consisted, in the early part of the year, of the sloops Fal $ thropy can suggest, or good men desire.
mouth, Hornet, Erie, and Natchez, and the schooners Nothing promises security to these people so effectual. Grampus and Sbark.. ly as their emigration, Within the States to the South, Several acts of piracy having been reported to have computing the four tribes-Creeks, Cherokees, Chicka- been committed in the month of February last, the Natchez, saws, and Choctaws their pumbers will fall little short of which had returned to the United States for repairs, was seventy-five thousand. Removing them in small detached ordered to rejoin the squadron. After cruising a few
parties, as beretofore has been the case, renders tbe opera- weeks, and there being no reason to apprehend a recurs W tion a matter of greater expense than is seemingly neces- rence of these depredations, she agaio returned to the
sary. If the expediency of inducing them to a change of United States, and has since sailed to Colombia, taking homes, and to place them without the range of the States, out Mr. Moore, the United States Minister to that Goveroshall be determined on, a large appropriation will be ment, whence she was ordered to proceed to Rio Janeiro, wanted for the object, to be placed at the disposition of the to convey to the United States Commodore Creighton, Executive; and then a hope may be cherished that this whose command had been transferred to Commodore desirable object may be attained. But, with partial ap- Cassio, This vessel was also required to afford a passage propriations, and partial ends accomplished, it must re- to Mr. Harrison, the late Minister to Colombia, on bis require a tedious time to bring about the final result, and turn to the United States. will involve an increased expenditure to the public.
The recent invasion of the maritime frontier of the For the details of operations connected with the Indian Mexican States, by the forces of Spain, having led to apDepartment, during the present year, I beg leave to refer prehensions that our commerce, in that quarter, might sufto the report from the officer of Indian Affairs, which ac fer by the encroachments which belligerents are so rendy companies this commuthcation.
to make on veutral unprotected rights, the Peacock was Very respectfully,
equipped, and, taking out Commodore Elliott, to relieve JOHN H. EATON. Commodore Ridgely, was ordered to repair to the scene
of these renewed hostilities. The Erie, which had also REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY. returned for repairs, sailed soon after to rejoin this squad
It is due to the late Commander, Commodore Ridgely, NAVY DEPARTMENT,
} to say, that, as far as the means had been afforded bim, he December, 1, 1829.
bas kept his little squadron employed with vigilance and To the President of the United States :
activity; and, on a late occasion, this has been gallantly The Secretary of the Navy respectfully presents the fol- demonstrated at Tampico, in the firm and prompt course lowing report:
pursued by Master Commandant Norris, in the rescue of The Naval force of the United States, wbich bas been the property of one of our countrymen from the grasp of kept in active service during the present year, has been unjust power. composed of the different squadrons employed in cruising For the last few months, except in the case just referred on the stations heretofore assigned them.
to, no information has been given to this Department, of The squadron in the Mediterranean has beeu continued any new act of piracy or aggression on the commercial in that service, with the exception of the Delaware 74 rights of the nation, but there can be no doubt, that a gup ship, and the schooner Porpoise, which have been relaxation in the policy lately pursued, would be followed withdrawn, the latter having been represented by the com- by an immediate repetition of these depredations. mapding officer to require extensive repairs. The return The squadron on the coast of Brazil and Buenos Ayres of the Delaware was decided on under a belief that has been maintained to its usual extent, and has been vathe present state of our political and commercial relations ried only by the interchange of relief ships for those which in the Mediterranean did not require the employment of bad performed the ordinary routine of duty. The presence a ship of this class in that sea ; that all the necessary pro of this squadron, small as it has been, has probably obtection could be given to our commerce by frigates and tained, for the commercial interests of our country, a sesmaller Vessels ; that these promised to be more efficient curity which would not have been grapted to defenceless in the pursuit and capture of such vessels as might be ex- merchantmen. Peace having taken place between these pected to assail it, and were less liable to suffer from the two pations, nothing is to be dreaded by our merchant dangers of the Mediterraneap oavigation. The Constella- ships from an interference with belligerent privileges. tion frigate and the sloop Ontario were accordingly or- Yet many reasons forbid the dimicution of our vaval force dered to joiu the squadron; the former conveying to on these coasts. The appually increasing commercial inEngland and France the newly appointed Ministers to tercourse between the United States and these countries, those countries. Information has been received of the fa calls upon the Government to be prepared to multiply vorable execution of these duties. Our Ministers bave been the means of its protection. Many complaints have been landed at their respective poiots of destination, and these made by certain officers of this squadron against each vessels, it is presumed, have, before this, assumed their sta- other, of oppression on the one side, and of insubordinations in the Mediterranean squadron.
tion and neglect of duty on the other. The parties charge