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best it contains may be, not dishonourably, imputed to him. Both weeds and flowers appear in the same parterre, yet we do

not swim with your body, And carry it sweetly, 2. Bear your body more seemly, Audrey. As You Like It. Vol. III, 1. And dainty duke whose doughty dismal fame. p. 64. 2. Whereat with blade, with bloody blameful blade. M. N. Dr.

Vol. III. p. 111.
And then the sung
Nothing but willow, willow-

P: 79.
ling willow, willow

Othello. Vol. X. p. 592. S

1. Oh who can find the bent of woman's fancy! p. 84. 2. Oh undistinguish'd space of woman's will! K. Lear, Vol. IX.

P. 533. like the great-ey'd Juno's, but far sweeter.

P. 84. Sweeter than the lids of Juno's eyes. Winter's T. Vol. IV. p. 380. - better, o'my conscience,

Was never soldier's friend. 2. A better never did itself sustain Upon a soldier's thigh.

Othello, Vol. X. p. 618. his tongue Sounds like a trumpet.

p. 87. Would plead like angels trumpet-tongued. Macberk, Vol. IV.

P. 486. this would thew bravely, Fighting about the titles of two kingdoms,

p. 89. such a sight as this Becomes the field, but here shews much amiss. Hamlet, Vol. X,

p. 4's. 1. Look where she comes ! you shall perceive her behaviour, p. 89. 2. Lo you wbere the comes ! This is her very guise. Macbeth,

Vol. IV. p. 587, the burden on't was down-a down-a.

p. 90. 2. You must sing down-a down-a: oh how the wheel becomes it!

Hamlet, Vol. X. p. 3550 5 1. How her brain coins!

P. 90. { 2. This is the very coinage of your brain. Hamlet, Vol. X. p. 327. 1. Doctor.] - not an engrafted madness, but a most thick and profound melancholy

p. 91. Doctor.) - not lo fick, my lord, As the is troubled with thick.coming fancies- Macbeth,

Vol. IV. p. 596. 1. Doctor. I think she has a perturbed mind which I cannot minister 10.

p. 91.
perturbed Spirit !

Hamlet, Vol. X. p. 228.
- Cans thou not minister 10 a mind diseas'd ?
Doctor. therein the patient
Must minifier to himself.

Macbeth, Vol. IV. p. 596.





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not infer from their being found together, that they were planted by the fame hand.

Were 1. - to him that makes the camp a cistern Brim'd with the blood of mens

p. 94. 2. The mailed Mars shall on his altar fit Up to the ears in blood.

K. Hen. IV. P. I, Vol. V. p. 338. hast turn'd Green Neptune into purple.

p. 94. the multitudinous seas incarnadine, Making the green one red. Macbeth, Vol. IV. p. 5050

lover, never yet Made truer figha 2; -- never man Sigh'd truer breath.

Coriolanus, Vol. VII. p. 4530 arms in assurance My body to this bufiness.

p. 99. bends up Each corporal agent to this terrible feat. Macbeth. Vol. IV. p.491 thy female knights

p. 99. thy virgin knight.

Much Ado, &c. Vol. II. p. 367. with that thy rare green eye.

p. 99, 3. Hath not so quick, so green, so fair an eye. R. and Juliet. Vol. X.

p. 119. His eyes were green as leeks.

M. N. Dr. Vol. III. p. 120. St. His coftliness of spirit look'd through him.

p. 110. 12. Your spirits fbine through you. Macbeth, Vol. IV.

P. 529. to dif-seat his lord,

p. 114 12. or dis-feat me now.

Macbeth, Vol. IV. p. 544. N. B. I have met with no other instances of the use of this word. 51. Disroot his rider whence he grew.

P: 115 12. This gallant grew unto his feat.

Hamlet, Vol. X. p. 365.
And bear us like the time.

p. 117.
to beguile the time,
Lock like the time.

Macbeth. Vol. IV. It will happen, on familiar occasions, that diversity of expression is neither worth seeking, or easy to be found; as in the following instances : Cer, Look to the lady.

Pericles. Macd. Look to the lady.

Macbeth, Cap. Look to the bak'd meats.

Rom. and Jul. (Pal. Look to thy life well, Arcite !

Two Noble Kinjmen. Dion. How chance my daughter is not with you? Pericles. K. Hen. How chance thou art not with the prince thy brother?

K. Hen. IV. P. II.

P. 480

s Coun.

Were I disposed, with controversial wantonness, to reafon against conviction, I might add, that as Shakspeare is known to have

bor. Dion. How now, Marina ? why do you keep alone? Pericles. { Lady Macb. How now, my lord ? ruhy do you keep alone ?-Macbeth. have with you, boys!

Two Noble Kinsmen. Bel. Have with you, boys !

Cymbeline. S Daugh. Yours to command, i th' way of honefly. Two N. Kinsmen. Fauic. For I was got i'th' way of honefly.

King John. S Thal. -if I can get him within my pifol's length.

Pericles. Phang. an he come but within my vice. K. Henry IV. P. II.

All such examples I liave abstained from producing ; but the peculiar coincidence of many among those already given, suffers much by their not being viewed in their natural situations.

Let the criticks who can fix on any particular scenes which they conceive to have been written by Shakspeare, or let those who suppose him to have been lo poor in language as well as ideas, that he was constrained to borrow in the compass of half the Noble Kinsmen from above a dozen entire plays of his own composition, advance some hypothesis more plausible than the following ; and yet I fatter myfelt that readers may be found who will concur with me in believing this tragedy to have been written by Fletcher in filent imitation of our author's manner. No other circumstance could well have occafioned such a frequent occurrence of corresponding phrases, &c; nor, in my opinion, could any particular, but this, have induced the players to propagate the report, that our author was Fletcher's coadjutor in the piece. There is nothing unusual in these attempts at imitation. Dryden, in his preface to All for Love, professes to copy the style of Shakspeare. Rowe, in his Jane Shore, arrogates to himfelf the merit of baving pursued the same plan. How far these poets have succeeded, it is not my prelent business to examine ; but Fletcher's imitation, like that of many others, is chiefly verbal; and yet (when joined with other circumstances) was perfect enough to have inis-led the judgment of the players. Those people, who in the course of their protession must have had much of Shakspeare's language recent in their memories, could easily discover traces of it in this performance, They could likewise observe that the drama opens with the same chasacters as first enter in the Midsummer Night's Dream; that Clowns exert themselves for the entertainment of Theseus in both; that a fe. dagogue likewise directs the sports in Love's Labour's Lost; that a cha. racter of female frenzy, copied from Ophelia, is notorious in the Jail. or's Daughter ; and that this girl, like Lady Macbeth, is attended by a physician who delcribes the difficulties of her case, and comments on it, in almolt similar terms. They might therefore conclude that the play betore us was in part a production of the same writer. Over this line, the criticks behind the scenes were unable to proceed. Their sagacity was infuthcient to observe that the general current of the style was even throughout the whole, and bore no marks of a divided hand. Hence perhaps the so! geminus and duplices Thebæ of these very incompetent judges, who, like itaunch match-makers, were defirous


rowed whole speeches from the authors of Darius, King John, the Taming of a Shreru, &c. as well as from novelliits and his corians without number, so he might be suspected of having taken

that the widow'd muse of Fletcher should not long remain without a bed-fellow.

Left it should be urged that one of my arguments against Shakspeare's co-operation in the Two Noble Kinsmen, would equally mili. tate against his chare in Pericles, it becomes necessary for me to ward off any objection to that purpose, by remarking that the circumstances attendant on these two dramas are by no means exactly parallel. Shakspeare probably furnished his share in the latter at an early period of his authorship, and afterwards (having never owned it, or supposing it to be forgotten) was willing to profit by the most vaJuable lines and ideas it contained. But he would scarce have been confidered himself as an object of imitation, before he had reached his meridian fame; and in my opinion, the Noble Kinsmen could not have been composed till after :611, nor perhaps antecedent to the deaths of Beaumont and our author, when affistance and competition ceased, and the poet who resembled the latter molt, had the faireft prospect of success. During the life of Beaumont, which concluded in 1615, it cannot well be supposed that Fletcher would bave deserted him, to write in concert with any other dramatist. Shakspeare survived Beaumont only by one year, and, during that time, is known to have lived in Warwickshire, beyond the reach of Fletcher, who continued to reside in London till he fell a sacrifice to the plague in 1625; so that there was no opportunity for them to have joined in personal conference relative to the Two Noble Kinsmen; and without frequent interviews between confederate writers, á confiftent tragedy can hardly be produced. But, at whatever time of Shakspeare's life Pericles was brought forth, it will not be found on examination to comprize a fifth part of the coincidences which may be detected in its successor; neither will a tenth division of the same relations be discovered in any one of his thirty-five dramas which have hitherto been published together.

To conclude, it is peculiarly apparent that this tragedy of the Two Noble Kinjmen was printed from a prompter's copy, as it exhibits such stage directions as I do not remember to have seen in any other drama of the same period. We may likewise take notice that there are fewer hemistichs in it than in any of Shakspeare's acknowledged productions. If one speech concludes with an imperfect verse, the next in general completes it. This is some indication of a writer more ftudious of neatness in composition than the pretended associate of Fletcher.

In the course of my investigation I am pleased to find I differ but on one occasion from Mr. Colman; and that is, in my dibelief that Beaumont had any share in this tragedy. The utmost beauties it contains, were witbin the reach of Fletcher, who has a right to wear

" Without corrival all his dignities :

“ But out upon this half-fac'd fellowship !" because there is no just reason for supposing any poet but Chaucer has a right to dispute with him the reputation which the tale of Palamon and Arcite bias so long and so indisputably maintained.

lines, and hints for future fituations, from the play of Pericles, suppofing it were the work of a writer somewhat more early than himself. Such fplendid pallages occur in the scenes of his contemporaries, as have not disgraced his own : and be it remembered, that many things which we at present are content to reckon only among the adoptions of our great poet, had been long regarded as his own proper effufions, and were as constantly enumerated

among his distinguished beauties. No verses have been more frequently quoted, or more loudly applauded, than those beginning with The cloud-capt towers in the Tempeft; but if our politions relative to the date of that play are well founded, Shakspeare's share in this celebrated account of nature's diffolution, is very inconsiderable.

To conclude, the play of Pericles was in all probability the composition of some friend whose interest the “gentle Shakspeare" was industrious to promote. He therefore improved his dialogue in many places; and knowing by experience that the strength of a dramatick piece should be augmented towards its catastrophe, was most liberal of his aid in the last act. We cannot be surprised to find that what he has supplied is of a different colour" from the rest :

Scinditur in partes, geminoque cacumine surgit,

Thebanos imitata rogos ; for like Beaumont he was not writing in conjunction with a Fletcher.

Mr. Malone has asked how it happens that no memorial of an earlier drama on the subject of Pericles remains. I shall only answer by another question-- Why is it the fate of fill-born infants to be foon forgotten? In the rummage of some mass of ancient pamphlets and papers, the first of these two productions may hereafter make its appearance. The chance that preserved The Witch of Middleton, may at some distant period establish my general opinion concerning the authenticity of Pericles, which is already strengthened by those of Rowe and Dr. Farmer, and countenanced in some degree by the omission of Heminge and Condell. I was once dilposed to entertain very different sentiments concerning the authority of title-pages; but on my mended judgment (if I offend not to say it is mended) I have found fufficient reason to change my creed, and confess the folly of advancing much on a question which I had not more than cursorily confidered. - To this I muit subjoin, that perhaps our author produced the Winter's Tale at the distance of several years from the time at which he corrected Pericles; and, for reasons hinted at in a preceding page, or through a forgetfulness common to all writers, repeated a few of the identical phrases and ideas which he had already used in that and other dramas. I have formerly observed in a note on King Lear, last edit. vol. ix. p. 561, that Shakspeare has appropriated the same sentiment, in nearly the

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