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PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES
THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES,
AT THE THIRD SESSION OF THE THIRTEENTH CONGRESS, BEGUN AT THE CITY
OF WASHINGTON, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1814.
JEREMIAH MORROW and THOMAS WORTHINGBy the President of the United States of America.
TON, from Ohio. Whereas great and weighty matters, claiming the
JAMES Brown and Elijios FROMENTIN, from consideration of the Congress of the United States,
Louisiana. form an extraordinary occasion for convening them, I
Joan GAILLARD, President pro tempore, redo, by these presents, appoint Monday, the nineteenth sumed the Chair. day of September next, for their meeting at the City Thomas W. THOMPSON, appointed a Senator of Washington ; hereby requiring the respective Sena- by the Legislature of the State of New Hamptors and Representatives then and there to assemble in shire, in place of Nicholas Gilman, deceased, proCongress, in order to receive such communications as duced his credentials, was qualified, and took his may then be made to them, and to consult and deter- seat in the Senate. mine on such measures as in their wisdom may be On motion, by Mr. BLEDSOE, deemed meet for the welfare of the United States.
Resolved, As the former Secretary of the SenIn testimony whereof, I have caused the seal of the ate has departed this life, that the Chief Clerk [L. 6.]
United States to be hereunto affixed, and do act as Secretary thereof until one shall be apsigned the same with my hand.
pointed. Done at the City of Washington, the eighth day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight administered io Samuel TURNER, jr.
Whereupon, the oath prescribed by law was hundred and fourteen, and of the independence of the United States the thirty-ninth.
On motion, by Mr. ANDERSON, the Secretary JAMES MADISON.
was directed to acquaint the House of Represent. By the President:
atives that a quorum of the Senate is assembled, JAMES MONROE,
and ready to proceed to business. Secretary of State. On motion, by Mr. Robinson, Messrs. ROBIN
son and VARNUM were appointed a committee on MONDAY, September 19, 1814.
the part of the Senate, together with such comConformably to the above Proclamation of the resentatives on their part, to wait on the President
mittee as may be appointed by the House of RepPresident of the United States of the 8th of Au- of the United States, and notify him that a gust last, the third session of the Thirteenth Congress commenced this day at the City of Wash quorum of the two Houses is assembled, and
ready to receive any communications that he ington, and the Senate assembled.
may be pleased to make to them. PRESENT:
The President communicated the following JOSEPA B. VARNUM, from Massachusetts. letter from the President of the United States; JEREMIAH B. Howell, from Rhode Island. which was read: JONATHAN ROBINSON, from Vermont. ABNER Lacock and Jonathan RØBERTS, from
WASHINGTON, September 17, 1814. Pennsylvania.
8ır: The destruction of the Capitol, by the enemy, OUTERBRIDGE HORSEY, from Delaware.
having made it necessary that other accommodations RICBARD BREnt and William B. Giles, from bers for the Senate and for the House of Representa,
should be provided for the meeting of Congress, ChamVirginia.
tives, with other requisite apartments, have been fitted JAMES TURNER, from North Carolina.
up, under the direction of the Superintendent of the Joan GAILLARD, from South Carolina.
City, in the public building heretofore allotted for the CHARLES Tait, from Georgia.
Post and other public offices. Jesse Bledsoe, from Kentucky.
JAMES MADISON. JOSEPH ANDERSON and Jesse WHARTON, from The PRESIDENT Tennessee.
Of the Senate of the United States.
SEPTEMBER, 1814. Oo motion, by Mr. VARNUM, it was agreed that Fellow-citizens of the Senate when the Senate adjourn it be to 5 o'clock this
and House of Representatives : evening.
Notwithstanding the early day which had been fixed The usual resolution was adopted for supplying for your session of the present year, I was induced to Senators with newspapers, and then the Senate call you together still sooner, as well that any inadeadjourned.
quacy in the existing provisions for the wants of the
Treasury might be supplied, as that no delay might Five o'clock in the Evening.
happen in providing for the result of the negotiations The number of Senators present not being suf- on foot with Great Britain, whether it should require ficient to constitute a quorum, the Senate ad- arrangements adapted to a return of peace, or further journed.
and more effective provisions for prosecuting the war.
That result is not yet known. If, on one hand, the
repeal of the Orders in Council, and the general pacifiTuesday, September 20.
cation in Europe, which withdrew the occasion on William W. BIBB, from the State of Georgia, which impressments from American vessels were practook his seat in the Senate.
tised, suggest expectations that peace and amity may On motion, by Mr. FROMENTIN, (wo hundred be re-established, we were compelled, on the other copies
of the Constitution of the United States, hand, by the refusal of the British Government to acand two hundred copies of the rules for conduct- cept the offered mediation of the Emperor of Russia ; ing business in the Senate, were ordered to be by the delays in giving effect to its own proposal of a printed and bound for the use of the Senate, in and manner in which the war is now avowedly carried
direct negotiation; and, above all, by the principles the form they have heretofore been.
on, to infer that a spirit of hostility is indulged more A message from the House of Representatives violent than ever against the rights and prosperity of informed the Senate that a quorum of the House this country. of Representatives is assembled and ready to pro- This increased violence is best explained by the two ceed to business. They have appointed a com- important circumstances, that the great contest in Eu. mittee on their part to join the committee ap- rope for an equilibrium guaranteeing all its States pointed on the part of the Senate, to wait the against the ambition of any, has been closed without President of the United States, and inform him any check on the overbearing power of Great Britain that a quorum of the two Houses is assembled, on the ocean; and it has left in her hands disposable and ready to receive any communications he may armaments with which, forgetting the difficulties of a be pleased to make to them.
remote war with a free people, and yielding to the in. On motion, by Mr. Lacock, a committee was toxication of success, with the example of a great vicappointed agreeably to the 42á rule for conduct- tim to it before her eyes, she cherishes hopes of still ing business in the Senate, and Messrs. Lacock, abuses to the tranquillity of the civilized and commer
further aggrandizing a Power already formidable in its Howell, and Morrow, were appointed the com- cial world. mittee. Mr. WORTHINGTON submitted the following these more violent purposes, the public councils of a
But, whatever may have inspired the enemy with motion :
nation, more able to maintain than it was to acquire Resolved, That iwo Chaplains, of different de- its independence, and with a devotion to it rendered nominations, be appointed to Congress during the more ardent by the experience of its blessings, can present session, one by each House, who shall in- never deliberate but on the means most effectual for terchange weekly.
defeating the extravagant views or unwarrantable pas. Mr. Robinson reported, from the joint com- sions with which alone the war can now be pursued mittee, that they had waited on the President of against us. the United States, and that the President informed In the events of the present campaign, the enemy, the committee that he would make a communi. with all his augmented means, and wanton use of cation to the iwo Houses this day, at 12 o'clock. them, has little ground for exultation, unless he can
Mr. Howell submitted the following motion feel it in the success of his recent enterprises against for consideration, which was read:
this metropolis and the neighboring town of AlexanResolved, That Mountjoy Bayly, Doorkeeper dria, from both of which his retreats were as precipitate and Sergeant-at-Arms to the Senate, be and he as his attempts were bold and fortunate. In his other hereby is authorized to employ one assistant and checked and chastised by the martial spirit of the
incursions on our Atlantic frontier, his progress, often two horses, for the purpose of performing such neighboring citizens, has had more effect in distressing services as are usually required by the Doorkeeper individuals, and in dishonoring his arms, than in proof the Senate; which expense shall be paid out moting any object of legitimate warfare: And, in the of the contingent fund.
two instances mentioned, however deeply to be reOrdered, That it pass to the second reading. gretted on our part, he will find in his transient suc
On motion, by Mr. FROMENTIN, a committee cess, which interrupted for a moment only the ordinary was appointed agreeably to the 22d rule for con- public business at the Seat of Government, no comductinz business in the Senate; and Messrs. FRO- pensation for the loss of character with the world, by MENTIN, Thompson, and Bledsoe, were appointed his violations of private property, and by his destructhe committee.
tion of public
es, protected, as monuments of the
arts, by the laws of civilized warfare. PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
On our side, we can appeal to a series of achieve. The following Message was received from the ments which have given new lustre to the American PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES:
Besides the brilliant incidents in the minor
operations of the campaign, the splendid victories humanity tore down the colors which valor had nailed gained on the Canadian side of the Niagara, by the to the mast. This officer and his brave comrades have American forces under Major General Brown, and added much to the rising glory of the American flag, Brigadiers Scott and Gaines, have gained for these and have merited all the effusions of gratitude which heroes, and their emulating companions, the most un- their country is ever ready to bestow on the champions fading laurels ; and, having triumphantly tested the of its rights and of its safety. progressive discipline of the American soldiery, have Two smaller vessels of war have also become prizes taught the enemy that the longer he protracts his hos- to the enemy; but, by a superiority of force which suftile efforts, the more certain and decisive will be his ficiently vindicates the reputation of their commanders ; final discomfiture.
whilst two others, one commanded by Captain WarOn our southern border, victory has continued also rington, the other by Captain Blakely, have captured to follow the American standard. The bold and skil British ships of the same class, with a gallantry and ful operations of Major General Jackson, conducting good conduct which entitle them and their companions troops drawn from the militia of the States least dis- to a just share in the praise of their country. tant, particularly of Tennessee, have subdued the prin- In spite of the naval force of the enemy accumulated cipal tribes of hostile savages, and, by establishing a on our coasts, our private cruisers also have not ceased peace with them, preceded by recent and exemplary to annoy his commerce, and to bring their rich prizes chastisement, has best guarded against the mischief of into our ports ; contributing thus, with other proofs, to their co-operation with the British enterprises which demonstrate the incompetency and illegality of a blockmay be planned against that quarter of our country. ade, the proclamation of which is made the pretext for Important tribes of Indians on our Northwestern fron- vexing and discouraging the commerce of neutral tier have also acceded to stipulations which bind them | Powers with the United States. to the interests of the United States, and to consider To meet the extended and diversified warfare adoptour enemy as theirs also.
ed by the enemy, great bodies of militia have been taken In the recent attempt of the enemy on the city of into service for the public defence, and great expenses Baltimore, defended by militia and volunteers, aided incurred. That the defence everywhere may be both by a small body of regulars and seamen, he was re- more convenient and more economical, Congress will ceived with a spirit which produced a rapid retreat to see the necessity of immediate measures for filling the his ships; whilst a concurrent attack by a large fleet ranks of the regular Army, and of enlarging the prowas successfully resisted by the steady and well directed vision for special corps, mounted and unmounted, to fire of the fort and batteries opposed to it.
be engaged for longer periods of service than are due In another recent attack by a powerful force on our from the militia. I earnestly renew, at the same time, troops at Plattsburg, of which regulars made a part a recommendation of such changes in the system of only, the enemy, after a perseverance for many hours, the militia, as, by classing and disciplining for the most was finally compelled to seek safety in a hasty retreat, prompt and active service the portions most capable of with our gallant bands pressing upon him.
it, will give to that great resource for the public safety On the Lakes, so much contested throughout the all the requisite energy and efficiency. war, the great exertions for the command made on our The moneys received into the Treasury during the part have been well repaid. On Lake Ontario, our nine months ending on the 30th day of June last, squadron is now, and has been for some time, in a amounted to thirty-two millions of dollars, of which condition to confine that of the enemy to his own port, near eleven millions were the proceeds of the public and to favor the operations of our land forces on that revenue, and the remainder derived from loans. The frontier.
disbursements for public expenditures during the same A part of the squadron on Lake Erie has been ex- period exceeded thirty-four millions of dollars, and left tended into Lake Huron, and has produced the advan- in the Treasury, on the first day of July, near five miltage of displaying our command on that lake also. lions of dollars. The demands during the remainder One object of the expedition was the reduction of Mack of the present year, already authorized by Congress, inaw, which failed, with the loss of a few brave men, and the expenses incident to an extension of the operamong whom was an officer justly distinguished for his ations of the war, will render it necessary that large gallant exploits. The expedition, ably conducted by súms should be provided to meet them. both the land and the naval commanders, was otherwise From this view of the national affairs, Congress highly valuable in its effects.
will be urged to take up, without delay, as well the On Lake Champlain, where our superiority had for subject of pecuniary supplies as that of military force, some time been undisputed, the British squadron lately and on a scale commensurate with the extent and the came into action with the American, commanded by character which the war has assumed. It is not to be Captain Macdonough. It issued in the capture of the disguised that the situation of our country calls for its whole of the enemy's ships. The best praise for this greatest efforts. Our enemy is powerful in men and officer, and his intrepid comrades, is in the likeness of in money, on the land and on the water. Availing his triumph to the illustrious victory which immortal- himself of fortuitous advantages, he is aiming, with his ized another officer, and established, at a critical mo- undivided force, a deadly blow at our growing prosment, our command of another lake.
perity, perhaps at our national existence. He has On the ocean, the pride of our naval arms has been avowed his purpose of trampling on the usages of civilamply supported. A second frigate has indeed fallen ized warfare, and given earnests of it in the plunder into the hands of the enemy, but the loss is hidden in and wanton destruction of private property. In his the blaze of heroism with which she was defended. pride of maritime dominion, and in his thirst of comCaptain Porter, who commanded her, and whose pre-mercial monopoly, he strikes with peculiar animosity vious career had been distinguished by daring enter at the progress of our navigation and of our manufacprise and by fertility of genius, maintained a sanguin- tures. His barbarous policy has not even spared thoso ary contest against two ships, one of them superior to monuments of the arts and models of taste with which his own, and under other severe disadvantages, till our country had enriched and embellished its infant
SEPTEMBER, 1814. metropolis. From such an adversary, hostility, in its lains was read the second time, and considered as greatest force and in its worst forms, may be looked in Committee of the Whole; and, no amendment for. The American people will face it with the un- having been proposed, the President reported it daunted spirit which in their Revolutionary struggle to the House accordingly; and on the question, defeated his unrighteous projects. His threats and his Shall this resolution be engrossed and read a third barbarities, instead of dismay, will kindle in every time? it was determined in the affirmative. bosom an indignation not to be extinguished but in the
The resolution authorizing Mountjoy Bayly to disaster and expulsion of such cruel invaders. In pro- employ one assistant and two horses was read the viding the means necessary, the National Legislature second time, and considered as in Committee of will not distrust the heroic and enlightened patriotism the Whole; and do amendment having been proof its constituents. They will cheerfully and proudly bear every burden of every kind which the safety and posed, the President reported it to the House achonor of the nation demand. We have seen them cordingly; and the resolution was ordered to be everywhere paying their taxes, direct and indirect, engrossed and read a third time. And by unaniwith the greatest promptness and alacrity. We see mous consent, the resolution was read the third them rushing with enthusiasm to the scenes where time, and passed. danger and duty call. In offering their blood, they Mr. WORTHINGTON submitted the following give the surest pledge that no other tribute will be motion for consideration : withheld.
Resolved, That so much of the Message of the Presi. Having forborne to declare war until to other ag- dent of the United States as relates to the militia of gressions had been added the capture of nearly a thou the United States, be referred to a select committee, sand American vessels, and the impressment of thou: with leave to report by bill or otherwise. sands of American seafaring citizens, and until a final
Mr. Giles submitted the following motion for declaration had been made by the Government of
consideration : Great Britain, that her hostile orders against our commerce would not be revoked, but on conditions as im
Resolved, That so much of the Message of the Presipossible as unjust; whilst it was known that these dent of the United States as relates to military affairs, orders would not otherwise cease, but with a war
be referred to a select committee, with leave to report which had lasted nearly twenty years, and which, ac- by bill, bills, or otherwise. cording to appearances at that time, might last as many The resolution for the appointment of Chapmore; having manifested, on every occasion, and in lains was, by unanimous consent, read the third every proper mode, a sincere desire to arrest the effu- time and passed, as follows: sion of blood, and meet our enemy on the ground of Resolved, that two Chaplains, of different dejustice and reconciliation, our beloved country, in still nominations, be appointed to Congress, during opposing to his persevering hostility all its energies, the present session, one by each House, who shall with an undiminished disposition towards peace and
interchange weekly. friendship on honorable terms, must carry with it the good wishes of the impartial world, and the best hopes appointed to revise the standing rules of the Sen;
On motion, by Mr. Bledsoe, a committee was of support from an omnipotent and kind Providence.
ate, with leave to report such amendments and Washington, Sept. 20, 1814.
additions thereto as they may deem expedient;
and Messrs. Bledsoe, Giles, VARNUM, BIBB, and The Message was read, and five hundred copies BROWN, were appointed the committee. thereof ordered to be printed for the use of the Senate.
THURSDAY, September 22.
John Condit, from the State of New Jersey, WEDNESDAY, September 21.
took his seat in the Senate. DUDLEY CHace, from the State of Vermont; Mr. BLEDSOE, from the committee appointed OBADIAH GERMAN, from the State of New York; yesterday to revise the standing rules of ihe SenROBERT H. GOLDSBOROUGH, from the State of ate, made report; which was read, and ordered to Maryland; and David STONE, from the State of lie for consideration. North Carolina, severally took their seats in the On motion, by Mr. THOMPSON, Sepate.
Resolved, unanimously, That the members of The President communicated the memorial the Senate, from a sincere desire of showing of the Legislature of the lodiana Territory, pray- every mark of respect due to the memory of the ing that the time for the payment by purchasers honorable Nicholas Gilman, deceased, late a of public lands in that Territory may be extended member thereof, will go into mourning for him to iwo years on each instalment, and that all one month, by the usual mode of wearing a crape arrearages of interest may be released to the pur- round the left arm. chasers; also, suggesting ihe propriety of reducing The Senate resumed the motion made yesterthe price of, and subdividing certain quarter sec-day for the appointment of a committee on so tions, for reasons stated at large in the memorial; much of the Message of the President of the Uniwhich was read, and referred to a select committed States as relates to the militia, and agreed tee, to consist of five members, to consider and thereto; and Messrs. WORTHINGTON, VARNUM, report thereon by bill or otherwise; and Messrs. LACOCK, Chace, and ANDERSON, were appointed MORROW, Bledsoe, Thompson, Chace, and Tait, the committee. were appointed the committee.
The Senate resumed the motion made yesterThe resolution for the appointment of Chap-1 day for the appointment of a committee on so