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The Publishers' deekly.

9. Otherwise the bill fails of that portion of its purpose which involved a protection of the bulk

rates against advertising circulars in the guise F. LEYPOLDT, Bibliographical Editor.

of periodicals, and does injustice to one class R. R. BOWKER, General Editor.

of books by admitting another at lower rates. This clause was omitted by the Postal Confer

ence because its Executive Committee was FEBRUARY 1, 1879.

made up largely of publishers, who feared to

open themselves to the accusation of consulting Publishers are requested to furnish title-page proofs and their own interests. They made a mistake in advance information of books forthcoming, both for entry in permitting this false sentiment to overrule genthe lists and for descriptive mention. An carly copy of eral considerations. The Post-Office Departeach book published should be forwarded, to insure correctness in the final entry.

ment, we understand, desires this clause retain. The trade are invited to send "Communications” to the ed, and it is certainly right. editor on any topic of interest to the trade, and as to which

But even should this clause be omitted, it is an interchange of opinion is desirable. Also, matter for to be hoped the bill will pass. The Department "Notes and Queries." Notes from librarians will also be

is in many respects admirably administered, but gratefully received.

it is under orders of law, and the law is conIn case of business changes, notification or card should be immediately sent to this office for entry under “Business

fusing and distressing both to the Department Notes." New catalogues issued will also be mentione:

and to the public. · The only objections to when forwarded.

the bill arise on the one side from those interested in obtaining for their advertising circulars

the benefit of bulk rates, and on the other from Every man is a debtor to his profession, fron.

those opposing registration as a principle, who the which, as men do of course seek to receive

are sufficiently answered by the fact that the countenance and profit, so ought they of duty to government must have some means of discrim. endeavor themselves by way of amends to be a

ination so long as it makes, as now, discrimihelp thereunto."-LORD BACON.

nating rates. An overwhelming majority of public opinion is in favor of the bill. Messrs.

Congressmen, be good enough to take the half THE PASSAGE OF THE POSTAL BILL. hour necessary to pass it.

THERE is no department of the Government with which the public at large has such con.

We are indebted to the courtesy of Messrs. stant and close relation as with the post-office;

Harper & Brothers for the portrait of the late there is none, therefore, in which simplicity, John Blair Scribner, which appears in this common sense, and uniformity are more neces

issue,-in the main an excellent likeness. sary. Unhappily, this department has been the one in which these qualities have been most Things are taking a turn. Ten per cent of notably lacking. It has not been altogether the

England's new books last year were American fault of the Department, for it was hampered by importations, and the latest Publishers' Circular complex and contradictory legislation. The De.

received gives much more space to American partment and the public now join in asking than to English news. Congress to pass a bill, carefully prepared, to put postal administration, on a common sense Our issue for February 15th will be the basis; but Congress is in doubt whether it can Supplementary Educational Number, used by spare time from its political affairs to transact booksellers and teachers for the spring season, this much of the public business.

and containing a classified price list of all eduThe bill removes numerous absurdities, and cational books published since the issue of the ought to become law. To its general excellence Educational Catalogue, July, 1878. Publishers we enter one important exception : the clause, are requested to forward promptly a complete "Provided, however, that nothing herein con- schedule of their educational publications tained shall be so construed as to admit publi- since that date, and their advertising copy is cations which, although issued in regular series desired as early as possible. or successive numbers, are but books or reprints of books, or publications primarily de- Our Annual Summary Number, which was designed for advertising purposes, or for free cir- layed by the lateness of two or three pages of adculation, or for circulation at nominal rates, to vertising copy and by other causes at the printthe benefit of the privileged rate, whether printer's, was held back another day to permit of mailed in this country or abroad,” should be retaining the Index with it. All subscribers should ed, as in the original draft, at the end of Section have received the Index with that issue ; if any

have slipped out in the mails, they will be re- and does not sell the blank margins of his paper. placed on application. The Index, extending The necessary rejection of the page was a loss to to 12 pages, is the largest and most nearly com- us as well as to Mr. Amies. plete we have ever made, and will, we trust, prove a great help to the trade.

For “ways that are dark” in the underselling

line, commend us to the enterprising newsThe Board Bulletin, started last year,


paper publisher whose business method-a well received by many in the trade, and generally recognized as a desirable trade help, has patent outside method, indeed—is set forth in

an article that we reprint in full from the Burnot received sufficient pecuniary support to justify its permanent continuance, nor does the lington, Vt., Saturday Review, which we thank

in the name of the trade for its exposure. The probability of future return in the event of

most provoking feature of this swindle is that success authorize outlay in pushing it. The the fellow has had the effrontery to go to book plan has nevertheless proved a practicable and dealers in his vicinity (after underselling them useful one, and the publisher. reserves the right

at his variety shop) and offer to supply goods to resume the enterprise at any time when the

to them at less than publishers' wholesale voluntary subscription for the Bulletin, at $2 the year, shall be sufficient to justify him. As prices. There has been, we are forced to ad

mit, what may be called an apathy among pubthe proposed Christmas issues were not pre- lishers in this matter of underselling ; but we pared, subscribers who have paid in their fifty

are in hopes that a few examples of this kind cents will be furnished with the number of Bul. letins still due them, to be issued as occasion may stir things up a bit. “Hari-kari” may be

amusing to outsiders, but as a means of liveli. seems best to serve their purposes.

hood, it is not remunerative, The Evening Post was lavish of congratulations in a recent issue over the fact that a book

POSTAL MATTERS. which is ranked with the Wallace's “Russia"

BOOKS "DUTY FREE.'' and Baker's “ Turkey" series should have been Ata meeting of the Executive Committee of issued in a cheap reprint at 15 cents. The next

the U. S. Postal Conference, held in New day it very frankly made occasion to set forth York, January 20, 1879, the following preamble

and resolutions were adopted and ordered to one of the considerations on the other side, in

be printed.

H. E. SIMMONS, Secretary. an editorial article which we reprint. In fact,

WHEREAS, The Postmaster-General in his recent Report there are two sides to the case; not only is an (page 30) has recommended the adoption by Congress of American publisher debarred from presenting a

such legislation as shall permit the importation by mail, free

of duty, of all printed matter, thus necessarily including decent edition to the American public, but he books: is debarred also from paying anything at all to

Resolved, That in the opinion of this Committee any

such legislation would be disastrous to all the interests in the English author, and from making any profit this country dependent upon the book trade, and damag

ing to the public revenues, for the following self-evident for himself. We welcome heartily endeavors

I. There can be no justification alleged why the United to give the people good literature cheap, but States Government should make itself a common carrier for there are still considerations as important as

foreign merchandise at rates greatly less than cost, and at

the same time deprive itself of the customs duty which the cheapness.

revenue laws impose on such merchandise-a duty which is already far below the average levied by the existing tariff

on other descriptions of manufactured goods. As we understand that Mr. Wm. T. Amies, II. If the proposed abandonment of duty be rendered genof Philadelphia, has made public complaint in srally applicable to all books imported by mail, both by

booksellers and private purchasers, a very large proportion the trade that a certain advertising page of his of our imports will take advantage of it, thus seriously re

ducing the revenue and enhancing the deficit in the mail publications was excluded from the Christmas service, while inflicting a severe blow on the book manufacNumber of the Publishers' WEEKLY arbitrarily

ture of the United States.

III. If, on the other hand, it be limited to books imported and without reason, we desire to state that the by private purchasers, an unjust discrimination will be made

against the importer, who is obliged to pay the duties to a sole cause of its omission was the fact that his

government, thus entering into competition with him at a plate was too large for our page. Mr. Amies

loss to itself, and virtually transacting the business through

the medium of the money-order system. Not only will he was acquainted with the size of the PUBLISHERS' thus be rendered unable to import and pay duty, but the

foreign houses will, as they have already declared, evade WEEKLY page, attention was directly called to

the law by establishing canvassing agencies" in our it also by our advertising representative when larger cities, which will sell books deliverable by mail to the

individual buyer. he secured the advertisement, and Mr. Amies Resolved, That we recognize the advisability of some prowas also notified on receipt of the too large may be restored, and we suggest that some plan be adopted

vision whereby the facilities of the international book-post plate. Mr. Amies claims, we learn, that be- under which books and periodicals now subject to duty may be

transmitted by post, and the regular rate of duty be collectcause it did not actually run beyond the blank ed thereon, thus putting on an even footing all such impormargin of the page we had no right to reject it, tations, whether for trade or consumption.

Resolved, That copies of these resolutions be sent to but a publisher certainly has the right to protect Members of Congress, the Postmaster-General, the Secrethe typographical character of his publication ti orm, anche Treasury, to the members of the Postal Conven


A MASQUE OF POETS." is an evil, as every owner of a library will at “A MASQUE of Poets.” recently published in

once feel, when, looking at his handsome copies Boston by Messsrs Roberts Brothers, and no.

of Wallace's Russia," Baker's “Turkey," ticed in these columns, has given rise to several

McCoan's Egypt,” and Sergeant's “ New curious errors of judgment with regard to the Greece," he longs to put Geary's “Through authorship of different poems. We learn from

Asiatic Turkey" by the side of its companions unquestionable authority that the lines entitled

on his shelves, and knows that it does not and " Question and No Answer," universally as

cannot exist in a form suited to such a purcribed to Dr. O. W. Holmes, were in fact pose. written by Lord Houghton ; that One Hun

If only one book was affected by this state of dred and One,” which has been set down as the facts, there would be compensation enough in production of R. W. Emerson, was written

the reflection that good literature is made popby Miss H. W. Preston ; that E. C. Stedman is ular, but unluckily the prospect now is that the the author of “Provençal Lovers," and not Mr.

rule which excludes this work from publica. Stoddard or Miss Preston as stated by the

tion in book form will presently produce a newspapers. It may also be mentioned that like effect in the case of all books of foreign auTransfiguration" was written by Miss Alcott; thorship, while the public will not really gain Pilgrims,” by the late H. D. Thoreau ; “Red anything in return, because in any case books Tape,” and “ My Heart

, I Cannot Still It," by likely to be popular at low prices will be pubJames Russell Lowell ; and “A Lover's Tests,

lished in cheap form as well as in more durable by Bayard Taylor. Mr. G. H. Boker is the shape. author of " A Song Before Singing," which has this: Those publishers who have done a large

There is one comfort to be extracted from also been fathered upon Tennyson and Long business in the republication of foreign books, fellow; the ballad of “ Husband and Wife" is by Miss Rossetti; and “Horizon” and « À paying the authors gratuitous copyright out of Woman's Death Wound” by “H. H.” W. E. their profits, and who have opposed internaChanning writes the “Children's Song ;" Wm. tional copyright measures as likely to interfere Allingham writes Amy Margaret.” Aubrey

with their business, will now find it the part of de Vere is the author of Eld," A. B. Alcott of wisdom to favor just and proper legislation on "Eumenides," and Mrs. Annie Fields of

this subject. So long as the courtesy of the “Theocritus,” which has been claimed as a

trade protected them from ruinous competition matter of course for Mr. Stedman. "The Un- they were content with matters, and preferred seen Preacher” is by Miss E. S. Phelps, Oc voluntarily; but now that a class of publishers

to do what justice they could to foreign authors tober Sunday" by John Weiss, “Benedicam Domino” by Susan Coolidge (attributed also by is no such word as courtesy, and who do not

has sprung up in whose bright lexicon there the riddle-guessers to “H. H.”), “Through a Window Pane" by J. J. Piatt, “Awakening," scruple to publish a foreign book without payby Mrs. Celia Thaxter, and “The Marshes of ing the author, in competition with the edition Glynn" by Sidney Lanier. The volume is certains of a publisher who does pay the author, the ly graced with contributions from many favorite great houses will find their own only protection poets, and it will be no less heartily enjoyed in the adoption of a just and equitable law on the by the reader because he is not obliged to tread subject. The public of book-buyers and readon eggs. - Tribune,

ers, whose interest it is that all books of worth shall be accessible in decent shape for perma

nent use, will welcome the co-operation of NEW LIGHT ON THE COPYRIGHT

these great publishing houses in their efforts to

secure a copyright law founded in justice and QUESTION

reason, and not upon narrow geographical (From the Evening Post, 3d Jan.)

grounds. The lack of a law of copyright in this coun

ENGLISH BOOK PRODUCTION IN try for literary works of foreign authorship is beginning to produce a result not foreseen,

1878. which is worth considering. We yesterday re- The Publishers' Circular (London) gives its viewed Mr. Grattan Geary's “Through Asiatic | annual summary and analysis of books recordTurkey," a work of permanent value as well as ed in 1878—and in improved classification. of great present interest, and in doing so noted | Out of the total of 5314 volumes issued in the its appearance in the form of a number in the twelve months, 3049, or three fifths, were abFranklin Square Library—that is to say, in the solutely new books, and 2046, or two fifths, form of an unbound quarto pamphlet. In this new editions and reprints There were 620 shape a book of the sort has its uses certainly ; | American imported works. Classifying the figit is so cheap that anybody may own and read ures, we find that out of the total of 5314 works, it, and that is a gain ; but there is the unfortu- Theology and Biblical literature, including Ser. nate fact behind it that the lack of an interna mons, claim 739, nearly one seventh ; Educa. tional copyright law prevents the publication of tional, Classical, and Philological works, 586, this and all other works of the kind in any more than one tenth ; Juvenile works and tales, worthy, permanent form, thereby shutting the 448 nearly one twelfth ; Novels, tales, and other book and similar books out of our libraries, fiction, 879, nearly one sixth ; Law books, 129, or public and private, which is a calamity.

one in every forty one ; Treatises on Political In the absence of a law of international copy. and Social Economy, Trade and Commerce, right, anybody who chooses may print a foreign 181, nearly one thirtieth ; Artistic, Scientific, book here; and with the certainty of competi- and illustrated works, 147, or one in every tion by the cheap “libraries"-as they are thirty-six ; Voyages, Travels, and Geographical called-before his eyes, no publisher will take books, 215, nearly one sin twenty-five ; History, the risk of publishing a work of the kind in Biography, etc., 430, more than one twelfth ; any but the very cheapest form. This, we say, ' Poetry and the Drama, 356, nearly one fifteenth;

3.424 3,772


51 131 13

9.350 7,860

I 20 501 2,222 2,270

66 52

Prints and cuts.


Year-books, and annual volumes of Serials, 240, The business of copyright entries and deposor one in every twenty-two ; works on Medicine, its, placed by law in charge of the Librarian of Surgery, etc., 233, also one in twenty-two ; Congress, has slightly increased during the Belles Lettres, Essays, Monographs, 531, one year now closed. There were entered in the tenth ; and miscellaneous publications, 200, or office during the calendar year 1878, 15,798 one in twenty-six. The total for the year 1878 publications of all kinds against 15,758 entries is 219 in excess of the number registered in 1877, for the calendar year 1877. The copyright fees and the increase 'lies chiefly in the theological received and paid into the Treasury amounted works, where the new books numbered 531 in to $13,134.50. The year preceding, the aggre.

78, as gainst 485 in 1877; in educational gate fees received were $13,076 ; showing an inworks, which rose to 424 from 329 in 1877—an crease of $58.50. The copyrights of the year increase of nearly one hundred, probably due exhibit the following division as to classes of to the growing activity of School Boards and publications entered at the office: other scholastic agencies ; in history and biogra


5,632 phy, which rose from 241 in 1877 to 312 in 1878 ; Periodicals. in year-books and annual volumes of serials, Musical compositions which stood at 225 last year year, as cornpared

Dramatic compositions.

Photographs. with 70 in 1877-an increase probably more ap- Engravings and chromos.


1,053 parent than real ; and in belles lettres, 409 as Maps and charts.

1,081 against 249. The number of new novels and

Prints. works of fiction registered was almost station- Paintings.

Designs and drawings. ary in the two years, being 447 in 1878 and 446

Total.. in 1877. The figures in the new book column

15.798 of 1878 showed an increase on 1877 in every class except in works on art and science, where right exhibit the following accessions to the col.

The deposits of publications to perfect copythere was a slight falling off. In the issues of lections, under each designation of copyright new editions the past year showed a decrease publications deposited under the law: on every class except in novels and fiction, which rose from 408 in 1877 to 432 in 1878. In


Periodicals the total issues during the various months of Musical compositions.

7,585 the year, November takes the lead with 671 vol- Dramatic compositions. umes, December follows with 590, October Photographs... with 522 ; and the lowest point is reached in

Engravings and chromos

Maps and charts.. August, when the total, both of new books and new editions, was only 290"; but this is the only Designs... month in which the figures are below 300. It

Total.. may be added that the full titles of all the volumes thus brought into account have been As two copies of each publication are requirgiven in the Publishers' Circular, issued by ed to be deposited, the net additions to the col. Messrs. Sampson Low & Co., during the year. lections of copyright material are 15.013 articles,

of which 4675 are books, besides periodicals numbering 3930.

The funds under charge of the Joint Commit. LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS' REPORT.

tee on the Library exhibit the following unexLIBRARY OF CONGRESS, ? pended balances on the ist of January, 1879: WASHINGTON, January 2, 1879. I

Fund for the increase of Library. T'he undersigned has the honor to submit Fund for ornamenting the Capitol with works of herewith his annual report, exhibiting the prog

Fund for portraits of Presidents of the United ress of the Library of Congress and the busi- States

2,840 00 ness of the copyright department during the Fund for purchase and printing of unpublished year closing December 31, 1878.

historical documents relating to early French

discoveries in the Northwest and on the MissisThe annual enumeration of the books just


5.964 04 completed exhibits a gratifying growth in all Fund for salaries in Botanic Garden and greenthe collections which go to make up the Libra


4,811 0 7 The additions to the law department have

Fund for improving Botanic Garden. ry.

1,367 45 been 3881 volumes, and to the miscellaneous The printing of the new general catalogue of library 17,656 volumes, besides 11,689 pam- the Library, which promises to make about six phlets and 2344 maps and charts. At the date royal octavo volumes, has advanced to the close of my last report, January 1, 1878, the whole of the letter B, and is now being prosecuted Library numbered 331,118 volumes and about with as much rapidity as is consistent with ac110,000 pamphlets. The aggregate increase curate editing and printing. Its value will bednring theyear has been 21,537 volumes, and come increasingly apparent as the volumes apswells the aggregate contents of the Library to pear, embracing, as they do, in one alphabet, 352,655 volumes of books, besides about 120- the entire contents of the Library, whether books 000 pamphlets. The accessions of the year or pamphlets, up to the year 1878. have come from the following sources :

AINSWORTH R. SPOFFORD, Books. Pamphlets. By purchase..

Librarian of Congress. 7,864 By copyright.

6,740 To Hon. T. 0. Howe, By deposit of the Smithsonian Insti

Chairman of the Joint Committee on the Li2,396

2,416 By donation (including State and

brary. municipal documents)..

348 [We have omitted only the annual appeal By exchange...


for more room, which it is to be hoped Congress Total..

11,689 will at last heed.-En.]


$6,647 77


4,750 00






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