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26. The Sergeant-at-Arms shall give bond, with surety, to the United States, in a sum not less than five nor more than ten thousand dollars, at the discretion of the Speaker, and with such surety as the Speaker may approve, faithfully to account for the money coming into his hands for the pay of members.-- April 4, 1838.
27. The Doorkeeper shall execute strictly the 134th and 135th rules, relative to the privilege of the hall.—March 1, 1838. And he shall be required at the commencement and close of each session of Congress to take an inventory of all the furniture, books, and other public property in the several committee and other rooms under his charge, and shall report the same to the House; which report shall be referred to the Committee on Accounts, who shall determine the amount for which he shall be held liable for missing articles.March 2, 1865. It is the duty of the Doorkeeper, ten minutes before the hour for the meeting of the House each day, to see that the floor is cleared of all persons except those privileged to remain during the sessions of the House.-March 31, 1869.
28. The Postmaster shall superintend the post-office kept in the Capitol for the accommodation of the members.-April 4, 1838.
OF THE MEMBERS.
29. No member shall vote on any question in the event of which he is immediately and particularly interested, or in any case where he was not within the bar of the House when the question was put.-April 17, 1789. · When the roll-call is completed, the Speaker shall state that any member offering to vote does so upon the assurance that he was within the bar before the last name on the roll was called.-March 19, 1869. Provided, however, that any member who was absent by leave of the House may vote at any time before the result is announced.—March 2, 1865. It is not in order for the Speaker to entertain any request for a member to change his vote on any question after the result shall have been declared, nor shall any member be allowed to record his vote on any question, if he was not present when such vote was taken.-May 27, 1870.
[Differences of opinion have arisen as to the kind of interest alluded to in this rule. It has been contended to apply to members who were merchants or manufacturers, or engaged in other business to be affected by tariffs or other bills touching rates of duties, &c. This construction has never been sustained by the House. The original construction, and the only true one, is direct personal or pecuniary interest. See also Journal, first session Fortythird Congress, pp. 771, 772.]
[As originally adopted, the word present was used in this rule where the words "within the bar of the House” now appear. The alteration was made on the 14th September, 1837. By a decision of the House, at the first session of the Thirty-fifth Congress (see Journal, p. 337), soon after its occupancy of the present ball, the “bar of the House” was defined to be “upon the floor of the hall, and not outside of any of the doors leading into it.” And when interrogated as to his presence, every member must answer the question for himself.] 30. Upon a division and count of the House on any question, no member without the bar shall be counted.-November 13, 1794.
31. Every member who shall be in the House when the question is put shall give his vote, unless the House shall excuse him.-April 7, 1789. All motions to excuse a member from voting shall be made before the House divides, or before the call of the yeas and nays is commenced; and the question shall then be taken without debate.September 14, 1837.
[By Rule 30, the date of which is subsequent in date to this, a member who may be “in the House” is not allowed to vote, unless he be “within the bar," upon a division or count of the House. ]
[That portion of Rule 31 which permitted a brief verbal statement of reasons to be given by any member for requesting to be excused from voting was rescinded January 1847.]
32. The name of a member who presents a petition or memorial, or wbo offers a resolution to the consideration of the House, sball be inserted on the journals.-March 22, 1806.
33. No member shall absent himself from the service of the House, unless he have leave, or be sick, or unable to attend. - April 13, 1789.
OF CALLS OF THE HOUSE.
34. Any fifteen members (including the Speaker, if there be one) shall be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members.April 7, 1789.
35. Upon calls of the House, or in taking the yeas and nays on any question, the names of the members shall be called alphabetically.-April 7, 1789.
36. Upon the call of the House, the names of the members shall be called over by the Clerk, and the absentees noted; after which the names of the absentees shall again be called over; the doors shall
then be shut, and those for whom no excuse or insufficient excuses are made may, by order of those present, if fifteen in number, be taken into custody as they appear, or may be sent for and taken into custody, wherever to be found, by special messengers to be appointed for that purpose.—November 13, 1789, and December 14, 1795.
[The rule as originally established in relation to a call of the House, which was on the 13th Noveniber, 1789, differed from the present rule in this: there was one day's notice to be given, and it required a vote of the House, and not fifteen members, to order a member into custody. It was changed to its present form on the 14th December, 1795. On the 7th January, 1802, it was changed back to its original form to require “ an order of the House” to take absent members into custody, and so remained until the 23d December, 1811, when it was again changed to what it is now—i. e., fifteen members. ] 37. Wben a member shall be discharged from custody and admitted to his seat, the House shall determine whether such discharge shall be with or without paying fees; and in like manner whether a delinquent member, taken into custody by a special messenger, shall or shall not be liable to defray the expenses of such special messenger.—November 13, 1794.
ON MOTIONS, THEIR PRECEDENCE, ETC.
38. When a motion is made and seconded, it shall be stated by the Speaker; or, being in writing, it shall be handed to the Chair and read aloud by the Clerk before debated.—April 7, 1789.
39. Every motion shall be reduced to writing if the Speaker or any member desire it.—April 7, 1789. Every written motion made to the House shall be inserted on the journals with the name of the mem. ber making it, uuless it be withdrawn on the same day on which it was submitted.-March 26, 1806.
40. After a motion is stated by the Speaker or read by the Clerk, it shall be deemed to be in the possession of the House; but may be withdrawn at any time before a decision or amendment.-April 7, 1789.
41. When any motion or proposition is made, the question " Will the House now consider it?" shall not be put unless it is demanded by some member or is deemed necessary by the Speaker.- December 12, 1817.
42. When a question is under debate, no motion shall be received but to adjourn, to lie on the table, for the previous question, to postpone to a day certain, to commit or amend, to postpone indefinitely; which several motions shall have precedence in the order in which they are arranged-March 13, 1822--and no motion to postpone to a day certain, to commit, or to postpone indefinitely, being decided, shall be again allowed on the same day, and at the same stage of the bill or proposition.
[This rule, as originally established, April 7, 1789, read thus: “When a question is under debate, no motion shall be received unless to amend it, to commit it, for the previous question, or to adjourn.” On the 13th of November, 1794, the motion to postpone to a day certain was introduced next after the previous question. On the 17th December, 1805, the rule was changed as follows: 1st, the previous question ; 2d, to postpone indefinitely; 3d, to postpone to a day certain ; 4th, to lie ; 5th, to commit; 6th, to amend ; 7th, to adjourn. On the 230 December, 1811, the order was changed as follows: 1st, to adjourn ; 2d, to lie; 3d, the previous question ; 4th, to postpone indefinitely; 5th, to postpone to a day certain ; 6th, to commit; 7th, to amend. On the 13th March, 1822, they were classed as above, and were declared, for the first time, to bave precedence according to their arrangenient; previous to which the notions of the Speaker oftened governed as to the precedence of these motions; and hence the direction of the rule.] 43. When a resolution shall be offered, or a motion made, to refer any subject, and different committees shall be proposed, the question shall be taken in the following order:
The Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union; the Committee of the Whole House; a standing committee; a select committee.- March 13, 1825.
44. A motion to adjourn, and a motion to fix the day to which the House shall adjourn, sball be always in order-April 7, 1789, and January 14, 1840; these motions, and the motion to lie on the table, shall be decided without debate.- November 13, 1794; March 13, 1822.
[It has been decided and acted upon that, under this rule, "a motion to fix the day to which the House shall adjourn” takes precedence of a motion to adjourn. The reason of this decision is, that, before the House adjourned, it was proper to fix the time to which it should adjourn. To this decision, and upon this reasoning, no objection has been made.]
[In the first rules established by the House, on the 7th April, 1789, it was directed that “when the House adjourns, the members shall keep their seats until the Speaker goes forth, and then the members shall follow." This rule was left out of the rules established 13th November, 1794. On the 13th March, 1822, a rule was adopted probibiting a motion to adjourn before four o'clock if there was a pending question ; it was rescinded on the 13th March, 1824. On the 13th of March, 1822, a rule was also adopted against the rising of the Committee of the Whole before four o'clock, which was abrogated on the 25th of March, 1825.] 45. The hour at which every motion to adjourn is made shall be entered on the journal.-October 9, 1837.
46. Any member may call for the division of a question, before or after the main question is ordered—March 16, 1860—which shall be divided if it comprehend propositions in substance so distinct that, one being taken away, a substantive proposition shall remain for the decision of the House.-September 15, 1837. A motion to strike out and insert shall be deemed indivisible-December 23, 1811; but a motion to strike out being lost, shall preclude neither amendment nor a motion to strike out and insert.—March 13, 1822.
47. Motions and reports may be committed at the pleasure of the House.—April 7, 1789.
48. No motion or proposition on a subject different from that under consideration shall be admitted under color of amendment.March 13, 1822. No bill or resolution shall, at any time, be amended by annexing thereto, or incorporating therewith, any other bill or resolution pending before the House.- September 15, 1837.
[This rule was originally established on the 7th April, 1789, and was in these words: “No new motion or proposition shall be admitted under color of amendment, as a substitute for the motion or proposition under debate." On the 13th March, 1822, it was changed to its present form, in which the words new and substitute do not appear.]
[The latter clause of this rule was adopted at the first session of the Twenty-fifth Congress; and as originally reported by the committee, the following words were contained at the end of it: “Nor by any proposition containing the substance, in whole or in part, of any other bill or resolution pending before the House.” These words were stricken out by the House before it would agree to the rule; by which it would seem to be decided that a bill or resolution might be amended by incorporating therein the substance of any other bill or resolution before the House. Such has been the general practice of the House.] 49. When a motion has been once made, and carried in the affirmative or negative, it shall be in order for any member of the majority to move for the reconsideration thereof January 7, 1802– on the same or succeeding day, December 23, 1811; and such motion