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[APRIL 8, 1836.
It had been said by gentlemen, on several occasions, petitions might be rejected. The Senate would then that they could not sit here patiently and hear the people see in what language the petitions were drawn up, and of the South branded as “pirates, robbers, and murder- might judge for itself whether it was as offersive as it ers,” by these petitioners. This language had repeated. had been represented to be. Remarks had been made ly gone forili, in speeches delivered here: the effect of on that floor, in relation to these petitioners, which he it was, to excite the feelings and sensibilities of the deemed very erroneous. It mattered not what class of people of the South. He would now say that he had citizens presented themselves as petitioners, they were never heard either of the epithets just repeated, used in entiiled to a respectful hearing. They had been termed any, even the most offensive, of the petitions. Their miserable fanatics, vile incendiaries, and charged with language was bad enough, but none of them had used an intention to dissolve the Union. All those interested the language which had been repeated; if they had, he in putting down this spirit, which they so much depre. too would have voted against their reception, on the cated, had used these violent terms in reference to perground that they had violated outrageously the rule of sons petitioning for what they deemed Congress had a the Senate which required decorum to this body, apply right to grant. He had always thought that these people ing precisely the same rule in regard to petitions on this had an undoubted right to be heard; and he was of subject that he would to those on any other subject in opinion that the receiving their petitions, and then reregard to their reception-the constitutional principle injecting them immediately, as moved by the Senator from regard to the right of petition being the same.
Pennsylvania, was tantamount to refusing to receive Mr. B. would again ask if it was prudent that such them; it was keeping the word of promise to the ear, expressions should go forth from this hall, when so well and breaking it to their hope. calculated to inflame public feeling, and when they Mr. M. said he would bere take occasion to correct were not to be found in even the worst of the petitions an error that appeared in one of the morning papers. themselves. None felt more sensibility on this subject His name was ibere given in the list of those who voted than himself; but it was the part of wisdom as well of to reject the prayer of the petitioners. His naine ought generosity for us to cultivate barmonious feelings with not to have been given on that list; he gave no such those who were acting in concert with us to the North, vote; and he could not, consistently with bis views, vole to put the abolitionists down; and he had heard with to reject a petition without giving the subject of it a fair regret expressions, in reply to the Senator from Maine, examination. Could he have done this, he would have which lie thought should have been rather those of no hesitation in voting, with the Senator from South Cargratulation than of a different character.
olina, to refuse to receive the petition at all. He would Mr. CALIOUN asked the Senator from Ohio, (Mr. here make another acknowledgment, with respect to a NORRIS,] to let him bave the petitions that he had with. declaration he made to his friend from Georgia. When drawn.
he first took his seat here as a Senator of the United States, [Mr. Morris gave Mr. CALAOUN some petitions, and he believed that Congress had a right to legislate on the said he could not consent for them to be used at that subject of slavery in the District of Columbia; and he time.]
was also of opinion that sound policy required that Mr. CALHOUN said he was utterly astonished at the something should be done with regard to it. He was remarks of the gentleman from North Carolina. These now convinced, from information since acquired, that it charges were made when the Obio petitions were pre was not expedient for Congress to touch the subject; sented and read, and in the gentleman's presence. and he would gladly rid them of all further solicitation Memory was frail, but he could hardly be mistaken as to legislate on it, by going, with the Senator from South to the offensive epithets used in the Ohio memorials. Carolina, for a retrocession of the District to the States Certainly, said lie, all remembered that we were charged to whom it originally belonged. He believed that, as with dealing in human flesh, an allegation as strong as long as Congress had exclusive jurisdiction over the ten any he had quoted. The Senator from North Carolina miles square, petitions for abolishing slavery would be could not rejoice more strongly than himself to see this continually pouring in. The feelings which induced spirit of abolition arrested, but he feared that it was too these peritions were the deepest rooted of any in the strong to be easily subdued.
human breast; they were excited by a high sense of reThe feelings, as indicated in these resolutions of the ligious duty, and no human power could ever induce Legislature of Maine, were certainly to be highly com. them to abandon what they believed themselves thus mended, and he had taken occasion to express the sat bound to perform. A retrocession of the District, thereisfaction with which he received them. He had thought fore, would be the best mode of relieving Congress from it, bowever, right for the people of the South to know continued petitions on this subject, and of avoiding that that there was an abolition society in Maine, which put agitation and excitement which gentlemen said threat. furth very able and extensive publications.
ened a dissolution of the Union. Mr. M. here took an Mr. LINN would inerely remark that the petitions to extended view of the subject of dissolution and secession which the gentleman from South Carolina alluded had from the Union, denying that there was any power in been withdrawn by the gentleman who presented them, any State either to dissolve or secede from the Union. before taking any question upon them.
A man, said he, may commit treason against his GovernMr. MORRIS observed that he had put the petitions ment, and if he succeeds he is a hero; but if he fails, his which he had withdrawn into the possession of the Sen. fate is that of a traitor. When he beard gentlemen ator from South Carolina, but not with a view that he speak so frequently of a dissolution of the Union, he should use them publicly on the occasion. It was true asked himself if it was possible they could be in earnest, that he did present petitions couched in language deem and could suppose that there was any power capable of ed by other gentlemen to be exceptionable, but which performing what had been thus threatened. he then and now thought was perfectly unexceptiona Mr. PRESTON expressed his approbation of the res. ble; and that he had afterwards withdrawn them, at the olutions. The people of Maine had taken fair, just, and solicitation of his friends, to make way for a Quaker pe-honorable grounds, which were dictated by an honorable tition, as if that was entitled to a precedence over those spirit of patriotism. It was because he felt great apprefrom Ohio. At a proper time he should present them hension as to the consequences of the agitation of this to the Senate; and if the Senator from South Carolina subject, that he so highly appreciated the sentiments of objected 10 their reception, and should be sustained by the resolution. But, although it might not be compe. the Senator from North Carolina and other Senators, the tent for an individual, or a single State, to attempt to
APRIL 8, 1836.]
dissolve the Union, if Maine had taken a different stand, having no particular application as to the people of the and this matter had continued to grow and spread, it South. would bave involved the disunion of the Government. He had made this explanation, he would again repeat, He had, he believed, heretofore said that the South in reference to the language of these petitions, to precould, if placed in a situation of self-defence, protect vent highly colored pictures of their offensive language itself. For bis part, he did not, as a southern genıle from going abroad, to add to the excitement already exman, ask any favors, or fear any result. He was glad, isting on this subject, and to repel the inference that however, to see the indication of a better stale of feel him and his friends had voted to receive a petition couchings. These resolutions expressed their disapprobationed in terms such as had been spoken of. of any interference by one State in the domestic affairs It is, sir, said Mr. B., a very great sin, in the estimaof another State. As the gentleman from Maine (Mr. tion of some gentlemen, to vote to receive these petiRUGGLES) had given them a lecture from this resolution, tions; but they must recollect that they set the example. he would not take a similar course in regard to him. It He expressed the confident belief that both of the gen. was an easy matter for gentlemen living at the extreme tlemen from South Carolina voted, at the last session, to North to read a lecture to those of the South. He, receive petitions of a like character. He could cite a however, preferred the resolution of the Legislature of dozen instances from the journal of the last session Maine to the lecture. If it was wrong for those of the where they were received, on different days, by the South to interfere with the domestic concerns of the unanimous consent of this body; and, more than that, North, it was as wrong for them to interfere in theirs of
were unanimously referred to the Committee on the Disthe South. As to the agitation, they had hail the initia. trict of Columbia; anil certainly the gentlemen could not tory and the conclusion. He spoke of the number of have been absent upon every occasion, with their known petitions that had been sent here, which, in the aggre. attentive habits to business. To enlist in a warfare gate, amounted to twenty-eight thousand, anıl allverted with these petitioners on this floor, when their objects to the language of the petitions. They had called the had found but few, if any, advocates here, was but little petitioners incendiaries and fanatics, and the petitioners calculated to gain distinction or elevation for the South; had called them immoral and irreligious. They could he had, therefore, uniformly been in favor of that silent not take away the offensive character of the petitions by and contemptous course towards them, by which they wrapping them up in honeyed words; they could not, always had been consigned to a neglect and insignifiknit up or intertwist the phraseology as they pleased. cance, to them the most cutting and mortifying course It was not fair or decent, in regard to them, to say this of all others; and to the exertions of honorable gentlemen or that institution in the South is immoral. They were they were indebted for that notoriety which the present not called upon to plead to this matter. He rose merely session of Congress had more than ever given them. to express his approbation of these resolutions. if this The Senator from South Carolina nearest to bim, [Mr. matter was to be stopped, it was necessary that the Preston.) in alluding to some of his remarks, said that moral, intellectual, and legislative power of the country he would not tender his gratitude to the Legislature of should be interposed. lle entertained the hope that Maine, because they adopted these resolutions; that they the thing was not so far gone as to be remediless. were nothing more than what the South was entitled to,
Mr. MORRIS, in justice to the Senator from North and what the South'had a right to demand. He trusted Carolina, (Mr. Brown,) must say that his impressions that he, too, felt that manly independence becoming a were that his statements in regard to these petitions southern representative; he trusted that he, too, would were correct. He had suggested to the Senator from never ask more than the South was entitled to receive; South Carolina, when he gave him these petitions, that but he also trusted that he never should be insenhe was not to use them on the present occasion; and he sible to those sympathies which bound together the had also informed him that, as soon as the present de- different sections of this great republic, nor backward in bate was over, he would lay them before the Senate, expressing the pleasure with which he saw a kindred when all could judge whether the language was such as feeling cherished by his brethren of any portion of their they deemed proper to be received, or otherwise. common country. This was the ground that he took,
Mr. CALITOUN was very happy that the Senator from and these were the feelings which called forth the North Carolina had at last made up his minu to reject animadversions of the Senator from South Carolina. He petitions that were such as be would deem offensive in well knew the strength of the South, and its capability their language; and he hoped that he and all other south to protect itself against all attempts on its internal peace; ern Senators would in time see the propriety of rejects on that he felt the most perfect reliance; but the resoluing all abolition petitions, no matter in what language tions just read from the State of Maine, he thought, ought they were couched, for, from the very nature of the sub. to be hailed by every southern man as an earnest of the ject they treated, they must be offensive to the South. indissoluble ties which bound the North and South to.
Mr. BROWN felt himself bound to explain, with a gether, and of the strength and durability of the Union. view to prevent any misapprehension on this subject. Mr. CALHOUN said the Senator from North CaroliHe did say that the epithets, which he had before re na certainly did not hear his remarks. The Senator peated, were not, as had been represented, in any of the from Ohio [Mr. Morris) had put the petitions in his petitions which lie had examined or had heard read, hands, and suggested to him not to use them. He offensive as their language was. The gentleman from would now refer to some of the expressions found in South Carolina has not been able, he presumed, to find one of these petitions; among them was the phrase, the alleged epithets in the petition which he had then “ traffic in human flesh," a phrase borrowed from the before him, and to which he had made reference, other. shambles, from the butchers, holding up to all the wise he supposed he would have read them to the world, that the gentleman and his constituents treated Senate. He only draws inferences from certain vague human beings as they treated beeves.
That was the and general expressions, having no immediate applica- first. The petition went on to say, that (dealing in tion to the people of the South. It was not that on slaves) “had been solemnly declared piracy by the which he had made the issue, but it was upon the exist laws of our own, and all Christian nations;" assimilating ence of the fact, whether the epithets alleged to be the acts of himself and those whom he represented, used in the petitions were to be found in any of them. with the acts of those who seize Africans on the coast He had not been met on that issue but by constructions of Africa, and sell them for slaves. If he could lay his and inferences put on vague and general expressions, I hands on tlie other petitions, he could point out the epi
(April 8, 1836.
thets he had quoted; but those he had given were, he Carolina (Mr. Brown] was utterly mistaken when he thought, sufficiently offensive to justify a southern rep- said that lie (Mr. C.) voted to receive a petition on this resentative in voting to reject them. But he would subject. No vote of his would be found on the journal. read a lillle further. “It (slavery) was sinful because He might have suffered petitions to pass at former ses. it violated the laws of God and man;" s because it (sla-sions, when there was but a few of them presented. very) corrupted the public morals.” This was some of He confessed he had neglected this matter too long. the language of the petitions which had been with | Tli: gentleman from North Carolina (Mr. Brows] said drawn to make way for the Quaker petitions which he (Mr. C.) had not made good his word. He (Mr. were first tried in order to obtain the sanction of the C.) thought the expressions in the petition to which he southern representatives to that most dangerous of all had referred were as strong as the terms used by him. principles, that they were bound to receive petitions, It seemed, however, that the Senator cared for nothing no matter in what language they were clrawn. The but the precise words. He had shown tbat these peti. Senator from North Carolina bad mistaken him in sup- tions likened his constituents to pirates, and spoke of posing he had found nothing in these petitions that was them as dealers in human flesh. This, he thought, was as offensive as he had termed them. The Senator from sufficiently strong to make good his position. Ohio, on putting them in his hands, had requested him Mr. WALKER said that he did not rise to embark in not to use them at that time.
any discussion of the abolition question, but to state Mr. MANGUM would inquire of his colleague whe. some facts to the Senate. It had been said by the Senther he understood him correctly in saying that he ator from South Carolina, (Mr. PRESTON,] that twenty. would feel it his duty to reject petitions only that were eight thousand memorialists had subscribed these abolioffensive to that body, or some member of it.
tion petitions. Mr. W. said that, feeling a deep interMr. BROWN replied that he would vote to reject pe. est in this question, he had looked at the names of the titions that violated the rules of the Senate, by the use subscribers to these petitions, and found that a majority, of language indecorous towards individual members of or nearly a majority, of the whole number appeared to the body or to the body itself--rules which every parlia- be females. mentary body had adopted.
[Here Mr. PRESTON said thirteen thousand were se. Mr. MANGUM said he had so understool his col. males. ] league, but it was with undisguised astonishment that he Mr. W. remarked that of the remainder it was per. heard such doctrines pronounced by those who set up fectly obvious, on the slightest inspection, that a vast as the exclusive representatives of the democracy of number were children; many of the names are made up the South. Sir, said he, who gave us the right to ex of entire families, including all the children, male and clude petitions because offensive to ourselves, and not female, and repeatedly all written by the same hand. to exclude them when they use offensive terms in refer. Mr. W. even believed that at least three fourths of ence to our constituents? Who are we, said he, that these petitioners were children or females, but the we are not to be touched but our feelings are outraged; whole number would constitute but a small portion of a and this great constitutional right of petition, about republic embracing now a population probably of fifwhich so much has been said, is to be violated if our teen millions. Mr. W. said he would make one further honor is called in question? He scouted such doctrine. remark on this subject; he did it with regret; he had If, said he, we have the right to reject petitions because been pained to see the names of so many American fe. our persons are reflected on, are we io be silent when males to these petitions. It appeared to him exceedcleven sovereign States are reflected on in terms of the ingly indelicate that sensitive females of shrinking grossest abuse, and denounced as dealers in human modesty should present their names here as petitioners, Aesli, and likened 10 pirates? He should like to see in relation to the domestic institutions of the South, or how those gentlemen, who affected to be the exclusive of this District. Surely they would be much better emrepresentatives of the democracy of the South, shield. ployed in attending to their domestic duties as mothers, ed themselves from this dileinma. Was this a part of sisters, wives, and daughters, than in interfering with a the democracy of the day, and the doctrine of those matter in regard to which they were entirely ignorant. who, par excellence, termed themselves the real demo- Mr. W. said, he believed, if the ladies and Sunday school crals, abhorring every thing in the shape of aristocracy? children would let us alone, there would be but few ab
He claimed for himself no exemption that he did not olition petitions. At all events, the ladies and children claim for those he represented; and when he could not could only be a subject of ridicule, and not of alarm, lo cause the rejection of petitions outraging their feelings, the people of the South; more especially would the he would claim no exemption for his own. They had South not be alarmed by a few women and children, been told by liis colleague, that these petitions were of. when we have this day presented to us the resolutions fensive enough. He should like to know from hima of the Legislature of the State of Maine, unanimously when they would be too much so. They had seen a condemning abolitionism, in a manner admitted to be satwonderful facility in gentlemen endeavoring to lessen isfactory by the Senator from South Carolina (Mr. Preg. the odium of these abolition petitions. He had seen it ton] himself. in their endeavoring to prove that there was nothing Mr. BROWN observed that it was with very proto be apprehended from all these abolition petitions; found regret that he rose to detain the Senate for a size that the whole was confined to a miserable, contempt. gle moment. Nothing could have been more unexpectible party; and yet the wings of every wind from the ed to him, when he took his seal this morning, than to North had blown upon us these petitions and publications be engaged in a discussion of this nature; and he much on the subject, without number. He himself had no regretted that he was now compelled, in self-defence, to fears. The abolitionists miglit go on subsidizing continue that discussion. The gentleman from South presses, arid inundaling the country with their publica Carolina [Mr. Caluoun] said he never voled to reser tions and petitions. The South, if united, was able petitions of this kind to the Committee on the District of to protect itself against the whole non-slaveholding Columbia, and that no such vote of his was to be found world. The real danger consisted in the South be- recorded on the journal. Mark the words, Mr. Presie ing divided; in their being put to sleep by calling out, dent, “recorded on the journal.” But there were nu. "all's well,” while the storm was rustling over their merous petitions on this very subject, both at the last beads.
session and the session before, that were unanimously Mr. CALIIOUN rose to say, the Senalor from North referred to the Committee on the District, without one
April 8, 1836.)
word being heard from any quarter in disapprobation. Sed and intelligent constituents offended at the impotent Now, he would ask, was it probable that the gentleman acts of ignorant and deluded minors and females. Sir, was absent on all these different occasions? Would it said he, my constituents are possessed of a degree of inbe pretended for a moment that when the question was telligence, gallantry, and high-mindedness, that would propounded, “Shall these petitions be referred to the give a different answer to these ignorant and misguided Cominittee on the District of Columbia," and no mem petitioners than that proposed by my colleague. It ber objecting--would it be pretended for a moment,
would be that of silent contempt. when such a question was propounded, and the gentle Without going any further on this part of the subman from South Carolina sanctioned the reference by ject, he would express it as bis solemn belief, before liis silence, that he did not vote for it as essentially as if God and the whole world, that all this agitation and exhis name had been recorded on the journal? Indeed, citement on the subject of abolition had not been pro(said Mr. B.,) the denial of the Senator that any such duced by the miserable fanatics, of whom so much had vote of his was recorded on the journal, was a distinc. been said that session, but it had resulted, in part, from tion without a difference.
the designs of a more sagacious political party, for the His colleague [Mr. Mangum] had made some remarks purpose of operating on the South at an important crisis. that he (Mr. B.) thought, at any rate, were pointed the time at which it had commenced, the manner in with no little application to himself. That gentleman, wbich it had been carried on, the avidity with which it had too, had discovered that it was one of the upardonable been seized upon and trumpeted forth by the presses sins of a southern representative against southern rights of a certain party at the South -- all these had produced, to vote for the reception and reference of petitions on in his mind, a conviction that it would require a world the subject of abolition; votes, let it be remembered, of proof to shake. The time when these incendiary that had been given from the earliest periods of our publications were first thrown abroad in such masses legislative history, by as high-minded, chivalrous, and was when the elections in North Carolina, Alabama, patriotic republicans of the South--democrats, if it and Tennessee, and shortly afterwards in Georgia, were suited the gentleman better--as any who now claimed about to commence; it was on the eve of the important to be the exclusive advocates of southern rights. He elections in those States that these publications were would venture to assert that there was no southern rep. precipitated upon the South; and yet it had been said resentative, w bo took bis seat previous to the present that these incendiaries were the friends of the party now session, but bad given the same vote. They, too, had in power. What, sir! The friends of a certain politicommitted this unpardonable sin; but the hidden influe cal party to deluge the South with publications on a ences of this mysterious session of 1836 had suddenly subject of such delicacy, and so well calculated to be dissolved the sleep in which they were enwrapped; and used by their opponents to their disadvantage! Could they had as suddenly discovered that it was an outrage any thing be more absurd than such a supposition? No, on southern rights and southern honor to receive peti- sir; it was another party, and far more sagacious and lions of the same nature with those they had voted to calculating in their designs than the deluded zealots receive and refer again and again.
who were used to subserve their political purposes; and [Mr. Mangum here interrupted Mr. Brown, by say. what most powerfully corroborated this opinion was the ing that he never gave such votes. ]
fact that the presses of this party immediately seized Mr. Brown continued. He would ask the gentle upon these incendiary, publications, so opportunely man if he was not present when abolition petitions were thrown out, and wielded them with great force and inreceived, and when the question was propounded, genuity against their opponents. He repeated that the “ Shall the petitions be referred to the Committee on whole was not a fanatical movement, but that it had a the District of Columbia;” and whether he did not, by political party in alliance with, it, and shown so plainly making no objection to the reception and reference, to be so by subsequent events, as hardly to need a congive his unqualified acquiescence to both?
firmation. How then could he, as a southern man, give (Mr. MANGUm said that he did not know whether he his vote to deny the right of petition, and sanction dewas present on such uccasions. ]
signs which, from the beginning to the end, he utterly Mr. BROWN resumed. But there was one petition condemned? How could he, as a southern man, give that bad been presented as late as the commencement his vote to uphold a deep-laid party scheme, as, he beof the present session, when the honorable gentleman lieved, that had been floating for a time on the tempestfrom Tennessee (Mr. GRUNDY] moved to lay it on the nous waves of political excitement, but that was des. table. He believed that his colleague was in his seat tined inevitably to subside into its original insignificance when that motion was made, and he did not remember with the occasion wbich produced it. that he made any objections to it. His colleague had Sir, (said Mr. B.,) the course I took was dictated hy thought proper to indulge in some gratuitous advice the highest considerations of public duiy, and flowed 10 him as to what ought to characterize the conduct of from a jealous regard of the rights and honor of the a southern representative when petitions reflecting on Soulli, as well as a sincere and ardent attachment to the his constituents were presented. He was not in the Union. It was to aid in reprobating the attempts to habit of gratuitously giving bis advice to any one, much desecrate the social relations and domestic peace of the less to his colleague; but, if he was, he might say to South by the introduction of this dangerous question him that he who was so ready to give gratuitous lectures into her politics, creating an unreasonable and unfound. to others ought to learn first to obey them, and that ed jealousy of our northern fellow.citizens, and weaken. very wholesome admonition had been given him from a ing the bonds of this Union 10 subserve the unboly dehighly respected source, which he would do well ma signs of party: it was for these reasons that he had taken Turely to consider.
the stand that he did. And gratified he was at the reIt was said, both by the Senator from South Carolina sull; for every thing that bad transpired on this subject and by his colleague, that he ought to bave resisted the since the commencement of the session had only tended reception of these petitions, because the were offensive to show that the attachment of the people to this Union and indecorous in their language to those whom he rep was not to be shaken, and that it rested on the most resented. What, sir, (said Mr. B.,) petitions from wo. firm and abiding foundations. These were the reasons men, and a parcel of children!--for it had been proved which induced him to take the course he did. And was that a large number of these petitioners were women he to be told that he was recreant to the South, because and children. What, sir, (said Mr. B.,) my high-mind. I lie bad done that which had been done on repeated Oc.
presented. He was unacquainted with the practice of Mr. BENTON explained the object of the bill. The
(April 8, 1836. casions by those quite equal in intelligence, patrio:ism, had been. The sentiments and opinions contained in and chivalrous southern feelings, to those who now those resolutions, he had supposed, would be consolaclaimed to be the exclusive defenders of southern honor? | tory to southern feeling, and they had been warmly apWas he to be accused of dereliction of duty to the proved from that quarter. One of the resolutions asSouth for voting to receive petitions on the subject of serted that all public discussion of the question of slavery abolition, by those who were present on repeated occa bad been arrested and suppressed in Maine by a decided sions, when such petitions were not only unanimously expression of public disapprobation. Gentlemen say receivel, but referred to one of the standing commit- they heartily approve of these resolutions, and he retees of that body, without raising the slightest objection gretted that they had not on this occasion given a practo the reference! He knew that the South had too tical illustration of the sincerity which he had no much strength within her own bosom to be unnecessa doubt they felt, in expressing their approval of the suprily alarmed; and he knew that she had too much ! pression of such discussions. The circumstance of intelligence to permit herself to be excited to her own their having passed without any exciting and agitating injury by the cry of wolf! wolf! when there was no debate, he had ventured, with great deference, to comdanger.
mend to favorable consideration. He said that he himHe had conceived it to be his duty to make these few self had been so favorably impressed with it as an exremarks principally in self-defence. There was nothing ample, that he should follow it on this occasion, by abfarther from his intention, when he took his seat this staining from any discussion of the matter, and should morning, than to engage in a discussion of this nature; move that the resolutions be printed, and hoped the for he had hoped that this spirit of evil omen had re question would be permitted to be taken without further ceived its death blow, and that it would be no more re. debate. vived this session. He regretted that the gentleman The resolutions were then laid upon the table and orfrom South Carolina had thought proper on an occasion dered to be printed. like this, when the resolutions of Maine came bearing
GRANT OF LAND TO MISSOURI. the olive branch, to receive them, not in the spirit of peace, but in the spirit of discord.
The Senate proceeded to the consideration of the bill Mr. PRESTON said that three years ago, when he granting a certain quantity of land to the State of Mistook his seat in this body, a petition on this subject was
souri for internal improvements. ihe Senate, and looked round him to see if someone principle, he said, contained in this bill, had been voted more experienced than himself was not going to rise, and for in the general land bill, distributing the proceeds of seing none, he rose and made the question of its recep the sales of the public lands among the States. In draw. tion. But gentlemen from all parts of the Senate rose, ing it up, however, he had only provided for the State and said it had been usual to give petitions of that kind of Missouri; and those gentlemen representing new a particular direction, where they quietly remained, States that had not received any donations for public without being heard of more. A Senator from Maryland | works, might now offer amendments to provide for said that was the lion's den for these petilions.
them; while those representing States that had received willing they should be laid on the table, or despatched in grants might move to amend it, by adding grants for so any other way, and acquiesced. But did not the gentleman much as would make, together with what they had refrom North Carolina (Mr. Brown] see a different state ceived, the same number of acres as was granted to Misof circumstances now? The Quakers had said they had souri by this bill. pressed it year after year without interruption, and there Mr. WALKER moved to amend the bill by inserting were more petitions presented this session than had a grant of 500,000 acres; and, on Mr. NICHOLAS'S mor. beeli since the commencement of this institution. Ifa ing to insert a like grant for the State of Louisiana, mischievous boy threw a cracker on the floor of the accepted the motion as a modification of his amendment. Senate, and the Sergeant-at-arms trampled it out, it was a Alr. KING, of Alabama, then moved to amend the bill small maller. But when the building was surrounded | by inserting a grant of so much to each of the States of by incendiaries, with torches in their hands, were they Alabama, Indiana, and Illinois, as would make, with not to be roused from their lethargy? He was not what the said States had already received, 500,000 acres going to be impelled !o mix up this matter with politics, each. which separated father from son, and party from coun. Afier some remarks from Mr. EWING. try, and mingled them in its own vortex. While a
Mr. CRITTENDEN felt little interest in the question portion of them were alarme, while they counted by involved in the discussion between the gentleman from bundreds and by thousands what used to be units, pli- | Missouri (Mr. BENTON) and the gentleman from Ohio losophy taught them distrust on both sides. While (Mr. Ewing) as to who had received the most of the the gentleman from North Carolina (Mr. Brown] says public lands. For his part, he was satisfied the State of party feelings on our side have induced this aların, let us Obio had received enough. If it was unjust to grant say party may have its influence on bis side. lle (Mr. these lands to Ohio, he did not feel bound to follow up P.) entreated gentlemen, when they called them alarm. that injustice in regard to other States. He had risen ists, to bear in mind that there was another party saying to state, so that he might not be misunderstood, that he peace! peace! where there was no peace. Which was would vote for these amendments, and after that he the safe side, to magnify or diminish the danger? Were would vote against the whole bill. He regarded it as an they to fold their arms, and wait till the presidential act of the most flagrant injustice, and partial legislation. election was over? They might then find a storm too If it were termed liberality to the new States, it was in. violent to resist. He did not say whether party had justice to the old ones. He was constrained, by a sense been mixed up with this matter. But it was said they of justice to the old States, to place himself in opposihad falsely raised the cry of wolf! wolf! The shep- tion to the whole bill. What had these new Slates done herd's boy cried wolf! wolf! when the shepherd was to merit such liberality on the part of the general Goy. asleep, and the wolf came!
ernment, except encountering the difficulties of settling Mr. RUGGLES remarked, that in presenting to the
a new State? There was not one half the difficulties in Senate resolutions which had been so cordially approved settling them that were encountered in the settlement of by the Senators from the South, he had not expected Kentucky. In fact, Kentucky and Tennessee were the that a debate would have ensued, characterized as this ' pioneers to the settlement of the new States. Until a