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lizing too much with the Papists, had they affected that species of superstition which they are here charged with. Those who kept Saints-days, and made their pictures the companions of their Prayer-books, were persons the most likely to have dedicated their sermons, by a superstitious division of their subjects, to the HONOUR of the four Evangelifts and the twelve Apofiles. A furly Puritan, with his face full set against every species of willworship, would have scented the Whore of Babylon in such a childish, High-church device!

Dr. H. attempts to vindicate Dr. O. from some other censures passed on his Sermons by the learned Differtator :- time will determine with what success.

This Postscript is, we think, well-written. It is genteel; though, in one or two places, the reflections are farp and poig

The Author's zeal for his deceased friend might, in the opinion of many, have excused a keener severity of expoftulation. It certainly does honour to his heart; and the Author seems to enter very cordially into what Horace delivers as his opinion of the man who feels no resentment, and offers no apology, when the merit of an absent friend is lessened by censure, or obfcured by fufpicion.



ART. VI. Remarks on the Postscript of Dr. Hallifax's Preface to the

Sermors of the Rev. Dr. Ogden. 8vo. 6d. Dodiley. 1780. HE Author of these spirited Remarks approves of Dr. Hal

lifax's zeal for his deceased friend, but dislikes the tendency of his Postscript, and dreads the use that may be made of it,

Mr. Mainwaring had censured Dr. Ogden for a frequent, and, in some cases, unneceffarv, and even fanciful introduction of texts of Scripture into his sermons. When those texts have no immediate reference to the argument, either as proofs or illustrations, they sadden and solemnify (as Mr. M. fays) the subject, without giving it either beauty or force. Dr. Hallifax vindicates Dr. Ogden from the charge of an improper and useless introduction of Scripture passages, and seems to think, that they gave an additional weight, as well as elegance, to his discourses. His Remarker vindicates Mr. M.’s reflections on this head; and thinks, that nothing is more unsuitable to a University audience than vague and arbitrary quotations from Scripture. For instances (says he) of the best manner of introducing and applying Scripture on the whole, I would refer the young Student in divinity to the writings of Dr. Secker and Dr. Hurd. But as other Authors of great merit have so often failed in this particular; and as young minds are so very susceptible of tender impressions, whether true or false, I would warn him to be ever on H 3


his guard against the forcery of founds.' The ingenious Remarker refers to the conduct of the old Non-conformists, and to the modern Methodists, as affording an example of the ill influence of a preposterous use of Scripture phrases, and their perversion of particular theological terms, in order to serve the purposes of folly and fanaticisin with a furer effect.

Speaking of the Christian doctrine of Redemption, and the duties arising from it, the Author observes, that it is much to be Jamented, that the frequent, though necessary introduction of fuch topics, has betrayed many respectable writers into the canç and jargon of Methodism. Now, when we reflect, that such able and excellent men as Pascal and Fenelon became such zealous proselytes to the most foolish of all fanatical orders ;-that, in our own country and times, the seeds of Hutchinsonianism have been fown so plentifully, and have thriven fo largely in a fail which was assigned to the Muses to cultivate ;----when we re- , flect, that several persons of the first fortune, and some too of the first distinction, are the declared patrons of the most despicable çaß that ever disgraced a civilized nation ;-is there not some cause to be alarmed at any disposition to favour the tenets, or humour the temper of such visionaries?'...' Perhaps there is no great choice between false tenets and false tastes in whatever communion. But I own the enthufiasm of Popery would be more to my mind than that of Methodism. Bolá falsehoods and avowed absurdities, splendidly dressed and speciously recommended, have a more majestic appearance in my eye, than propositions devoid of all sense and meaning, clothed in language too low for criticism."

This honest concession in favour of Popery, reminds us of Queen Elizabeth's declaration respecting her religious taste viz. That she would rather be a Papift than a Puritan." Popery is certainly more specious and attractive to minds that are accustomed to affix the ideas of dignity to splendor and few. Reasoning on such delufive and flattering principles made that merry monarch Charles II, bluntly say—". That it was a matter of perfect indifference to him what divines had so learnedly advanced against Presbyterianism : he had a reason against it much more satisfactory to his mind :-it was not a religion fit for a GENTLEMAN !”

ART. VII. Ode inscribed to John Howard, Esq; F. R. S. Author

of The State of English and Foreign Prisons.” 4to. 18. 6 d.

Dodfley. ' 1780 THE çarlieft odes now extant are, perhaps, those of Pincomposition from what he has left us, it is no improbable



je&ure, that it was originally invented in honour of the gods, and made a part of religious worship. Afterwards, by a very natural transition, it was employed in the celebration of human excellence, viz, to record the memory of heroes and conquerors. Pindar, in more instances than one, seems to allude to its application in the order which is here pointed out :

Αναξιφορμιγδες υμνοι
Τινα θεον τιν' ηρωα

Τινα δ' ανδρα κελαδησομεν και Indeed, even so late as Pindar's time, it appears not to have deviated very far from its primary intention. His Odes, though written professedly in praise of those who had conquered in the Olympic and other Games of Greece, abound with so many mythological allusions, and such animated and continued apo. strophes to the gods, as can scarcely be reconciled upon any other idea than that they were sung, some of them at least, at the altars of those deities who either were supposed more particularly to patronize and preside over the facred Games, or who were the protectors of the particular city that had given birth to the conqueror whose victory he is recording,

But whether this opinion be generally acceded to or not, we are certain, however, that to celebrate the actions of illuftrious men has been considered, not only by Pindar, but by his fucceffors, as one of the noblest employments of the Lyric Muse. In conformity with this sentiment, we presume, Mr. Hayley has selected, as the subject of the present Ode, one of the first and most meritorious characters of the age. Mr. Howard's services to mankind are of that peculiar sort, which will not only excite admiration from his cotemporaries, but must endear him to pofterity. May his benevolent and patriotic exertions be as benea ficial to those helpless and neglected objects of his philanthropy, whom he has taken under his protection, as the disinterested motives of his very singular conduct are glorious to himself * !


* It is with peculiar pleasure that we here quote the elegant encomium passed on Mr. Howard's benevolent labours by Mr. Burke, in his excellent speech at the Guildhall, Bristol ; of which we gave some account in our Catalogue for November last. The passage is as follows:

“ I cannot pame this gentleman without remarking, that his labours and writings have done much to open the eyes and hearts of mankind. He has visited all Europe, -not to survey the sumptuousa ness of palaces, or the stateliness of temples ; not to make accurate measurements of the remains of ancient grandeur ; not ta form a scale of the curiosity of modern art; not to collect medals, or collate manuscripts ;-but to dive into the depths of dungeons; to plunga into the infection of hospitals ; to survey the manlions of sorrow and

pain i


Mr. Hayley's merit, as a Poet, in one species of compofition at least, is fufficiently known and admired. He will lose nothing of that reputation, which he has acquired by his former writings, by the present performance; which is, indeed, every way worthy of his inimitable pen. It is--but why thould we say what it is -- let the noble flanzas that follow convey the information we were meaning to give.--

Sweet is the joy when Science flings
Her light on philosophic thought;
When Genius, with keen ardor, springs
To clasp the lovely truth he fought:
Sweet is the joy, when Rapture's fire
Flows from the spirit of the lyre ;
When Liberty and Virtue roli
Spring-tides of fancy o'er the poet's soul,
That waft his flying bark through feas above the pole.

Sweet the delight, when the gall'd heart
Feels Consolation's lenient hand
Bind up the wound from Fortune's dart
With Friendship's life-supporting band!
And sweeter ftill, and far above
These fainter joys, when puret Love
The soul his willing captive keeps!
When he in bliss the melting spirit sleeps,
Who drops delicious tears, and wonders that he weeps!

But not the brightest joy, which Arts,
In floods of mental light, bestow ;
Nor what firm Friendship's zeal imparts,
Bleft antidote of bitterest woe!
Nor those that Love's sweet hours dispense,
Can equal the ecstatic sense,
When, swelling 10 a fond excess,
The grateful praises of reliev'd distress,
Re-echoed thro' the heart, the soul of Bounty bless.

These transports, in no common state,
Supremely pure, sublimely ítrong,
Above the reach of envious fate,

B!et HOWARD! these to thee belong :
pain; to take the gauge and dimensions of misery, depreffion, and con-
tempt; to remember the forgotten, to attend to the neglected, to
visit the forsaken, and to compare and collate the diftreffes of all men
in all countries. His plan is original; and it is as full of genius as
it is of humanity. It was a voyage of discovery; a circumnavigation
of charity. Already the benefit of his labour is felt more or less in
every country. I hope he will anticipate his final reward, by seeing
all its effects fully realized in his own. He will receive, not by re-
tail, but in gross, the reward of those who visit the prisoner; and he
has fo forestalled and monopolized this branch of charity, that there
will be, I trust, little room to merit by fuch acts of benevolence here-

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While years encreasing o'er thee roll,
Long may this fun line of the foul
New vigour to thy frame convey!
Its radiance thro’ihy noon of life display,
And with serenest light adorn thy closing day!

And when the Power, who joys to fave,
Proclaims the guilt of earth forgiven;
And calls the prisoners of the grave
To all the liberty of Heaven:
In that bright day, whose wonders blind

The eye of the aftonila'd miod;
When life’s glad angel shall resume
His ancient sway, announce to Death bis doom,
And from existence drive that tyrant of the tomb:

In that blest hour, when Seraphs sing
The triumphs gain'd in human ítrife;
And to their new affociates bring
The wreaths of everlaiting lise :
May's thou, in Glory's hallow'd blaze,
Approach the E:ernal Fount of Praise,
With those who lead the angelic van,
Those pure adherents to their Saviour's plan,

Who liv'd bur to relieve the Miferies of Man ! We observe, not without pleasure, that Mr. Hayley has preferred ftanzas, to the fathionable, though affected, divifion of the ode into strophe, antistroplie, and epode, which a pedantic veneration for the Grecian model, without any correspondent propriety, was bringing into general use. In this, as in his other writings, Mr. Hayley seems ftudiously to avoid the meretricious ornaments of phantastic and far-fetched epithets : his . ideas, though conceived in the fineit phrenzy of imagination, are, on every occasion, expressed with perspicuity, elegance, and the chastest fimplicity. It may be remarked of this Writer, that he is almost the only Poet, of the present day at least, who has had the courage (for such is the libertinism of the world that it must be called fo) to avow, in his poctical capacity, a belief in Revelation. His example is a sufficient proof, notwithstanding a respectable opinion to the contrary, that the great truths of religion, though incapable of embellishment, will admit of poétical application, and may be introduced both with force and propriety.


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