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In study'd darkness the desponding mind;
Then Tyrant Power the righteous scourge unloos’d:
For yielded reason speaks the soul a slave.
Instead of useful works, like nature's, great,
Enormous, cruel wonders crush'd the land;
And round a tyrant's ? tomb, who none deserv'd,
For one vile carcase perish'd countless lives.
Then the great 'Dragon, couch'd amid his floods,
Swell'd his fierce heart, and cry'd— This flood is
'Tis I that bid it flow.'-But, undeceiv'd, (mine,
His phrenzy soon the proud blasphemer felt;
Felt that, without my fertilizing power,
Suns lost their force, and Niles o'erflow'd in vain.
Nought could retard me: nor the frugal state
Of rising Persia, sober in extreme,
Beyond the pitch of man, and thence revers'd
Into luxurious waste: nor yet the ports
Of old Phænicia ; first for letters fam’d,
That paint the voice, and silent speak to sight;
Of arts prime source, and guardian ! by fair stars,
First tempted out into the lonely deep;
To whom I first disclos'd mechanic arts,
The winds to conquer, to subdue the waves,
With all the peaceful power of ruling trade;
Earnest of Britain. Nor by these retain’d;
Nor by the neighbouring land, whose palmy shore
The silver Jordan laves. Before me lay
The promis'd Land of Arts, and urg'd my flight.

Hail Nature's utmost boast! unrival'd Greece! My fairest reign! where every power benign Conspird to blow the flower of human-kind, And lavish'd all that genius can inspire.

The Pyramids.

3 The Tyrants of Egypt.

Clear sunny climates, by the breezy main,
Ionian or Ægean, temper'd kind.
Light, airy soils. A country rich, and gay;
Broke into hills with balmy odours crown'd,
And, bright with purple harvest, joyous vales.
Mountains, and streams, where verse spontaneous

flow'd;
Whence deem'd by wondering men the seat of gods,
And still the mountains and the streams of song.
All that boon Nature could luxuriant pour
Of high materials, and My restless Arts
Frame into finish'd life. How many states,
And clustering towns, and monuments of fame,
And scenes of glorious deeds, in little bounds?
From the rough tract of bending mountains, beat
By Adria's here, there by Ægæan waves;
To where the deep-adorning Cyclade Isles
In shining prospect rise, and on the shore
Of farthest Crete resounds the Lybian main.

O’er all two rival cities reard the brow, And balanc'd all. Spread on Eurotas' bank, Amid a circle of soft-rising hills, The patient Sparta one: the sober, hard, And man-subduing city; which no shape Of pain could conquer, nor of pleasure charm. Lycurgus there built, on the solid base Of equal life, so well a temper'd state; Where mix'd each government, in such just poise; Each power so checking, and supporting each; That firm for ages, and unmov’d, it stood, The fort of Greece! without one giddy hour, One shock of faction, or of party rage. For, drain’d the springs of wealth, Corruption there Lay wither'd at the root. Thrice happy land!

Had not neglected art, with weedy vice
Confounded, sunk. But if Athenian arts
Lov'd not the soil; yet there the calm abode
Of wisdom, virtue, philosophic ease,
Of manly sense and wit, in frugal phrase
Confin'd, and press'd into Laconic force.
There too, by rooting thence still treacherous self,
The Public and the Private grew the same.
The children of the nursing Public all,
And at its table fed; for that they toild,
For that they liv'd entire, and even for that
The tender mother urg'd her son to die.

Of softer genius, but not less intent
To seize the palm of empire, Athens rose.
Where, with bright marbles big and future pomp,
4 Hymettus spread, amid the scented sky,
His thymy treasures to the labouring bee,
And to botanic hand the stores of health;
Wrapt in a soul-attenuating clime,
Between 5 Ilissus and Cephissus glow'd
This hive of science, shedding sweets divine,
Of active arts, and animated arms.
There, passionate for Me, an easy-mov'd,
A quick, refin'd, a delicate, humane,
Enlighten'd people reign’d. Oft on the brink
Of ruin, hurry'd by the charm of speech,
Inforcing hasty counsel immature,
Totter'd the rash Democracy; unpois’d,
And by the rage devour'd, that ever tears
A populace unequal; part too rich,
And part or fierce with want or abject grown.
Solon, at last, their mild restorer, rose:
Allay'd the tempest; to the calm of laws

4 A mountain near Athens.
• Two rivers, betwixt which Athens was situated.

Reduc'd the settling whole; and, with the weight
Which the two senates to the public lent,
As with an anchor fix'd the driving state.

Nor was my forming care to these confin'd.
For emulation through the whole I pourd,
Noble contention! who should most excel
In government well-pois'd, adjusted best
To public weal: in countries cultur'd high :
In ornamented towns, where order reigns,
Free social life, and polish'd manners fair:
In exercise, and arms; arms only drawn
For common Greece, to quell the Persian pride :-
In moral science, and in graceful arts.
Hence, as for glory peacefully they strove,
The prize grew greater, and the prize of all.
By contest brighten'd, hence the radiant youth
Pourd every beam; by generous pride inflam'd,
Felt every ardor burn : their great reward
The verdant wreath, which sounding ? Pisa gave.

Hence flourish'd Greece; and hencea race of men, As gods by conscious future times ador'd: In whom each virtue wore a smiling air, Each science shed o'er life a friendly light, Each art was nature. Spartan valour hence, At the 8 fam'd pass, firm as an isthmus stood; And the whole eastern ocean, waving far As eye could dart its vision, nobly check’d.

6 The Areopagus, or Supreme court of Judicature, wbich Solon reformed, and improved : and the council of Four Hundred, by him instituted. In this council all affairs of state were deliberated, before they came to be voted in the assembly of the people.

7 Or Olympia, the city where the Olympic games were celebrated.

8 The straits of Thermopylæ.

While in extended battle, at the field
Of Marathon, my keen Athenians drove
Before their ardent band an host of slaves.

Hence through the continent ten thousand Greeks
Urg'd a retreat, whose glory not the prime
Of victories can reach. Deserts, in vain,
Oppos'd their course; and hostile lands, unknown;
And deep rapacious floods, dire-bank'd with death;
And mountains, in whose jaws destruction grinn'd;
Hunger, and toil; Armenian snows, and storms;
And circling myriads still of barbarous foes.
Greece in their view, and glory yet untouch'd,
Their steady column pierc'd the scattering herds,
Which a whole empire pour'd ; and held its way
Triumphant, by the 9 Sage-exalted Chief
Fird and sustain'd. Oh light and force of mind,
Almost almighty in severe extremes !
The sea at last from Colchian mountains seen,
Kind-hearted transport round their captains threw
The soldiers fond embrace; o'erflow'd their eyes
With tender floods, and loos’d the general voice
To cries resounding loud_ The sea! The sea !

In Attic bounds hence heroes, sages, wits,
Shone thick as stars, the milky way of Greece!
And though gay wit, and pleasing grace was theirs,
All the soft modes of elegance, and ease;
Yet was not courage less, the patient touch
Of toiling art, and disquisition deep.

My spirit pours a vigour through the soul,
The' unfetter'd thought with energy inspires,
Invincible in arts, in the bright field
Of nobler Science, as in that of Arms.

9 Xenophon.

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