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LIBERTY.

PART II.

GREECE.

CONTENTS.

Liberty traced from the pastoral ages, and the first uniting

of neighbouring families into civil government. The
several establishments of Liberty, in Egypt, Persia,
Phænicia, Palestine, slightly touch'd upon, down to her
great establishment in Greece. Geographical description
of Greece. Sparta, and Athens, the two principal states
of Greece, described. Influence of Liberty over all the
Grecian states; with regard to their Government, their
Politeness, their Virtues, their Arts and Sciences. The
vast superiority it gave them, in point of force and
bravery, over the Persians, exemplified by the action of
Thermopylæ, the battle of Marathon, and the retreat of
the Ten Thousand. Its full exertion, and most beautiful
effects in Athens. Liberty the source of free philosophy.
The various schools, which took their rise from Socrates.
Enumeration of Fine Arts: Eloquence, Poetry, Music,
Sculpture, Painting, and Architecture; the effects of
Liberty in Greece, and brought to their utmost perfection
there. Transition to the moderu state of Greece. Why
Liberty declined, and was at last entirely lost among the
Greeks. Concluding Reflection.

LIBERTY.

PART II.

Thus spoke the Goddess of the fearless eye;
And at her voice, renew'd, the Vision rose :-
“ First, in the dawn of time, with eastern swains,
In woods, and tents, and cottages, I liv'd;
While on from plain to plain they led their flocks,
In search of clearer spring, and fresher field.
These, as increasing families disclos'd
The tender state, I taught an equal sway.
Few were offences, properties, and laws.
Beneath the rural portal, palm-o’erspread,
The father-senate met. There Justice dealt,
With reason then and equity the same,
Free as the common air, her prompt decree;
Nor yet had stain'd her sword with subject's blood.
The simpler arts were all their simple wants
Had urg'd to light. But instant, these supply'd,
Another set of fonder wants arose,
And other arts with them of finer aim;
Till, from refining want to want impelld,
The mind by thinking push'd her latent powers,
And life began to glow, and arts to shine.

At first, on brutes alone the rustic war
Launch'd the rude spear; swift, as he glar'd along,
On the grim lion, or the robber-wolf.
For then young sportive life was void of toil,

Demanding little, and with little pleas'd :
But when to manhood grown, and endless joys,
Led on by equal toils, the bosom fird;
Lewd lazy rapine broke primæval peace,
And, hid in caves and idle forests drear,
From the lone pilgrim and the wandering swain,
Seiz'd what he durst not earn. Then brother's blood
First, horrid, smok'd on the polluted skies.
Awful in justice, then the burning youth,
Led by their temper'd sires, on lawless men,
The last worst monsters of the shaggy wood,
Turn’d the keen arrow, and the sharpen'd spear.
Then war grew glorious. Heroes then arose;
Who, scorning coward self, for others liv'd,
Toild for their ease, and for their safety bled.
West, with the living day, to Greece I came:
Earth smil'd beneath my beam: the Muse before
Sonorous flew, that low till then in woods
Had tun'd the reed, and sigh'd the shepherd's pain;
But now, to sing heroic deeds, she swell’d
A nobler note, and bade the banquet burn.

For Greece my sons of Egypt I forsook ;
A boastful race, that in the vain abyss
Of fabling ages lov'd to lose their source,
And with their river trac'd it from the skies.
While there my laws alone despotic reign'd,
And king, as well as people, proud obey'd;
I taught them science, virtue, wisdom, arts;
By poets, sages, legislators sought;
The school of polish'd life, and buman-kind.
But when mysterious Superstition came,
And, with her 'Civil Sister leagu’d, involv'd

i Civil Tyranny.

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