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of the latter, prosecutions have been instituted for the Gentlemen of the Senate, and violences committed upon them. But the papers which of the House of Representatives : , will be delivered to you, disclose the critical footing on The several subjects to which I have now referred which we stand in regard to both those tribes, and it is open a wide range to your deliberations, and involve with Congress to pronounce what shall be done. some of the choicest interests of our common country,

After they shall have provided for the present emer- Permit me to bring to your remembrance the magnigency, it will merit their most serious labors to render tude of your task. Without an unprejudiced coolness, tranquility with the savages permanent, by creating ties the welfare of the Government may be hazarded; withof interest. Next to a rigorous execution of justice on out harmony, as far as consists with freedom of sentithe violators of peace, the establishment of commerce ment, its dignity may be lost. But, as the Legislative with the Indian nations, in behalf of the United States, proceedings of the United States will never, I trust, be is most likely to conciliate their attachment. But it reproached for the want of temper or of candor, so shall ought to be conducted without fraud, without extortion, not the public happiness languish from the want of my with constant and plentiful supplies, with a ready mar- strenuous and warmest co-operation. ket for the commodities of the Indians, and a stated

G. WASHINGTON. price for what they give in payment and receive

in ex. PHILADELPHIA, December 3, 1793, change. Individuals will not pursue such a traffic, unless they be allured by the hope of profit; but it will be

The President having retired, the two Houses enough for the United States to be reimbursed only separated. Should this recommendation accord with the opinion of A message from the House of Representatives Congress, they will recollect that it cannot be accom- informed the Senate that they have resolved that plished by any means yet in the hands of the Execu- two Chaplains, of different denominations, be aptive.

pointed for the present session, one by each House, Gentlemen of the House of Representatives :

who shall interchange weekly ; to which they de

sire the concurrence of the Senate. The Commissioners charged with the settlement of The Senate concurred with the above proposiaccounts between the United States and individual tion, and appointed the Right Reverend Bishop States concluded their important functions within the White to be Chaplain on the part of the Senate. time limited by law, and the balances struck in their A Message was received from the PRESIDENT Report (which will be laid before Congress) have been OF THE UNITED States, communicating his Proplaced on the books of the Treasury.

clamation of the 22d of April, 1793, together with On the first day of June last, an instalment of one the Rules established by the PRESIDENT for the million of florins became payable on the Loans of the government of the Executive Officers, in cases of United States in Holland. This was adjusted by a pro- vessels equipping in the ports of the

United States. longation of the period of reimbursement, in nature of a new Loan, at an interest of five per cent, for the term ordered to lie on the table.

The Proclamation and Rules were read, and of ten years, and the expenses of this operation were a commission of three per cent.

On motion, a committee of five was appointed The first instalment of the Loan of two millions of to report the draft of an Address to the PRESIDENT, dollars from the Bank of the United States has been in answer to his Speech to both Houses. paid, as was directed by law. For the second it is ne

Messrs. ELLSWORTH, BUTLER, IZARD, LANGDON, cessary that provision should be made.

and RUTHERFURD, were named. No pecuniary consideration is more urgent than the regular redemption and discharge of the Public Debt;

WEDNESDAY, December 4. on none can delay be more injurious, or an economy of time more valuable.

The Vice PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a The productiveness of the public revenues hitherto Letter from the Secretary of War, with sundry has continued to equal the anticipations which were papers therein referred to ; which

Letter and paformed of it, but it is not expected to prove commensupers were, in part, read, and the Senate then adrate with all the objects which have been suggested. journed. Some auxiliary provisions will, therefore, it is presumed, be requisite; and it is hoped that these may be made consistently with a due regard to the convenience of

THURSDAY, December 5. our citizens, who cannot but be sensible of the true wis

FREDERICK FRELINGHUYSEN, from New Jersey, dom of encountering a small present addition to their appeared, produced his credentials, and, the usual contributions, to obviate a future accumulation of bur- oath being administered to him, took his seat. dens.

The reading of the papers yesterday received But here I cannot forbear to recommend a repeal of from the Secretary of War was resumed; and, the tax on the transportation of public prints. There after progress, postponed. is no resource so firm for the Government of the United The following Message was received from the States as the affections of the people, guided by an en- PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES : lightened policy; and to this primary good nothing can conduce more than a faithful representation of public Gentlemen of the Senate and proceedings, diffused without restraint, throughout the

of the House of Representatives : United States.

As the present situation of the several nations of Eu. An estimate of the appropriations necessary for the rope, and especially of those with which the United current service of the ensuing year, and a statement of States have important relations, cannot but render the a purchase of arms and military stores, made during the state of things between them and us matter of interestrecess, will be presented to Congress.

ing inquiry to the Legislature, and may indeed give SENATE.


[DECEMBER, 1793.

rise to deliberations to which they alone are competent, and I may expect to learn the result of his special inI have thought it my duty to communicate to them cer-structions in time to make it known to the Legislature tain correspondences which have taken place.

during their present session. The Representative and Executive bodies of France Very early after the arrival of a British Minister here have manifested generally a friendly attachment to this mutual explanations on the inexecution of the Treaty country, have given advantages to our commerce and of Peace were entered into with that Minister. These navigation, and have made overtures for placing these are now laid before you for your information. advantages on permanent ground. A decree, however, On the subjects of mutual interest between this coun. of the National Assembly, subjecting vessels laden with try and Spain, negotiations and conferences are now provisions to be carried into their ports, and making ene- depending. The public good requiring that the present my goods lawful prize in the vessel of a friend, contrary to state of these should be made known to the Legislature our Treaty, though revoked at one time as to the Unit- in confidence only, they shall be the subject of a sepaed States, has been since extended to their vessels also, rate and subsequent communication. as has been recently stated to us. Representations on

G. WASHINGTON. this subject will be immediately given in charge to our UNITED STATES, December 5, 1793. Minister there, and the result shall be communicated to the Legislature.

The Message and papers therein referred to It is with extreme concern I have to inform you that were, in part, read, and the further reading postthe proceedings of the person whom they have unfor- poned. tunately appointed their Minister Plenipotentiary here The following Report of the Commissioners have breathed nothing of the friendly spirit of the nation appointed to execute the several acts of Congress which sent him; their tendency, on the contrary, has to provide more effectually for the settlement of been to involve us in war abroad and discord and the Accounts between the United States and the anarchy at home. So far as his acts, or those of his individual States was also received from the PREagents, have threatened our immediate commitment in

SIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: the war, or flagrant insult to the authority of the laws, their effect has been counteracted by the ordinary cogni- The Commissioners appointed to execute the several zance of the laws, and by an exertion of the powers con

acts of Congress to provide more effectually for the fided to me. Where their danger was not imminent,

settlement of the Accounts between the United States they have been borne with, from sentiments of regard

and the individual States, report: to his nation, from a sense of their friendship towards us, from a conviction that they would not suffer us to That they have maturely considered the claims of the remain long exposed to the action of a person who has several States against the United States, and the charges so little respected our mutual dispositions, and, I will of the United States against the individual States. add, from a reliance on the firmness of my fellow-citi- That they have gone through the process prescribed zens in their principles of peace and order. In the in the fifth section of the act of Congress passed the 5th mean time, I have respected and pursued the stipula- day of August, 1790, (the particulars whereof will be tions of our treaties, according to what I judged their found in book A, lodged with the papers of this office, true sense, and have withheld no act of friendship which in the Treasury Department,) and find that there is their affairs have called for from us, and which justice due, including interest, to the 31st day of December, to others left us free to perform. I have gone further : 1789, to the State of rather than employ force for the restitution of certain New Hampshire, seventy-five thousand and fifty-five vessels which I deemed the United States bound to re- dollars ; store, I thought it more advisable to satisfy the parties Massachusetts, one million two hundred and fortyby avowing it to be my opinion that, if restitution were eight thousand eight hundred and one dollars ; not made, it would be incumbent on the United States Rhode Island, two hundred and ninety-nine thousand to make compensation. The papers now communicat- six hundred and eleven dollars ; ed will more particularly apprise you of these trans- Connecticut, six hundred and nineteen thousand one actions.

hundred and twenty-one dollars ; The vexations and spoliation understood to have been New Jersey, forty-nine thousand and thirty dollars ; committed on our vessels and commerce by the cruisers South Carolina, one million two hundred and five and officers of some of the belligerent Powers, appeared thousand nine hundred and seventy-eight dollars ; to require attention. The proofs of these, however, not Georgia, nineteen thousand nine hundred and eightyhaving been brought forward, the descriptions of citi- eight dollars. zens supposed to have suffered were notified that, on And that there is due, including interest, to the 31st furnishing them to the Executive, due measures would day of December, 1789, from the State of be taken to obtain redress of the past, and more effect- New York, two million and seventy-four thousand ual provisions against the future. Should such docu- eight hundred and forty-six dollars; ments be furnished, proper representations will be made Pennsylvania, seventy-six thousand seven hundred thereon, with a just reliance on a redress proportioned and nine dollars ; to the exigency of the case.

Delaware, six hundred and twelve thousand four hun. The British Government having undertaken, by or- dred and twenty-eight dollars ; ders to the commanders of their armed vessels, to re- Maryland, one hundred and fifty-one thousand six strain generally our commerce in corn and other pro- hundred and forty dollars ; visions to their own ports, and those of their friends, the Virginia, one hundred thousand eight hundred and instructions now communicated were immediately for seventy-nine dollars ; warded to our Minister at that Court. In the mean North Carolina, five hundred and one thousand and time, some discussions on the subject took place be- eighty-two dollars. tween him and them. These are also laid before you, Which several sums, they, by virtue of the authority

DECEMBER, 1793.]



to them delegated, declare to be the final and conclu- of a contraband trade and of acts hostile to any of the sive balances due to and from the several States. belligerent parties, as to obtain, by a declaration of the WILLIAM HRVINE,

existing legal state of things, an easier admission of our JOHN KEAN,

right to the immunities of our situation; we, therefore, WOODBURY LANGDON. contemplate with pleasure the Proclamation by you OFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONERS OF ACCOUNTS, issued, and give it our hearty approbation. We deem Philadelphia, June 29, 1793.

it a measure well-timed and wise, manifesting a watch

ful solicitude for the welfare of the nation, and calcuFriday, December 6.

lated to promote it. A message from the House of Representatives

“ The several important matters presented to our informed the Senate that they had elected the all the attention to which they are respectively entitled :

consideration will, in the course of the session, engage Rev. Ashbel GREEN as Chaplain to Congress, on and, as the public happiness will be the sole guide of their part. Mr. ELLSWORTH, from the committee appointed your strenuous and most zealous co-operation.

our deliberations, we are perfectly assured of receiving to report the draft of an Address to the PRESIDENT

“ JOHN ADAMS, OF THE UNITED STATES, made a report; which

Vice President of the United States, was read, and ordered for consideration on Mon

and President of the Senate." day next. The Senate resumed the reading of the com

Ordered, That Messrs. ELLSWORTH and BUTmunications referred to in the Message of the LER wait on the President OF THE UNITED President of the 5th instant; and, after progress, at what 'time and place it will be most convenient

States, and desire him to acquaint the Senate adjourned to Monday.

for him that the foregoing Address should be pre

sented. Monday, December 9. Messrs. STEPHEN R. BRADLEY, from Vermont,

Tuesday, December 10. THEODORE FOSTER, from Rhode Island, and RuFoS King, from New York, appeared and took John Brown, from the State of Kentucky, their seats.

attended to-day. The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a Mr. Ellsworth reported, from the committee Letter of the 7th instant, from Samuel Meredith, appointed yesterday to wait on the PRESIDENT OF Treasurer of the United States, with his quarterly THE UNITED States, that the PRESIDENT proaccounts, made up to the 31st of March last, to- posed to receive the Address of the Senate this gether with his accounts respecting

the Depart- day, at 12 o'clock, at his own house. Whereupon, ment of War, made up to the 30th of June last.

the Senate waited on the PRESIDENT OF THE The Letter was read.

UNITED States, and the Vice PRESIDENT, in Ordered, That the Letter and papers therein their name, presented the Address agreed to on referred to lie on the table.

the 9th instant. To this Address the PRESIDENT Agreeably to the order of the day, the Senate of the United States was pleased to make the took into consideration the draft of an Address following Reply: reported by the committee in answer to the “GENTLEMEN: The pleasure expressed by the SeSpeech of the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED States nate on my re-election to the station which I fill, comto Congress at the opening of the session; which, mands my sincere and warmest acknowledgments. If being amended, and the several paragraphs of the this be an event which promises the smallest addition report agreed to, it was adopted, as follows: to the happiness of our country, as it is my duty, 80 To the President of the United States :

shall it be my study, to realize the expectation.

“The decided approbation which the Proclamation “ Accept, sir, the thanks of the Senate for your now receives from your House, by completing the proofs Speech delivered to both Houses of Congress at the that this measure is considered as manifesting a vigilant opening of the session. Your re-election to the Chief attention to the welfare of the United States, brings Magistracy of the United States gives us sincere plea- with it a peculiar gratification to my mind. We consider it an event every way propitious

“The other important subjects which have been comto the happiness of our country; and your compliance municated to you will, I am confident, receive a due with the call, as a fresh instance of the patriotism which discussion; and the result will, I trust, prove fortunate has so repeatedly led you to sacrifice private inclination to the United States. to the public good. In the unanimity which a second

“G. WASHINGTON.” time marks this important national act, we trace, with particular satisfaction, besides the distinguished tribute

The Senate then returned to their Chamber, paid to the virtues and abilities which it recognises, and resumed the reading of the papers communis another proof of that just discernment and constancy of cated in the Message of the PresidENT OF THE sentiments and views which have hitherto characterized UNITED States of the 5th instant, but adjourned the citizens of the United States.

before they were got through. “As the European Powers with whom the United States have the most extensive relations were involved in war, in which we had taken no part, it seemed ne

WEDNESDAY, December 11. cessary that the disposition of the nation for peace Caleb STRONG, from Massachusetts, attended should be promulgated to the world, as well for the to-day. purpose of admonishing our citizens of the consequences The credentials of Mr. Brown and Mr. STRONG




[DECEMBER, 1798,

were read, the usual oath administered to them, ever, took a turn which did not present the occasion and they took their seats.

hoped for. The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a About the close of the ensuing year I was informed, Letter from the Treasurer of the United States, through the Representatives of Spain here, that their with his specie account, made up to the 30th of Government would be willing to renew at Madrid the June last; which was read, and ordered to lie on former conferences on these subjects. Though the the table.

transfer of scene was not what would have been desired, Ordered, That Messrs. RUTHERFURD, Cabot, yet I did not think it important enough to reject the Ellsworth, LIVERMORE, and Mitchell, be a

proposition; and, therefore, with the advice and consent committee to take into consideration the petition of the Senate, I appointed Commissioners Plenipotenof Conrad Laub and others, stating that the Hon. tiary for negotiating and concluding a Treaty with that ALBERT GALLatin, at the time he was elected a tion, and commerce, and gave them the instructions

country, on the several subjects of boundary, navigaSenator of the United States, had not been nine now communicated. Before these negotiations, howyears a citizen of the said United States, as is ever, could be got into train, the new troubles which required by the Constitution, and report thereon had arisen in Europe had produced new combinations to the Senate.

among the Powers there, the effects of which are but The Senate resumed the reading of the papers too visible in the proceedings now laid before you. referred to in the Message of the PRESIDENT OF In the meantime some other points of discussion had THE UNITED STATes of the 5th instant; and, after arisen with that country, to wit: the restitution of proprogress, adjourned.

perty escaping into the territories of each other, the

mutual exchange of fugitives from justice, and, above Friday, December 13.

all, the mutual interferences with the Indians lying beJohn Taylor, from Virginia, attended, produced Indians on our border were excited by the agents of WILLIAM BRADFORD, from Rhode Island, and tween us. I had the best reason to believe that the

hostilities threatened and exercised by the Southern their credentials, and took the usual oath and their that Government. Representations were thereon diseats.

rected to be made by our Commissioners to the Spanish The Senate resumed the reading of the papers Government, and a proposal to cultivate, with good communicated with the Message of the PRESIDENT faith, the peace of each other with those people. In on the 5th instant; and the Message and papers the mean time corresponding suspicions were entertherein referred to were ordered to lie for consi- tained, or pretended to be entertained, on their part, of deration.

like hostile excitements by our agents to disturb their

peace with the same nations. These were brought forMONDAY, December 16.

ward by the Representatives of Spain here, in a style James Jackson, from Georgia, attended, pro

which could not fail to produce attention. A claim of duced his credentials, and, the oath required by patronage and protection of those Indians was asserted; law being administered to him, he took his seat assumed ; their boundaries with us made a subject of

a mediation between them and us by that Sovereign in the Senate. The Communications from the Secretary of when these savages were committing daily inroads upon

his interference; and, at length, at the very moment the Department of War, of the 4th instant, were

our frontier, we were informed by them that “the conread, and ordered to lie for consideration.

tinuation of the peace, good harmony, and perfect friend, The Vice PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a ship of the two nations, was very problematical for the Letter from the Secretary of the Department of future, unless the United States should take more conWar, with a return of the ordnance, arms, and venient measures, and of greater energy, than those military stores, in possession of the United States, adopted for a long time past. together with a variety of papers, giving a view If their previous correspondence had worn the appearof the Southwestern frontiers, as connected with ance of a desire to urge on a disagreement, this last the Creek. Indians and the State of Georgia, and declaration left no room to ovade it, since it could not the Southwestern territory of the United States be conceived we would submit to the scalping-knife and and the Cherokees; which Letter was read.

tomahawk of the savage without any resistance. I Ordered, That the Letter and papers therein thought it time, therefore, to know if these were the referred to lie on the table.

views of their Sovereign, and despatched a special mes The following Messages were received from the senger with instructions to our Commissioners, which PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, and read:

are among the papers now communicated. Their last

letter gives us reason to expect very shortly to know Gentlemen of the Senate, and

the result. I must add that the Spanish Representaof the House of Representatives :

tives here, perceiving that their last communication had The situation of affairs in Europe, in the course of made considerable impression, endeavored to abate this the year 1790, having rendered it possible that a mo- by some subsequent professions, which, being also ment might arrive favorable for the arrangement of our among the communications to the Legislature, they will unsettled matters with Spain, it was thought proper to be able to form their own conclusions. prepare our Representative at that Court to avail us of

GO. WASHINGTON. it. “A confidential person was therefore despatched to be the bearer of instructions to him, and to supply, by Gentlemen of the Senate, and

UNITED STATES, December 16, 1793. rbal communications, any additional information of which he might find himself in need. The Govern- of the House of Representatives : ment of France was, at the same time, applied to for I lay before you a Report of the Secretary of State its aid and influence in this negotiation. Events, how. I on the measures which have been taken on behalf of

DECEMBER, 1793.]

(SENATE. the United States for the purpose of obtaining a recog- relative to the negotiations with the Court of nition of our treaty with Morocco, and for the ransom Spain, were in part read; and, after progress, the of our citizens, and establishment of peace with Algiers. Senate adjourned.

While it is proper our citizens should know that subjects which so much concern their interests and their

WEDNESDAY, December 18. feelings have duly engaged the attention of their Legislature and Executive, it would still be improper that

The Communications received from the PRESI some particulars of this communication should be made DENT OF THE UNITED STATES on the 16th instant, known. The confidential conversation stated in one relative to the negotiations with the Court of of the last letters, sent herewith, is one of these. Both Spain, were read, and ordered to lie for considerjustice and policy require that the source of that in- ation. formation should remain secret. So a knowledge of The Vice PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a the sums meant to have been given for peace and ran- Letter from the Secretary of the Department of som might have a disadvantageous influence on future War, of this date, communicating further inproceedings for the same objects.

formation relative to the Southwestern frontiers; GO. WASHINGTON.

which Letter and papers were read, and ordered UNITED STATES, December 16, 1793.

to lie on the table. These Messages were ordered to lie for con- The Vice PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a sideration.

Letter from the Secretary of the Department of The Vice PRESIDENT laid before the Senate State, of the 16th instant, with a report on the the following Report, to wit:

privileges and restrictions on the commerce of the “The Vice President of the United States and Presi

United States in foreign countries; which were dent of the Senate, the Chief Justice, the Secretary read, and ordered to lie for consideration. of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the Attorney General, respectfully report to Congress, as

THURSDAY, December 19. follows:

The Communications received from the Secre" That, pursuant to the act entitled • An act making tary of the Department of War on the 16th infurther provision for the reduction of the Public Debt, stant, relative to further information respecting and in conformity to resolutions agreed upon by them, the Southwestern frontiers, were in part read; and severally approved by the President of the United States, they have, since their report of the 17th of No- and, after progress, the Senate adjourned. vember, 1792, caused purchases of the said Debt to be made, through the agency of Samuel Meredith and Jo

Friday, December 20. nathan Burrall, respectively, to the amount of $523,735 21 in stock, for which there have been paid, in specie, munications from the Secretary of the Depart

The Senate resumed the reading of the Com. $426,842 75. That, pursuant to the act entitled . An act supplementary to the act making provision for the ment of War on the 16th instant, relative to fuza Debt of the United States,' and in conformity to resolu- ther information respecting the Southwestern tions agreed upon by them, and severally approved by frontiers; and, after progress, the Senate adthe President of the United States, they have also journed. caused purchases of the said Debt to be made subsequent to their said report of the 17th of November,

MONDAY, December 23. 1792, to the amount of $122,538 14 in stock, for which

Mr. BRADLEY notified the Senate that, on Wedthere have been paid $75,660 87, in specie. That the several documents accompanying this report marked nesday next, he should move for leave to bring in Aa, Ba, and Nos. 1 to 7, with their enclosures, show a bill for altering the Flag of the United States. the aforesaid purchases, generally and in detail, includ

The Senate resumed the reading of the Coming the places where, the time when, the prices at munications from the Secretary of the Depart, which, and the persons to whom, they have been made. ment of War, on the 16th instant, relative to furThat the purchases now and heretofore reported amount, ther information respecting the Southwestern together, to $2,019,193 10 in stock, for which there frontiers; and, after progress, the Senate adhave been paid $1,394,664 40, in specie, as will be journed. be more particularly seen by the document aforesaid marked Aa. On behalf of the Board :

Tuesday, December 24. “ JOHN ADAMS. “PAILADELPHIA, December 16, 1793."

The following Message was received from the

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: The Report was read, and, together with the papers therein referred to, ordered to lie on the

Gentlemen of the Senate, and table.

of the House of Representatives : “ Since the communications which were made to you

on the affairs of the United States with Spain, and on TUEBDAY, December 17.

the truce between Portugal and Algiers, some other JOAN VINING, from Delaware, appeared, and, papers have been received, which, making a part of the the oath required by law being, by the Vice Pre- same subjects, are now communicated for your informaSIDENT, administered to him, he took his seat in tion.

G. WASHINGTON. the Senate.

“UNITED STATES, December 23, 1793." The Communications received from the Presi- The Message and papers referred to were read, DENT OF THE UNITED STATES on the 16th instant and ordered to lie for consideration.

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