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MARCH, 1795.]
Invalid Pension BillCession of Georgia Lands.

[H. OF R. law that prohibits the exportation of arms expires And then, upon a motion made and seconded, in June next. Now, if it is necessary to put this the House adjourned until seven o'clock P. M. proviso into the present bill, for fear of offending foreign nations, it will also be necessary to prolong that act, or otherwise it may be still said that we violate the neutrality. There is no design of

Seven O'CLOCK, P. M., Monday, March 2. prolonging the act, and for that reason it is need- Mr. DEARBORN, from the committee to whom less to insert the proviso.

was referred the petition of the merchants and Mr. Madison was of opinion, with his colleague, mariners of Wiscasset, in the State of Massachu[Mr. Giles,] that the proviso would " narrow our setts, made a report; which was read, and ordered national rights." Besides, even the passing of the to lie on the table. proviso is worth nothing, for we may send mili- A message was received from the Senate, notitary stores to Hamburg, and from thence they fying that they had receded from their amendmay be transported to any of the nations at war. ment, as to the bill for the exportation of arms.

Mr. GOODHUE saw this matter in a particular A message from the Senate informed the House light. This exportation was Governmental, and, that the Senate have passed the bill, entitled “An if a man-of-war meets this vessel, the provisó act to alter and amend the act, entitled ' An act will prevent any jealousy.

laying certain duties upon snuffand refined sugar," A motion for striking it out was carried— Ayes with several amendments; to which they desire 35, noes 30.

the concurrence of this House. The Committee then rose, and reported. The The House proceeded to consider the said amendquestion on the amendment was put.

ments, and, the same being read, were agreed to. Mr. B. BOURNE hoped that this amendment A message from the Senate informed the House would not be agreed to. It might have serious that the Senate have passed the bill, entitled "An consequences.

act for the more general promulgation of the laws Mr. SEDGWICK.-If the amendment itself has of the United States," with several amendments; any meaning: it is authorizing the PRESIDENT to to which they desire the concurrence of this send military stores to nations at war.

House. Mr. Giles did not see the use of so much deli- The House proceeded to consider the said amendcacy. The military stores are for a nation that is ments, and, the same being read, were agreed to. actually at war, and that, as Mr. G. believed, always will be at war.

CESSION OF GEORGIA LANDS.. The amendment was carried. It was then moved to strike out the word " resolved, and to into a Committee, on the bill to authorize the

It was then moved that the House should go put into its place, " be it enacted.” This was agreed to. The resolution was thus turned into PRESIDENT to obtain the cession of certain Terri

tories in Georgia, which was agreed to. Mr. Harper again moved to get into a Com

Mr. SEDGWICK moved that the House rise and mittee of the whole, on the report

. of the select report the bill. committee, as to surveying the coasts.

Mr. FitzsimOns wanted to know the meaning The motion was negatived.

of the words in the bill, “by purchase, or other

wise." If the PRESIDENT is to buy the right from INVALID PENSION BILL.

the State of Georgia to the lands which they The bill empowering the Secretary of War to claim, we ought to make provision for it. What place certain persons therein named on the invalid is the meaning of the words? pension list, was read a third time, and passed. Mr. Swift said, that this bill for the Georgia

Mr. Christie was against the immediate pass- lands was an unlimited thing: No man had a ing of this bill, as he could not be certain, from higher opinion than himself of the PRESIDENT, but want of time to examine it, whether all the per- it was improper to grant such extensive powers. sons named in it, were entitled to a pension.

The House think the State of Georgia wrong in Mr. Tracy noticed that he had sat up late for having claimed this land. It will be still more several nights in order to bring it to a completion; extraordinary in us to propose to buy what they and was anxious that it should pass. He men- have not a right to sell." We ought to declare at tioned this attention, not to claim any merit from once

, that the lands belong to the United States, having done his duty, but to show that the bill and not to give any such indefinite power which had really been considered. It was mentioned by might offend our constituents. He was ready to another member, that some invalids, who were allow the Georgians payment of any expense highly meritorious, had been omitted, and that, which they might have been at in defending it therefore, it would be better to defer the bill till from the Indians, and nothing else. next session, when these might be included: Mr. Ames imagined that it would require a

Mr. Fitzsimons said, that not to pass this bill wheelbarrow load of documents and papers to dewould be the greatest disgrace that ever befel the termine whether these lands were the property of House. The poor people had waited year after the State of Georgia, or not. In the last night but year, and at last, when it was ready to pass, their one of a session, there was not time for entering claims were postponed for another nine months into the discussion of the right. He thought it certain, and nobody could tell how much longer. would be good policy to agree to the resolution

a bill.

H. OF R.]
Promulgation of the Laws.

[MARCH, 1795. There was, however, an interim danger of persons to embarrass the purchasers of the lands, till they who claim the lands going and taking them by should be forced to give up their right. force, and thus bringing the United States into Mr. Findley liked the resolution better without another war ten times more bloody than the pre- the amendment. sent. He should deplore the disappointment, if

A member recommended not fixing any sum, the bill did not pass.

but striking it out of the amendment. If the sum Mr. Sedgwick had an amerdment which was is too low, we shall not get the land. If too high, for empowering the President to give — dol- we may be sure that the State of Georgia will not lars for the cession.

part with it for one farthing less than the whole Mr. HARPER imagined that, to fill up the blank, sum mentioned in the bill. No gentleman can, at would be attended with insuperable difficulties present, guess what the land is worth. It would be much better to let it stand as it was. Mr. Boudinot was for limiting the sum. To fix the price before you attempt to make the Mr. KITTERA requested that the question might bargain, is quite wrong.' We have not informa- be taken. tion sufficient to know what sum it will be pru- Mr. McDowell moved that the Committee rise. dent to give. We cannot, at this time, appoint a as they had not sufficient information for proceedcommittee to inquire. He advised to refer it to ing. The motion was negatived. the Secretary of the Treasury to report to next The amendment of dollars was finally reCongress. The fixing a price would be destroy-jected. The bill was reported to the House with ing the responsibility of the Executive. He might amendments--agreed to, and ordered to be engrossshelter himself under a vote of the House as hav-ed for a third reading. ing fixed the sum. He was satisfied that the Ex- The yeas and nays were then taken, and stoodecuțive has abundance of reasons for trying to yeas 41, nays 24, as follows: make the bargain as cheaply as he can, but this YEA$.—Fisher Ames, Theodorus Bailey, Abraham resolution would destroy the principle of respon- Baldwin, Lemuel Benton, Thomas P. Carnes, David sibility. We had been told that the Georgians Cobb, Peleg Coffin, William J. Dawson, George Dent, have not a right to these lands, and therefore that Samuel Dexter, Gabriel Duval, William Findley, Thoit was improper to attempt a purchase from them. mas Fitzsimons, Dwight Foster, Ezekiel Gilbert, James In the second place, that, if we had acquired such Gordon, Daniel Heister, William Hindman, Samuel a right, it would be useless, because we have too Holten, John Hunter, William Irvine, John Wilkes much land already. With regard to the former , Kittera, Amasa Learned, Matthew Locke, Francis Mal

. Mr. H. went into a long historical detail to prove bone, Andrew Moore, William Vans Murray, John that Georgia actually has a right to the lands in Page, Andrew Pickens, Theodore Sedgwick, John S.

Sherburne, John Smilie, Jeremiah Smith, William question. He wished that the land did belong to the United States, and wished that it might be Smith, Thomas Sprigg, George Thatcher, Uriah Tracy, bought. We are not to suppose this a mere vision

Jonathan Trumbull, Philip Van Cortlandt, Peleg Wads

worth, and John Watts. ary claim. It is a legal claim, and extends over

Nais.-Thomas Blount, Elias Boudinot, Lambert thirty millions of acres of the finest lands in the Cadwalader, Gabriel Christie, Thomas Claiborne, Joshua world, and most admirably situated both for com- Coit

, Jonathan Dayton, Christopher Greenup, William merce and emigration. It might, every foot of it, B. Grove, Carter B. Harrison, Robert Goodloe Harper, be made worth half a dollar, or a dollar, per acre. James Hillhouse, Aaron Kitchell, William Lyman, NaIts settlement would tend to open the navigation thaniel Macon, James Madison, Joseph McDowell, Alex. of the Mississippi. These thirty millions of aeres ander Mebane, Nathaniel Niles, Israel Smith, Zephahave been sold to certain adventuring companies, niah Swift, Thomas Tredwell, Paine Wingate, and Joat five hundred thousand dollars. If the purchasers seph Winston. themselves had completed their rights, he would advise the repurchase from them.

PROMULGATION OF THE LAWS. Mr. Dayton liked the amendment better than The House then went into a Committee on the the original resolution. He proposed an amend-petition of Edmund Hogan, and the report of the ment which was not distinctly heard. He was select committee was read. sensible of the value of time. The Senate are Mr. W. Smith said, that the mere promulgawaiting for the resolution of this House. He said tion of the laws was not sufficient. It was prothat, in this bill, there had been omitted a tract of per that the speeches also should be printed. Some land forty miles square, formerly purchased from thing in this way had been attempted by the printthe Natchez. He feared that this affair might in- ers of newspapers in this city. Mr. S. had neither volve the States in a war with the Creeks, the inclination nor occasion to cast reflections oa aur most formidable tribe of the Indians.

of the persons appointed to take the debates. But Mr. Sedgwick said, that his amendment had there had been considerable discontents in varios been amended. We understood that it now in- parts of the Union on this account, from misrepre cluded the tract of forty miles square, purchased sentations contained in the newspapers. There from the Natchez.

was a strong necessity for more accuracy. The Mr. McDowell hoped that the bill would not statements had been extremely incorrect. pass at all. It was a subject of so much intricacy Mr. Dexter followed on the same ground. He that it could not be discussed at present. He did said that the newspapers contained a torrent of not think that it would be very honorable in the abuse and misrepresentation, as to what passed in Government, if the sale was actually completed, the House.

MARCH, 1795.]

Promulgation of the Laws.

[H. of R.

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Mr. Hillhouse observed, that it would be tri- Robinson, under a commission from John SulliAling to direct any person skilled in stenography van, late Judge of the said District, which conto apply to the Secretary of State, for the Secre- tains only an abstract of the testimony, be retary was not empowered to make any agreement turned by the Secretary of War to the District with him; and after persons had put themselves Judge of New Hampshire, for the purpose of to, perhaps, a great deal of trouble in applying, the giving an opportunity to return the testimony reHouse would, very likely, next session, refuse the specting the invalids contained in the said report, scheme. It was wrong, therefore, to publish any according to the requisitions of law. invitation, till an establishment was actually made. On motion,

Mr. CLAIBORNE said, that this would be an en- Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury cyclopediæ of printing-a thing, of which the be directed to report to the House of RepresentaHouse never would see an end. To this it was tives, at the next session, a tariff of duties on answered, that, as to the expense, the House might goods, wares, and merchandise, imported into the make themselves easy, for the printers of newspa- United States, proportioned to the rates of duties pers would be glad to get them to print by way of now imposed by law, with his opinion on such other

matters as may be necessary for the improvement Mr. Gilbert proposed, as an amendment, that of the revenue arising from impost and from disthe reporter should finish his debates every even- tilled spirits and stills. ing, and lay them before the House next morning; A message from the Senate informed the House and that after the Clerk had read the minutes, the that the Senate have passed the bill, entitled “An House should go into a Committee to correct the act making provision for the purposes of treaty manuscript of the reporter.

and of trade with the Indians," with sundry The report as it stood was agreed to, as follows: amendments; to which they desire the concur

Resolved, That the Secretary of State be re- rence of this House. quested to receive proposals from any person or The House proceeded to consider the said amendpersons skilled in the art of stenography, or capa- ments; and, the same being read, were agreed to. ble of reporting debates with accuracy, and to re- Ordered, That the Committee of the whole port the same to this House, at the commence House on the state of the Union, to whom was rement of the next session, with his observations ferred so much of the Message from the Presiand opinion respecting the qualification of the said DENT OF THE UNITED STATES, of the seventeenth person or persons for the said duty, to the end that ultimo, as relates to the communications from the this House may be enabled to appoint one or more Governor of the Territory of the United States persons as officers of the House, for the valuable South of the river Ohio, be discharged from the purpose above mentioned.

consideration of the same, and that it be recomThe Committee rose, and on a division of the mitted to Mr. Fitzsimons, Mr. Madison, and Mr. House, there were-Ayes 28, noes 26.

BLOUNT. The House then, at half past ten in the even- A message from the Senate informed the House ing, adjourned till Tuesday.

that the Senate have postponed to the next session

of Congress, the consideration of the bill, entitled TUESDAY, March 3.

“ An act authorizing and directing the Secretary

of War to place certain persons therein named on A message from the Senate informed the House the pension list.” The Senate have agreed to a that the Senate have passed the bill, entitled " An resolution “relative to the title to certain lands act supplementary to the act, entitled 'An act es situate in the Southwestern parts of the United tablishing a Mint, and regulating the coins of the States;" to which they desire the concurrence of United States," with several amendments; to this House. which they desire the concurrence of this House. The House proceeded to consider the said reso

The House proceeded to consider the said amend- lution, and, the same being read, as follows: ments, and, the same being read, were agreed to. Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives

Mr. Tracy, from the Committee of Claims, to of the United States of America in Congress assembled, whom were yesterday referred a Letter and Re- That the President of the United States be, and hereby port from the Secretary of War, of the twenty- | is, requested to give directions to the Attorney Geneeighth ultimo, accompanying a further statement ral to collect, digest, and report to the Senate, the charin the cases of claimants to be placed on the list ters, treaties, and other documents, relative to, and exof pensioners, made a report; which was read, planatory of, the title to the land situate in the Southand ordered to lie on the table.

western parts of the United States, and claimed by cerThe House proceeded to consider the report

tain companies, under a law of the State of Georgia, made yesterday by the Committee of Claims, to passed the seventh day of January last, namely: a whom were referred sundry reports from the Se-tract of land claimed by James Gunn, Matthew McAlcretary of War, accompanying statements in the lister, and George Walker, and their associates; also, a cases of claimants to be placed on the list of pen-cock, Ambrose Gordon, and Thomas Cumming, and

tract of land claimed by Nicholas Long, Thomas Glassioners; and the said report being amended, was their associates; also, a tract of land claimed by John agreed to by the House, as follows: Resolved, That the return of invalid pensioners and their associates ; and, also, a tract of land claimed

B. Scott, John C. Nightingale, and Wade Hampton, from the District of New Hampshire, by_Samuel by Zachariah Cox and Matthias Maher, and their assoTenney, William Parker, junior, and Ephraim ciates."

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March, 1795.)

Revision of the LawsThanks to the Speaker.

[H. OF R.

A motion was made and seconded, to amend some gentleman would think the subject importhe said resolution, by striking out, in the fifth tant enough to be attended to—at least he should line, the word " Senate," and inserting, in lieu have done his duty-and the resolution would thereof, the words “next Congress.” And on the show the opinion of one of the sovereign people, question thereupon, it was resolved in the affirm- that the criminal code ought to be amended, and ative.

he doubted not that the future servants of the pubThe said resolution, as amended, was again lic would pay due respect to it. read, and agreed to by the House.

Ordered, That the Transylvania Company,comREVISION OF THE LAWS.

monly called Richard Henderson and Company,

who presented a memorial to this House on the Mr. Dexter laid a resolution on the table nearly sixth day of January last, have leave to withdraw in the following words:

the same. “ Resolved, That a committee be appointed to con

Ordered, That a message be sent to the Senate sider and report on the propriety of revising the laws to inform them that this House, having completed of the United States, inflicting capital and other infa- the business before them, are now about to adjourn mous punishments, and of repealing the same in cer- without day; and that the Clerk of this House do tain cases.

go with the said message. Mr. D. said, that he laid the resolution on the A message from the Senate informed the House table, hoping that gentlemen would consider the that the Senate have appointed a committee, on subject as important enough to command some their part, jointly, with such committee as may share of their attention during the recess. That be appointed on the part of this House, to wait on the existing laws were so severe as to give impu- the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED States, and innity to some crimes in the Eastern States, that form him that Congress is ready to adjourn withgrand jurors would reluctantly present offenders, out day, unless he may have any further commuand even jurors on trial often acquit them impro- nications to make to them. perly; that he had known a single instance in

The House proceeded to consider the said meswhich an offender despised a trial from a confi- sage: Whereupon, dence that no evidence could induce the jury to

Resolved, that this House doth agree to the convict him. Mr. D. further observed that he had resolution of the Senate for the appointment of a long been convinced, that the present punish- Joint Committee of the two Houses

, to wait on ments were introduced when the rights of men the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED States, and inwere little understood, and less regarded ; that form him of the intended recess of Congress; and they were unjust and barbarous in principle, and that Mr. Boudinot, Mr. Sedgwick, and Mr. mischievous in practice, as it is not difficult to Trumbull, be of the comınittee appointed on the show that they have a direct tendency to produce part of this House. the very crimes they are intended to prevent; and

On a motion made and seconded, that justice, humanity, and even policy, call loudly “That the thanks of this House be presented to for å reform. If reasoning should be distrusted, Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg, in testimony of their at least facts and actual experiment ought to con- approbation of his conduct in discharging the arduous vince: That such facts had long existed both in and important duties assigned him while in the Chair:" Europe and America, as to place it beyond doubt, It was resolved unanimously: Whereupon, Mr. that savage laws will always make a savage peo- Speaker made his acknowledgments to the House ple; that the change of things in Portugal, and in manner following: particularly in Lisbon, which had lately taken

“GENTLEMEN : I feel myself highly honored by this place, was another proof in addition to many distinguished mark of your approbation of my conduct others; that the danger of assassination and rob- in the station you were pleased to assign unto me; and bery there had been well known, that the abolition although I am conscious that my feeble efforts do not of sanguinary punishments there lately had abol- merit so precious a reward, yet permit me to assure you ished the crimes; and that he had been informed that it has made a lasting impression on my mind, and by a most respectable gentleman just arrived from I shall ever esteem it with the most unfeigned satisfacthere that the midnight traveler is now as safe in tion. Lisbon as in Philadelphia.

“ Gentlemen, I sincerely thank you; may every hapMr. D. was not unacquainted with the fears of piness attend you; may you long continue to enjoy the some very good men, that mitigating punishments confidence of your fellow-citizens; and may you meet would produce an inundation of crimes, especially with their just applause of having deserved well of your in large cities; but he said experience had shown country.” that no such danger existed; the best citizens of Mr. Boudinor, from the Joint Committee apPortugal had objected from similar fears, but they pointed to wait on the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED had happily discovered that such fears were States and inform him of the intended recess of groundless. A Legislature ought to dare to do Congress, reported that the Committee had perright, and trust events to Heaven. Moral good formed that service, and that the President sigcannot_produce natural evil as its ordinary fruit. nified to them that he had no further communica

Mr. D.concluded by observing, that if he should tion to make during the present session: Wherenot be a member of the next Congress, he hoped upon, Mr. SPEAKER adjourned the House sine die.

APPENDIX

TO THE HISTORY OF THE THIRD CONGRESS,

COMPRISING THE MOST IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS ORIGINATING DURING THAT CON.

GRESS, AND THE PUBLIC ACTS PASSED BY IT.

PROCLAMATION OF NEUTRALITY. INSTRUCTIONS TO THE COLLECTORS OF

THE CUSTOMS. BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED States of

PHILADELPHIA, August 4, 1793. AMERICA,

SIR:- It appearing that repeated contraventions A PROCLAMATION.

of our neutrality have taken place in the ports of Whereas it appears, that a state of war exists the United States, without having been discovered between Austria, Prussia, Sardinia, Great Britain, in time for prevention or remedy, I have it in comand the United Netherlands, on the one part; and mand from the President to address to the CollecFrance, on the other; and the duty and interest tors of the respective districts a particular instrucof the United States require that they should with tion on the subject. sincerity and good faith adopt and pursue a con- It is expected that the Officers of the Customs duct friendly and impartial towards the bellige- in each district will, in the course of their official rent Powers:

functions, have a vigilant eye upon whatever may I have, therefore, thought fit, by these presents, be passing within the ports, harbors, creeks, inlets, to declare the disposition of the United States to and waters, of such districts, of a nature to conira- observe the conduct aforesaid, towards those Pow- vene the laws of neutrality, and, upon discovery ers respectively; and to exhort and warn the citi- of any thing of the kind, will give immediate nozens of the United States carefully to avoid all tice to the Governor of the State, and to the atacts and proceedings whatsoever, which may in torney of the judicial district comprehending the any manner tend to contravene such disposition. district of the customs within which any such con

And I do hereby also make known, that whoso-travention may happen. ever of the citizens of the United States shall ren- To assist the judgment of the officers on this der himself liable to punishment or forfeiture un- head, I transmit herewith a schedule of rules conder the Law of Nations by committing, aiding, or cerning sundry particulars which have been adoptabetting, hostilities against any of the said Powers; ed by the President, as deductions from the laws or by carrying to any of them those articles which of neutrality, established and received among naare deemed contraband by the modern usage of Na- tions. Whatever shall be contrary to these rules tions, will not receive the protection of the United will, of course, be to be notified as above menStates, against such punishment or forfeiture; and tioned. further, that I have given instructions to those There are some other points which, pursuant officers to whom it belongs, to cause prosecutions to our treaties, and the determination of the Exto be instituted against all persons who shall, with- ecutive, I ought to notice to you. in the cognizance of the Courts of the United If any vessel of either of the Powers at war States, violate the Law of Nations, with respect with France should bring or send within your disto the Powers at war, or any of them.

trict a prize made of the subjects, people, or proIn testimony whereof, I have caused the seal of perty of France, it is immediately to be notified to the United States of America to be affixed to the Governor of the State, in order that measures these presents, and signed

the same with my hand. may be taken, pursuant to the 17th article of our Done at the City of Philadelphia, 22d day of treaty with France, to oblige such vessel and her April, 1793, and of the Independence of the United prize, or such prize, when sent in without the capStates of America the sevente

turing vessel, to depart. G. WASHINGTON. No privateer of any of the Powers at war with By the President :

France, coming within a district of the United T. JEFFERSON.

States, can, by the 22d article of our treaty with

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