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[The rule above recited is not construed to apply to the single reading of a paper or proposition upon which the House may be called upon to give a vote, or to the several regular readings of a bill, but to cases where a paper has been once read, or a bill has received its regular reading and another is called for, and also where a member desires the reading of a paper having relation to the sub. ject before the House. But it does not apply to the case of an amendment which a member, by leave, has given notice of his in. tention at a future time to offer.-Journal, 1, 31, p. 1149.
The reading of a report relating to a pending proposition cannot be called for after the previous question is seconded, as it would be in the nature of debate.—Journal, 1, 23, p. 726.
RECEDE, MOTION TO.
The motion to recede takes precedence of the motions to insist and ask a conference and to adhere.- Manual, p. 82. [And even though the previous question may be pending on either of the last motions, the motion to recede may be entertained, because if it prevails, the disagreement between the houses is removed and the bill is passed.] A vote to recede from a disagreement to an amendment is not equivalent to an agreement.-Journal, 1, 20, pp. 695, 697. [But, in making a motion that the House recede from its disagreement, there should be coupled with it “and that the House agree to the same.”]
(See also AMENDMENTS BETWEEN THE TWO HOUSES and CONFERENCE COMMITTEES.)
Where it is convenient that the business of the House be suspended for a short time, as for a conference presently to be held, &c., it adjourns during pleasure.- Manual, p. 92. [The practice of the House in regard to the privileged character of the motion for a recess has varied in different Congresses, but of late years it has been beld to be a privileged question-see Journals, 1, 36, pp. 753, 759 ; 2, 37, pp. 718, 719-and the latter practice is manifestly that
contemplated in the Manual.] But it is not in order pending a motion to suspend the rules, so as to take an immediate vote on a pend. ing proposition.—Journal, 2, 39, pp. 572, 573.
It is not in order for less than a quorum to take a recess—Journals, 1, 29, p. 356; 2, 32, p. 388-nor, pending a call of the House, can a recess be taken unless by unanimous consent.-Ibid., 1, 26,
Where it is proposed to take a recess, by adjournment, for more than three days, the Senate must consent before it can be takenConst., 1, 5, 9-and a resolution for that purpose is held to be privi. leged.-Journal, 2, 37, pp. 718 to 720. (See ADJOURN, MOTION TO.)
RECOMMIT, MOTION TO.
"After commitment and report thereof to the House, or at any time before its passage, a bill may be recommitted.”-Rule 124, p. 133. But not after the main question is ordered to be put.-Jour. nal, 1, 29, p. 643. [Nor, according to the practice, even pending the demand for the previous question.) "And should such recommitment take place after its engrossment, and an amendment be reported and agreed to by the House, the question shall be again put on the engrossment of the bill,”?—Rule 124, p. 133. (See COMMIT, MOTION TO.)
RECONSIDER, MOTION TO.
When a motion has been once made and carried in the affirm a. tive or negative, it shall be in order for any member of the majority to move for the reconsideration thereof on the same or succeeding day; and such motion shall take precedence of all other questions, except a motion to adjourn; and shall not be withdrawn after the said succeeding day without the consent of the House, and thereafter any member may call it up for consideration.”—Rule 49, p. 112.
A fair construction of this rule will permit a member who has voted with the prevailing side on a tie vote to move a reconsideration. Such is evidently the spirit of the rule.-Journal, 1, 30, p. 1081. So, also, it is the practice to permit any member to move a reconsideration who has voted with the prevailing side in a case where less than a majority prevails.]-Cong. Globe, 1, 39, p. 3892.
Where a vote is not taken by geas and nays, and consequently no record made of each member's vote, it is the well-settled practice to permit any member to move a reconsideration.
It is in order at any time, even when a member is on the floor, or the highest privileged question is pending, on the same or succeeding day, to move a reconsideration and have it entered, but it can. not be taken up and considered while another question is before the House.-Journal, 1, 34, pp. 1476, 1477.
A motion to reconsider, if made in time, may be entertained, notwithstanding the papers connected with the original proposition bave gone out of the possession of the House.-Journals, 1, 26, p. 1033; 1, 28, pp. 1125, 1131; 1, 29, p. 657; 1, 33, pp. 336, 1199. And pending a motion to reconsider the vote on the passage of a bill, the Speaker should decline to sign the said bill if reported by the Committee on Enrolled Bills.—Journal, 1, 26, p. 1033. (When the papers have been sent to the Senate, it is usual, in case of a motion to reconsider, to send a message to that body requesting their return.]
[It is not in order on a private bill day to call up and consider a motion to reconsider a vote on a public bill, if objected to, except after a postponement by a majority vote of the private business.
[The effect of the pendency of a motion to reconsider, according to the universal usage, is to suspend the original proposition ;] but 66 where the term of the members expires without acting on the motion to reconsider for the want of time or inclination, the motion of course fails, and leaves the original proposition operative.”— (Opinion of Mr. Speaker Orr, and also of Mr. Speaker Banks, in the case of resolutions directing the payment of money out of the contingent fund of the House, where Congress adjourned sine die pending motions to reconsider the vote by which they were adopted.)
It is not in order to move a reconsideration of a vote sustaining a decision of the Chair, after subsequent action has resulted from such decision which it is impossible for the House to reverse.Journal, 1, 31, pp. 860, 861. Nor on the recommitment of a resolution after the same has been reported back.—Journal, 1, 44, p. 973. Nor upon a bill introduced and referred during the first hour after the reading of the Journal on Mondays, nor upon bills introduced and referred by unanimous consent.-Rule 130, p. 134.
[Under the practice, if a motion to reconsider is pending when
the previous question is ordered, such order applies to the motion to reconsider only.]
Where a motion to reconsider has been once put and decided, it is not in order to repeat the motion. Journal, 2, 27, p. 1022. But it is otherwise where an amendment has been adopted since the first reconsideration.-Journal, 1, 31, pp. 1404, 1406, 1407.
An order that a vote be taken by yeas and nays may be reconsidered, but the question immediately recurs, subject to be decided affirmatively by one-fifth of the members present.-Journals, 1, 19, p. 796; 1, 30, p. 405.
A negative vote on a motion to lie on the table may be reconsidered.--Journal, 2, 32, p. 234.
[It is a very common practice for the member having charge of a measure, as soon as a vote is taken upon it, “ to move to reconsider the vote last taken, and also to move that the motion to reconsider be laid on the table”; and if the latter motion prevails, it is deemed a finality, so far as the vote proposed to be reconsidered is concerned. A vote to lay the motion to reconsider on the table does not carry with it the pending measure.]
A motion to reconsider a vote laying a motion to reconsider on the table is not in order; if entertained, it would lead to inextri. cable confusion, by piling up motion upon motion to reconsiderJournals, 3, 27, p. 334; 1, 33, p. 357.
[After a bill has been ordered to be engrossed, it is not in order to move a reconsideration of a vote on an amendment until the order of engrossment bas been reconsidered; and if the motion to reconsider the engrossment is laid on the table no reconsideration of the amendment can then be entertained.]
It is in order, even pending the demand of the previous question on the passage of a bill, to move a reconsideration of the order of engrossment.—Journal, 2, 27, p. 1175. [But, of course, if moved at such a time it is not debatable.]
According to the uniform practice, where a motion to reconsider has been passed in the affirmative, the question immediately recurs upon the question reconsidered.—Journal, 1, 31, p. 847. [And the House proceeds with the consideration of the subject without regard to the fact of its having been on the Speaker's table when the motion to reconsider was submitted.]
Where a vote taken under the operation of the previous question is reconsidered, the question is then divested of the previous question, and is open to debate and amendment.—Journals, 1, 27, p. 129; 1, 33, p. 127. [These decisions apply only to cases wbere the previous question was fully exhausted by votes taken on all the questions covered by it before the motion to reconsider was made. In any other case, the pendency of the previous question would preclude debate.
The previous question may be reconsidered, but not after it is partly executed.-Journal, 1, 35, pp. 1101, 1398. (And according to the usual practice, in the reconsideration of the previous question but a single vote is taken, viz: Will the House reconsider the vote on ordering the main question! Which being decided affirmatively, the question is divested of the demand for the previous question.]
A vote on the reconsideration of a vetoed bill cannot be reconsidered.—Journal, 1, 28, pp. 1093, 1097. Nor can a vote on a motion to suspend the rules be reconsidered.—Journal, 2, 31, p. 134.
A motion to reconsider is not debatable, if the question proposed to be reconsidered was not debatable.-Journals, 2, 27, p. 331; 2, 30, pp. 135, 136. But the fact of a question having been decided under the operation of the previous question does not prevent debate on the motion to reconsider, if the original question was otherwise debatable.-Journal, 1, 33, p. 127. A motion to reconsider a vote on a resolution passed on resolution day, under the operation of the previous question, like the resolution, cannot be debated on that day, but must lie over.-Journal, 2, 30, pp. 135, 136.
(See CONGRESSIONAL RECORD.)
REFER, MOTION TO.
(See COMMIT, MOTION TO.)
Admitted to gallery with permission of Speaker; must state for what paper; and must not be claim-agents.-Rule 135, p. 137.
By a resolution of the House (Journal, 1, 32, p. 70) the Doorkeeper was directed to provide chairs for the reporters of the Congressional