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be punished by imprisonment in the jail of the District of Columbia, as other criminals are, for three months.—Journal, 2, 41, pp. 1199, 1200. (The session terminated within a week after the order, but the order was executed.)

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“A matter of privilege arising out of any question, or from a quarrel between two members, or any other cause, supersedes the consideration of the original question, and must be first disposed of."- Manual, p. 77. [According to the practice, not finally disposed of, but the House shall proceed to such immediate measures as it may think proper.]

Whenever the Speaker is of the opinion that a question of privi. lege is involved in a proposition, he must entertain it in preference to any other business.—Journal, 1, 29, p. 724. [Such opinion, of course, being subject to an appeal.] And when a proposition is sub

] mitted which relates to the privileges of the House, it is his duty to entertain it, at least to the extent of submitting the question to the House as to whether or not it presents a question of privilege.Journals, 3, 27, p. 46; 1, 29, p. 223; 1, 30, p. 712; 1, 31, p. 1079; 1, 35, pp. 376, 410.

An enumeration of the various questions of privilege that may arise cannot, of course, be given, but the following list embraces nearly all that have arisen, viz:

Election of a Speaker-Journal, 2, 44, p. 8;
Right of a member to be seated-Journal, 2, 44, p. 15;
Election of President-Journal, 2, 44, pp. 555, 556;

Contested-election cases-Journals, 1, 26, pp. 1283, 1300; 1, 29, p. 201; 1, 31, p. 1065; 2, 31, p. 119;

Failure or refusal of a witness to appear before committees of the House, or refusal to testify—Journals, 1, 12, p. 277; 2, 33, p. 315; 3, 34, pp. 241, 269; 1, 35, pp. 258, 371, 750, 821; 2, 35, pp. 411, 430, 451; 3, 40, pp. 226, 250, 392 ;

Offer to bribe a member-Journals 1, 4, p. 389; 1, 15, pp. 119, 171;

Challenge of a member by a Senator-Journal, 1, 4, p. 471;

Assault by one member upon another-Journals, 1, 5, p. 154; 1, 34, p. 1527;

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Divulging the secrets of the House-Journal, 1, 12, p. 276 ;

Assault upon a member-Journals, 1, 22, p. 590 ; 2, 23, p. 485; 2, 41, pp. 1199, 1200 ;

Menacing language toward a member out of the House on account of interrogatories propounded by him to a witness before the House-Journal, 1, 22, p. 740;

Disorder in the gallery-Journal, 1, 24, p. 331;

Fracas between two reporters in the presence of the HouseJournal, 1, 24, p. 983 ;

Refusal of a member to take his seat, in Committee of the Whole, when ordered by the chairman to do soJournal, 1, 24, p. 1209;

Duel between two members-Journal, 2, 25, p. 501 ;

Warm words and a mutual assault between two members in Committee of the Whole-Journal, 2, 25, p. 1013;

Protest by the President against certain proceedings of the House-Journal, 2, 27, p. 1459 ;

Proposition to impeach the President-Journal, 3, 27, p. 159 ; 2, 39, p. 121 ;

Alleged menace of members by a mob at the seat of Govern. ment-Journal, 1, 30, p. 712;

Charge of falsehood upon a member in a newspaper by the printer of the House-Journal, 1, 29. p. 223 ;

p Alleged false and scandalous report of proceedings in the House by one of its reportersJournal, 2, 29, p. 320;

Alleged mutilation of the Journal by the Speaker-Journal, 1, 31,

p. 713;

Publication by the Public Printer of an article alleged to be for the purpose of exciting unlawful violence upon membersJournal, 1, 33, p. 965;

Charges affecting the official character of a member-Journal, 1, 33, p. 1178;

Alteration and interpolation of House bills-Journal, 1, 33, p.


Assault upon a Senator by a member of the House-Journal, 1, 34, p. 1023;

Alleged corrupt combinations on the part of certain membersJournal, 3, 34, pp. 475, 476;

Alleged misconduct on the part of an officer of the House-Journal, 1, 44, p. 868.

The previous question applies upon a question of privilege as well as in other cases.-Journal, 2, 27, pp. 573, 576; 1, 28, p. 882.




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[Privileged questions are those to which precedence is given over other questions by some rule or special order of the House, and are of different grades among themselves.]

Motions to fix the day to which the House shall adjourn, and to adjourn, shall be “ always in order."Rule 44, p. 111. Motions to reconsider take precedence of all questions, except a motion to adjourn.Rule 49, p. 112. Motions for an adjournment of more than three days, with the concurrence of the Senate, are privileged.—Journal, 2, 37, pp. 718 to 720. [And so, also, according to the usage, are motions to take a recess, to fix the day of final adjournment, and for a call of the House.] Motions to go into a Committee of the whole House on the state of the Union, and to close debate in Committees of the Whole, may be made « at any time.Rule 104, p. 128. Reports from the Committee on Enrolled Bills and the Committee on Printing may be made " at any time.Rules 100 and 101, p. 126.

Reports of the general appropriation bills by the Committee on Appropriations, at any time.--Rule 77, p. 121. Reports of the Com- . mittee of Ways and Means, at any time.-Rule 151, p. 141. Motions to make any of the general appropriation bills a special order, at any time.-Rule 119, p. 129. The report of a committee of conference is held to be so highly privileged as to be in order, even pend. ing a motion for a call of the House.-Journal, 1, 31, p. 1590.


It is not a matter of right and parliamentary privilege to bave received and entered upon the Journal a protest of members against the action of the House.-Cong. Globe, 1, 31, pp. 1579, 1588. See also Journal, 2-45, pp. 921-927.


When appointed, and number of members of.-Rule 74, p. 119. Duties of.- Rule 96, p. 125.

It shall also determine the necessity of furnishing or refurnishing any of the rooms exceeding the cost of $100 per annum.—Journal, 3, 40, p. 518.

The House restaurant sball be placed in charge of said committee, with the same powers heretofore possessed by the Committee on Revisal and Unfinished Business.Journals, 2, 40, p. 111; 1, 41,

p. 201.


By the act of June 23, 1874, the term “public document” is de fined to be all publications printed by order of Congress, or either house thereof.-Sess. Laws, 1, 43, p. 237.


“The Clerk shall bave preserved for each member of the House an extra copy, in good binding, of all the documents printed by order of either house.”—Rule 18, p. 106.

[In addition thereto, there is deposited, as soon as printed, in the document-room, a copy of each document, subject to the order of each member; and where extra copies of a document are ordered, they are sent, as soon as printed, to the folding-room, from whence they are distributed pro rata among the members.]

“There shall be retained in the library of the Clerk's office, for the use of the members there, and not to be withdrawn therefrom, two copies of all the books and printed documents deposited in the library.”Rule 17, p. 106.


The usual number of documents, being 1,900, and the number of bills and joint resolutions, being 924 for each house, are printed and distributed as follows :

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The reserved documents are bound in volumes of appropriate size (in sheep and calf), and are distributed as follows:

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