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It is in order for the committee to lay aside a bill after having gone through with it, and, before rising, to proceed to other business on the calendar, notwithstanding the House may have adopted a resolution closing debate thereon.—Cong. Globe, 1, 33, pp. 1130, 1131.

"All amendments made to an original motion in committee shall be incorporated with the motion and so reported.”—Rule 108, p. 129. (Bills and resolutions are sometimes originally moved in Committee of the whole, having for their bases messages or reports previously referred, and then up for consideration.—Barclay.]

" All amendments made to a report committed to a Committee of the Whole House shall be noted and reported as in the case of bills.” -Rule 109, p. 129. This rule is practically obsolete.]

If the committee shall amend a clause, and subsequently strike out the clause as amended, the first amendment thereby falls, and cannot be reported to the House and voted on.—Journal, 2, 31, p. 346. [So, too, if the committee shall amend a bill ever so much, and subsequently adopt a substitute therefor, the bill is to be reported to the House with but a single amendment, viz, the substitute; and the House has only to choose between the original bill and the substitute.]

In Committee of the Whole a motion to rise, like the motion to adjourn in the House, may be made at any time; and when at the rising a member is entitled to the floor, he is entitled to occupy it in preference to any other member at the next sitting of the committee.-Cong. Globe, 1, 31, pp. 353, 388. And a member occupying the floor may yield it to another member to move that the committee rise, without losing his right to reoccupy it at the next sitting. -Ibid., 2, 31, p. 645. The motion to rise may be withdrawn at any time before the vote thereon is announced.—Ibid., 1, 31, p. 318.

“No motion or proposition for a tax or charge upon the people shall be discussed the day on which it is made or offered, and every such proposition shall receive its first discussion in a Committee of the Whole House."-Rule 110, p. 129.

no sum or quantum of tax or duty voted by a Committee of the Whole House shall be increased in the House, until the motion or proposition for such increase shall be first discussed and voted in a Committee of the Whole House, and so in respect to the time of its continuance.” Rule 111, p. 129.


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“ All proceedings touching appropriations of money, and all bills making appropriations of money or property, or requiring such appropriations to be made, or authorizing payments out of appropriations already made, shall be first discussed in the Committee of the Whole House.”—Rule 112, p. 129. (See APPROPRIATION BILLS.) [The foregoing rule was adopted January 13, 1874. Prior to that time bills directing the disbursement of money already appropriated, or requiring future appropriations to be made, or making appropriations of land, were not necessarily first considered in Committee of the Whole.

Where a bill may incidentally involve expense, but does not directly require an appropriation, it does not necessarily go to the Committee of the Whole.Journal, 1, 44, p. 1333.

When the rules have been suspended for the purpose of enabling the report of a measure to be made, and also for its consideration, a point of order that it contains an appropriation cannot be well taken.Journal, 1, 34, pp. 1172, 1173.

“ No appropriation shall be reported in the general appropriation bills, or be in order as an amendment thereto, for any expenditure not previously authorized by law, unless in continuation of appro. priations for such public works and objects as are already in prog. ress, nor shall any provision in any such bill or amendment thereto, changing existing law, be in order except such as, being germane to the subject matter of the bill, shall retrench expenditure."--Rule 120,

p. 132.

An amendment in the nature of a private claim on the Govern. ment is not in order to a general appropriatiou bill.--Cong. Globe, 1, 31, pp. 1617, 1651; 2, 32, p. 736; 1, 33, pp. 385, 1483.

[In the case of an appropriation reported by the Committee on Appropriations in conflict with the 120th Rule, and committed with the bill, it is not competent for the Committee of the Whole to rule it out of order, because the House, having committed the bills (of course it is otherwise where the point was reserved before commit. ment), are presumed to have received, as in order, the report in its entirety. So far as proposed amendments are concerned, the current of decisions in Committees of the Whole has been to exclude not only all appropriations not previously authorized by law, (with the exceptions contained in the rule), but also independent legis.

lation; tolerating, however, limitations and provisos as to appropriations which are themselves in order.-Barclay.!

“Upon bills committed to a Committee of the Wbole House, the bill shall be first read throughout by the Clerk, and then again read and debated by clauses, leavivg the preamble to be last considered ; the body of the bill shall not be defaced or interlined; but all amendments, noting the page and line, shall be duly entered by the Clerk on a separate paper, as the same shall be agreed to by the commit. tee, and so reported to the House. After report, the bill shall again be subject to be debated and amended by clauses before a question to engross it be taken."-Rule 107, p. 129. The first reading herein required is usually dispensed with, but of course only by unanimous consent. Since the practice has obtained of printing all bills upon the order for their commitment, the amendments are usually noted upon a copy of the bill. The debate and amendment after report of a bill is usually precluded by an order for the previous question.]

[General appropriation, tariff, and tax bills are considered by clauses; other bills by sections.

Where a bill is being considered by clauses or sections, and the committee has passed from the consideration of a particular clause or section, it is not in order to recur thereto.-Cong. Globe, 2, 32, p. 730; 2, 35, p. 1422.

“ In Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, the bills shall be taken up and disposed of in their order on the calendar; but when objection is made to the consideration of a bill, a majority of the committee shall decide, without debate, whether it shall be taken up and disposed of or laid aside : Provided, That general appropriation bills, and, in time of war, bills for raising men or money, and bills concerning a treaty of peace, shall be preferred to all other bills at the discretion of the committee; and when demanded by any member, the question shall be first put in regard to them."-Rule 114, p. 130. [Where a bill has been taken up and is left undisposed of at the rising of the committee, it is the business first in order when the House shall again resolve itself into committee.]

A motion to strike out the enacting words of a bill shall have precedence of a motion to amend ; and, if carried, shall be considered equivalent to its rejection. Whenever a bill is reported from a Committee of the Whole, with a recommendation to strike out the

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enacting words, and such recommendation is disagreed to by the House, the bill shall stand recommitted to the said committee without further action by the House.-Rule 123, p. 132.

Where an amendment is reported from the Committee of the Whole as an entire and distinct proposition, it cannot be divided, but must be voted upon as a whole.—Journals, 1, 28, p. 1061 ; 1, 29, pp. 366, 642; 1, 30, p. 1059; 2, 30, pp. 574, 575.

The following are the asual forms of report by the chairman of the Committee of the Wbole, viz:

- The Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union having, according to order, had the state of the Union generally under consideration, and particularly (here insert title of bill or other matter), have directed me to report the same with or without, as the case may be) amendments.”

Where the committee have failed to get through with the matter before them, instead of saying, “ have directed me to report,” &c., say, “have come to no resolution thereon.”

Where the committee have risen for want of a quorum, instead of saying, “ have directed me to report,” &c., say“ baving found itself without a quorum, I caused the roll to be called, and herewith report the names of the absentees to the House."

In case of reports from a Committee of the Whole House, omit the words on the state of the Union,” where they first occur, and strike out the words “ state of the Union ” where they next occur, and insert "private calendar.”]

[The report of the chairman of the Committee of the Whole is received immediately upon the rising of the committee, and, under the practice, the bill or other proposition reported is the business then in order for the consideration of the House. It might be otherwise in case it was made to appear that a quorum was not pres. ent when it was proposed to make the report. It is, however, occasionally interrupted by a question of privilege, after which it is again first in order.] But a mere assertion of the fact, without evi. dence, that a quorum is not present, will not prevent the reception of the report.-Journal, 1, 35, pp. 814, 822.

Representatives shall receive a compensation for their services,
to be ascertained by law and paid out of the Treasury of the United
States.”—Const. 1, 6, 9.

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By the act of July 28, 1866, Sess. Laws, pp. 333 and 331, it is provided that the compensation of each Senator, Representative, and Delegate in Congress shall be five thousand dollars per annum, to be computed from the first day of the present Congress, and, in addition thereto, mileage at the rate of twenty cents per mile, to be estimated by the nearest route usually traveled in going to and returning from each regular session ; but nothing herein contained sball affect mileage accounts already accrued under existing laws: Provided, That hereafter mileage accounts of Senators shall be certified by the President of the Senate, and those of Representatives and Delegates by the Speaker of the House of Representatives : And provided further, That the pay of the Speaker shall be eight thousand dollars per annum.

The foregoing act was revived by the act of January 20, 1874, repealing the increase of salaries of members, &c.— Sess. Laus, 1, 43, p. 4.

Hereafter Representatives and Delegates elect to Congress, whose credentials in due form of law have been duly filed with the Clerk of the House of Representatives in accordance with the provisions of section thirty-one, may receive their compensation monthly from the beginning of their term until the beginning of the first session of each Congress, upon a certificate in the form now in use, to be signed by the Clerk of the House, which certificate shall have the like force and effect as is given to the certificate of the Speaker under existing laws.-R. S., Sec. 38, and Laws, 2, 43, p. 316.

Each member and Delegate, after he has taken and subscribed the required oath, is entitled to receive his salary at the end of each month.-R. S., Sec. 39.

Deduction of, for absence.—R. S., Sec. 40.
Deduction for withdrawal from seat.-R. S., Sec. 41.
Deductions for books.—R. S., Sec. 42.

By a resolution of the House of March 4, 1812, the Sergeant-atArms is required to deduct the amount of the excess of stationery to which he is entitled, received by a member, from the pay and mileage of such member.-Journal, 2, 27, p. 495. (See STATION


The compensation of members and Delegates shall be passed as public accounts, and paid out of the public Treasury.-R. S., Sec. 46.

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