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ent session, induced him to defer a rearrangement and simplification of the Digest, which rearrangement, he believes, would not only combine under one head everything bearing on the subject sought for, or give the proper reference thereto, but would, by condensation, enable the compiler to largely reduce the size of the volume, or, if that course were deemed advisable, add a large variety of matter valuable by way of reference in legislation or otherwise.

The completion of the work of compiling all the questions of order decided in the House, in which the compiler hereof is now engaged, he believes will enable him to present in the next edition a volume of more value and interest, not only to members of the House of Representatives, but to the general public.

CONSTITUTION

OF

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

3

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CONSTITUTION

OF

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

We, the people of the United States, in order Preamblo

to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

ARTICLE I.

SECTION I.

All legislative powers herein granted shall be Congress vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

SECTION II.

how chosen.

The House of Representatives shall be com- Representativok posed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several States, and the elect. ors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislature. No person shall be a Representative who shall Qualification or

representatives. not have attained the age of twenty-five years,

and direct taxes.

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years.

and been seven years a citizen of the United
States, and who shall not, when elected, be an in-

habitant of that State in which he shall be chosen. Apportionment Representatives and direct taxes shall be apof representatives

portioned among the several States which may
be included within this Union, according to their
respective numbers, which shall be determined
by adding to the whole number of free persons,
including those bound to service for a term of
years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-
fifths of all other persons.

The actual enumer-
ation shall be made within three years after the

first meeting of the Congress of the United Census every ten States, and within every subsequent term of ten

years, in such manner as they shall by law di-
rect. The number of Representatives shall not
exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each
State shall have at least one Representative ;
and until such enumeration shall be made, the
State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to
choose three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island
and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five,
New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania
eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia
ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five,
and Georgia three.

When vacancies happen in the representation
from any State, the executive authority thereof

shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies. Representatives The House of Representatives shall choose

their Speaker and other officers; and shall have peachments.

the sole power of impeachment.

how

Vacancies,
Alled.

choose officers and bring im.

SECTION III.

Sepatu, how chosen.

The Senate of the United States shall be com,

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