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of an adjourned meeting, if it shall appear that at such meeting a quorum was present, and that a majority of such quorum authorized a report to be made.-Same Journal, pp. 1433, 1434.

[It is the practice for committees to appoint subcommittees to make investigations), and in such case no member of the commit. tee, as a matter of right, can take for examination papers referred to a subcommittee.-Cong. Globe, 1, 39, p. 4019.

“A committee cannot receive a petition but through the House.”— Manual, p. 60. “Members having petitions and memorials to present may hand them to the Clerk, indorsing the same with their names, and'the reference or disposition to be made thereof; and such petitions and memorials shall be entered on the Journal, subject to the control and direction of the Speaker."--Rule 131, p. 135. [This is the only mode of presenting a petition for reference now recognized by the rules. The rule, however, is construed to authorize the withdrawal of old papers from the files, for the purpose of reference to the ap. propriate committee. In this counection it is deemed proper to call attention to that portion of the foregoing rule which requires that the name of the member and that of the committee shall be indorsed upon the paper to be referred.

“The Clerk may deliver the bill to any member of the committee, but it is usual to deliver it to him who is first named."--Manual, p. 69. [In the House of Representatives, the long-settled practice has been, where the committee have a regular place of meeting, as is the case with all standing committees, for the Clerk to take to the committee-room and deposit there all matters referred to said committee, and either make an entry of the same in the docket of the committee or leave them with the clerk; and when they have no committee-room, as is the case with some of the select committees, to deliver the matter referred to the chairman.]

It is not competent for the House to instruct a committee to amend a bill in a manner that the House itself cannot amend it.Journal, 2, 35, p. 389. [Indeed, it is the well-settled practice that the House cannot instruct a committee to do what the House itself cannot do.-Barclay.

A division of the question is not in order on a motion to commit or recommit with instructions, or on the different branches of instructions.Journals, 1, 17, p. 507; 1, 31, pp. 1395, 1397; and, 1, 32,

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p. 611.

“The committee may not erase, interline, or blot the bill itself, but must, in a paper by itself, set down the amendments, stating the words which are to be inserted or omitted, and where, by reference to the page, line, and word of the bill."— Manual, p. 70.

6.Wben a vote is once passed in a committee it cannot be altered but by the House, their votes being binding on themselves.”—Manual, p. 70.

“ If the committee are opposed to the whole paper, and think it cannot be made good by amendments, they cannot reject it, but must report it back to the House without amendments, and there made their opposition.”—Manual, p. 69.

“ The committee have full power over the bill or other paper, except that they cannot change the title or subject.”—Manual, p. 69.

As soon as the Journal is read, and the unfinished business in wbich the House was engaged at the last preceding adjournment has been disposed of, reports from committees shall be called for and disposed of; in doing which the Speaker shall call upon each standing committee in the following order, viz:

Committee of Elections.
Committee of Ways and Means.
Committee on Appropriations.
Committee on Banking and Carrency.
Committee on the Pacific Railroad.
Committee of Claims.
Committee on Commerce.
Committee on the Public Lands.
Committee on the Post-Office and Post-Roads.

Committee for the District of Columbia. (Omitted in call. See Rule 82.)

Committee on the Judiciary.
Committee on War Claims.
Committee on Public Ependitures.
Committee on Private Land-Claims.
Committee on Manufactures.
Committee on Agriculture.
Committee on Indian Affairs.
Committee on Military Affairs.
Committee on the Militia.

Committee on Naval Affairs.
Committee on Foreign Affairs.
Committee on the Territories.
Committee on Revolutionary Pensions.
Committee on Invalid Pensions.
Committee on Railways and Canals.
Committee on Mines and Mining.
Committee on Education and Labor.
Committee on the Revision of the Laws.
Committee on Coinage, Weights, and Measures.
Committee on Patents.
Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds.
Committee of Accounts.
Committee on Mileage.
Committee on Expenditures in the State Department.
Committee on Expenditures in the Treasury Department.
Committee on Expenditures in the War Department.
Committee on Expenditures in the Navy Department.
Committee on Expenditures in the Post-Office Department.
Committee on Expenditures in the Interior Department.
Committee on Expenditures on the Public Buildings.
Committee on Expenditures in the Department of Justice.
Committee on Levees and Improvement of the Mississippi River.

After the select committees have been called, the joint committees shall then be called in the following order, viz:

Joint Committee on Printing.
Joint Committee on Enrolled Bills.
Joint Committee on the Library.

And when all the standing committees shall have been called, then it shall be the duty of the Speaker to call for reports from select committees. If the Speaker shall not get through the call upon the committees before the House passes to other business, he shall resume the call where he left off, giving preference to the report last under consideration : Provided, That whenever any committee shall have occupied the morning hour on two days, it shall not be in order for such committee to report further until the other committees shall have been called in their turn.-Rule 51, p. 113. (But this proviso does not restrain the House from occupying the morning hour on more than two days in the consideration of a report.]

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[The regular daily call for reports, as provided for by this rale, is liable to be interfered with by "special orders," "questions of privilege,” and “privileged questions," also by the “call of States for bills on leave and resolutions,” which, by Rule 130, is in order every Monday, and “motions to suspend the rules," which, by Rule 145, may be submitted every Monday, at the expiration of one hour after the Journal is read. So, too, by Rule 128, the call of committees is limited on Fridays to business of a private nature."]

“ It shall be in order for the Committee on Enrolled Bills and the Committee on Printing to report at any time-Rules 100, 101, p. 126 -and also for the Committee on Appropriations to report (for the purpose of reference) the general appropriation bills at any time”Rule 77—and the Committee of Ways and Means have leave to report, for commitment, at any time.-Rule 151, p. 141.

“A committee having leave to report at all times may report in part at different times.”Journal, 1, 27, p. 104.

The right to report at any time carries with it the right to con: sider the matter when reported.—Journal, 1, 32, p. 195. And where authority is given to a committee to make a report at a particular time, the right follows to consider the report when made.-Journal, 1, 22, p. 1409.

[The bill or resolution reported being subject, of course, to the rules and practice of the House.]

“ The several standing committees of the House shall have leave to report by bill or otherwise."-Rule 71, p. 119.

It is not competent for a committee to report a bill where the subject matter has not been referred to them by the House, by the rules or otherwise. Journal, 1, 31, p. 590.

A bill may be reported with a recommendation that it do not pass, if based upon a paper regularly referred.-Journal, 1, 32, p. 785.

Whenever the report of a committee is adverse, it shall be in writing and ordered to be printed.— Rule 164, p. 143.

“ The report being made, the committee is dissolved, and can act no more without a new power. But it may be revived by a vote, and the same matter recommitted to them.”—Manual, p. 71. [This evidently refers to a select committee, and, under the practice of the House, a motion to recommit, decided affirmatively, has the effect of reviving the committee.-See Journal, 2, 37, p. 874; 3, 37, pp. 487 to 489.

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If it is disputed that a report has been ordered to be made by a committee, the question of reception must be put to the House.Journal, 2, 27, p. 1410.

A minority of the committee cannot make a report, a minority not being the committee.-Journal, 1, 24, p. 562. [The common practice, however, is to permit the minority to submit their views in writing, which are usually printed and considered with the majority report.] And when such views are accompanied by a resolution or bill, such resolution or bill is not thereby brought before the House for its action, but must be submitted by some member.Congressional Globe, 1, 31, p. 1345.

The chairman of a committee submitting a report has a right to read it.-Journal, 2, 27, p. 409.

“A member reporting the measure under consideration from a committee may open and close the debate"-Rule 60, p. 116-and, under the invariable practice, he is entitled to be recognized, notwithstanding another member may have risen first and addressed the Chair-Journal, 3, 17, p. 211—and his right to close the debate is never denied him, even after the previous question is ordered or debate has been closed.—Journal, 1, 31, p. 1056.

6. The proceedings of a committee are not to be published, as they are of no force till confirmed by the House.”—Manual, p. 60. And it is not in order, under the regular call for resolutions, to submit a resolution instructing a committee to continue its investigations without secrecy either as to their past or future proceedings.Journal, 3, 42, pp. 121-2.

It is not in order to allude on the floor to anything that has taken place in committee, unless by a written report sanctioned by a majority of the committee.—Journals, 1, 26, p. 418; 1, 31, p. 393.

"After commitment and report thereof to the House, or at any time before its passage, a bill may be recommitted; and should such recommitment take place after its engrossment, and an amendment be reported and agreed to by the House, the question shall be again put on the engrossment of the bill."-Rule 124, p. 133. But recommitment cannot be moved after the previous question is or. dered.-Journal, 1, 29, p. 643.

"If a report be recommitted before agreed to in the House, what has passed in committee is of no validity; the whole question is


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