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discharge the powers and duties
and duties of the said of. fice, the same shall devolve on the Vice Presi. dent, and the Congress may by law provide for the case of removal, death, resignation, or inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what officer shall then act as President, and such officer shall act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.
The President shall, at stated times, receive Compensation of for his services a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that period any other emolument from the United States, or any of them.
Before he enter on the execution of his office, he shall take the following oath or affirmation:
“I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will Oath. faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States."
of tho Prosidant
The President shall be Commander-in-chief of Powers and duties the army and navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several States, when called into the actual service of the United States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of the prin. cipal officer in each of the executive departments, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offences against
the United States, except in cases of impeach-
He shall have power, by and with the advice
and he shall nominate, and, by and with the ad-
ambassadors, other public ministers and con-
The President shall have power to fill up all
Vacancies in of., tice.
He shall from time to time give to the Congress information of the state of the Union, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both houses, or either of them, and in case of disagreement between them, with respect to the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other public ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, and shall commission all the officers of the United States
The President, Vice President, and all civil Impeachment officers of the United States, shall be removed from office on impeachment for, and conviction of treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.
ure of judges.
The judicial power of the United States shall Judiciary and tenbe vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, both of the Supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services a compensation which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.
The judicial power shall extend to all cases, Power of the judi in law and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority;—to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers, and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to which the United States shall be a party; to controversies between two or more States; between a State and citizens of another
State; between citizens of different States; be. tween citizens of the same State claiming lands under grants of different States, and between a State, or the citizens thereof, and foreign States,
citizens or subjects. Jurisdiction of the
In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a. State shall be party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before mentioned, the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact; with such exceptions, and under such regula
tions as the Congress shall make. Trials by jury.
The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the State where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress may by law have directed.
And where held.
Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court.
The Congress shall bave power to declare the No corruption of blood
punishment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work corruptiou of blood or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted.
Full faith and credit shall be given in each Acts of States no State to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general laws prescribe the manner in which such acts, records and proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof.
The citizens of each State shall be entitled to Privilegen of oiti.
zenship. all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States. A person charged in any State with treason, Fugitives from jus.
tice to be delivered felony, or other crime, who shall flee from jus- up. tice, and be found in another State, shall, on demand of the executive authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having jurisdiction of the crime.
No person held to service or labor in one Fagitive slaves to State, under the laws thereof, escaping into ' another, shall, in consequence of any law or reg. ulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be due.
be delivered up.
New States may be admitted by the Congress New States into this Union ; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State ; nor any State be formed by the