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JOINT RULES AND ORDERS OF THE TWO HOUSES AS THEY EXISTED AT THE CLOSE OF THE FORTY-THIRD CONGRESS.
1. In every case of an amendment of a bill agreed to in one house and dissented to in the other, if either house shall request a conference, and appoint a committee for that purpose, and the other house shall also appoint a committee to confer, such committee shall, at a convenient hour, to be agreed upon by their chairman, meet in the conference chamber, and state to each other, verbally or in writing, as either shall choose, the reasons of their respective houses for and against the amendment, and confer freely thereon.-November 13, 1794.
2. When a message shall be sent from the Senate to the House of Representatives, it shall be announced at the door of the House by the Doorkeeper, and shall be respectfully communicated to the Chair by the person by whom it may be sent.-November 13, 1794.
3. The same ceremony shall be observed when a message shall be sent from the House of Representatives to the Senate.-November 13, 1794.
4. Messages shall be sent by such persons as a sense of propriety in each house may determine to be proper.-November 13, 1794.
5. While bills are on their passage between the two houses, they shall be on paper, and under the signature of the Secretary or Clerk of each house, respectively.-November 13, 1794.
6. After a bill shall have passed both houses, it shall be duly enrolled on parchment by the Clerk of the House of Representatives, or the Secretary of the Senate, as the bill may have originated in the one or the other house, before it shall be presented to the President of the United States.-November 13, 1794.
7. When bills are enrolled, they shall be examined by a joint committee of two from the Senate and two from the House of Representatives, appointed as a standing committee for that purpose, who
shall carefully compare the enrollment with the engrossed bills as passed in the two houses, and, correcting any errors that may be discovered in the enrolled bills, make their report forthwith to their respective houses.-November 13, 1794, and February 1, 1827.
8. After examination and report, each bill shall be signed in the respective houses, first by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, then by the President of the Senate.-November 13, 1794.
9. After a bill shall have been thus signed in each house, it shall be presented, by the said committee, to the President of the United States, for his approbation (it being first indorsed on the back of the roll, certifying in which house the same originated; which indorsement shall be signed by the Secretary or Clerk, as the case may be, of the house in which the same did originate), and shall be entered on the journal of each house. The said committee shall report the day of presentation to the President; which time shall also be carefully entered on the journal of each house.-November 13, 1794.
10. All orders, resolutions, and votes which are to be presented to the President of the United States for his approbation, shall also, in the same manner, be previously enrolled, examined, and signed; and shall be presented in the same manner, and by the same committee, as provided in cases of bills.-November 13, 1794.
11. When the Senate and House of Representatives shall judge it proper to make a joint address to the President, it shall be presented to him in his audience chamber by the President of the Senate, in the presence of the Speaker and both houses.-November 13, 1794.
12. When a bill or resolution which shall have passed in one house is rejected in the other, notice thereof shall be given to the house in which the same shall have passed.—June 10, 1790.
13. When a bill or resolution which has been passed in one house shall be rejected in the other, it shall not be brought in during the same session, without a notice of ten days and leave of two-thirds of that house in which it shall be renewed.-June 10, 17 90.
14. Each house shall transmit to the other all papers on which any bill or resolution shall be founded.-June 10, 1790.
15. After each house shall have adhered to their disagreement, a bill or resolution shall be lost.-June 10, 1790.
16. No bill that shall have passed one house shall be sent for concurrence to the other on either of the three last days of the session.-January 30, 1822.
17. No bill or resolution that shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate shall be presented to the President of the United States, for his approbation, on the last day of the session.-January 30, 1822.
18. When bills which have passed one house are ordered to be printed in the other, a greater number of copies shall not be printed than may be necessary for the use of the house making the order.— February 9, 1829.
19. No spirituous or malt liquors, or wines, shall be offered for sale, exhibited or kept within the Capitol, or in any room or building connected therewith, or on the public ground adjacent thereto. And it shall be the duty of the Sergeants-at-Arms of the two houses, under the supervision of the presiding officers thereof, respectively, to enforce the foregoing provisions. And any officer or employé of either house who shall in any manner violate or connive at the violation of this rule shall be dismissed from office.-March 18, 1867.
20. There shall be a joint committee on the library, to consist of three members on the part of the Senate and three on the part of the House of Representatives, to superintend and direct the expenditure of all moneys appropriated for the library, and to perform such other duties as are or may be directed by law.-December 7, 1843.
21. After six days from the commencement of a second or subsequent session of Congress, all bills, resolutions, or reports which originated in either house, and at the close of the next preceding session remained undetermined in either house, shall be resumed and acted on in the same manner as if an adjournment had not taken place.-August 14, 1848.
22. The two houses shall assemble in the hall of the House of Representatives at the hour of 1 o'clock p. m. on the second Wednesday in February next succeeding the meeting of the electors of President and Vice-President of the United States, and the President of the Senate shall be their presiding officer; one teller shall be appointed on the part of the Senate, and two on the part of the House of Representatives, to whom shall be handed, as they are opened by the President of the Senate, the certificates of the elect
oral votes; and said tellers having read the same in the presence and hearing of the two houses thus assembled, shall make a list of the votes as they shall appear from the said certificates; and the votes having been counted, the result of the same shall be delivered to the President of the Senate, who shall thereupon announce the state of the vote and the names of the persons, if any elected, which announcement shall be deemed a sufficient declaration of the persons elected President and Vice-President of the United States, and, together with a list of the votes, be entered on the journals of the two houses.
If, upon the reading of any such certificate by the tellers, any question shall arise in regard to counting the votes therein certified, the same having been stated by the presiding officer, the Senate shall thereupon withdraw, and said question shall be submitted to that body for its decision; and the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall, in like manner, submit said question to the House of Representatives for its decision. And no question shall be decided affirmatively, and no vote objected to shall be counted, except by the concurrent votes of the two houses; which being obtained, the two houses shall immediately reassemble, and the presiding officer shall then announce the decision of the question submitted; and upon any such question there shall be no debate in either house. And any other question pertinent to the object for which the two houses are assembled may be submitted and determined in like manner.
At such joint meeting of the two houses seats shall be provided. as follows: for the President of the Senate, the "Speaker's chair"; for the Speaker, a chair immediately upon his left; for the Senators, in the body of the hall upon the right of the presiding officer; for the Representatives, in the body of the hall not occupied by the Senators; for the tellers, Secretary of the Senate, and Clerk of the House of Representatives, at the Clerk's desk; for the other offi cers of the two houses, in front of the Clerk's desk and upon either side of the Speaker's platform.
Such joint meeting shall not be dissolved until the electoral votes are all counted and the result declared; and no recess shall be taken, unless a question shall have arisen in regard to counting any of such votes, in which case it shall be competent for either house,
acting separately in the manner hereinbefore provided, to direct a recess not beyond the next day, at the hour of one o'clock p. m.— February 6, 1865.
[At the first session of the 44th Congress (see H. R. Journal, p. 239) the Senate transmitted to the House the following message, viz:
"The Senate have passed the following resolution, viz:
"Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representatives concurring), That the joint rules of the Senate and House of Representatives in force at the close of the last session of Congress, except the twenty-second joint rule, be, and the same are hereby, adopted as the joint rules of the two houses for the present session.""
The only action taken by the House on this resolution was its reference to the Committee on Rules. Ibid, p. 318.
August 14, 1876, the House adopted the following resolution, viz:
"Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate concurring), That the sixteenth and seventeenth joint rules be suspended for the remander of the session."-Same Journal, p. 1470.
The same having been transmitted to the Senate, on the 14th of August, 1876 (same Journal, pp. 1477, 1478), the Senate transmitted to the House the following message, viz:
"The Senate has passed a resolution in relation to the suspension of the sixteenth and seventeenth joint rules, in response to a resolution of the House on the same subject, notifying the House that as the House had not notified the Senate of the adoption of joint rules for the present session, as proposed by the resolution of the Senate of the 20th day of January last, there are no joint rules in force."]