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shall be or become an agent to prosecute any claim pending before Congress; and the Speaker shall give his written permission with this condition.—December 23, 1857.

UNFINISHED BUSINESS OF THE SESSION.

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136. After six days from the commencement of a second or subsequent session of any Congress, all bills, resolutions, and reports which originated in the House, and at the close of the next preceding session remained undetermined, shall be resumed and acted on in the same manner as if an adjournment had not taken place.March 17, 1848. And all business before committees of the House at the end of one session shall be resumed at the commencement of the next session of the same Congress, as if no adjournment had taken place.—March 16, 1860.

[The word "resolutions," as herein used, applies to joint resolutions only.]

[Prior to the last-named date it had been the practice for several years, near the close of the first session of a Congress, for the House to adopt a resolution making a similar provision. This amendment was adopted to save the necessity for the passage of a similar resolution at every Congress. ]

MISCELLANEOUS.

137. Whenever confidential communications are received from the President of the United States, the House shall be cleared of all persons, except the members, Clerk, Sergeant-at-Arms, and Doorkeeper, and so continue during the reading of such communications, and (unless otherwise directed by the House) during all debates and proceedings to be had thereon. And when the Speaker, or any other member, shall inform the House that he has communications to make which he conceives ought to be kept secret, the House shall, in like manner, be cleared till the communication be made; the House shall then determine whether the matter communicated requires secrecy or not, and take order accordingly.-February 17, 1792, and December 30, 1793.

[In the rule as originally established, on the 17th of February, 1792, it is provided that the House be cleared of all persons, except “ the members and the Clerk.” In the rules of the 13th of November, 1794, the language used is “the members of the House and its officers.” In the edition of 7th January, 1802, the terms “members and Clerk” are again used, and on the 23d December, 1811, it was changed to its present form, so as to include the Sergeantat-Arms and Doorkeeper. By Rule 10 it is provided that the Clerk, Sergeant.

at-Arms, Doorkeeper, and Postmaster, shall be sworn "to keep the secrets of the House.”'] 138. The rule for paying witnesses summoned to appear before this House, or either of its committees, shall be as follows: For each day a witness shall attend, the sum of three dollars; for each mile he shall travel in coming to or going from the place of examination, the sum of five cents each way; but nothing shall be paid for traveling when the witness has been summoned at the place of trial.—May 31, 1872, and March 29, 1876.

139. Maps accompanying documents shall not be printed, under the general order to print, without the special direction of the House.—March 2, 1837; September 11, 1837.

[See rule 100.] 140. No extra compensation shall be allowed to any officer or messenger, page, laborer, or other person in the service of the House, or engaged in or about the public grounds or buildings; and no person shall be an officer of the House, or continue in its employment, who shall be an agent for the prosecution of any claim against the government, or be interested in such claim otherwise than as an original claimant; and it shall be the duty of the Committee of Accounts to inquire into and report to the House any violation of this rule.—March 8, 1842.

141. When the reading of a paper is called for, and the same is objected to by any member, it shall be determined by a vote of the House.- November 13, 1794.

[As originally adopted, this rule contained, after the word "for,” the words “ which had before been read to the House.” They were stricken out on the 14th December, 1795. See also Manual, page 70.]

142. When a question is postponed indefinitely, the same shall not be acted upon again during the session.December 17, 1805.

143. Every order, resolution, or vote, to which the concurrence of the Senate shall be necessary, shall be read to the House, and laid on the table, on a day preceding that in which the same shall be moved, unless the House shall otherwise expressly allow.— April 7, 1789.

144. The rules of Parliamentary practice comprised in Jefferson's Manual shall govern the House in all cases to which they are appli. cable, and in which they are not inconsistent with the standing rules and orders of the House, and joint rules of the Senate and House of Representatives.-September 15, 1837.

145. No standing rule or order of the House shall be rescinded or changed without one day's notice being given of the motion therefor-November 13, 1794; nor shall any rule be suspended, except by a vote of at least two-thirds of the members present-March 13, 1822; nor shall the order of business, as established by the rules, be postponed or changed, except by a vote of at least two-thirds of the members present; nor shall the Speaker entertain a motion to suspend the rules, except during the last six days of the session, and on Monday of every week at the expiration of one hour after the journal is read-April 26, 1828, and June 22, 1874-unless the call of States and Territories for bills on leave and resolutions has been earlier concluded, when the Speaker may entertain a motion to suspend the rules.—June 8, 1864.

[The only exceptions to this rule are contained in Rule 104, under which a majority may, at any time, suspend the rules for the purpose of going into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, and also for closing debate therein; and by Rule 119 to make any of the general appropriation bills a special order.

The words “at the expiration of one hour after the journal is read” were inserted March 16, 1860, so as to enable the House, on Mondays, to receive reports, bills on leave, and resolutions, as provided for in Rules 51 and 130, without interruption.] 146. All elections of officers of the House, including the Speaker, shall be conducted in accordance with these rules, so far as the same are applicable; and, pending the election of a Speaker, the Clerk shall preserve order and decorum, and shall decide all questions of order that may arise, subject to appeal to the House

1860. 147. These rules shall be the rules of the House of Representatives of the present and succeeding Congresses unless otherwise ordered.-March 19, 1860.

148. An additional standing committee shall be appointed at the commencement of each Congress, whose duties shall continue until the first session of the ensuing Congress, to consist of seven members, to be entitled a “Committee on Coinage, Weights, and Measures"; and to this committee shall be referred all bills, resolutions, and communications to the House upon that subject.-January 21, 1864; March 2, 1867.

149. The names of members not voting on any call of the ayes and noes shall be recorded in the journal immediately after those

March 19,

voting in the affirmative and negative, and the same record shall be made in the Congressional Globe.—June 8, 1864.

150. It shall be the duty of the Committee on the Pacific Rail. road to take into consideration all such petitions and matters or things relative to railroads or telegraph-lines between the Mississippi Valley and the Pacific Coast as shall be presented or shall come in question, and be referred to them by the House, and to report their opinion thereon, together with such propositions relative thereto as to them shall seem expedient.—March 2, 1865.

151. It shall be the duty of the Committee of Ways and Means to take into consideration all reports of the Treasury Department, and such other propositions relative to raising revenue and providing ways and means for the support of the government as shall be presented or shall come in question, and be referred to them by the House, and to report their opinion thereon by bill or otherwise, as to them shall seem expedient; and said committee shall have leave to report for commitment at any time.—March 2, 1865.

152. It shall be the duty of the Committee on Banking and Currency to take into consideration all propositions relative to bank. ing and the currency as shall be presented or shall come in question, and be referred to them by the House, and to report thereon by bill or otherwise.—March 2, 1865.

153. It shall be the duty of the Committee on Mines and Mining to consider all subjects relating to mines and mining that may be referred to them, and to report their opinion thereon, together with such propositions relative thereto as may seem to them expedient. December 19, 1865.

154. The allowance of stationery to each member and delegate shall be of the value of seventy-five dollars for a long session, and forty-five dollars for a short session of Congress.-- December 19, 1865.

[This rule is inoperative, as by act of February 12, 1868, the allowance for stationery and newspapers is fixed at one hundred and twenty-five dollars for each session.] 155. The hall of the House shall not be used for any other purpose than the legitimate business of the House, nor shall the Speaker entertain any proposition to use it for any other purpose, or for the suspension of this rule: Provided, That this shall not interfere with the performance of divine service therein, under the direction of the Speaker, or with the use of the same for caucus meetings of the members, or upon occasions where the House may, by resolution, agree to take part in any ceremonies to be observed therein.-January 31, 1866.

156. [The Committee on Freedmen's Affairs having been abolished December 15, 1875 (see H. R. Journal 1, 44, p. 70), this rule was thereby rescinded. Inasmuch as the number of the rule was retained in “Barclay's Digest,” and in the absence of instruction or direction by the House, the journal-clerk did not feel warranted in dropping it.)

157. When an act has been approved by the President, the usual number of copies shall be printed for the use of the House.—March 15, 1867.

158. Messages from the Senate and the President of the United States, giving notice of bills passed or approved, shall be reported forthwith from the Clerk's desk.—March 15, 1867.

159. Estimates of appropriations, and all other communications from the executive departments, intended for the consideration of any of the committees of the House, shall be addressed to the Speaker and by him submitted to the House for reference.—March 15, 1867.

160. There shall be appointed at each Congress a Committee on Education and Labor, to consist of nine members, to whom shall be referred all petitions, bills, reports, and resolutions on those subjects, and who shall from time to time report thereon.—March 21, 1867.

161. Pending a motion to suspend the rules, the Speaker may entertain one motion that the House do now adjourn; but after the result thereon is announced he shall not entertain any other dilatory motion till the vote is taken on suspension.-February 25, 1868.

162. The Speaker shall appoint from among the Delegates from the Territories one additional meinber of the Committee on the Territories, one additional member of the Committee on Indian Affairs, one additional member of the Committee on Mines and Mining, and one additional member of the Committee on the Public Lands; but the said Delegates, in their respective committees, shall have the same privileges only as in the House.- December 13, 1871; March 29, 1876.

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