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General characteristics of the Tulor Period- Ilenry VII.: checks on the

royal authority at his accession-His laws-Obedience to a king die
factoRevival of the criminal jurisdiction of the Star Chamber-
Royal exactions—Insurrections in 1488 ani 1497—Benevolences-Mor.
ton's Fork—Empson and Duuley—l'ariininent seldom summoned -
His riches made him practically independent-HENRY VIII.: Taxation

- Wolsey's attempt to intimidate the Commons-Forced loans and
benevolences— Privy Seals—Treatment of Reed and Roach-Release of
the King's debts by Parliament-New treasons created by statute-ulus-
trious victims— Bills of Attainder- Act giving the king's proclama.
tions the force of law-Causes of the increased power of the Crown-
Popularity of Henry VIII.-Consolidation of the Kingdom-Wales-
Ireland, Poyning's Law-EDWARD VI. and MARY: character of

their civil government–Law of Treason-Proclamations-Insurrections

of 1549— Their origin-Act against unlawful assemblies-Violence of

Mary's reign-Powers of a Queen Regnant settled by Act of Parlia-

meni-Reviving independence of the Commons—met by creation of

rotten boroughs and by influencing the elections


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The Reformation under Henry VIII. political and legal, rather than reli-

gious— Doctrinal changes under Edward VI. and Elizabeth an unin-
tentional consequence- But both were the effect of causes long in
operation-Early and continuous national character of English Church
-Growth of Papal power from the Conquest till reign of llenry III. -
Resistance of Edward I. to the Papal claims—Answer of the English
Parliament to letter of Boniface VIII.-Series of Statutes passed to
check aggressions of the Pope-De Asportatis Rcligiosorum, 35

Edw. I., 1307–Statute of Provisors, 25 Edw. III., 1351-Statute

forbidding Citations to the Court of Rome, 1353 - Statute of
13 Ric. II., 1389-Boniface IX, brings matters to a crisis, 1391–
Petition of the Commons-Statute of Pracmunire, 16 Ric. II., 1392–
Boniface yields-Rise of the Lollars-John Wyclifte, 1360—and his
'poor priests '- The Bible translated and disseminated - Revolutionary
and socialistic tendencies of Wycliffe's followers— Their implication in
insurrection of the Villains, 1;Si-Conservillive recrion in consequence
-llenry !!.supports the prelates-Statute Dellaeretico Comieniny,
1401–Petition of the commons for a secularization of Church
property-Insurrection of the Lullariis unier Sir John Olurile: 1412
-Lollarıdry repressed, but not extinguisheil- lievive's it beginning of
Tóth century --The issociation of Christian Brothers-lllones of
the Ecclesiastical suntem - lieneric of Clers-Dr. Standish and con
vocation-ase of Richard Tunne-Luther at Wistemleri, 1517-
llenry VIII. li povel to curb ecclesiastical abuses, but approved to
doctrinal chang-lle gains the title of Defender of the Britha-
Iniluence of writings of Luther and other foreign reformers on English
Lullarddison-Somo reform of the ecclesiastical system inevitable-
l'recipitniced by llenry VIII.'s livorce suit --The Kictormation l'arlia.
meni, 15-09-15;6 ---- Sission I. : Perition of Commons for a Scrutiny into
licclesianical Blouses - Answer of the bikep-llurry; criticism

thereon-Statutes in restraint or I'rubate fue's, Mortuaries, Pluralities;

lon-resiilence and clerical trading --Sisi 11. : l'rociors and panioners

punisieel is vagabonis—The clery in a primwiri-lirioned on

payment of a large sum and admitting the King's supremacy --The

laily in a prucmunir:- Partioneel by.Act of Parliament. Siss. 111.:

Ict to restrain citations from one diocese to another-first-fruits taken

froin the Pope-Siss. II.; det for restraint of Appenis lu Rume--

Siss. V.: Act for submission of the clergy-Bishops to be nominated

by the King's concilive-Payment of Peter-pence and other papal

exactions forbidden - llenry's first Royal Succession Act ---Math

imposed thereby-Execution of Sir Thomas Vore and Dishop Fisher

-Siss. VI.: Royal proclamation against the Pope, 1534-ct of

Supremany-First-fruits annexed to the Crown-Siss. VII. : Dissolu.

tion of Smaller Monasteries-Pilgrimage of Grace,' 1536–The Larger

Vonasteries dissolved-Was the suppression of the Monasteries justi..

fiable ?-Distribution of the Church property-Its results-Doctrine of

the Anglican Church declared by llenry-Ict of the Six Articles,

15.39-English translation of the Bible, 1535—'Institution' and Iru-

clition of a Christian Man'-EDWARD II. - The Religious Reformation

under hiin-Insurrections, 1549-P'ersecution-MLARI-ke-establish-

ment of Papal religion—The Marian persecution—The Reformation

promoted by it.


Ecclesiastical polity of Elizabeth-Acts of Supremacy and Cniformity,

1559-Oath of Supremacy and Allegiance-First-fruits and tenths
restored to the Crown—The XXXIX Vrticles of Religion --Relations
of the Reformellational Church to the Crown -- lielusil os oi1th of
supremacy by all but one bishop-The clergy generally conform-
Persecuting statutes-Act of 1562--Speech of Lord Montagu against
it-The Bishops' Act, 1566—The Roman Catholics suspected of dis-
loyalty-Elizabetli's title to the throne purely parliamentary—The
Catholics in favour of hereditary claims of Mary Queen of Scois-Title
of Ilouse of Susfolk-Llarsh treatment of Lady Catherine Grey-

Treason of Edriund and Arthur Pole-Effect of Mary's flight into

England - Rebellion of Duke of Vorfolk and of Earls of Northumber.

land and Westmoreland, 1569—Bull of Pius V., 1570-Statutes of

1571- Jesuits and_missionary priests in England - Act of 1581- The

Jesuit Campian-Torture in England-Plots against the Queen's life-

Association for her defence-Ace against Jesuits, 1553 – Execution of

Mary Queen of Scots, 1587-Spanish Armada, 1555--Act of 1593–

Persecution of Protestant sectaries-Archbishop Marker's Advertise

ments.' 1305-Puritan conventicles-Attacks on lipiscopacy-Cart-

wright's * Admonition to the Parliament'-irchbishop Grindal-

Archbishop Whirgist-Iligh Commission Court establisheel, 156;—

The oath' ex vicio- Martin Mar-prelate tracts—l' libellers

punished with death-Iniluence of Scotch ccclesiastical attairs on

England-Presbyterianism in England, 1591 -- \ct of 1593 against

Protestant Vonconformists- Political results of persecution of

l'urirans-Civil Government of Ilizabeth-lis despotic character -

l'olitical trials unjustly conductel-court-

mrtial-Illegal comunit-

ments-Remonstrance of the Judges against them-- Ukural proclima-

tions-Restrictions on printing and bookselling-Elizabeth's economy

--occasional forceel loans, which are punctually repail-.Wministria

tion of Lord Burleigh-Puritan ascendency in llouse of Commons--

Contlicts with the Crown (1) as 10 settlement of the LCCCS51011. (2):15

to ecclesiastical reforms-Speech of l'eler Wentworth in 1570-. IIr.

Cope's Bill and Book, 1555—larliament of 159;--Elizabeth, letini-

tion of liberty of speech--The succession question again brought for:

ward by Peter Wentworth-Morice's bill for reform of ecclesiastical

courts-Causes of the general submissiveness of the Commons-

Successful opposition to Monopolies, 1601 – The Poor Laws-- Privi-

leges of Parliament-Storie's case, 15+S-Copley's case 1555-11all's

case, 1581-Dr. Parry's case, 15S; - blandi's case, 1550—Bribery at

elections punisheil-Long's case, 1571–. I sertion by Commons of

right to originate money bills, 1593- The Constitution, though

frequently violated in practice, remained theoretically intact--ylmer's

*Tarborowe of True and Faithful Subjects;' 1550—Jr. Speaker

Onslow's address to Queen Elizabeth, 1300-llarrison's Description

of England,' 1577-1 Tooker's Ecclesiastical l'olity'-Sir Thomas

Smiths Commonwealth.'



JAMES I. (1603-1625)— Tendency of political and religious thought at his

accession-The l'uritan Party-Effect of Jaires's Presbyterian educa-
tion-His political antipathy to Nonconformity-Arbitrary nature of
his civil government-Theory of Divine Right-A contlict with the
House of Commons inevitable- James is the asgressor-First Parlia-
ment, 1604 - Sess. I. Privileges of Commons vindicatell-Complaints
of grievances-Commons' justification of their proceedings-Sess. II.
and III. 1605-7. Expulsion of Sir Christopher Pigott-- Proposed
Union between England and Scotland, The l'ost-nati : Calvin's case-
Intermission of Parliament, 1607-10-Illegal impositions on merchan-
dise-Batis's case, 1606--The look of Rates,' 100S -Sess. IV. 1610.
kcmonstrance against impositions--Complaints against lligh Como
mission Court and Royal Proclamations- Cowell's 'Interpreter'-
King James's proclamation suppressing it-answer of the Judges as to
legality of Proclamations—The Great Contract'-Sess. V. 1810.
Parliament dissolved, l'eb. 1611-James attempts to rule without lar-

liament-Ilis method of raising money–His financial clifficulties—Thic

* Uncert.akers'-Sicond Parliment, 1614. Impositions denounced-

Bishop Vcile-Dissolution of the Aduled Parliament,' June, 1614–

Members sent to the Tower-Importance of the step-Six years of

arbitrary government-o general benevolence-l'rotests against it-

Imprisonment of Oliver St. John-Prosecution of Peachain, 1013–

Collision between the King and Chief Justice Coke-Case of Com.

inendams, 1016-Independience of the Barasailel-Disnuissal of Coke

from the Chief Justiceship-llis dis rrace an historical lanılmark

Foreign policy of Jimes-- Prir l'oriumont, 1621. Sess. I. Revival

of Impeachment; - Impeachments of Hompes son, Mitchell, ani lourd

Chancellor Licon, 1621, and of the Earl of Middlesex, 1621-later

cascs of Impeachment - l'iulent proceeiing against Flovil-Sess. II.

l'rosecution of Coke und Sandvs-Irritation of the commons-Petition

againsi l'opery and the Spanile match --James forbiels the Iloise 10

meddle with incries of State--livmonirance of the Commons- The
hing's Reply-- Proccol.2tion of Dec. 18, 1021-larliament disolveri,
feb. 10:: -Imprisonment of Memberi-tubi Purizmind, 1024.
.lct 22unst Monopolies-lon-tillitional results of James'i renin-
CILARLs I. (1025 10491---llis political character-First Parlament,
1023 Its si solutiori, .Jugust, 162; -Opposition to Buckingham-
Speech of Sir K. (Mon-Sanitar202.1, 1020. Imeachment of
Luchingdam - The Img; me-3.1.42 -- leply of the Commons--Im-
prisunment or Members-.luack on l'rivileges of the Lurds-Karl of
Arundel-Larl ot Bristol-llasty Dissolution, June, 1626-Expedients
to raise money-general loan iemanded and enforced-Darnit's case,
1627 – W'ar with France-Third Parlament, 1628, Sess. I. The
King's Speech-Committee of Grievances--Commons' resolutions,
Conference with the Lords-Speech of Sir Edward Coke-l'etition of
Right crawn up by the Commons-The Lorus propose an amendment
which is discussed and rejected–The King consults the Judges—The
King's first answer—The Royal Assent given in due form— Text of
PETITION OF Right, with notes-Subsidies granted— Tonnage and
Poundage- Prorogation of Parliameni-Sess. II. 1629. Merchants
imprisoned for reiusing to pay Tonnage and l’oundage-Copies of
l'ciition of Right circulated with King's first answer annexed-Selden
complains to the House-Question of Privilege, Rolle's case-Charles
renounces right to levy Tonnage and Poundage-Conservative position
of the Commons in politics and in religion--l'osition taken up by King
and Laud in the religious controversy—Toleration unthought of by
either party-Question of Tonnage and Poundlage resumed - The
officers who seized Rolle's goods summoned-King refuses to allow
them to be questioned, and orders the Commons to adjourn—A further

adjournmeni ordered— The Commons refuse-Tumult in the blouse-

The three Resolutions of the Commons-Dissolution of l'arliament,

March, 1629



THE RESTORATION (A.D. 1629-1660).

Determination of Charles I. to govern without a Parliament-Imprison-

ment of Sir John Eliot, Selden, and other members of the Commons-
Some of the popular party accept office-Eleven years of Despotic
Government-Expeclients io raise a revenue-Royal l'roclamations-
Servility of the Judges-l'unislıments intlicted by Star Chamber-
Cascs of Lishop Williams and Osbaldiston - Leighton-Lilburne-


"Sion's Plen aminst Prelacy'-Prynnc, Burton, and Bastwick-Case
of Ship-money-First writ of Ship-money, 1634-Second writ, 1635–
Resistance to the collection-Third writ. 1636-Ilampden's refusal to
pay-Extra-judicial opinions of the Judges-arguments on the case-
Judgment for the Crown-Clarendon's opinion of the effects of the
Jucigment—The Scottish Rebellion-Distress of the Governinent-

The Short Parliament, 1640. Its movleration anıl loyalty-Demanı of

an immediate supply - The Commons insist on redress of grievances-

Speech of Edmund Waller-Conterence with the Lords on grievances

- Exclusive right of Commons to initiate Money Bills Amendments

to Money-bills by the Lords-Charles olfers 1 give up Ship-money for

twelve subsidies - The Commons decline to purchase immunity iron

an illegal imposition -Speech of Secretary lane-Parliament dissolved

after three weeks' session - Effect of the Dissolution—The King re-

sumes his despotic courses-Convocation continual-promulgates 2

new set of Canons-lew onth for pretenting Innovations in Religion
- Failure of Military operations ainst the Scots-Great Council of

P'eers at York-The 1!! Parlemenil, 1040. Its characteritics-

Speech of l'ym on the sale of the kinglom-Imperchment of Seraf.

forii-Ilis execution uer a bill of lander, 1041 - Impeachment of

Laul, Finch, Winciclunk, mother-lictims of the Star (hamber

releascal-alinlance view the sens Salary Icer llie Lung

Parliameni-Triennial lui-Tunninghelnii lumine 1102 10 beluviest

without consellt - Sivip-trainer aboi-lel Sur chambret almolished

Iligh Commi-sion Conrı alulilueel Purveyance relrictul-lumpula

sory Knighthool aluliai-Txiensions on Royal Fore-is inmullert-

Impressment declareal illegal-Sole on Impres-ment - liti amint

Dissolution of Parliament without its own consent, anul To disable the

Clergy from exercising leniporal jurisiliciion--:kljournment of the

Parliament --Schism in the Constitutional l'arty-Defections from the

popular ranks-- The King's view as to the invalidity of statutes- The

Parliamentary Leaders apprehensive of danger-ani resolve to appeal

to the l'eople-Journey of the king to Edinburgh-its oluject-lego-

tiations for giving office to the popular leaders---Hurm caused by the

*Inciilent 'in Scotland, and the Rebellion in Ireland - Kvasscmbling

of Parliament, Oct. 1641--Motion of P'ym on the new Army Plot-

The Grand Remonstrance lairi on table of the Ilouse-organized Court

opposition to it-Seven days' debate—The final debate—The Remon.

strance carried by eleven votes-Character of its contents-Motion to

print the Remonstrance-- I'rotest of Mr. Palmer-Impeachment and

attempted Arrest of the Five Members-Its critical nature-Question

of the Militin-End of the Consiitutional Contest between Charles I.

and his Parliament- The Revolutionary l'eriod, 1642-1660— Results

of the Revolutionary Period-Vote on Collisions between the two




CHARLES II. (1660-168;). Chief constitutional statutes of his reign-

Abolition of Military tenures-Hereditary excise granted in exchange
-Act against tumultuous petitioning-Right of Subject to petition
the Crown and Parliament-Its historical development-Appropriation
of supplies-Growth of National Debt-Commission of l'ublic Ac-
counts---Habeas Corpus Act, 1679—Ancient remedies for illegal dle-
tention-Their inadequacy-.Ibortive attempts at a remedy-Jenkes's

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