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So under fortune; which, you thought, had been
Who wrought with them: and all things else, that might,
You made it known to us.
We are men 162), my liege.
159) pass'd in probation, is, I believe, only a bulky phrase employed to signify proved. Steerens. 10) To bear in hand, is, to delude by encouraging hope and holding out fair prospects, without any intention of performance. Malone. 161) gospelled, means no more than kept in obedience to that precept of the gospel, which teaches us „to pray for those that despitefully use Steevens. 162) That is, we have the same feelings as the rest of mankind; and, as men, are not without a manly resentment for the wrongs wbich we have suffered, and which you have now recited. Malone.
163) Shoughs are probably wbat we now call shocks, demi-wolves, lycisco; dogs bred between wolves and dogs. Johnson. 10*) The valued file, is the file or list where the value and peculiar qualities of every thing is set down, in contradistinction to what he immediately mentions, the bill that writes chem all alike. File in the second instance, is used in the same sense as in this, and with a reference to it. Now if you belong to any class that deserves a place in the valued file of man, and are not of the lowest rank, the common herd of mankind, that are not worth distinguishing from each other. Sieevens.
Hath in him clos'd; whereby he does receive
I am one, my liege,
And I another,
with disasters, tugg'd with fortune 165),
True, my lord.
We shall, my lord, Perform wbat you command us.
Both of you
105) tugg'd with fortune may be: fugg’d or worried by forione. Johnson. 106) By bloouy distance is here meant such a distance as mortal enemies would stand at from each other when their quarrel 'must be determined by the sword. This sense is evident from the continuation of the metaphor, where every minute of his being is represented as thrusting at the nearest part where life resides.
Steevees. 16?) for because of. Steevens.
Though our lives -
Te are resolv'd, my lord.
The same. Another Room.
Enter Lady Macbeth, and a Seryant.
Lady M. Say to the King, I would attend his leisure
[Exit. ) Lady M.
Nought's had, all's spent, Where our desire is got without content:
168) Acquaint you i. e. in ancient language: „ acquaint yourselves with the exact time most favourable to your purposes ; for such a moment must be spied out by you, be selected by your own 'attention and scrupulous observation. Macbeth in the intervening time might have learned from some of Banquo's attendants, which way he had ridden out, and therefore could tell the murderers where to plant themselves so as to cut him off on his return; but who could ascertain the precise hour of his arrival, except the ruffians who watched for thar purpose? Sree
169) i. e. you must manage matters so, that throughout the whole transaction I may stand clear of suspicion. Steevens.
Tis-safer ta be that which we destroy,
. With them they think on? Things without all remedy Should be without regard : what's done, is done.
Macb. We have scotch'd the snake, not kill'd it;
Duncan is in his grave;
lord, sleek o'er your rugged looks ; Be bright and jovial 'mong your guests to - night. Macb. So shall 1, love; and so, I
You must leave this.
170) sorriest i. e. worthless, ignoble, vile. Steevens. ) ecstasy i. e. emotions of pain, agony. Sie.evens. 172) i. e. do him the highest honours. Warburton. 17) linsafe the while what they are.
The sense of this passage (ilough clouded by metaphor, and perhaps by omission) appears to be as follows: It is a sure sign that our royalty is unsafe, when it must descend to flattery, and stoop to dissimulation. Sleereus.
Macb. O, full of scorpions is my mind, dear wife! Thou know'st, that Banquo and his Fleance lives.
Lddy M. But in tliem, nature's copy’s not eterne !?!).
Macb. There's comfort yı', they are assailable;
Wbat's to be done?
Light thickens 178); and the crow
SCENE II 1.
Enter three Murderers.
174) The copy, the lease, by which they hold their lives from nature, has its time of termination limited. Johnson." Eterne for eternal. Sreevens. 175) The beetle hatched in clefts of wood. Warburton. 176) chuck, a term of endearment, probably corrupted from chick or chicken. Steevens. '177) seeling i. e. blinding. It is a term of falconry. Warburton. 178) By the expression, light thickens, Shakspeare means, the light grows dull or muddy. Steevens. 179) rooky may mean damp, misty, steaming with exhalations. Steevens. 180) This apo pears to be said with reference to these dæinons who were supposed to remain in their several places of confinement all day, but at the close of it were released. Steevens. 181) The third assassin seems to have been sent to join the others, from Macbeth's superabundant caution. From the following dialogue it appears ,'